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Ohio Journal of Science: Volume 109, Issue 4-5 (December, 2009)

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  1. Back Matter

  2. Paul Bigelow Sears (1891-1990): Eminent Scholar, Ecologist and Conservationist

    Stuckey, Ronald L.
    Paul Bigelow Sears, botanist, ecologist and conservationist, was one of the most respected and honored ecologists in North America. He had the remarkable ability to explain complex environmental problems clearly and simply to colleagues, students and citizens. Sears devoted his life to furthering man’s understanding of the delicately balanced ecosystems upon which mankind’s very survival exists. The keenness of his mind, the warmth of his personality, the quality of his writing and his capacity to relate scientific problems to human affairs earned Professor Sears the distinction of an exemplary individual in American science. For his many accomplishments, he was the recipient...

  3. Bibliography of Publications Relevant to Paul B. Sears (1891-1990)

    Mulroy, Juliana C.; Oblinger, Janet L.
    Paul B. Sears and his work were discussed in hundreds of publications beginning in 1908. They included high school and college yearbooks, reviews of his books, newspaper articles, award citations, letters, biographies, and obituaries. The greatest number of publications (more than 50) mentioning Sears appeared in the 1930s. This listing may not be complete because of extensive editing, losses and additions since first compilation in 1994. It is an entry point to understand Sears’ influence on the fields of ecology, conservation and education.

  4. Bibliography of Publications by Paul B. Sears (1891-1990)

    Mulroy, Juliana; Oblinger, Janet L.
    Paul B. Sears authored or coauthored more than 550 publications from 1914 to 1988. They included journal articles, abstracts or complete papers presented at meetings, book chapters, books, magazine articles, letters, many book reviews and editorials. Subjects discussed ranged from entomology and cytology to palynology/paleoecology to many aspects of ecology, conservation and conservation education. Numbers of publications peaked in several years of the 1950s, ranging from 20 to 30 per year. This bibliography is largely complete, but items may well have been missed because Sears was so prolific. This listing was current circa 2005.

  5. Paul B. Sears: Through a Daughter’s Eyes

    Sears, Sallie Harris
    Paul B. Sears was most at ease with his three children in any outdoor setting. There he pointed out the details of the landscape and the damage done by humans. He encouraged them to explore and deal with challenges. These interactions gave the children a sense of connection with their father that was often otherwise lacking. They also shared experiences on the family farm with Sears’ parents, which provided insight into his childhood. As his career developed, both his extensive academic duties and his popularity as a lecturer and speaker at meetings, which entailed extensive travel, often kept him away...

  6. Teaching Children: The Naturalist Paul B. Sears at Home

    Frazer, Catherine Sears
    Paul B. Sears’ three children experienced the downside of growing up with a famous father, but they valued the enjoyment of being with him outdoors on numerous trips. He took them to prairies, peat bogs, woodlands and mountains, where he taught them to observe the landscape and the ecosystems. They learned to respect natural hazards but to meet natural challenges. Their collections sometimes were taken to Sears’ laboratory for close examination. Later in their lives, Sears often was invited to give lectures or speeches at the schools where they were students or faculty members. He always was revitalized by an audience,...

  7. Paul B. Sears: Lessons in Classroom, Field and Living Room

    Potter, Loren D.
    Paul B. Sears was kind and humble. He disliked false pretense and always was appreciative of the common man. He noted that the goal of teaching was to help students along the road so they could surpass the achievements of the teacher. Sears taught that a permanently balanced relationship with the environment was possible by prudent and skillful use of resources to obtain the maximum good for the longest time. His skills as a speaker, writer and artist enhanced his teaching and publications. A major goal of his teaching was to help students reconstruct the past, appreciate and understand the complexities...

