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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (74.956 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

2011-12 Mershon Center Speakers

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 50

  1. Egypt and the Arab Spring Revolution

    Abdel-Khalek, Gouda; Korayem, Karima; Aly, Hassan
    The Arab people revolted against unjust economic models that have left the vast majority of society destitute and marginalized in their own countries. For decades, inappropriate policies were prescribed and imposed by the very same international actors that are called upon today to facilitate the transition. The main questions to be addressed are:What are the main factors causing revolutions in the Arab world? What packages are on offer from G8, EU, IMF, World Bank and EBRD? How are these packages structured and targeted? What sectors will benefit? And what are the constraints? How much of a problem is inequality? Will...

  2. Sink the Sinks?! Public and Private Regulation of Carbon Sinks in the Climate Change Regime

    Green, Jessica
    Forests cover approximately 30 percent of the globe, and felling of forests accounts for about 25 percent of annual greenhouse gas emissions. This paper examines the long and storied history of carbon sinks in the climate change regime. In particular, it traces the positions of civil society, represented by the transnational advocacy network Climate Action Network (CAN). It explains why CAN, once vehemently opposed to carbon sinks in the Kyoto Protocol, has become an active supporter of sinks in other parts of the climate regime, including in private carbon markets. The paper uses this case to draw out the implications...

  3. Globalization's Perils: From Archie Bunker to Occupy Wall Street

    Zeiler, Thomas
    Thomas W. Zeiler is Professor of History and International Affairs at the University of Colorado at Boulder, where he also directs the Global Studies Academic Program. He teaches U.S. diplomatic history and globalization.

  4. Iranian Islam and Democracy: Paradox of State and Religion

    Khalaji, Mehdi
    By declaring Shiism the official state religion and granting the Shiite jurist (ayatollah) guardianship over the government, the Islamic Republic has changed the nature of the religious institution and religiosity of Iranian society. On the one hand, it has empowered religious institutions; on the other, it has deprived them of their independence and their civil nature.The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps is cementing its political and economic power over both the clergy and the country. This might possibly lead to the Islamic Republic's secularization. However, the fact that the Islamic Republic is becoming more militarized and less clerical makes Shiism still...

  5. The Terrorism Delusion

    Mueller, John
    It seems increasingly likely that the reaction to the terrorism attacks of September 11, 2001, has been massively disproportionate to the real threat al-Qaeda has ever actually presented either as an international menace or as an inspiration or model to homegrown amateurs. In result, we have been living a decade of delusion as trillions of dollars have been expended and tens of thousands of lives have been snuffed out in a frantic, ill-conceived effort to react to an event that, however tragic and dramatic in the first instance, should have been seen, at least in the fullness of time, to...

  6. Language and Identity: The Impact on the Middle East

    Suleiman, Camelia
    Language and Identity in the Israel-Palestine Conflict: The Politics of Self-Perception in the Middle East discusses how the conflict between Israel and Palestine is, and remains to be, one of the most widely and passionately debated issues in the Middle East and in the field of international politics. An important part of this conflict is the dimension of self-perception of both Israelis and Palestinians caught up in its midst. Here, Suleiman, using her background in linguistic analysis, examines the interplay of language and identity, feminism and nationalism, and how the concepts of spatial and temporal boundaries affect self-perception. She does this...

  7. Anti-politics: The Utopian Turn in Democratic Theory Today

    Rosenblum, Nancy
    Nancy Rosenblum is the Senator Joseph Clark Professor of Ethics in Politics and Government. Her field of research is political theory, both historical and contemporary political thought.

  8. The Arab Uprising

    Lynch, Marc
    Marc Lynch is associate professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University, where he is the director of the Institute for Middle East Studies and of the Project on Middle East Political Science. He is also a non-resident senior fellow at the Center for a New American Security, and edits the Middle East Channel for ForeignPolicy.com.

  9. Saddam's World View: The Iran-Iraq War and the Shaping of the Modern Middle East

    Murray, Williamson
    Williamson Murray is a Minerva Fellow at the Naval War College and professor emeritus of history at The Ohio State University. He studies military and diplomatic history and is currently working on a number projects related to operational history of the Civil War, study of the Iran-Iraq War, and hybrid warfare.

  10. The Breakdown of Representation in American Politics

    Fiorina, Morris
    Morris P. Fiorina is the Wendt Family Professor of Political Science at Stanford University and a senior fellow of the Hoover Institution. Fiorina has written widely on American government and politics, with special emphasis on topics in the study of representation and elections.

  11. The Arab Awakening: One Year On

    Muasher, Marwan
    Marwan Muasher is vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment. He served as foreign minister (2002–04) and deputy prime minister (2004–05) of Jordan, and his career has spanned the areas of diplomacy, development, civil society, and communications. He is also a senior fellow at Yale University.

