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Caltech Authors (170.931 recursos)

Repository of works by Caltech published authors.

Group = IPTF

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 281

  1. The Palomar Transient Factory Survey Camera: first year performance and results

    Law, N. M.; Dekany, R. G.; Rahmer, G.; Hale, D.; Smith, R.; Quimby, R.; Ofek, E. O.; Kasliwal, M.; Zolkower, J.; Velur, V.; Henning, J.; Bui, K.; McKenna, D.; Nugent, P.; Jacobsen, J.; Walters, R.; Bloom, J.; Surace, J.; Grillmair, C.; Laher, R.; Mattingly, S.; Kulkarni, S.
    The Palomar Transient Factory (PTF) is a new fully-automated, wide-field survey conducting a systematic exploration of the optical transient sky. The transient survey is performed using a new 8.1 square degree, 101 megapixel camera installed on the 48-inch Samuel Oschin Telescope at Palomar Observatory. The PTF Camera achieved first light at the end of 2008, completed commissioning in July 2009, and is now in routine science operations. The camera is based on the CFH12K camera, and was extensively modified for use on the 48-inch telescope. A field-flattening curved window was installed, the cooling system was re-engineered and upgraded to closed-cycle,...

  2. Light Curves of Hydrogen-poor Superluminous Supernovae from the Palomar Transient Factory

    De Cia, Annalisa; Yan, Lin; Kasliwal, M. M.
    We investigate the light-curve properties of a sample of 26 spectroscopically confirmed hydrogen-poor superluminous supernovae (SLSNe-I) in the Palomar Transient Factory survey. These events are brighter than SNe Ib/c and SNe Ic-BL, on average, by about 4 and 2 mag, respectively. The peak absolute magnitudes of SLSNe-I in rest-frame g band span −22 ≾ M g ≾ −20 mag, and these peaks are not powered by radioactive ^(56)Ni, unless strong asymmetries are at play. The rise timescales are longer for SLSNe than for normal SNe Ib/c, by roughly 10 days, for events with similar decay times. Thus, SLSNe-I can be...

  3. Variability of Red Supergiants in M31 from the Palomar Transient Factory

    Soraisam, Monika D.; Bildsten, Lars; Drout, Maria R.; Bauer, Evan B.; Gilfanov, Marat; Kupfer, Thomas; Laher, Russ R.; Masci, Frank; Prince, Thomas A.; Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.; Matheson, Thomas; Saha, Abhijit
    Most massive stars end their lives as red supergiants (RSGs), a short-lived evolutionary phase when they are known to pulsate with varying amplitudes. The RSG period–luminosity (PL) relation has been measured in the Milky Way, the Magellanic Clouds and M33 for about 120 stars in total. Using over 1500 epochs of R-band monitoring from the Palomar Transient Factory survey over a five-year period, we study the variability of 255 spectroscopically cataloged RSGs in M31. We find that all RGSs brighter than M_K ≈ −10 mag (log(L/L⊙) > 4.8) are variable at Δm_R > 0.05 mag. Our period analysis finds 63...

  4. Discovery of 36 eclipsing EL CVn binaries found by the Palomar Transient Factory

    van Roestel, J.; Kupfer, T.; Ruiz-Carmona, R.; Groot, P. J.; Prince, T. A.; Burdge, K.; Laher, R.; Shupe, D. L.; Bellm, E.
    We report on the discovery and analysis of 36 new eclipsing EL CVn-type binaries, consisting of a core helium-composition pre-white dwarf (pre-He-WD) and an early-type main-sequence companion. This more than doubles the known population of these systems. We have used supervised machine learning methods to search 0.8 million light curves from the Palomar Transient Factory (PTF), combined with Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System (Pan-STARRS) and Two-Micron All-Sky Survey (2MASS) colours. The new systems range in orbital periods from 0.46 to 3.8 d and in apparent brightness from ∼14 to 16 mag in the PTF R...

