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Enlighten (159.604 recursos)

Enlighten is the University of Glasgow's institutional repository service for published research material including peer-reviewed journal articles, published conference papers,books and book chapters

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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 1.789

  1. Batch IS NOT Heavy: LearningWord Representations From All Samples

    Xin, Xin; Yuan, Fajie; He, Xiangnan; Jose, Joemon M.
    Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD) with negative sampling is the most prevalent approach to learn word representations. However, it is known that sampling methods are biased especially when the sampling distribution deviates from the true data distribution. Besides, SGD suffers from dramatic fluctuation due to the onesample learning scheme. In this work, we propose AllVec that uses batch gradient learning to generate word representations from all training samples. Remarkably, the time complexity of AllVec remains at the same level as SGD, being determined by the number of positive samples rather than all samples. We evaluate AllVec on several benchmark tasks. Experiments show that AllVec outperforms samplingbased SGD methods with comparable efficiency, especially for small training corpora.

  2. Reaction-induced porosity fingering: replacement dynamic and porosity evolution in the KBr-KCl system

    Beaudoin, Nicolas; Hamilton, Andrea; Koehn, Daniel; Kai Shipton, Zoe; Kelka, Ulrich
    In this contribution, we use X-ray computed micro-tomography (X-CT) to observe and quantify dynamic pattern and porosity formation in a fluid-mediated replacement reaction. The evolution of connected porosity distribution helps to understand how fluid can migrate through a transforming rock, for example during dolomitization, a phenomenon extensively reported in sedimentary basins. Two types of experiment were carried out, in both cases a single crystal of KBr was immersed in a static bath of saturated aqueous KCl at room temperature and atmospheric pressure, and in both cases the replacement process was monitored in 3D using X-CT. In the first type of...

  3. Rent and its Discontents: A Century of Housing Struggle

    The 1915 Rent Strikes in Glasgow, along with similar campaigns across the UK, catalysed rent restrictions and eventually public housing as a right, with a legacy of progressive improvement in UK housing through the central decades of the 20th century. With the decimation of social housing and the resurgence of a profoundly exploitative private housing market, the contemporary political economy of housing now shares many distressing features with the situation one hundred years ago. Starting with a re-appraisal of the Rent Strikes, this book asks what housing campaigners can learn today from a proven organisational victory for the working class....

  4. What did the rent strikers do next? Women and Housing struggles in Interwar Scotland

    Hughes, A; Wright, Valerie
    No abstract available.

  5. Manipulation of contact network structure and the impact on foot-and-mouth disease transmission

    Mohr, Sibylle; Deason, Michael; Churakov, Mikhail; Doherty, Thomas; Kao, Rowland R.
    As evidenced by the 2001 foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) epidemic in the UK, this can involve transmission over large geographical distances and can result in major economic loss. One consequence of the FMD epidemic was the introduction of mandatory livestock movement restrictions: a 13-day standstill in Scotland for cattle and sheep after moving livestock onto a farm (allowing many exemptions) and a 6-day standstill for cattle and sheep in England and Wales (with minor exemptions, e.g. direct movements to slaughter). Such standstills are known to be effective but commercial considerations result in pressures to relax them. When contemplating legislative changes such...

  6. Misoprostol for small bowel ulcers in patients with obscure bleeding taking aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (MASTERS): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial

    Taha, Ali S.; McCloskey, Caroline; McSkimming, Paula; McConnachie, Alex
    Background: The incidence of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, which originates from the small bowel and is mainly associated with the use of aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), is rising. We assessed the efficacy and safety of misoprostol for the treatment of small bowel ulcers and erosions in patients taking low-dose aspirin or NSAIDs with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. Methods: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial, we recruited patients (aged ≥18 years) with small bowel ulcers who were taking low-dose aspirin, NSAIDs, or both for a minimum of 4 weeks, at University Hospital Crosshouse (Kilmarnock, UK). Eligible patients had evidence of obscure gastrointestinal...

