Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 38

  1. Child sexual exploitation materials offenders: a review

    Babchishin, Kelly; Merdian, Hannah Lena; Bartels, Ross; Perkins, Derek
    The downloading and possession of Child Sexual Exploitation Materials (CSEM; also referred to as child pornography and indecent images of children) is the most commonly convicted type of internet sexual offences. This review summarizes the current state of knowledge on CSEM offenders. We first provide a summary of the key motivations of CSEM offenders, characteristics of CSEM offenders compared to contact sexual offenders against children, and important facilitative factors. We then review the factors related to recidivism among CSEM offenders. Finally, we describe current developments in the risk assessment, police case prioritization, and treatment approaches for CSEM offenders. Generally, CSEM...

  2. Traitors or toadies? [The BBC: myth of a public service, by Mills, Tom (Verso, pp266, £16.99)]

    Winston, Brian
    From 1934 until 1984 that bastion of journalist integrity, the national treasure that is the BBC, had MI5 vet all editorially sensitive job candidates for possible subversive opinions and connections (for example, in the 1930s, the Relief Committee for Victims of German Fascism). The BBC demanded that the department do this with such enthusiasm that the spooks more than once complained of the workload. Unreliables finished up (as Mark Hollingsworth and Richard Norton-Taylor reported in 1988) with “a buff folder with a round red sticker, stamped with the legend SECRET and a symbol which looked like a Christmas tree”. I have...

  3. Gold nanoparticle-based colorimetric biosensors

    Aldewachi, H.; Chalati, T.; Woodroofe, M. N.; Bricklebank, N.; Sharrack, B.; Gardiner, P. H.
    Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) provide excellent platforms for the development of colorimetric biosensors as they can be easily functionalized, and display different colours depending on their size, shape and state of aggregation. In the last decade, a variety of biosensors have been developed that exploit the extent of colour changes as nanoparticles (NPs) either aggregate or disperse, in the presence of analytes. Of critical importance to the design of these methods is that the behaviour of the systems has to be reproducible and predictable. Much has been accomplished in understanding the interactions between a variety of substrates and AuNPs, and how...

  4. Dance and gender: an evidence-based approach

    Mann, Rebecca
    Oliver and Risner’s collection of ‘evidence-based’ approaches to dance and gender aims to help the dance community to ‘understand the status quo regarding gender in the dance world’ (p. 19). The range of contributors and covered subjects work well in creating an accessible, thought provoking and important work. The book’s overall aim is to ‘show how notions of gender operate within the dance world in the early twenty-first century’, based ‘on empirical research’ providing ‘concrete evidence’ (p. 3). As this book builds further on an existing body of research, there is a very helpful literature review included in the introduction. There is a strong advantage here,...

  5. Queer voices in post-war Scotland: male homosexuality, religion and society (Jeffery Meek), Masculinities on Clydeside: men in reserved occupations during the second world War (Alison Chand)

    Smith, Helen

  6. The inherent right of self defence in international law [Murray Colin Alder]

    Melling, Graham
    It is an interesting paradox of international law that the right of self-defence is considered to be an inherent right of all states. That a state has the right to defend itself from attack from others is unarguable and is reflective of man’s basic instinct for survival. Yet whilst the principle of the right of self-defence is so clear and unchallenged, its legal definition and scope of application has been the subject of much debate and controversy. Hence the paradox—clear and unchallenged yet giving rise to controversy and confusion. It is this debate and controversy to which Murray Colin Alder...

  7. Technology and events: how to create engaging events [V. Martin and L. Cazarré]

    Sima, Claudia
    V. Martin and L. Cazarré, Technology and events: how to create engaging events ,2016,Goodfellow Publishers Limited; Oxford, 256pp., (Pbk.), £34.99 ISBN: 978-1-910158-25-8, (Hbk), £85.00 ISBN 978-1-910158-19-7 Whilst technology has for sometime now been acknowledged as a major force in the events industry, shaping and reshaping every aspect of it, very few dedicated textbooks exist on the subject (for example Lee, Boshnakova, & Goldblatt, 2015). The authors, Vanessa Martin and Luiz Cazarré, have acknowledged this critical gap and produced a highly comprehensive, relevant and informative guide for events management students and industry practitioners alike. Bridging the gap between academic text books and...

  8. Blitz Britain: Manchester and Salford [Graham Phythian, History Press 2015]

    Greenhalgh, James
    Review of Review: Graham Phythian, Blitz Britain: Manchester and Salford, History Press 2015

  9. Dog and cat behaviour [Gary M. Landsberg and Valarie V. Tynes]

    McPeake, K. J.
    Gary M. Landsberg and Valarie V. Tynes Vol 44, May 2013, pp 379-644, hardback, £50.39. Elsevier. 2014. ISBN 978 0 32329 729 5

  10. How to show old photographs

    Clayton, Owen
    Review of A Perfect Chemistry: Hill and Adamson exhibition at the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

  11. Congenital cytomegalovirus infections in sub-Saharan Africa: a neglected and growing problem

    Bates, Matthew; Tembo, John; Zumla, Alimuddin
    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is ubiquitous and is one of the most common viral infections of humans. It belongs to the ‘herpes’ family of viruses and encodes over 160 proteins, many of which have immunomodulatory functions. CMV infection can be acquired at any age, and most initial infections go unnoticed, although some individuals develop ‘glandular fever’-like symptoms, which usually resolve (Mocarski et al. 2007). Like all herpesvirus infections, once a person acquires primary infection, CMV remains in a latent viable form within the body from which it may periodically reactivate under circumstances of immunosuppression. CMV causes two well-established serious clinical problems that are of major public health importance worldwide: (i) congenital CMV infections due to...

