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Repositório do ISPA Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada (10.261 recursos)

No Repositório do ISPA pode encontrar diversos tipos de documentos, em formato digital, resultantes da produção científica do ISPA designadamente: teses de doutoramento, teses de mestrado, artigos em publicações periódicas nacionais e internacionais, relatórios técnicos, artigos em actas de conferências nacionais e internacionais e capítulos de livros.

UIPS - Artigos em revistas internacionais

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 101

  1. Correlates of men’s sexual interest: A cross-cultural study

    Carvalheira, Ana Alexandra; Traeen, Bente; Stulhofer, Aleksandar
    Introduction. Low sexual desire has been studied more extensively in women than in men. Aim. The study aims to analyze the correlates of distressing lack of sexual interest and the self-assessed reasons for the lack of sexual interest among heterosexual men from three countries. Methods. A web-based survey was completed by 5,255 men aged 18–75 years from Portugal, Croatia, and Norway. Main Outcome Measures. We used an item that assesses lack of sexual interest from the British NATSAL 2000. Anxiety and depression were measured with the SCL-ANX4 and SCL-DEP6. Relationship intimacy was measured using a five-item version of the Emotional Intimacy Scale. A shortened version of...

  2. What predicts older adults’ adjustment to aging in later life? The impact of sense of coherence, subjective well- being, and sociodemographic, lifestyle, and health-related factors

    von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Pimenta, Filipa
    The aim of this study was to build a structural model to explore the predictors of adjustment to aging (AtA) in a community-dwelling older population. A community-dwelling sample of 1,270 older adults aged between 75 and 102 years answered a questionnaire to determine sociodemographic (sex, age, professional and marital status, education, household, adult children, family’s annual income, living setting, and self-reported spirituality), lifestyle, and health-related characteristics (perceived health, recent disease, medication, and leisure). Several instruments were used to assert psychological variables, namely AtA, sense of coherence, and subjective well-being. Structural equation modeling was used to explore a structural model of the self-reported AtA, encompassing all variables. Significant predictors...

  3. Does spirituality really matter?: A study on the potential of spirituality for older adult’s adjustment to aging

    von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Pimenta, Filipa
    This study intended to analyze the indicators of adjustment to aging (AtA) and to investigate the latent constructs that can work as major determinants in spirituality for a cross-national older community-dwelling population. Questionnaires were completed to assess the participants’ background information. Interviews were performed, addressing one core area: indicators of AtA. Complete data were available for 154 older adults from two nationalities (German and Portuguese), aged between 75 and 103 years (M = 86.6; SD = 6.98). The data were subjected to content analysis. Representations of the associations and latent constructs were analyzed using a multiple correspondence analysis (MCA). The most prevalent response of the interviewed participants for indicators...

  4. The promotion of older adults' sense of coherence through person-centered therapy: A randomized controlled pilot study

    von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira
    El objetivo del estudio que se informa fue explorar si una intervención individual de terapia centrada en la persona (TCP) en personas adultas mayores puede promover su sentido de cohe - rencia, en comparación con un grupo control (lis ta de espera). Se plantea que los participantes asignados al azar a TCP informarían mejoras en SDC de pre y post-intervención en com paración con el grupo control. Un grupo de 87 participantes de 65 a 86 años (M = 72.4; DE = 5.15) fue evaluado con la Escala de Sentido de Coherencia (ESDC) y el cuestionario sociodemográfico en tres momentos diferentes: al inicio del estudio (t1), post-trata miento (t2) y a los 12 meses...