  5. Spectra of Hydrogen-poor Superluminous Supernovae from the Palomar Transient Factory

    Quimby, Robert M.; De Cia, Annalisa; Gal-Yam, Avishay; Leloudas, Giorgos; Lunnan, Ragnhild; Perley, Daniel A.; Vreeswijk, Paul M.; Yan, Lin; Bloom, Joshua S.; Cenko, S. Bradley; Cooke, Jeff; Ellis, Richard; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Kasliwal, Mansi M.; Kleiser, Io K. W.; Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.; Matheson, Thomas; Nugent, Peter E.; Pan, Yen-Chen; Silverman, Jeffrey M.; Sternberg, Assaf; Sullivan, Mark; Yaron, Ofer
    Most Type I superluminous supernovae (SLSNe-I) reported to date have been identified by their high peak luminosities and spectra lacking obvious signs of hydrogen. We demonstrate that these events can be distinguished from normal-luminosity SNe (including Type Ic events) solely from their spectra over a wide range of light-curve phases. We use this distinction to select 19 SLSNe-I and four possible SLSNe-I from the Palomar Transient Factory archive (including seven previously published objects). We present 127 new spectra of these objects and combine these with 39 previously published spectra, and we use these to discuss the average spectral properties of...

  6. iPTF Archival Search for Fast Optical Transients

    Ho, Anna Y. Q.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Nugent, Peter E.; Zhao, Weijie; Rusu, Florin; Cenko, S. Bradley; Ravi, Vikram; Kasliwal, Mansi M.; Perley, Daniel A.; Adams, Scott M.; Bellm, Eric C.; Brady, Patrick R.; Fremling, Christoffer; Gal-Yam, Avishay; Kann, David Alexander; Kaplan, David; Laher, Russ R.; Masci, Frank; Ofek, Eran O.; Sollerman, Jesper; Urban, Alex
    There has been speculation about a class of relativistic explosions with an initial Lorentz factor Γ_(init) smaller than that of classical gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). These "dirty fireballs" would lack prompt GRB emission but could be pursued via their optical afterglow, appearing as transients that fade overnight. Here we report a search for such transients (that fade by 5-σ in magnitude overnight) in four years of archival photometric data from the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory (iPTF). Our search criteria yielded 50 candidates. Of these, two were afterglows to GRBs that had been found in dedicated follow-up observations to triggers from the...

  7. PTF11mnb: First analog of supernova 2005bf. Long-rising, double-peaked supernova Ic from a massive progenitor

    Taddia, F.; Sollerman, J.; Fremling, C.; Karamehmetoglu, E.; Quimby, R. M.; Gal-Yam, A.; Yaron, O.; Kasliwal, M. M.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Nugent, P. E.; Smadja, G.; Tao, C.
    Aims. We study PTF11mnb, a He-poor supernova (SN) whose light curves resemble those of SN 2005bf, a peculiar double-peaked stripped-envelope (SE) SN, until the declining phase after the main peak. We investigate the mechanism powering its light curve and the nature of its progenitor star. Methods. Optical photometry and spectroscopy of PTF11mnb are presented. We compared light curves, colors and spectral properties to those of SN 2005bf and normal SE SNe. We built a bolometric light curve and modeled this light curve with the SuperNova Explosion Code (SNEC) hydrodynamical code explosion of a MESA progenitor star and semi-analytic models. Results. The light...

  8. iPTF Survey for Cool Transients

    Adams, S. M.; Blagorodnova, N.; Kasliwal, M. M.; Barlow, T.; Cook, D. O.; Ho, A. Y. Q.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Kupfer, T.; Neill, J. D.; Walters, R.; Laher, R. R.; Masci, F.
    We performed a wide-area (2000 deg^2) g and I band experiment as part of a two month extension to the Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory. We discovered 36 extragalactic transients including iPTF17lf, a highly reddened local SN Ia, iPTF17bkj, a new member of the rare class of transitional Ibn/IIn supernovae, and iPTF17be, a candidate luminous blue variable outburst. We do not detect any luminous red novae and place an upper limit on their rate. We show that adding a slow-cadence I band component to upcoming surveys such as the Zwicky Transient Facility will improve the photometric selection of cool and dusty...

