Tavares, António F.; Rodrigues, Miguel
En el libro de 1948, The Administrative State, Dwight Waldo critica
el ideal de la "ciudadanía eficiente" que prevaleció en el pensamiento
de la administración pública durante la primera mitad del siglo
XX. Según el autor, el intento de reunir la democracia y la eficiencia
en un solo concepto dio lugar a un conjunto muy restringido de valores
democráticos. A nivel local, en particular, la excesiva preocupación
con la eficiencia convirtió el gobierno municipal "en una
cuestión de 'administración' y, por lo tanto, en gran parte del dominio
de la teoría administrativa" (Waldo, 1948: 24).
Después de más de sesenta años de la obra de W al do, hay...
Tavares, António F.; Rodrigues, Miguel
The use of market mechanisms has been progressively introduced as an alternative solution to public service delivery since the 1980s. This work addresses an uncommon public service function – civil law notaries – and seeks to analyse the factors that led to the formation of diverse market structures as a result of the choice of the privatization path over civil service status by public notaries. The Portuguese government gave public notaries the choice of becoming private, and regulated a numerus clausus of notaries by district. Since the reform was completed, a diversity of market structures have prevailed throughout the 278...
Pires, L.C.M.; Carvalho, J.D.A.; Moreira, M.A.
Organizing and managing dynamic networks of enterprises (or virtual enterprises
(VE)) is a very complex task and many issues are still to be effectively covered.
Apart from the models that can be used to create and manage VEs, product data
play a central role in the VE life cycle. VE composition, interaction among VE
members (Autonomous Production Systems in this work), as well as its
relationship with the market, is severely dependent on the product technical
specifications as well as on the product process planning information. In
traditional managing systems for the single enterprise environment the Bill of
Materials (BOM) plays that role and in this paper is...
Rodrigues, Miguel; Tavares, António F.; Araújo, J. Filipe
Service provision by local governments can be delivered using in-house bureaucracies, private firms, and partnerships with other governments or the not-for-profit sector. This production decision has been a major focus of discussion among scholars, practitioners and political agents for the last quarter of a century. The transaction costs framework is an important tool to analyse decisions regarding the production of local services. In this paper, the authors employ this framework to analyse service delivery in Portugal and find that service characteristics and the local political environment play a key role in local officials’ choice among the three governance mechanisms to...
Couto, Rute; Santos, Susana Ferreira dos
Neste texto, procura-se dar conta de alguns efeitos jurídicos que nasceram em consequência do fenómeno denominado de “globalização”. As duas realidades globalizantes escolhidas foram o teletrabalho no âmbito das relações laborais e o contrato de franchising, nas relações comerciais. Atende-se à história e conceito de cada uma das realidades jurídicas, às respectivas vantagens e desvantagens e o enquadramento legal no ordenamento jurídico interno. Apresenta-se ainda uma enumeração exemplificativa de outros efeitos da globalização na vida quotidiana da justiça portuguesa, aproveitando as novas tecnologias de comunicação e a actual era de informação. This work seeks to explain some legal effects as...
Tavares, António F.; Mendes, Sílvia M.; Costa, Cláudia S.
In this paper, we test the effect of three different criminal deterrence theory policy tools:
criminal certainty, severity, and celerity of punishment. Whereas most criminal deterrence studies
in this field focus on the former two components of deterrence theory, this study also examines
the potential deterrent effect of the latter component. Using a time-series design with monthly
data, we estimate the effects of an increase in the threat of punishment for traffic offenses
resulting from a general increase in fines for traffic offenses, an increase in the probability of
getting caught with a blood-alcohol concentration (BAC) level outside the legal limits, and the
enactment of an “on-the-spot”...