Santos, Ana Luísa
The aim of the present work is the study of three human skeletons from Mozambique, currently
housed at the "Instituto de Investigação Cientifica Tropical", in Lisbon. Recovered during the
Anthropological Mission to Mozambique r'Missao Antropológica a Moçambique") these individuals
are documented by mortuary records dated from 1940's. The written information such as
sex, age at death and cause of death recorded were confronted with macroscopic evidence
observable on bones and teeth. Besides, other pathological lesions were detected. Among the
most striking findings are osteomyelitis of the mandible, multiple traumatic lesions and symmetrical
and well developed cribra orbitalia, a possible evidence of neoplasic diseases and a
probable case of...
Miranda, Maria Arminda; Martins, Maria Rosário
Mabaia manzungu (libaia linzungu, sing.), Esta colecção, recolhida
durante dez anos a partir de 1948 pelo missionário José Martins Vaz,
encontra-se actualmente em depósito no Museu Antropológico da
Universidade de Coimbra.
Para explicar o conceito desta tradicional forma de comunicação na sociedade
e cultura Woyo, torna-se essencial compreender a organização que lhe está
subjacente, ou seja, não só avaliar quais os significados utilizados e as
convenções do seu funcionamento enquanto práticas de representação mas,
também, o sistema de permuta inter-familiar, elemento estruturante das
ligações sociais do grupo.
As circunstâncias de oferta mais comuns inscreviam-se nas relações de
- durante o ritual de casamento
- ao filho ou filha, sobretudo antes do casamento
In this paper it is suggested a review of the current taxonomy of the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes).
Based on the material culture, and others factors, such as genetic information, it is argued the inclusion in the genus Homo. There are several references concerning the use of tools by chimpanzees, which all together show that, after man, they exhibit the biggest repertory of tools. The use of tools is not innate, it is learned and socially transmitted between generations. Not all chimpanzee populations exhibit the same range of tools, demonstrating the present of a material culture, when an ecological explanation is lacking....
Marado, Luís Miguel
The observation of dental non-metric characters used in the Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System (among others) is of
major interest in the study of past populations. Dental morphological traits are genetically determined, and dependent of a small and stable
part of the genome; their development seems unaffected by the uterine environment and their evolution is slow, probably independent of
natural selection. The relative frequency of dental traits is a testimony to the biological distances between populations. The study of the
inferior dentition in a late XIXth/early XXth century sample deceased in Oporto, Portugal, is the example of a statistically simple approach to