  5. The effect of posthypnotic suggestion and task difficulty on adherence to health-related requests

    Carvalho, Cláudia Maria Constante Ferreira de; Mazzoni, Giuliana; Kirsch, Irving
    The effects of posthypnotic suggestion on health-related behavior, using a behavioral measure of adherence, were investigated. Three hundred twenty-three students covering the full range of hypnotic suggestibility were prescribed an easy (mood rating) or a difficult (physical activity) task. Participants were randomly assigned to receive either a) hypnosis with posthypnotic suggestions to facilitate performance of the assigned task or b) a social request to perform the assigned task. There were significant effects for type of task and hypnosis, revealing that participants adhered significantly more to the easy task and that hypnosis decreased task adherence. Hypnotic suggestibility did not predict adherence, and its interaction with posthypnotic suggestion was not...

  6. Alcohol and cigarette use and misuse among hurricane Katrina survivors: Psychosocial risk and protective factors

    Flory, Kate; Hankin, Benjamin L; Kloos, Bret; Cheely, Catherine; Turecki, Gustavo
    The present study examined survivors’ use and misuse of cigarettes and alcohol following Hurricane Katrina. We also examined several psychosocial factors that we expected would be associated with higher or lower rates of substance use following the Hurricane. Participants were 209 adult survivors of Hurricane Katrina interviewed in Columbia, SC or New Orleans, LA between October 31, 2005 and May 13, 2006. Results revealed that survivors were smoking cigarettes, consuming alcohol, and experiencing alcohol-related problems at a substantially higher rate than expected based on pre- Hurricane prevalence data. Results also suggested that certain psychosocial factors were associated with participants’ substance use and misuse following the Hurricane.

  7. Neuropsychological predictors of quality of life in focal epilepsy

    Meneses, Rute F.; Ribeiro, José Luís Pais; Silva, António Martins da; Giovagnoli, Anna Rita
    Spontaneous complaints of outpatients with focal epilepsy often stress the relationship between cognitive deficits and Quality of Life (QOL). Consequently, the aim of the present study was to find the best neuropsychological predictors of QOL in individuals with focal epilepsy, in order to guide their ambulatory health care. A sample of 71 Portuguese patients was studied: 40 female, 47 married, with a mean age of 37.48 years (S.D. = 11.79, 16–62), mean education of 7.93 (S.D. = 4.05, 3–17), and focal epilepsy of moderate severity. A Socio-demographic and Clinical Questionnaire, the SF-36 v1, the Cognitive Functioning Scale from the ESI-55, a Seizure Control scale (items from the...

  8. Dor miofascial crônica e alimentação: Uma relação a ser considerada pelo cirurgião-dentista?

    Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini; Carrascosa, Andréa Corrêa
    Objetivo: comparar o consumo energético, de macronutrientes e fibras por mulheres portadoras de dor miofascial crônica e não portadoras, atendidas durante o ano de 2006, em uma Clínica de Fisioterapia da cidade de Araraquara - SP. Métodos: Os grupos – controle e dor miofascial – foram definidos pelo Critério de Diagnóstico na Pesquisa para Desordens Temporomandibulares - Eixos I e II, sendo compostos por 36 e 37 indivíduos, respectivamente. As participantes foram entrevistadas para o preenchimento do recordatório alimentar de 24 horas de dois dias. A análise da ingestão de energia, macronutrientes e fibras foi realizada com auxílio do programa Virtual Nutri e os grupos foram comparados...

  9. Ensino do sistema Access: Aprendizado a distância e presencial

    Dotta, Edivani Aparecida Vicente; Garcia, Patrícia Petromilli Nordi Sasso; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
    o objetivo deste estudo foi comparar o aprendizado do sistema Microsoft Office Access®, por meio de educação a distância e presencial. Alunos do 4º ano de graduação em Odontologia foram divididos em dois grupos, durante três anos. O curso de educação a distância utilizou sistema Microsoft Office PowerPoint®. O presencial utilizou os mesmos módulos do curso a distância, porém apresentado por um professor. O instrumento de análise empregado, o critério e a correção foram os mesmos para os dois métodos de ensino, sendo atribuídas a cada aluno notas de 0 a 10; a nota final foi por média aritmética. O teste de Mann-Whitney foi utilizado para comparação...

