Mazzoni, Giuliana; Rotriquenz, Elisabetta; Carvalho, Cláudia Maria Constante Ferreira de; Vannucci, Manila; Roberts, Kathrine; Kirsch, Irving
We administered suggestions to see a gray-scale pattern as colored and a colored pattern in
shades of gray to 30 high suggestible and eight low suggestible students. The suggestions
were administered twice, once following the induction of hypnosis and once without an
induction. Besides rating the degree of color they saw in the stimuli differently, participants
also rated their states of consciousness as normal, relaxed, hypnotized, or deeply
hypnotized. Reports of being hypnotized were limited to highly suggestible participants
and only after the hypnotic induction had been administered. Reports of altered color perception
were also limited to high suggestibles, but were roughly comparable regardless of
whether hypnosis had...
Oliveira, Rui Aragão Gomes; Milliner, Eric K.; Page, Richard
The psychological sequelae of physical impairments present complex challenges
for scientiftc investigation and clinical practice. This paper explores
some ofthe psychodynamic factors that are relevant to the experience of heing
physically handicapped, which may either impede or facilitate rehahilitation
The importance of psychotherapy is illustrated hy the case of a female with
paraplegia who struggled with an impass in physical rehabilitation following
a medullary stroke. Impediments to progress created hy the unconscious
countertransference of her care providers are also examined.
Carvalho, Cláudia Maria Constante Ferreira de; Mazzoni, Giuliana; Kirsch, Irving; Meo, Maria; Santandrea, Maura
The effects of implementation intentions and posthypnotic suggestion were investigated in 2 studies. In Experiment 1, participants
with high levels of hypnotic suggestibility were instructed to
take placebo pills as part of an investigation of how to best enhance
compliance with medical instruction. In Experiment 2, participants with high, medium, and low levels of hypnotic suggestibility were asked to run in place, take their pulse rate before, and send an e-mail report to the experimenter each day. Experiment 1 revealed enhanced adherence as a function of both implementation intentions and posthypnotic
suggestion. Experiment 2 failed to find any significant main effects but found a...
Carvalho, Cláudia Maria Constante Ferreira de
The Portuguese version of the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility, Form A (HGSHS:A) was administered to 313 Portuguese college students. Score distribution, item pass rates,
item analysis, and reliability of the HGSHS:A are presented and compared to earlier published reference samples. No differences
were found between males and females. Reliability of the HGSHS:A
Portuguese version was lower than that reported by most of the studies but within the range of the non-English versions. In general, Portuguese data are congruent with the reference samples and the
Portuguese translation of the HGSHS:A. It appears to be a viable instrument for primary screening of hypnotic suggestibility...
Sousa, Daniel Cunha Monteiro de
This paper deals with a number of aspects related to the application of phenomenology in the area of research. It focuses particularly on some aspects, present in some literature, that the author considers as non-consensual. A number of reasons are propounded to explain the phenomenological principles and application of these within the context of research. The strengthening of the available methodologies of phenomenological research is upheld, as a counterpoint to the fostering of an unlimited number of methodologies currently in fashion in qualitative research. The importance of reflecting on the concept of method is also referred to as well as...
Sousa, Daniel Cunha Monteiro de
Hermeneutical phenomenology as put forward by Paul Ricoeur is subject to analysis, mainly when it comes to its Heideggerian roots and the notion of the world of text. The therapist is therefore confronted with two problems: moving away from the dialogue model and refusal of hermeneutics to accept a psychology of the subject. The textual paradigm is then compared with human action thus encompassing a response to the problem posed by explanation versus understanding. The author's contributions are compared against Jerome Brunner's cultural psychology and psychotherapy, namely against existential-phenomenological approaches.
Sousa, Daniel Cunha Monteiro de
The text is based on two articles dealing with psychotherapy research -- how existential therapists interact with research issues (Cooper, 2004; Mahrer and Boulet; 2004). Some of the topics introduced by the authors are reviewed and a number of reasons are then presented to show the importance of research on psychotherapy, independent of the theoretical framework of the therapist. Besides, these push factors were examined by leading researchers in the field of existential phenomenology and the question is still a moot point among major academics. It is argued that existential therapists may play an important and unlimited role in psychotherapy...