  9. Searching for Be Stars in the Open Clusters with PTF/iPTF. I. Cluster Sample and Be Star Candidates

    Yu, Po-Chieh; Yu, Chang-Hsien; Lee, Chien-De; Lin, Chien-Cheng; Hsia, Chih-Hao; Chang, Chang-Kao; Chen, I-Chenn; Ngeow, Chow-Choong; Ip, Wing-Huen; Chen, Wen-Ping; Laher, Russ; Surace, Jason; Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.
    We conducted a search for Be star candidates in open clusters using Hα imaging photometry of the Palomar Transient Factory Survey to investigate some connections among Be star phenomena, cluster environments, and ages. Stellar members of clusters were identified by spatial distributions, near-infrared magnitudes and colors, and by proper motions. Among 104 open clusters, we identified 96 Be star candidates in 32 clusters; 11 of our candidates have been reported in previous studies. We found that the clusters with age 7.5 < log(t(year)) ⩽ 8.5 tend to have more Be star candidates; there is about a 40% occurrence rate within...

  10. Early Observations of the Type Ia Supernova iPTF 16abc: A Case of Interaction with Nearby, Unbound Material and/or Strong Ejecta Mixing

    Miller, A. A.; Cao, Y.; Piro, A. L.; Blagorodnova, N.; Bue, B. D.; Cenko, S. B.; Dhawan, S.; Ferretti, R.; Fox, O. D.; Fremling, C.; Goobar, A.; Howell, D. A.; Hosseinzadeh, G.; Kasliwal, M. M.; Laher, R. R.; Lunnan, R.; Masci, F. J.; McCully, C.; Nugent, P. E.; Sollerman, J.; Taddia, F.; Kulkarni, S. R.
    Early observations of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) provide a unique probe of their progenitor systems and explosion physics. Here we report the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory (iPTF) discovery of an extraordinarily young SN Ia, iPTF 16abc. By fitting a power law to our early light curve, we infer that first light for the SN, that is, when the SN could have first been detected by our survey, occurred only 0.15 ±_(0.07)^(0.15) days before our first detection. In the ~24 hr after discovery, iPTF 16abc rose by ~2 mag, featuring a near-linear rise in flux for ≳3 days. Early spectra...

  11. iPTF 16asu: A Luminous, Rapidly Evolving, and High-velocity Supernova

    Whitesides, L.; Lunnan, R.; Kasliwal, M. M.; Blagorodnova, N.; Cao, Y.; Cook, D. O.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Masci, F.
    Wide-field surveys are discovering a growing number of rare transients whose physical origin is not yet well understood. Here we present optical and UV data and analysis of intermediate Palomar Transient Factory (iPTF) 16asu, a luminous, rapidly evolving, high-velocity, stripped-envelope supernova (SN). With a rest-frame rise time of just four days and a peak absolute magnitude of M_g = -20.4 mag, the light curve of iPTF 16asu is faster and more luminous than that of previous rapid transients. The spectra of iPTF 16asu show a featureless blue continuum near peak that develops into an SN Ic-BL spectrum on the decline....

  12. iPTF16fnl: A Faint and Fast Tidal Disruption Event in an E+A Galaxy

    Blagorodnova, N.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Yan, L.; Bue, B. D.; Ho, A. Y. Q.; Kasliwal, M. M.; Laher, R. R.; Lunnan, R.; Masci, F. J.; Neill, J. D.; Walters, R.
    We present ground-based and Swift observations of iPTF16fnl, a likely tidal disruption event (TDE) discovered by the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory (iPTF) survey at 66.6 Mpc. The light curve of the object peaked at an absolute mag M_g =- 17.2. The maximum bolometric luminosity (from optical and UV) was L_p ≃ (1.0 ± 0.15) x 10^(43) erg s^(−1), an order of magnitude fainter than any other optical TDE discovered so far. The luminosity in the first 60 days is consistent with an exponential decay, with L ∝ e^(-(t-t_0)/τ, where t_0 = 57631.0 (MJD) and τ ≃ 15 days. The X-ray...

