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Repositório do ISPA Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada (10.261 recursos)

No Repositório do ISPA pode encontrar diversos tipos de documentos, em formato digital, resultantes da produção científica do ISPA designadamente: teses de doutoramento, teses de mestrado, artigos em publicações periódicas nacionais e internacionais, relatórios técnicos, artigos em actas de conferências nacionais e internacionais e capítulos de livros.

PDES - Artigos em revistas internacionais

Mostrando recursos 1 - 12 de 12

  1. Diferentes sistemas de cotação no ASCT são mais-valia ou fragilidade metodológica?

    Maia, Joana Branco; Veríssimo, Manuela
    Referência no estudo das representações de vinculação durante o período pré-escolar, o Attachment Story Completion Task (ASCT, Bretherton & Ridgeway, 1990), consiste numa metodologia semi-projectiva de completamento de histórias realizável a partir dos 3 anos. Um aspecto controverso da sua utilização, contudo, prende-se com o facto de o instrumento não obrigar ao uso exclusivo de um único método de análise, condição que tem limitado a realização de investigações comparativas e de meta-análises. Este estudo procura explorar pontos de convergência e de divergência entre dois sistemas de cotação distintos. O ASCT e a WPPSI-R (Wechsler, 1989) foram aplicados a 73 crianças (M = 64; DP = 8.75), tendo as narrativas...

  2. Longitudinal stability of social competence indicators in a portuguese sample: Q-Sort profiles of social competence, measures of social engagement, and peer sociometric acceptance

    Santos, António José; Vaughn, Brian E.; Peceguina, Maria Inês Duarte; Daniel, João Rodrigo
    This study examines the temporal stability (over 3 years) of individual differences in 3 domains relevant to preschool children’s social competence: social engagement/motivation, profiles of behavior and personality attributes characteristic of socially competent young children, and peer acceptance. Each domain was measured with multiple indicators. Sociometric status categories (Asher & Dodge, 1986) and reciprocated friendships were derived from sociometric data. Composites for social competence domains were significantly associated across all time points. Within age-periods, social competence domains were associated with both sociometric and friendship status categories; however, neither sociometric status nor reciprocated friendships were stable over time. Nevertheless, analyses examining the social competence antecedents to reciprocated friendship at...

  3. A segurança dos modelos internos e o conhecimento emocional nas crianças de idade pré-escolar = Internal models and emotional knowledge in preschool children

    Rebelo, Ana; Veríssimo, Manuela; Machado, Paula Maló; Silva, Filipa
    O objectivo deste estudo foi verifi car se a segurança das representações mentais da relação de vinculação das crianças se correlaciona com um maior conhecimento das emoções, na idade do pré-escolar. Participaram 176 crianças do distrito de Lisboa, com idades entre os 3 e 5 anos. Utilizou-se a escala contínua de segurança do Attachment Story Completion Task e a adaptação portuguesa do Affect Knowledge Test. Os resultados sugerem que as crianças com modelos internos seguros apresentam um maior conhecimento das emoções, não havendo infl uência da capacidade verbal. Este estudo sugere que crianças com modelos internos seguros experienciam relações mais calorosas com os seus cuidadores, nas quais...

  4. Longitudinal stability of social competence indicators in a portuguese sample: Q-sort profiles of social competence, measures of social engagement, and peer sociometric acceptance

    Santos, António José; Vaughn, Brian E.; Peceguina, Maria Inês Duarte; Daniel, João Rodrigo
    This study examines the temporal stability (over 3 years) of individual differences in 3 domains relevant to preschool children’s social competence: social engagement/motivation, profiles of behavior and personality attributes characteristic of socially competent young children, and peer acceptance. Each domain was measured with multiple indicators. Sociometric status categories (Asher & Dodge, 1986) and reciprocated friendships were derived from sociometric data. Composites for social competence domains were significantly associated across all time points. Within age-periods, social competence domains were associated with both sociometric and friendship status categories; however, neither sociometric status nor reciprocated friendships were stable over time. Nevertheless, analyses examining the social competence antecedents to reciprocated friendship at...

  5. Consistency of toddler engagement across two settings

    Aguiar, Cecília; McWilliam, Robin A.
    This study documented the consistency of child engagement across two settings, toddler child care classrooms and mother–child dyadic play. One hundred twelve children, aged 14–36 months (M = 25.17, SD = 6.06), randomly selected from 30 toddler child care classrooms from the district of Porto, Portugal, participated. Levels of engagement were coded, and sophisticated engagement, but not nonengagement, was consistent across settings. Consistency in children’s sophisticated engagement was primarily accounted for by chronological age. Children spent more time in sophisticated behaviors and less time nonengaged during mother–child dyadic play than in center-based child care. For sophisticated engagement, effects of child predictors...