  12. Social Language Processing: Arab Spring Twitterology and Beyond

    Beaver, David
    David I. Beaver is associate professor of linguistics at the University of Texas at Austin. He researches and teaches on the semantics and pragmatics of natural languages, in particular on how information is organized at the sentence and discourse level. Within this, he has worked on presupposition, anaphora, topic and focus. He also has interests in temporal and event semantics, in simulations of language evolution, and in broader philisophical, psychological and computational themes from cognitive science.

  13. Securing National Science Foundation Funding

    Katherine, Meyer
    Katherine Meyer is program director for sociology in the Division of Social and Economic Sciences at the National Science Foundation and professor emeritus at The Ohio State University. She is a faculty affiliate of the Mershon Center and principal investigator of Rentierism and Conflict in the Middle East with Hassan Aly and J. Craig Jenkins, and Dissent/Repression Nexus in the Middle East with J. Craig Jenkins.

  14. Egypt: Islam, Revolution, and Prospects for Democracy

    Baker, Raymond
    Raymond William Baker is professor of international politics at Trinity College and director of the International Council for Middle East Studies in Washington, D.C. He is an internationally recognized authority on the Arab and Islamic world.

  15. China's Policies Toward the Middle East

    Zhu, Feng
    Zhu Feng is professor of international studies and deputy director of the Center for International and Strategic Studies at Peking University. He is also senior research fellow at the China Institute of Peace and Development and the Center for Contemporary World Affairs. He writes extensively on regional security in East Asia, the North Korean nuclear issue, U.S. national security strategy, and China-U.S. relations.

  16. Making States Sensible: Ritual, Symbols, and Feeling in Diplomatic Practice

    Faizullaev, Alisher
    Symbols and rituals are essential parts of international diplomacy, and they play an important role in power and identity politics of states. In order to make sense of state affairs, diplomatic practice often addresses individuals' senses and uses collective forms of experiencing states and interstate relations through ceremonies and other symbolic actions. The three most important symbols used in diplomacy -- symbols of identity, power and status (prestige and honor) -- help to sensualize the state's self, might, and dignity, and also serve as emotionally charged means for creating and maintaining people's sense of belonging to the state. Collective feelings caused...

  17. Remedies, Reputation and Beliefs: Prices and Sanctions in International Economic Law

    Brewster, Rachel
    Legal scholars generally consider the creation of formal remedies an unambiguous good for international law. For a field obsessed with the lack of enforcement, the creation of international adjudicatory panels and the creation of "real" remedies can signify the seriousness of the international obligation. International law seems to approach domestic law in its access to independent adjudication and hard consequences for non-compliance. Yet the move towards international adjudication and remedies is a double-edged sword. The creation of remedies can diminish the system of informal remedies that currently supports international law. The conventional view is that formal sanctions will be additive...

  18. What is the Future of Al Qaeda?

    Habeck, Mary; Fishman, Brian
    Mary Habeck is associate professor in strategic studies at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, where she teaches courses on military history and strategic thought. Before coming to SAIS, Habeck taught American and European military history in Yale's history department from 1994 to 2005. She received her PhD in history from Yale in 1996, an MA in international relations from Yale in 1989, and a BA in international studies, Russian, and Spanish from Ohio State in 1987. Brian Fishman is a counterterrorism research fellow at the New America Foundation and a research fellow with the Combating Terrorism Center at...

  19. Cyber as a National Security Issue: What We Know and Don't Know (and What are the Elephants in the Room?)

    Hunker, Jeffrey
    Cyber as a national security issue is now a hot issue -- witness the fascination with "cyber war," the launch of the U.S. CyberCommand, and NATO's initiative from the Lisbon Summit. At the same time, almost everything that is associated with national security that begins with cyber -- defence, war, deterrence, attack, power, doctrine -- remains inchoate. Hunker believes however that we can start to make some observations and raise some questions that should shape the future agenda. In this talk, after providing some background, he will focus on three issues:Is what we are doing in cyber defence/security working? If...

  20. Ideology versus Profit: Drugs and Insurgencies in Afghanistan and Colombia

    Azami, Dawood
    Afghanistan and Colombia are two major drug-producing countries experiencing protracted and bloody armed conflicts which have claimed the lives of tens of thousands of people. Colombia's leftist rebels, FARC, and the Taliban in Afghanistan are sophisticated insurgency movements with ideologically dominated political agendas. However, there are signs that FARC's socialist ideology and the Taliban's ideology -- a mixture of nationalism and religious fundamentalism -- are in decline with both groups increasingly relying on narcotics to fund their violence. Militant groups and organized crime live in symbiosis with each other in many parts of the world. FARC's links with drug trade are...

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