  13. Revisiting Optical Tidal Disruption Events with iPTF16axa

    Hung, T.; Gezari, S.; Blagorodnova, N.; Roth, N.; Cenko, S. B.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Horesh, A.; Arcavi, I.; McCully, C.; Yan, Lin; Lunnan, R.; Fremling, C.; Cao, Y.; Nugent, P. E.; Wozniak, P.
    We report the discovery by the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory (iPTF) of a candidate tidal disruption event (TDE) iPTF16axa at z = 0.108 and present its broadband photometric and spectroscopic evolution from three months of follow-up observations with ground-based telescopes and Swift. The light curve is well fitted with a t^(−5/3) decay, and we constrain the rise time to peak to be <49 rest-frame days after disruption, which is roughly consistent with the fallback timescale expected for the ~5 × 10^6 M_⊙ black hole inferred from the stellar velocity dispersion of the host galaxy. The UV and optical spectral energy...

  14. Revisiting Optical Tidal Disruption Events with iPTF16axa

    Hung, T.; Gezari, S.; Blagorodnova, N.; Roth, N.; Cenko, S. B.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Horesh, A.; Arcavi, I.; McCully, C.; Yan, Lin; Lunnan, R.; Fremling, C.; Cao, Y.; Nugent, P. E.; Wozniak, P.
    We report the discovery by the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory (iPTF) of a candidate tidal disruption event (TDE) iPTF16axa at z = 0.108 and present its broadband photometric and spectroscopic evolution from three months of follow-up observations with ground-based telescopes and Swift. The light curve is well fitted with a t^(−5/3) decay, and we constrain the rise time to peak to be <49 rest-frame days after disruption, which is roughly consistent with the fallback timescale expected for the ~5 × 10^6 M_⊙ black hole inferred from the stellar velocity dispersion of the host galaxy. The UV and optical spectral energy...

  15. Revisiting Optical Tidal Disruption Events with iPTF16axa

    Hung, T.; Gezari, S.; Blagorodnova, N.; Roth, N.; Cenko, S. B.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Horesh, A.; Arcavi, I.; McCully, C.; Yan, Lin; Lunnan, R.; Fremling, C.; Cao, Y.; Nugent, P. E.; Wozniak, P.
    We report the discovery by the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory (iPTF) of a candidate tidal disruption event (TDE) iPTF16axa at z = 0.108 and present its broadband photometric and spectroscopic evolution from three months of follow-up observations with ground-based telescopes and Swift. The light curve is well fitted with a t^(−5/3) decay, and we constrain the rise time to peak to be <49 rest-frame days after disruption, which is roughly consistent with the fallback timescale expected for the ~5 × 10^6 M_⊙ black hole inferred from the stellar velocity dispersion of the host galaxy. The UV and optical spectral energy...

  16. Revisiting Optical Tidal Disruption Events with iPTF16axa

    Hung, T.; Gezari, S.; Blagorodnova, N.; Roth, N.; Cenko, S. B.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Horesh, A.; Arcavi, I.; McCully, C.; Yan, Lin; Lunnan, R.; Fremling, C.; Cao, Y.; Nugent, P. E.; Wozniak, P.
    We report the discovery by the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory (iPTF) of a candidate tidal disruption event (TDE) iPTF16axa at z = 0.108 and present its broadband photometric and spectroscopic evolution from three months of follow-up observations with ground-based telescopes and Swift. The light curve is well fitted with a t^(−5/3) decay, and we constrain the rise time to peak to be <49 rest-frame days after disruption, which is roughly consistent with the fallback timescale expected for the ~5 × 10^6 M_⊙ black hole inferred from the stellar velocity dispersion of the host galaxy. The UV and optical spectral energy...

  17. Color Me Intrigued: the Discovery of iPTF 16fnm, a Supernova 2002cx-like Object

    Miller, A. A.; Kasliwal, M. M.; Cao, Y.; Adams, S. M.; Goobar, A.; Knežević, S.; Laher, R. R.; Lunnan, R.; Masci, F. J.; Nugent, P. E.; Perley, D. A.; Petrushevska, T.; Quimby, R. M.; Rebbapragada, U. D.; Sollerman, J .; Taddia, F.; Kulkarni, S. R.
    Modern wide-field, optical time-domain surveys must solve a basic optimization problem: maximize the number of transient discoveries or minimize the follow-up needed for the new discoveries. Here, we describe the Color Me Intrigued experiment, the first from the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory (iPTF) to search for transients simultaneously in the g_(PTF) and R_(PTF) bands. During the course of this experiment, we discovered iPTF 16fnm, a new member of the 02cx-like subclass of Type Ia supernovae (SNe). iPTF 16fnm peaked at M_(gPTF) = -15.09 ± 0.17 mag, making it the second-least-luminous known SN Ia. iPTF 16fnm exhibits all the hallmarks of...