  6. Is the secure base phenomenon evident here, there, and anywhere? A cross-cultural study of child behavior and experts' definitions

    Posada, German; Lu, Ting; Trumbell, Jill; Kaloustian, Garene; Trudel, Marcel; Plata, Sandra J.; Peña, Paola P.; Perez, Jennifer; Tereno, Susana; Dugravier, Romain; Coppola, Gabrielle; Constantini, Alessandro; Cassibba, Rosalinda; Kondo-Ikemura, Kiyomi; Nóblega, Magaly; Haya, Ines M.; Pedraglio, Claudia; Veríssimo, Manuela; Santos, António José; Monteiro, Lígia Maria Santos; Lay, Keng-Ling
    The evolutionary rationale offered by Bowlby implies that secure base relationships are common in child–caregiver dyads and thus, child secure behavior observable across diverse social contexts and cultures. This study offers a test of the universality hypothesis. Trained observers in nine countries used the Attachment Q-set to describe the organization of children’s behavior in naturalistic settings. Children (N = 547) were 10–72 months old. Child development experts (N = 81) from all countries provided definitions of optimal child secure base use. Findings indicate that children from all countries use their mother as a secure base. Children’s organization of secure base behavior was modestly related to each...

  7. Effects of home environment and center-based child care quality on children’s language, communication, and literacy outcomes

    Pinto, Ana Isabel; Pessanha, Manuela; Aguiar, Cecília
    This study examined the joint effects of home environment and center-based child care quality on children’s language, communication, and early literacy development, while also considering prior developmental level. Participants were 95 children (46 boys), assessed as toddlers (mean age = 26.33 months; Time 1) and preschoolers (mean age = 68.71 months; Time 2) and their families. At both times, children attended center-based child care classrooms in the metropolitan area of Porto, Portugal. Results from hierarchical linear models indicated that home environment and preschool quality, but not center-based toddler child care quality, were associated with children’s language and literacy outcomes at Time 2. Moreover, the quality of preschool...

  8. Mild cognitive impairment: Deficits in cognitive domains other than memory

    Ribeiro, Filipa; Mendonça, Alexandre de; Guerreiro, Manuela
    Patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) typically present with memory complaints, but may have mild deficits in other cognitive domains. We compared the neuropsychological profiles of a series of consecutive MCI patients (n = 116) with a control group of healthy elderly subjects (n = 63). The presence of a memory deficit on delayed recall was consistent in the MCI sample, as it was an inclusion criterion in the study. Impairment on immediate recall was present in 62.6% of the patients on paragraph recall of the logical memory test and in 63.1% of the patients on the word paired-associate learning...

  9. Le modèle de représentation interne maternel et le comportement de base de sécurité de l’enfant dans un groupe d’enfants adoptés

    Veríssimo, Manuela; Salvaterra, Maria Fernanda; Santos, António José; Santos, Orlando
    L’étude de la qualité de l’attachement chez les enfants adoptés est d’une grande importance pour la théorie de l’attachement, car elle permet d’évaluer la qualité de l’attachement et son développement dans les familles pour lesquelles il n’existe ni communauté génétique ni même histoire de famille. Les objectifs de ce travail sont doubles : 1) évaluer si l’âge de l’enfant à la date de son adoption a une véritable influence sur la qualité de l’attachement établi avec sa nouvelle famille ; 2) vérifier s’il existe une relation entre le modèle de représentation intériorisé de la mère et le comportement de base...

  10. Parental concerns’ prevalence and socio-demographic variables in general parenting

    Algarvio, Susana; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Maroco, João
    Objective: The aimof this study was to evaluate parental concerns in general parenting.Methods: The participants were 3842 parents of children between 3 and 10 years old, attending public preschools and primary schools, from a stratified random sample of Portuguese parents. Parents completed a parental concerns’ scale that comprises five subscales: family and school problems; eating, sleep and physical complaints; preparation; fears; and negative behaviours. Results: The results reported that 93.4 per cent of parents expressed some concern about the issues presented in the scale. Comparative analysis reported significant differences between mothers and fathers; child’s gender; child’s schooling level; mothers’ and fathers’ level of education, age at childbirth,...

  11. Parental concerns’ prevalence and socio-demographic variables in general parenting

    Algarvio, Susana; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Maroco, João
    Objective: The aimof this study was to evaluate parental concerns in general parenting.Methods: The participants were 3842 parents of children between 3 and 10 years old, attending public preschools and primary schools, from a stratified random sample of Portuguese parents. Parents completed a parental concerns’ scale that comprises five subscales: family and school problems; eating, sleep and physical complaints; preparation; fears; and negative behaviours. Results: The results reported that 93.4 per cent of parents expressed some concern about the issues presented in the scale. Comparative analysis reported significant differences between mothers and fathers; child’s gender; child’s schooling level; mothers’ and fathers’ level of education, age at childbirth,...

  12. Memory complaints are frequent but qualitatively different in young and elderly healthy people

    Ginó, Sandra; Mendes, Tiago; Maroco, João; Ribeiro, Filipa; Schmand, Ben A.; Mendonça, Alexandre de; Guerreiro, Manuela
    Background: Subjective memory complaints are frequently reported by the elderly. There is less information about the characterization of subjective memory complaints in young people. Objective: To determine different memory complaints between young and elderly people with the use of the Subjective Memory Complaints (SMC) scale. Methods: Participants were volunteers attending a health itinerant unit, a blood donor centre, a leisure centre for retired people, a senior citizens college or university. All participants were questioned about their own memory abilities using the SMC scale and assessed for the presence of depressive symptoms. Results: Nine-hundred and forty-six subjects aged 18–92 years were included in the study. The mean total score on the SMC scale was...

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