Sousa, Daniel Cunha Monteiro de
A new framework for phenomenological psychology is proposed based on
Husserl’s static and genetic methods. Static phenomenology holds a eidetic
psychology centred on the processes of noetic-noematic constitution and
elaborates typologies and general notions about human beings in connection
with the world. Genetic analysis is research into facticity, it focus on the personal
history of a subject, which is constantly in the process of becoming. When the
temporal dimension of consciousness is considered, the phenomenological
method becomes ‘static’, as it excludes the factitious dimension of self, its
personal and individual history, sedimented in layers of meaning, which are in
part pre-reflective, non-thematic and anonymous to the self, but which
Pedroso de Lima, Margarida; Gonzalez, António José C. A.
La tendencia al aumento de la población de edades superiores a los 65 años supone
simultáneamente preocupaciones y desafíos. De estos se derivan los esfuerzos llevados
a cabo para mantener la calidad de vida de esta población, reforzar las estructuras informales
y comunitarias de apoyo a los mayores y combatir los prejuicios relativos al
envejecimiento, que condicionan el tipo de intervenciones a desarrollar. En este artículo
se presentarán los resultados de una experiencia terapéutica con un grupo de personas
de edades comprendidas entre los 70 y los 91 años. La intervención ha durado 6 meses
y se han utilizado, además de técnicas verbales, técnicas de expresión corporal...
Ribeiro, Filipa; Guerreiro, Manuela; Mendonça, Alexandre de
Criteria for amnestic MCI rely on the use of delayed recall tasks to establish the presence of memory impairment.
This study applied the California Verbal Learning Test to detail memory performance in MCI patients (n = 70), as
compared to control subjects (n = 92) and AD patients (n = 21). Learning across the 5 trials was different among
the 3 groups. Learning strategy was also different, the MCI group showing less semantic clustering than the control
group. However, both MCI patients and controls could benefit from semantic cueing. This study showed that
beyond consolidation deficits, MCI patients have marked difficulties in acquisition and recall...
Cláudio, Victor; Aurélio, João Garcez; Machado, Paulo Manuel Pinto Pereira Almeida
The objective of this research was to study the relation between the processing and recall of
information in major depressive disorder. An autobiographical memory task was applied to 42 subjects
with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder, 28 subjects with a diagnosis of panic disorder and 51
subjects without any psychological disorder. We used clinical scales for the evaluation of depression
and anxiety. The results of the three groups, and both assessment periods of depressed subjects, were
compared. The results indicate the existence, in severely depressed subjects, of a bias in processing and
recalling negative information. We associate this situation to the existence of negative contents...
Oliveira, Ana; Sousa, Daniel Cunha Monteiro de; Pires, António Augusto Pazo
Three ex-clients were interviewed about significant events occurring
within existential therapy. Data was analysed through a descriptive
phenomenological method (Giorgi, 2009). All participants identify a
powerful therapist, an authentic alliance, a non-judgemental environment,
validation of subjectivity and a cooperative approach. Two participants also
identify therapist disclosure and reflection/experiential restructuring events.
Marques, Marta Moreira; De Gucht, Véronique; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Maes, Stan
Background Few studies focus on cross-cultural differences
in Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).
Purpose This study aimed to (1) compare fatigue severity
and impairment, somatic complaints, psychological distress,
and quality of life (QoL) in a population of Portuguese and
Dutch patients; (2) explore the differential contribution of
behavioral and cognitive determinants of fatigue severity;
and (3) investigate the relation between fatigue severity and
somatic complaints on one hand and QoL on the other in
Method Eighty-five female patients from Portugal (Mean age0
47.54) and 167 female CFS patients from The Netherlands
(Mean age044.93) participated in the study. All participants
were surveyed for demographic and clinical characteristics,
fatigue severity, somatic symptoms, psychological distress,
Nodin, Nuno; Valera, Pamela; Ventuneac, Ana; Maynard, Emily; Carballo-Diéguez, Alex
The Internet has become a venue for men who have sex with men to search for sexual
partners. Some of these men intentionally seek unprotected anal intercourse with other
men (‘bareback’ sex). This paper focuses on the creation, use, and content of Internet
personal profiles of men who have sex with men in the greater New York City
metropolitan area who use bareback sites for sexual networking. We used a mixedmethods
approach to examine data from a cybercartography of Internet sites conducted
during the first phase of the research (199 personal profiles) and from in-depth
interviews conducted during its second phase (120 men who have sex with...