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Repository of the University of Hasselt containing publications in the fields of statistics, computer science, information strategies and material from the Institute for behavioural sciences.

Economics and Public Policy

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 146

  1. Workshops as a useful tool to better understand care professionals’ Views of a Lean change program

    SIMONS, Pascale; Benders, Jos; Marneffe, Wim; Pijls-Johannesma, Madelon; Vandijck, Dominique
    Purpose For change programs to succeed, it is vital to have a detailed understanding of employees’ views regarding the program, especially when the proposed changes are potentially contested. Gaining insight into employee perceptions helps managers to decide how to proceed. We conducted two workshops in a radiotherapy institute to assess the benefits and drawbacks, as well as their underlying causes, of a proposed lean change program. Managers’ views on the workshops’ usefulness were charted. Design/methodology/approach Two workshops were organized in which employees predicted positive and negative effects of a lean program. The workshops combined a structured brainstorm (KJ-technique) and an evaluation of the...

  2. The impact of effective patents on future innovations in nanomedicine

    Bosetti, Rita; Vereeck, Lode
    The success of nanomedicine is dependent upon an effective protection of IP rights. Unfortunately, the US nanomedicine patent system is dysfunctional because long R&D procedures as well as the patent pendency are insufficiently taken into account. This could be solved by changing the patent-protection starting point and increasing the capacity of the US PTO. The nanotechnology industry also suffers from overlapping patents. This could be avoided by improving the expertise of the PTO, using a more accurate definition of nanotechnology and devising a generally accepted nomenclature that enhances prior-art searches. To avoid disputes, inference practices and strategic patenting can be...

  3. Evaluating implementation of the emergency severity index in a Belgian hospital

    BERGS, Jochen; Verelst, Sandra; Gillet, Jean-Bernard; VANDIJCK, Dominique
    Introduction: Triage aims to categorize patients based on their clinical need and the available departmental resources. To accomplish this goal, one needs to ensure that the implemented triage system is reliable and that staff use it correctly. Therefore this study assessed the ability of Belgium nurses to apply the Emergency Severity Index (ESI), version 4, to hypothetical case scenarios after an educational intervention. Methods: An ESI educational intervention was implemented in accordance with the ESI manual. Using paper case scenarios, nurses' interrater agreement was assessed by comparing triage nurse ESI levels with the reference answers noted in the implementation manual....

  4. Innovation, competition and firm performance: An econometric analysis on the Dutch pharmaceutical sector

    Sanyal, Shreosi
    This study mainly deals with the contemporaneous relation between innovation, competition and firm performance, conditioned by various firm-level determinants, for the Dutch pharmaceutical industry. Our analysis encompasses R&D investment and patents as the essential indicators of innovation; and investigates on their plausible linkage with competition, firm size, firm age, capital intensity and other variables, that eventually affect the productivity and growth in this knowledgeintensive industry. In addition to a comprehensive theoretical exploration, a number of empirical investigations are performed on a firm-level panel database for the Netherlands’ pharmaceuticals. In this PhD dissertation, chapter 1 deals with the theoretical overview and...

  5. Evaluating a lean healthcare transition in a radiotherapy clinic

    SIMONS, Pascale
    Effects of a lean management transition were extensively evaluated in a radiotherapy setting, with a special focus on quality, safety and efficiency of care. A radiotherapy institute was followed from 2010 to 2014 in their journey towards a lean healthcare organization. The studied organization combined specific interventions (lean tools), which addressed the clinical processes with a generic approach focusing on the organizations' structure and cultural elements. Effects were evaluated using a mixed method approach. Quantitative results were interpreted with qualitative data from structured interviews. Positive effects on waiting (process) times, reported safety incidents, safety & improvement culture, job satisfaction, absenteeism,...

  6. Ruimtelijke specialisatie en clustering van industriegroepen en de productiviteitsgroei in sectoren in Limburg in kaart gebracht

    PEETERS, Ludo; VANCAUTEREN, Mark

  7. Identifying local determinants of destination choices of international immigrants to the Madrid metropolitan area

    Peeters, Ludo; Chasco, Coro
    We examine the local determinants of destination choices of foreign immigrants to the Madrid metro area using data for 2005 and 2009 from the Spanish annual municipal-level registers of inhabitants. Taking advantage of the equivalence relation between conditional logit and Poisson, we estimate a location-choice model using the Poisson fixed-effects estimator. Origin-destination fixed effects are incorporated to account for the persistent spatial structure of the immigrants’ settlement patterns and to control for potential violations of the independence of irrelevant alternatives (IIA) assumption. The Poisson regression model is estimated for seven different groups of immigrants according to world regions or countries...

