Pimentel, Maria Helena; Mata, Maria Augusta; Anes, Eugénia
Os jovens com diferenças significativas relativamente a outros grupos etários correm riscos de vária ordem. O consumo de tabaco e álcool em estudantes do ensino superior poderá ocorrer dentro de um contexto académico de maior vulnerabilidade pela envolvência peculiar, ritualizada e institucionalizada. Com o objetivo de avaliar o padrão de consumo destas substâncias e identificar possíveis mudanças decorrentes do ingresso e permanência neste nível de ensino, bem como analisar o sentido dessa mudança aplicou-se um inquérito de cariz quantitativo. Recorreu-se a uma amostra estratificada proporcional por curso e escola que integra 272 alunos do sexo masculino (40,5%) e 400 alunos...
Martins, Matilde; Silva, Norberto; Correia, Teresa
In order to describe the accidents at work in a hospital in northern Portugal and analyze its main impact in the period 2008 to 2010, we conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study. The information was obtained using the registration notification of accidents at work for 387 workers. The higher prevalence of accidents fell in superior health technician (56.1%) in workers of the female gender (81.9%) in the age group 30-39 years (37.2%), with higher education to the 12th years (55.8%), working in shifts (72.4%) and inpatient services (35.9%). The main cause was the needle stick (45.7%) and the lesion was mainly...
Gomes, Maria José; Coelho, P.; Mayan, Olga N.; Roma-Torres, J.; Henriques, Amélia; Silva, S.; Costa, C.; Silva, S.
The activities of mining exploitation in Campo de Jales were performed in an uncontrolled way and gave rise to serious environmental contamination: rubbish depositories have been accumulated with no treatment or maintenance. An investigation developed around Jales Mine showed the existence of some chemical impact originated from the waste produced during mining activities. Some "black spots" for a wide suite of heavy metals were determined in stream sediments and alluvium drained from Jales tailings, which could constitute hazard factors for the area and potential danger for public health. The main objective of this study is to know the effects on...
Gomes, Maria José; Mayan, Olga N.; Henriques, Amélia; Silva, Susana; Begonha, Andreia
Campo de Jales is a village surrounding the abandoned Jales mine. The area is heavily
contaminated with heavy metals and dusts from large tailings piles as result of centuries of mining
operations. The aim of this study is to investigate potential health threats associated with site contamination.
The population studied comprised two groups: people living in Campo de Jales (n = 229)
and a control group – people living in Vilar de Macada (n = 234). Lead and cadmium exposure and
symptoms survey were carried out.
The results showed a significant higher levels of blood lead and cadmium between the...