Palma, Patrícia Jardim Trindade Martins da; Cunha, Miguel Pina e; Lopes, Miguel Pereira
Policies have been introduced in the public
sector to increase efficiency. Following a
privatization, there is a split between operational
and strategic control. In this study, we
explored how a public organization restores
its identity after losing its operational structure.
Based on a case study of a seaport, we
found that when the self-defining properties
were lost, the organizational identity dissolved
into a managerial public identity. The
organizational meaning that provided security
and guided behavior was lost and the new
identity was unable to serve as a provider of
meaning. Implications for new public management
policy and practice are discussed.
Gomes, Jorge F. S.; Weerd-Nederhof, P. C. de; Pearson, A. W.; Cunha, Miguel Pina e
The objective of this paper is to explore the relationship between performance in new product development (hereinafter NPD)
and functional integration under different conditions of project uncertainty. Functional integration is conceived as a two-dimensional
concept, encompassing a behavioural — collaboration — and a structural — interaction — dimension.
This study is based on 92 questionnaires looking at NPD activities in more than 40 British and Dutch companies from various
industrial sectors. The results suggest that the nature of the relationship between integration and performance is contingent upon
the project stage and the degree of novelty in the new product. Integration in the initial stages of...
Oliveira, Teresa Cristina Clímaco Monteiro d'
Spatial ability is included in nearly every multiple aptitude battery. However, it has
been defined and evaluated in such a variety of ways that it is difficult to be precise
about the meaning of the concept. A first study addresses the spatial literature, considers
several measures, and empirically explores the dimensionality of the spatial
domain. Nine spatial ability tests and 1 computer- administered measure were administered
to a total of 104 volunteers. Results from the exploratory factor analysis
identified 3 main factors: visualization, spatial relations, and dynamic spatial ability.
A second study was conducted to cross-validate this factor structure. A total of 141
participants were involved in this...
Carvalho, Cláudia Maria Constante Ferreira de; Kirsch, Irving; Mazzoni, Giuliana; Leal, Isabel Pereira
Abstract: Portuguese norms for the Waterloo-Stanford Group C
(WSGC) scale of hypnotic susceptibility are presented. A Portuguese
translation of this scale was given to 625 Portuguese college students.
Score distribution, item analysis, and reliability of the WSGC are
presented and compared to three North American samples. The findings
show that normative data from the Portuguese sample are congruent
with the reference samples. The only significant difference obtained was a lower proportion of participants scoring within the high range of hypnotic suggestibility on the WSGC.
Maroco, João; Ribeiro, Rui Bártolo
Correia, Manuela Faia; Cunha, Rita Campos e; Scholten, Marc
In this study, we examine how the effects of mergers and acquisitions on organizational
performance are moderated by human resource management (HRM) centrality.
We differentiate three types of ownership change: mergers, bidder, and target acquisitions.
The study is anchored on the literatures addressing strategic human resource management and strategic contingencies of intra-organizational power. In an analysis of the data from the 2005 Cranet survey, results showed that (i) formalization attenuated a positive impact of bidder acquisitions and aggravated a negative impact of mergers on performance, but (ii) HRM strategic involvement and centralization of HRM practices boosted a
positive impact of bidder acquisitions on performance....
Morgan-Jones, Richard; Torres, Nuno
In this article, boundary phenomena in groups and organisations are explored using both literal experience and the
metaphor of skin that can be breached when shame or tact are lacking. One pathway researches how organisations
can contribute to psychosomatic group diseases associated with the failed containment of shameless aggression and
thus the failed creation of an internalised reliable container. A second pathway describes the emotional experience
of having and belonging to an organisation with its own skin. We define how rigid, impinging or lax containment
in organisations fail to meet the dependency needs of members making them vulnerable to group diseases.
Cunha, Miguel Pina e; Rego, Arménio; Oliveira, Teresa Cristina Clímaco Monteiro d'
The topic of spirituality is gaining an increasing visibility in organizational
studies. It is the authors contention that every theory of organization has
explicit or implicit views of spirituality in the workplace. To analyze the presence
of spiritual ideologies in management theories, they depart from Barley
and Kunda’s Administrative Science Quarterly article and analyze management
theories as spirituality theories with regard to representations of people
and the organization. From this analysis, we extract two major dimensions of
people (as dependent or independent workers) and the organization (as spiritually
informed or spiritually uninformed) that, in combination, result in a
typology that advances four organizational types of spirituality: the soulful
Cesário, Francisco J. Santos; Guillén Gestoso, Carlos; Montalbán Peregrín, F. Manuel
La búsqueda de prácticas flexibles de gestión de los
recursos humanos viene desempeñando un papel importante
para el desarrollo estratégico de las organizaciones
y en particular en contextos de profunda crisis
económica y financiera como la actual en Portugal, con
una situación de desempleo creciente y un clima generalizado
de inseguridad laboral. Este estudio pretende
examinar si la percepción de empleabilidad por parte de
los trabajadores puede desempeñar un papel moderador
en la relación entre formas más flexibles de contratación,
como el trabajo temporal, y las actitudes laborales.
Resultados sugieren que la percepción de empleabilidad
puede tener un efecto moderador en la relación entre el
tipo de contrato de trabajo y el compromiso...