Econometrics is seen as the dominant method in terms of applicability, accuracy and efficiency in economic science. It is widely used and other methods have been reduced to marginal contributions. Econometricians behave as if their techniques were universal when in fact they are not. If alternative methods are accepted, one can largely eliminate the restrictions and distance to reality of econometrics. The article debates the pathways for a satisfactory economics in a context where theoretical and methodological pluralism is entering even in mainstream ideas. The historical construction of econometrics as the main method in economics and the limitations and possibilities...
Santos, Boaventura de Sousa
The ‘public sphere’ is one of the key concepts of the social theory produced
in the global North. But does the global South need this concept? Its theoretical
and cultural presuppositions are entirely European. They are not necessarily
universally valid, even when they purport to be general theories. If the
epistemological diversity of the world is to be accounted for, other theories
must be developed and anchored in other epistemologies – the epistemologies
of the South that adequately account for the realities of the global South. This
paper is a meta-theoretical critique of the concept of the public sphere from
the standpoint of the need for this epistemological...
The article reviews some of the available literature, in English, Italian and
Portuguese, on work/environment relationships in historical perspective. I
discuss the Environmental Justice (EJ) movement as the one most promising
for pushing both the research agenda and public policy towards a better
understanding of the connections between work and the environment. At the
same time, I argue for the need to creatively re-work the EJ paradigm in a
sense that allows to better incorporate labor issues and to elaborate a political
ecology of work, in order to build a coherent platform of analysis and public
action which could be adopted by both environmental and labor advocates.
Vargas, António Pinho
In this article, starting from the contributions of Pierre-Michel Menger and some sociological concepts of Boaventura de
Sousa Santos and other postcolonial authors, the author proposes an analysis of the new musical structures created after
1945 in the new music field in Europe as a construction regulated and dominated by the core countries, critically seen from
the vantage point of observation of a peripheral and subaltern country of Europe.
This paper presents an overview of how integrated conservation of urban scale
heritage is managed in the urban rehabilitation practice in Portugal and its relation
with local urban planning. The central argument is that the safeguard of urban
scale heritage is mainly a question of urban management and urban planning,
which necessarily implies a framework that results from conciliation among the
culture and the land use administrations. For that purpose, we consider that
special attention to a cultural debate concerning the urban heritage concept itself
plays a key role, once it can lead to a focus on urban rehabilitation practice,
commonly spread and diffuse in its objectives. We...
Vinha, Luis da
Geographic mental maps have been called on numerous times in explaining foreign policy decisions. However, mental maps lack a serious conceptualising endeavour in order to be useful to scientific inquiry. Before we can use mental maps to understand and compare foreign policy making processes we must define mental maps and frame them in their wider intellectual context. In this paper we develop geographic mental maps as an analytical concept and assess their conceptual “goodness” so they can contribute to enriching the scope of the foreign policy analysis toolbox.
Vinha, Luís Miguel da
Recent years have witnessed the emergence of a number of works relating geographic mental maps to international politics. Notwithstanding the various efforts
to clarify and explain the conceptual framework underlying the geographic mental
map research agenda, much theoretical bewilderment still persists. The concept of the geographic mental map has diverged considerably in definition and numerous methodological approaches have been undertaken. Consequently, no scholarly consensus has yet been reached. “Mental map” is still used as a catch-all term with only very vague notions as to its conceptual underpinnings. Several fundamental issues still need to be addressed. First and foremost, geographic mental maps are...
Duxbury, Nancy; Jeannotte, M. Sharon