  8. Paul B. Sears: Professor

    Huntington, Gertrude Enders
    As a professor at Oberlin College and Yale University, Paul B. Sears taught principles that influenced his students throughout their careers. These included the obligation to disseminate knowledge to others. However, he also believed that no one could teach another all that he or she knew and, rather, should impart an attitude, an approach. He advised students that they must be respected in a specific area of expertise before they could pursue broader interests. The Conservation Program that Sears established at Yale was innovative by accepting students from varied and nontraditional backgrounds, in accepting women (the author was the first) and...

  9. Paul B. Sears: The Generalist as Teacher

    Billings, W. Dwight
    Paul B. Sears’ early ecological interests continued to expand over 70 years into such areas as vegetation mapping, paleoecology, climate change and conservation. Few ecologists saw and understood the interactions of the earth’s biosphere in space and time as broadly as he did. He wrote that the laws of human society and those of nature often are not in harmony, and something must be done to ensure that the biosphere remains sustainable. His teaching started with his children; continued in the classroom and in one-to-one sessions with graduate students; and extended to his colleagues and the general public through his work...

  10. Paul B. Sears and the Ecological Society of America

    Burgess, Robert L.
    Paul B. Sears, perhaps more than any other person, epitomized American plant ecology. In a professional career spanning almost 7 decades, he made major contributions to vegetation mapping, paleoecology and Pleistocene history, vegetation studies, conservation, human ecology and our use of land; and particularly, the varied roles of scientists in modern society. He introduced his work in most of these subjects by presenting papers at the annual meetings of the Ecological Society of America (ESA). As a member or chair of numerous committees, Sears pushed the ESA to become involved in supporting the teaching of ecology in college curricula, conservation efforts,...

  11. Scientific Wildlife Management in Ohio: The Legacy of Paul B. Sears

    Townsend, Thomas W.
    Paul B. Sears had an eclectic interest in ecosystems, including an active concern for wildlife. His professional training was in botany and ecology, but he was one of the first to recognize and write clearly about wildlife as a resource vitally dependent on soils, plant communities and human land use. He employed his impressive scientific capabilities in active service to practical wildlife conservation as chairman of the Board of the National Audubon Society, member of the Ohio Commission on Conservation and Natural Resources and member of The Ohio Wildlife Council. In these positions and others, he did much to further scientific...

  12. Contributions of Paul B. Sears to Natural Vegetation Mapping in Ohio

    Stuckey, Ronald L.
    Paul B. Sears (1891-1990), using data from original land surveys and both published and unpublished accounts, was the first individual to prepare natural vegetation maps of Ohio. As a youth with a strong curiosity about plants, Sears became especially interested in the native prairie flora south of his home in Bucyrus, Ohio. While Sears was an instructor at The Ohio State University, his desire to study the state’s natural vegetation was expanded by Edgar N. Transeau. By 1919, Sears had constructed a map showing the original prairies in relation to the system of moraines in Ohio. In that same year, he...

  13. Paul B. Sears: The Role of Ecology in Conservation

    Disinger, John F.
    Paul B. Sears made his mark in four interrelated fields: botany, natural history, ecology and conservation. His personal commitment to, and academic and professional competence in plant sciences paved the way to a rigorous analysis of the intricate interrelationships among living things and their environments that are of central concern to ecologists. However, Sears’ contributions as a conservationist may have been even greater, as he championed the need for coherent communication between the professional scientist and the lay public, especially political decision-makers. He believed that environmental choices can be scientifically sound only to the extent that they understand the nuances and...

  14. Paul B. Sears’ Contributions to the Development of Paleoecology

    Shane, Linda C. K.
    Paul B. Sears laid the foundation for both the methodology and many of the major research questions that concern paleoecological research in North America and globally. Using sediment records mostly from Ohio as a starting point, he investigated the relative ages of glacial geomorphic features and the Ohio postglacial climate record. From there using his own and other records he investigated rates of sedimentation, regional sequences of revegetation after final deglaciation, rates of vegetation change, climatic interpretation of that change and the possible synchroneity of the North American and European climatic histories. Foundational early papers focused on the methodology and taxonomy...


    Elfner, Lynn E.
    Ohio Journal of Science, Acting Editor

  16. Front Matter

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