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Algebra

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 37

  1. PBW deformations of Koszul algebras over a nonsemisimple ring

    He, Jiwei; Van Oystaeyen, Fred; Zhang, Yinhuo
    Let B be a generalized Koszul algebra over a finite dimensional algebra S. We construct a bimodule Koszul resolution of B when the projective dimension of SB equals two. Using this we prove a Poincaré–Birkhoff–Witt (PBW) type theorem for a deformation of a generalized Koszul algebra. When the projective dimension of SB is greater than two, we construct bimodule Koszul resolutions for generalized smash product algebras obtained from braidings between finite dimensional algebras and Koszul algebras, and then prove the PBW type theorem. The results obtained can be applied to standard Koszul Artin–Schelter Gorenstein algebras in the sense of Minamoto and...

  2. Division algebras in Gr-categories

    Huang, Hualin; Van Oystaeyen, Fred; ZHANG, Yinhuo
    We study division algebras in an arbitrary linear Gr-category, i.e., a category of finite-dimensional vector spaces graded by a groupwith associativity constraint given by a 3-cocycle. When the 3-cocycle is non-coboundary, this provides some interesting classes of nonassociative division algebras. In particular, when we work on Gr-categories over the field of real numbers, some quasi-associative version of the quaternions and octonions appear.

  3. Noncommutative versions of some classical birational transformations

    Presotto, Dennis; Van den Bergh, Michel
    In this paper we generalize some classical birational transformations to the non-commutative case. In particular we show that 3-dimensional quadratic Sklyanin algebras (non-commutative projective planes) and 3-dimensional cubic Sklyanin algebras (non-commutative quadrics) have the same function field. In the same vein we construct and analogue of the Cremona transform for non-commutative projective planes.

  4. Green Rings of Pointed Rank One Hopf Algebras of Nilpotent Type

    WANG, Zhihua; Li, Libin; ZHANG, Yinhuo
    Let H be a finite dimensional pointed rank one Hopf algebra of nilpotent type. We first determine all finite dimensional indecomposable H-modules up to isomorphism, and then establish the Clebsch-Gordan formulas for the decompositions of the tensor products of indecomposable H-modules by virtue of almost split sequences. The Green ring r(H) of H will be presented in terms of generators and relations. It turns out that the Green ring r(H) is commutative and is generated by one variable over the Grothendieck ring G0(H) of H modulo one relation. Moreover, r(H) is Frobenius and symmetric with dual bases associated to almost...

  5. On compact generation of deformed schemes

    Lowen, Wendy; Van den Bergh, Michel
    We obtain a theorem which allows to prove compact generation of derived categories of Grothendieck categories, based upon certain coverings by localizations. This theorem follows from an application of Rouquier's cocovering theorem in the triangulated context, and it implies Neeman's result on compact generation of quasi-compact separated schemes. We prove an application of our theorem to non-commutative deformations of such schemes, based upon a change from Koszul complexes to Chevalley-Eilenberg complexes. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Geometric classification of 4-dimensional superalgebras

    Armour, Aaron; Zhang, Yinhuo
    In this paper, we give a geometric classification of 4-dimensional superalgebras over an algebraic closed field. It turns out that the number of irreducible components of the variety of 4-dimensional superalgebras Salg$_4$ under the Zariski topology is between 20 and 22. One of the significant differences between the variety Alg$_n$ and the variety Salg$_n$ is that Salg$_n$ is disconnected while Alg$_n$ is connected. Under certain conditions on $n$, one can show that the variety Salg$_n$ is the disjoint union of $n$ connected subvrieties. We shall present the degeneration diagrams of the 4 disjoint connected subvarieties Salg$^i_4$ of Salg$_4$.

  7. On (co)homology of Frobenius Poisson algebras

    Zhu, Can; Van Oystaeyen, Fred; ZHANG, Yinhuo
    In this paper, we study Poisson (co)homology of a Frobenius Poisson algebra. More precisely, we show that there exists a duality between Poisson homology and Poisson cohomology of Frobenius Poisson algebras, similar to that between Hochschild homology and Hochschild cohomology of Frobenius algebras. Then we use the non-degenerate bilinear form on a unimodular Frobenius Poisson algebra to construct a Batalin-Vilkovisky structure on the Poisson cohomology ring making it into a Batalin-Vilkovisky algebra.

  8. The Green rings of Taft algebras

    Chen, Huixiang; Van Oystaeyen, Fred; ZHANG, Yinhuo
    We compute the Green ring of the Taft algebra $H_n(q)$, where $n$ is a positive integer greater than 1, and $q$ is an $n$-th root of unity. It turns out that the Green ring $r(H_n(q))$ of the Taft algebra $H_n(q)$ is a commutative ring generated by two elements subject to certain relations defined recursively. Concrete examples for $n=2,3, ... , 8$ are given.

  9. Noncommutative quadric surfaces

    Smith, S. Paul; VAN DEN BERGH, Michel
    The 4-dimensional Sklyanin algebra is the homogeneous coordinate ring of a noncommutative analogue of projective 3-space. The degree-two component of the algebra contains a 2-dimensional subspace of central elements. The zero loci of those central elements, except 0, form a pencil of noncommutative quadric surfaces. We show that the behavior of this pencil is similar to that of a generic pencil of quadrics in the commutative projective 3-space. There are exactly four singular quadrics in the pencil. The singular and non-singular quadrics are characterized by whether they have one or two rulings by noncommutative lines. The Picard groups of the...