  7. Effect of neprilysin inhibition on renal function in patients with type 2 diabetes and chronic heart failure who are receiving target doses of inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system: a secondary analysis of the PARADIGM-HF trial

    Packer, Milton; Claggett, Brian; Lefkowitz, Martin P.; McMurray, John J.V.; Rouleau, Jean L.; Solomon, Scott D.; Zile, Michael R.
    Background: Neprilysin inhibition has favourable effects on experimental diabetic nephropathy. We sought to assess the effects of neprilysin inhibition on the course of renal function in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: In the randomised, double-blind PARADIGM-HF trial, the effects of sacubitril/valsartan (97 mg/103 mg twice daily) were compared with enalapril (10 mg twice daily) in 8399 patients with mild-to-moderate chronic heart failure and systolic dysfunction. In this secondary intention-to-treat analysis, we assessed the change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) over a 44-month follow-up period in patients with (n=3784) and those without (n=4615) diabetes. PARADIGM-HF is registered with, number...

  8. Reconfiguring the template: representations of female authority in historical fiction

    Kolovou, Ioulia

  9. Anna Komnene and the Alexiad: the Byzantine Princess and the First Crusade

    Kolovou, Ioulia

  10. Coronary microvascular dysfunction in patients with stable coronary artery disease: The CE-MARC 2 coronary physiology sub-study

    Corcoran, David; Young, Robin; Adlam, David; McConnachie, Alex; Mangion, Kenneth; Ripley, David; Cairns, David; Brown, Julia; Bucciarelli-Ducci, Chiara; Baumbach, Andreas; Kharbanda, Rajesh; Oldroyd, Keith G.; McCann, Gerry P.; Greenwood, John P.; Berry, Colin
    In patients with angina undergoing invasive management, no obstructive coronary artery disease (NOCAD) is a common finding, and angina may persist following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Coronary microvascular dysfunction may be relevant. We aimed to assess the proportion of patients presenting with suspected CAD who had coronary microvascular dysfunction. Clinical Evaluation of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Coronary Heart Disease 2 (CE-MARC 2) was a prospective multicenter randomised controlled trial of functional imaging versus guideline-based management in patients with suspected CAD. Invasive coronary angiography was protocol-directed. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) and parameters of microvascular function (coronary flow reserve (CFR), index of...

  11. Review of A Unique Hebrew Glossary from India: An Analysis of Judeo-Urdu by Aaron D. Rubin

    Gamliel, Ophira
    No abstract available.

  12. Review of Homo Ritualis: Hindu Ritual and its Significance for Ritual Theory by Axel Michaels

    Gamliel, Ophira
    No abstract available.

  13. The Mantrâṅkam Paribhāṣa from historical linguistics perspective

    Gamliel, Ophira
    No abstract available.

  14. Thinking about hidden criminalization

    Farmer, Lindsay

  15. Trafficking, the Anti-Slavery Project and the making of the modern criminal law

    Farmer, Lindsay
    No abstract available.

  16. Civility, obligation and criminal law

    Farmer, Lindsay
    No abstract available.

  17. 'Subverting the Settled Order of Things’: The crime of sedition in Scotland, 1793-1849

    Farmer, Lindsay
    No abstract available.

  18. Race and religion: postcolonial formations of power and whiteness

    Nye, Malory
    I have two ambitions in this paper. The first is to explore a framework for talking about the intersections between the categories of race and religion, particularly with reference to critical race and critical religion approaches. The second is to discuss how discourses on religion are a particular type of racial formation, or racialization. The premise for this discussion is the historic, colonial-era development of the contemporary categories of race and religion, and related formations such as whiteness. Both religion and race share a common colonial genealogy, and both critical studies of race and religion also stress the politically discursive...

  19. Review of M. Telò, Aristophanes and the Cloak of Comedy

    Ruffell, Ian A.

  20. Vascular toxicities with VEGF inhibitor therapies-focus on hypertension and arterial thrombotic events

    Touyz, Rhian M.; Herrmann, Sandra M.S.; Herrmann, Joerg
    The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway (VSP) fulfills a cardinal role in endothelial cells and its inhibition has profound cardiovascular impact. This is true not only for the normal vasculature but also for the tumor vasculature when VSP inhibitors are used as anti-angiogenic therapies. Generalized endothelial dysfunction predisposes to vasoconstriction, atherosclerosis, platelet activation, and thrombosis (arterial more than venous). All of these have been reported with VSP inhibitors and collectively give rise to vascular toxicities, the most concerning of which are arterial thromboembolic events (ATE). VSP inhibitors include antibodies, acting extracelluarly on VEGF, such as bevacizumab and tyrosine...

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