  8. Elektronische facturatie in Belgi??: een kans of bedreiging volgens de cijferberoepen

    Poel, Kevin; Marneffe, Wim; Steyaert, Jo

  9. Cost-effectiveness of gemcitabine versus PEGylated liposomal doxorubicin for recurrent or progressive ovarian cancer: comparing chemotherapy with nanotherapy

    BOSETTI, Rita; Ferrandina, Gabriella; MARNEFFE, Wim; Scambia, Giovanni; VEREECK, Lode
    This article examines the cost-effectiveness of chemotherapy (gemcitabine) versus nanotherapy (PEGylated liposomal doxorubicin) in the treatment of ovarian cancer. Significant differences in costs were mainly due to the initial drug costs, which were €1285.28 in favor of chemotherapy. These costs were more than offset by hospitalization costs, which were €2670.21 in favor of the nanotherapy. The cost per quality-adjusted life week (QALW) for the nanotherapy was estimated to be €220.92/QALW for the base case and ranged from €170-318/QALW based on model assumptions. The clinical benefit associated with nanotherapy was achieved, yielding not only positive cost-effectiveness results, but also, surprisingly, financial...

  10. Does lean management improve patient safety culture? An extensive evaluation of safety culture in a radiotherapy institute.

    SIMONS, Pascale; Houben, Ruud; Vlayen, Annemie; Hellings, Johan; Pijls-Johannesma, Madelon; Marneffe, Wim; Vandijck, Dominique
    PURPOSE: The importance of a safety culture to maximize safety is no longer questioned. However, achieving sustainable culture improvements are less evident. Evidence is growing for a multifaceted approach, where multiple safety interventions are combined. Lean management is such an integral approach to improve safety, quality and efficiency and therefore, could be expected to improve the safety culture. This paper presents the effects of lean management activities on the patient safety culture in a radiotherapy institute. METHODS: Patient safety culture was evaluated over a three year period using triangulation of methodologies. Two surveys were distributed three times, workshops were performed twice, data from...

  11. A cross-country analysis of the impact of regulatory quality on commercial case disposition time

    BIELEN, Samantha; MARNEFFE, Wim; VEREECK, Lode
    Commercial courts around the world encounter prolonged legal procedures, which harms businesses that require dispute resolution through the legal system. This paper, for the first time, tests whether a country’s quality of business regulation impacts the average commercial case disposition time. Panel regression analyses of 133 countries from 2006 to 2011 substantiate the negative association between the perceived regulatory quality and the average duration of commercial legal disputes. Surprisingly, the actual regulatory quality does not affect the average duration of a trial.

  12. Surgical Safety Checklists : an Update

    Bergs, Jochen; Hellings, Johan; CLEEMPUT, Irina; SIMONS, Pascale; ZUREL, Ozhan; VERTRIEST, Sonja; VANDIJCK, Dominique
    Surgical safety checklists aim to improve patient safety by prompting the attention of the surgical team towards critical steps during the operation. The checklist's items are aimed to improve compliance with proven interventions, and to facilitate multidisciplinary communication and teamwork. Based on the current literature, corroborated by systematic reviews and meta-analysis, surgical safety checklists have a positive impact on communication and reduce postoperative complications including mortality. However, despite their effectiveness, the implementation of these checklists is not straightforward. Several determinants leading to behaviour were checklists are checked but not properly executed have been highlighted. As surgical safety checklists are in...

  13. The WHO Surgical Safety Checklist : an Innovative or an Irrelevant Tool ?

    VANDIJCK, Dominique; BERGS, Jochen
    Surgery

  14. Towards a novel approach for the management of ecosystem services

    Witters, Nele

  15. Farm household risk balancing: empirical evidence from Switzerland

    de Mey, Yann; Wauters, E.; Smid, D.; Lips, M.; Vancauteren, M.; Van Passel, S.
    This paper presents empirical evidence on household risk balancing behavior, i.e. farm households making strategic off-farm decisions in response to changes in expected business risk. Using Swiss FADN data, we estimate a fixed effects seemingly unrelated regression model to analyse how farm households jointly alter their levels of debt, off-farm income and consumption. The evidence suggests that farm households not only make strategic changes in debt levels (original risk balancing), but also strategic off-farm decisions (household risk balancing). Our results demonstrate that part of the behavioral risk response of farm households is ignored when focusing solely on farm-level analyses.

  16. De federale regelgevingsimpactanalyse: een stand van zaken na zes maanden.

    POEL, Kevin; Marneffe, Wim

  17. De reguleringsimpactanalyse en de bescherming van grondrechten: een verantwoordelijkheid van wetgever en rechter. Een toepassing op het huisonderwijs.

    MARNEFFE, Wim; Popelier, Patricia

  18. R&D and its determinants: A study of the pharmaceutical firms in the Netherlands

    Sanyal, Shreosi; Vancauteren, Mark

  19. Measuring and explaining the productivity and profitability premium of family firms versus non-family firms: an empirical analysis of SMEs in the Western Euroregion

    CREEMERS, Sarah; VANCAUTEREN, Mark; VOORDECKERS, Wim

  20. Using innovation in explaining the performance premium of family firms: an empirical analysis of SMEs

    CREEMERS, Sarah; VANCAUTEREN, Mark; VOORDECKERS, Wim

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