  10. Calabi-Yau pointed Hopf algebras of finite Cartan type

    YU, Xiaolan; ZHANG, Yinhuo
    We study the Calabi???Yau property of pointed Hopf algebra U(D,??) of finite Cartan type. It turns out that this class of pointed Hopf algebras constructed by N. Andruskiewitsch and H.-J. Schneider contains many Calabi???Yau Hopf algebras. To give concrete examples of new Calab???Yau Hopf algebras, we classify the Calabi???Yau pointed Hopf algebras U(D,??) of dimension less than 5.

  11. DUALIZING COMPLEXES OF NOETHERIAN COMPLETE ALGEBRAS VIA COALGEBRAS

    He, J. -W.; Torrecillas, B.; Van Oystaeyen, F.; ZHANG, Yinhuo
    Let A be a noetherian complete basic semiperfect algebra over an algebraically closed field, and C=A degrees be its dual coalgebra. If A is Artin-Schelter regular, then the local cohomology of A is isomorphic to a shift of twisted bimodule C-1(sigma*) with sigma a coalgebra automorphism. This yields that the balanced dualinzing complex of A is a shift of the twisted bimodule (sigma*)A(1). If sigma is an inner automorphism, then A is Calabi-Yau. An appendix is included to prove a duality theorem of the bounded derived category of quasi-finite comodules over an artinian coalgebra.

  12. Some New Examples of Nondegenerate Quiver Potentials

    de Volcsey, Louis de Thanhoffer; van den Bergh, Michel
    We prove a technical result which allows us to establish the nondegeneracy of potentials on quivers in some previously unknown or nonobvious cases. Our result applies to certain McKay quivers and also to potentials derived from geometric helices on Del Pezzo surfaces.

  13. The Green rings of pointed tensor categories of finite type

    Huang, Hualin; Van Oystaeyen, Fred; Yang, Yuping; ZHANG, Yinhuo
    In this paper, we compute the Clebsch???Gordan formulae and the Green rings of connected pointed tensor categories of finite type.

  14. Calabi-Yau algebras and their deformations

    He, Ji-Wei; Van Oystaeyen, Fred; ZHANG, Yinhuo
    This is a survey of our joint works on graded Calabi-Yau algebras, Calabi-Yau Hopf algebras and their PBW-deformations.

  15. The equivariant Brauer group of a cocommutative Hopf algebra

    DELLO, Jeroen; ZHANG, Yinhuo
    We investigate the Brauer group BRM k H of a cocommutative Hopf algebra H (H can be nonfinitely generated). BRM k H is the bigger Brauer group of H-module Taylor???Azumaya algebras (which do not necessarily contain a unit). An exact sequence 1-->Br(k)-->BM(k,H)--> Gal(k,H) is obtained. Furthermore, we prove the surjectivity of ?? under certain circumstances. This generalizes Beattie???s exact sequence to the ???infinite??? case.

  16. Notes on formal deformations of abelian categories

    VAN DEN BERGH, Michel
    Mathematics

  17. Skew polynomial algebras with coefficients in Koszul Artin–Schelter regular algebras

    He, Jiwei; Van Oystaeyen, Fred; Zhang, Yinhuo
    Let A be a Koszul Artin–Schelter regular algebra with Nakayama automorphism ξ . We show that the Yoneda Ext-algebra of the skew polynomial algebra A[z; ξ ] is a trivial extension of a Frobenius algebra. Then we prove that A[z; ξ ] is Calabi–Yau; and hence each Koszul Artin–Schelter regular algebra is a subalgebra of a Koszul Calabi–Yau algebra. A superpotential ˆw is also constructed so that the Calabi–Yau algebra A[z; ξ ] is isomorphic to the derivation quotient of ˆw . The Calabi–Yau property of a skew polynomial algebra with coefficients in a PBW-deformation of a Koszul Artin–Schelter regular...

  18. Deformations of Koszul Artin???Schelter Gorenstein algebras

    He, Jiwei; Van Oystaeyen, Fred; ZHANG, Yinhuo
    We compute the Nakayama automorphism of a Poincare-Birkhoff-Witt (PBW)-deformation of a Koszul Artin-Schelter (AS) Gorenstein algebra of finite global dimension, and give a criterion for an augmented PBW-deformation of a Koszul Calabi-Yau algebra to be Calabi-Yau. The relations between the Calabi-Yau property of augmented PBW-deformations and that of non-augmented cases are discussed. The Nakayama automorphisms of PBW-deformations of Koszul AS-Gorenstein algebras of global dimensions 2 and 3 are given explicitly. We show that if a PBW-deformation of a graded Calabi-Yau algebra is still Calabi-Yau, then it is defined by a potential under some mild conditions. Some classical results are also...

  19. The Green rings of the generalized Taft algebras

    Li, Libin; Zhang, Yinhuo
    In this paper, we investigate the Green ring r(Hn,d) of the generalized Taft algebra Hn,d, extending the results of Chen, Van Oystaeyen and Zhang (to appear in Proc. of AMS). We shall determine all nilpotent elements of the Green ring r(Hn,d). It turns out that each nilpotent element in r(Hn,d) can be written as a sum of indecomposable projective representations. The Jacobson radical J(r(Hn,d)) of r(Hn,d) is generated by one element, and its rank is n ???n/d. Moreover, we will present all the finite dimensional indecomposable representations over the complexified Green ring R(Hn,d) of Hn,d. Our analysis is based on the decomposition of the tensor product of indecomposable representations...

  20. Ext algebra of Nichols algebras of Cartan type A(2)

    Yu, Xiaolan; Zhang, Yinhuo
    We give the full structure of the Ext algebra of any Nichols algebra of Cartan type A2 by using the Hochschild???Serre spectral sequence. As an application, we show that the pointed Hopf algebras u(D, ??, ??) with Dynkin diagrams of type A, D, or E, except for A1 and A1 ?? A1 with the order NJ > 2 for at least one component J, are wild.

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