  10. Reliability of a questionnaire for diagnosing the severity of temporomandibular disorder

    Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini; Goncalves, Daniela A. G.; Speciali, José G.
    Background: Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a collective term that encompasses many clinical problems involving the masticatory muscles, temporomandibular joints (TMJ) and associated structures and it has high prevalence among populations. Objectives: Because Brazilian studies have used the instrument proposed by Da Fonseca et al. (1994) to diagnose the severity of TMD, this study was conducted to investigate and estimate the internal consistency and reproducibility of this method. Methods: We used a probability sampling design to select 1230 participants over the age of 18 years who were living in the city of Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. The interviews were conducted by...

  11. Optimismo em crianças e adolescentes: Adaptação e validação do LOT-R

    Gaspar, Tânia; Ribeiro, José Luís Pais; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Ferreira, Aristides Isidoro
    O objectivo deste trabalho visa a adaptação e validação da Escala Revista de Orientação para a Vida para Crianças e Adolescentes Portugueses. O presente estudo incidiu sobre um total de 3195 participantes do 5º e 7º anos de escolaridade. A análise de componentes principais encontrou dois factores, um ligado ao optimismo e outro que reflecte o pessimismo. Os resultados evidenciados na análise factorial confirmatória revelam um bom ajustamento da escala. Analisou-se a validade discriminante e concorrente com variáveis relacionadas com o constructo, nomeadamente: satisfação com o suporte social, auto-estima e qualidade de vida. O instrumento revela-se adequado na medição da orientação para a vida em populações...

  12. Associations of immature defense mechanisms with personal importance of junk food, television and alcohol are independent of age

    Brody, Stuart; Costa, Rui Miguel
    Inexistente

  13. Testosterone responsiveness to winning and losing experiences in female soccer players

    Oliveira, Tânia Sofia Ferreira de; Gouveia, Maria João Pinheiro Morais; Oliveira, Rui Filipe
    In many animal species including humans circulating androgen levels inmales respond to social challenges. This response has been interpreted as an adaptive mechanism that helps the individuals to adjust theirbehavior to changes in social context. According to this hypothesis socially modulated androgen levels (e.g. increased levels in dominants and decreased levels in subordinates) would influence the subsequent expression of social behavior in a status-dependent fashion. This rationale is partially based on male physiology and therefore has been rarely investigated in females.Here,weinvestigated if a hormonal response to a social challenge that produces changes in status is also present in human females. We have collected saliva from and administered...

  14. Quantitative analysis of placental vasculature by three-dimensional power doppler ultrasonography in normal pregnancies from 12 to 40 weeks of gestation

    Paula, Carla Fagundes Silva de; Ruano, Rodrigo; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini; Zugaib, Marcelo
    Evaluate the distribution and variation of placental vascular indices according to gestational age and placental volume. From March to November 2007, three-dimensional (3D)-power Doppler ultrasound was performed in 295 normal pregnancies from 12 to 40 weeks of gestation. Using the same preestablished settings for all patients, power Doppler was applied to the placenta and placental volume was obtained by the rotational technique (VOCAL ). The 3D-power histogramwas used to determine the placental vascular indices: vascularization index (VI), flow index (FI) and vascularization-flow index (VFI). The placental vascular indices were then plotted against gestational age and placental volume. All placental vascular indices showed constant distribution throughout gestation. A...

  15. Assessing lay beliefs about generic medicines: Development of the generic medicines scale

    Figueiras, Maria João; Alves, Nuno Miguel Ramalho Correia Simões; Marcelino, Dália Silva; Cortes, Maria Armanda; Weinman, John; Horne, Rob
    The aims of this study were to develop a scale to assess lay beliefs about generic medicines, and to investigate whether these beliefs differ according to demographic factors in an opportunistic general public sample. In the pilot study, the participants were 92 men and 136 women, and in the main study there were 314 men and 505 women. At both stages, the participants completed a questionnaire measuring beliefs about generic medicines, preference for medicines and demographic information. The scale has good face validity, showing a satisfactory level of internal consistency. An exploratory principal component analysis revealed a two-factor structure concerning beliefs about generic medicines, comprising two core themes (efficacy...