  18. Color Me Intrigued: the Discovery of iPTF 16fnm, a Supernova 2002cx-like Object

    Miller, A. A.; Kasliwal, M. M.; Cao, Y.; Adams, S. M.; Goobar, A.; Knežević, S.; Laher, R. R.; Lunnan, R.; Masci, F. J.; Nugent, P. E.; Perley, D. A.; Petrushevska, T.; Quimby, R. M.; Rebbapragada, U. D.; Sollerman, J.; Taddia, F.; Kulkarni, S. R.
    Modern wide-field, optical time-domain surveys must solve a basic optimization problem: maximize the number of transient discoveries or minimize the follow-up needed for the new discoveries. Here, we describe the Color Me Intrigued experiment, the first from the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory (iPTF) to search for transients simultaneously in the g_(PTF) and R_(PTF) bands. During the course of this experiment, we discovered iPTF 16fnm, a new member of the 02cx-like subclass of Type Ia supernovae (SNe). iPTF 16fnm peaked at M_(gPTF) = -15.09 ± 0.17 mag, making it the second-least-luminous known SN Ia. iPTF 16fnm exhibits all the hallmarks of...

  19. iPTF16geu: A multiply imaged, gravitationally lensed type Ia supernova

    Goobar, A.; Amanullah, R.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Nugent, P. E.; Johansson, J.; Steidel, C.; Lawrence, D.; Mörtsell, E.; Quimby, R.; Blagorodnova, N.; Brandeker, A.; Cao, Y.; Cooray, A.; Ferretti, R.; Fremling, C.; Hangard, L.; Kasliwal, M.; Kupfer, T.; Lunnan, R.; Masci, F.; Miller, A. A.; Nayyeri, H.; Neill, J. D.; Ofek, E. O.; Papadogiannakis, S.; Petrushevska, T.; Ravi, V.; Sollerman, J.; Sullivan, M.; Taddia, F.; Walters, R.; Wilson, D.; Yan, L.; Yaron, O.
    We report the discovery of a multiply imaged, gravitationally lensed type Ia supernova, iPTF16geu (SN 2016geu), at redshift z = 0.409. This phenomenon was identified because the light from the stellar explosion was magnified more than 50 times by the curvature of space around matter in an intervening galaxy. We used high-spatial-resolution observations to resolve four images of the lensed supernova, approximately 0.3 arc seconds from the center of the foreground galaxy. The observations probe a physical scale of ~1 kiloparsec, smaller than is typical in other studies of extragalactic gravitational lensing. The large magnification and symmetric image configuration imply...

  20. iPTF16geu: A multiply imaged, gravitationally lensed type Ia supernova

    Goobar, A.; Amanullah, R.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Nugent, P. E.; Johansson, J.; Steidel, C.; Lawrence, D.; Mörtsell, E.; Quimby, R.; Blagorodnova, N.; Brandeker, A.; Cao, Y.; Cooray, A.; Ferretti, R.; Fremling, C.; Hangard, L.; Kasliwal, M.; Kupfer, T.; Lunnan, R.; Masci, F.; Miller, A. A.; Nayyeri, H.; Neill, J. D.; Ofek, E. O.; Papadogiannakis, S.; Petrushevska, T.; Ravi, V.; Sollerman, J.; Sullivan, M.; Taddia, F.; Walters, R.; Wilson, D. M.; Yan, L.; Yaron, O.
    We report the discovery of a multiply imaged, gravitationally lensed type Ia supernova, iPTF16geu (SN 2016geu), at redshift z = 0.409. This phenomenon was identified because the light from the stellar explosion was magnified more than 50 times by the curvature of space around matter in an intervening galaxy. We used high-spatial-resolution observations to resolve four images of the lensed supernova, approximately 0.3 arc seconds from the center of the foreground galaxy. The observations probe a physical scale of ~1 kiloparsec, smaller than is typical in other studies of extragalactic gravitational lensing. The large magnification and symmetric image configuration imply...

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