  12. Built to meet needs [Paul Oliver]

    Whelan, Deborah
    Paul Oliver’s approach on a number of previous occasions has been the production of massive edited volumes, such as the Dictionary of Vernacular Architecture of the World (1997), together with discursive editions such as Shelter, Sign and Symbol (1975) that address the issues of vernacular architecture around the world. They have formed invaluable contributions to the construction of a discourse on the vernacular, popularizing the modest and at the same time making it more academically accessible and credible. Built to Meet Needs (2006) is no exception, but where it differs from much of his previous publications is that it is...

  13. From the pre-hospital literature: Pre-hospital endotracheal intubation is associated with increased mortality in patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury

    Christopher, Sarah

  14. From the pre-hospital literature: Diagnosing death on the line

    Christopher, Sarah
    This retrospective study aimed to ascertain the accuracy with which the medical priority dispatch system (MPDS) identifies cases of cardiac arrest. Ambulance dispatch records of all cases suspected as cardiac arrest over a 3-month period were matched with ambulance patient records and those from the Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Registry to determine the number of correctly identified cardiac arrests. Although 76.7% of cardiac arrests were correctly identified, it was found that 172 of these were allocated a non-priority MPDS code so were allocated fewer resources than necessary. Additionally, of those cases identified as potential cardiac arrests, only 58.2% turned out...

  15. From the pre-hospital literature: Arrive in 9 min and the patient lives – “failure”; arrive in 8 min and the patient dies – “success”

    Christopher, Sarah
    his qualitative study explores paramedic’s attitudes to the government’s target that category A calls must receive a response within 8 min. The study consisted of a purposive sample of 20 paramedics from nine ambulance stations with a mean length of service of 19 years. Semi-structured interviews informed by a loose topic guide were conducted and analysed using a constant comparative method. Paramedics’ accounts of response time targets and their attendant strategies had three main strands: their inadequacy as a performance indicator, their detrimental effects on patient care; and their detrimental effect on the health, safety and well being of paramedics....

  16. From the pre-hospital literature: Not yet time to change our ways

    Christopher, Sarah
    There has long been debate over the efficacy of intravenous drugs in cardiac arrest. This observational, prospective study set out to investigate whether the introduction of a single dose of 1 mg intravenous epinephrine improved outcomes from prehospital cardiac arrest in an emergency medical service that did not previously use this drug. Outcomes examined included survival to discharge, survival to hospital admission, return of spontaneous circulation and functional status on discharge. Although the authors state that they were unable to establish a survival benefit with the introduction of intravenous epinephrine to this emergency medical service, many unmeasured confounders were not...

  17. From the pre-hospital literature: To see or not to see

    Christopher, Sarah
    This study set out to assess whether witnessing an unsuccessful resuscitation attempt of a family member in cardiac arrest caused relatives to display symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A total of 34 witnesses and 20 non-witnesses were compared and were similar both demographically and in their relationship to their relative (the patient). Data were analysed using the PTSD symptom scale-interview (PSS-I). It was found that the total PTSD symptom scores of witnesses were almost twice as high as those of non-witnesses (14.47 vs 7.60 respectively, mean difference 6.87). The results of linear regression analysis showed that witnessing resuscitation of...

  18. From the pre-hospital literature: Time to manoeuvre for a change?

    Christopher, Sarah
    This randomised crossover trial set out to compare the Airtraq, Truview and Mackintosh laryngoscopes when used by advanced paramedics in Ireland. Each of the 21 paramedics who participated in the study performed endotracheal intubation with each device in a Simman manikin in two scenarios—that of a ‘normal’ airway with the manikin in a supine position and following the application of a hard cervical collar. The severity of dental trauma and the number of optimisation manoeuvres were also recorded. No significant difference was found in the duration of intubation attempts between the Macintosh and Airtraq laryngoscopes in either scenario. The duration...

  19. From the pre-hospital literature: Keep on pumping

    Christopher, Sarah
    Many studies have shown that interruption of chest compressions in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is an important factor that limits survival. This observational prospective study of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Norway, Sweden and the UK set out to quantify in detail the effects of interrupting chest compressions. ECG segments showing ventricular fibrillation and pulseless ventricular tachycardia arrest were extracted and analysed by computing the logarithm of the mean slope which can be viewed as the coarseness of the ECG. Return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) was identified by either changes in transthoracic impedance coincident with QRS complex or by a...

  20. Perspectives on tuberculosis in pregnancy

    Bates, Matthew; Ahmed, Yusuf; Kapata, Nathan; Maeurer, Markus; Mwaba, Peter; Zumla, Alimuddin
    Tuberculosis (TB) has been recognized as an important cause of morbidity and mortality in pregnancy for nearly a century, but research and efforts to roll out comprehensive TB screening and treatment in high-risk populations such as those with a high prevalence of HIV or other diseases of poverty, have lagged behind similar efforts to address HIV infection in pregnancy and the prevention of mother-to-child-transmission. Immunological changes during pregnancy make the activation of latent TB infection or de novo infection more likely than among non-pregnant women. TB treatment in pregnancy poses several problems that have been under-researched, such as contraindications to...

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