Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 78

  1. What is a Walkable Place? The Walkability Debate in Urban Design

    Forsyth, Ann

  2. Modeling an Existing Building in DesignBuilder/EnergyPlus: Custom vs. Default Inputs,”

    Wasilowski, Holly; Reinhart, Christoph; Samuelson, Holly Wasilowski

  3. Perceived and Police-Reported Neighborhood Crime: Linkages to Adolescent Activity Behaviors and Weight Status

    Forsyth, Ann; Wall, Melanie; Choo, Tse; Larson, Nicole; Van Riper, David; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne; forsyth, ann

  4. Moving Beyond ‘Community’ Participation: Perceptions of Renting and the Dynamics of Participation Around Urban Development in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

    Hooper, Michael Craig; Cadstedt, Jenny
    This paper employs extensive interviews to examine the ways in which perceptions of renting — on the part of renters, owners and other key actors in the development process — influenced the dynamics of participation around two recent urban development projects in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The study responds to concerns that participatory planning too frequently treats communities as homogenous and overlooks barriers to participation faced by marginalized groups, such as renters. The results show that renters were unwilling and often unable to participate due to perceptions, held by themselves and by others, of renter transience and inconsequentiality. These perceptions...

  5. Confronting Urban Displacement: Social Movement Participation and Post-Eviction Resettlement Success in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

    Hooper, Michael Craig; Ortolano, Leonard
    This article investigates whether urban social movement participation influences post-eviction resettlement success. Pre- and post-eviction interviews were conducted with sixty-four slum dwellers from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, including members of the Tanzania Federation of the Urban Poor (TFUP). The majority of interviewees reported improved post-eviction housing but adverse employment impacts. TFUP membership was negatively associated with employment outcomes, particularly for property owners. Expecting TFUP to secure housing for them, members delayed finding accommodation. This led to resettlement farther from their former homes and negatively affected employment. Women were especially vulnerable following eviction, with their post-eviction pay falling because of the...

  6. Motivations for Slum Dweller Social Movement Participation in Urban Africa: A Study of Mobilization in Kurasini, Dar es Salaam

    Hooper, Michael Craig; Ortolano, Leonard
    This paper examines what motivates the participation of African slum(1) dwellers in urban social movement activities. This issue is analyzed through a case study of grassroots mobilization around evictions in Kurasini ward, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The paper uses an analytic narrative approach to account for patterns in participatory behaviour, drawing on both quantitative and qualitative data gathered through interviews with 81 slum dwellers. The study shows that, contrary to the expectations of movement leaders, property owners were significantly more likely than renters to participate in a risky and time-consuming mobilization effort. The study identifies three factors that favoured owner...

  7. Revitalizando Ciudades: MejorandoViviendas y Barrios desde la Cuadra a la Metrópolis

    Forsyth, Ann
    Revitalizando Ciudades: Mejorando viviendas y barrios desde la cuadra a la metrópolis, enfatiza ejemplos internacionales y mexicanos e identifica políticas, programas y estrategias de planeación para implementar las políticas de vivienda mexicanas del 2012.

  8. Revitalizing Places: Improving Housing and Neighborhoods from Block to Metropolis.

    Forsyth, Ann
    Revitalizing Places emphasizes international and Mexican experiences and identifies potential policies, programs, planning approaches, and tools to help implement the far-reaching 2012 Mexican housing and urban development policy.

  9. Comparing Modes of Operation for Residential Ceiling Fans to Achieve Thermal Destratification

    Samuelson, Holly Wasilowski

  10. Identifying Non-Technical Barriers to Energy Model Sharing and Reuse

    Holly W. Samuelson, Andrew; Reinhart, Christoph

  11. Post-Occupancy Evaluation and Partial-Calibration of 18 Design-Phase Energy Models

    Holly W. Samuelson, Arash; Reinhart, Christoph

  12. Parametric Energy Simulation of High-Rise Multi-Family Housing

    Goyal, Apoorv; Claussnitzer, Sebastian; Romo-Castillo, Alejandra; Chen, Yujiao; Bakshi, Arpan; Samuelson, Holly Wasilowski

  13. Integrated Workflow and a New Tool for Urban Rainwater Management

    Chen, Yujiao; Samuelson, Holly Wasilowski; Davila, Carlos

  14. Learning by playing – teaching energy simulation as a game

    Reinhart, Christoph F.; Dogan, Timur; Ibarra, Diego; Samuelson, Holly Wasilowski

  15. Non-technical barriers to energy model sharing and reuse

    Samuelson, Holly Wasilowski; Lantz, Andrew; Reinhart, Christoph F.

  16. Integrated Design Workflow and a New Tool for Urban Rainwater Management

    Chen, Yujiao; Samuelson, Holly Wasilowski; Tong, Zheming

  17. Analysis of a simplified calibration procedure for 18 design-phase building energy models

    Samuelson, Holly Wasilowski; Ghorayshi, Arash; Reinhart, Christoph F.

  18. Parametric Energy Simulation in Early Design: High-Rise Residential Buildings in Urban Contexts

    Samuelson, Holly Wasilowski; Claussnitzer, Sebastian; Goyal, Apoorv; Chen, Yujiao; Romo-Castillo, Alejandra

  19. Highway urbanization and Land conflicts: the challenges to decentralization in India

    Balakrishnan, Sai Swarna

  20. A three-dimensional actuated origami-inspired transformable metamaterial with multiple degrees of freedom

    Overvelde, Johannes T.B.; de Jong, Twan A.; Shevchenko, Yanina; Becerra, Sergio A.; Whitesides, George M.; Weaver, James C.; Hoberman, Chuck; Bertoldi, Katia
    Reconfigurable devices, whose shape can be drastically altered, are central to expandable shelters, deployable space structures, reversible encapsulation systems and medical tools and robots. All these applications require structures whose shape can be actively controlled, both for deployment and to conform to the surrounding environment. While most current reconfigurable designs are application specific, here we present a mechanical metamaterial with tunable shape, volume and stiffness. Our approach exploits a simple modular origami-like design consisting of rigid faces and hinges, which are connected to form a periodic structure consisting of extruded cubes. We show both analytically and experimentally that the transformable...

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