  16. Are coping strategies, social support, and hope associated with psychological distress among hurricane Katrina survivors?

    Glass, Kerrie; Flory, Kate; Hankin, Benjamin L.; Kloos, Bret; Turecki, Gustavo
    This study examined the relation of coping strategies, social support, and hope to psychological distress [symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and general distress] among Hurricane Katrina survivors. The research questions concerned whether different coping strategies (problem-focused or avoidant coping), perceptions of social support, and hope were associated with psychological distress within this sample, as well as whether level of hope moderated the relations between coping/social support and psychological distress. Results indicate that avoidant coping was positively related to PTSD symptoms and general psychological distress, hope was negatively associated with PTSD symptoms and general psychological distress, problem-focused coping was associated with many PTSD symptoms, and social support was associated with...

  17. Development of a measure of sense of community for individuals with serious mental illness residing in community settings

    Townley, Greg; Kloos, Bret
    The psychological sense of community is one of the most commonly investigated constructs in community psychology. Sense of community may be particularly important for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) because they often face societal barriers to participation in community living, including stigma and discrimination. To date, no published studies have investigated the psychometric qualities of sense of community measures among individuals with SMI. The current study tested a series of confirmatory factor analyses using the Brief Sense of Community Index (Long & Perkins, 2003) in a sample of 416 persons with SMI living in community settings to suggest a model of sense of community for individuals with SMI and...

  18. Health related quality of life in children and adolescents and associated factors

    Gaspar, Tânia; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de
    The main objective of this study was to propose a model, which includes personal and social factors associated to health-related quality of Life (HRQoL) in children and in adolescents. A sample of 3195 children and adolescents was randomly selected from 5th and 7th graders, in Portuguese public schools. The Portuguese versions of KIDSCREEN-52, Harter’s SPPS, LOT-R, SSSS and HBSC (selected items) were used to evaluate personal and social factors and health behaviors. Various structural equation models were developed in association with gender, age, socioeconomic status (SES) and using the global sample. The studied models presented good adjustment indexes, which suggest a good fit for the hypothesized model. The psychosocial variables have...

  19. Cognitive deficits in middle-aged and older adults with bipolar disorder and cognitive complaints: Comparison with mild cognitive impairment

    Silva, Dina; Santana, Isabel; Couto, Frederico Simões do; Maroco, João; Guerreiro, Manuela; Mendonça, Alexandre de
    Objective Cognitive impairment has been reported in elderly bipolar disorder (BD) patients, however, few studies have evaluated middle-aged and older BD patients using standardized cognitive assessments and none (to our knowledge) analysed middle-aged and older BD patients with recent cognitive complaints. The main objective of this study is to characterize the cognitive deficits of middle-aged and older patients with BD and compare them with the common agerelated cognitive deficits observed in Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Methods For this retrospective study, a systematic search for all cases of BD patients submitted to a neuropsychological assessment from 1999–2007, at participant institutions, was performed, and cases were matched (1:2)...

  20. Understanding the experience of place: Expanding methods to conceptualize and measure community integration of persons with serious mental illness

    Townley, Greg; Kloos, Bret; Wright, Patricia A.
    Community integration research explores community contexts and factors that encourage or hinder individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) from actively participating in community life. This research agenda can be advanced by using mixed-methods that better document the relationships between contextual factors and individual experience. Two such methods were applied to a mixedmethods study of 40 adults with SMI living in independent housing in the Southeastern United States. Their contextualized experiences of community integration were measured by applying innovative participatory mapping and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) mapping techniques. Use of these methods in conjunction with one another facilitated the creation of...

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