Donnermeyer, Joseph F.; Barclay, Elaine; Phillips, Daniel W.; Weisheit, Ralph; Wood, Darryl S.
Kaylen, Maria T.; Pridemore, William Alex
The rural criminological literature has recently experienced an increased interest in structural
theories of crime, with social disorganization theory being the primary emphasis. This article
summarizes and synthesizes the existing literature that specifically tests social
disorganization theory in rural communities, focusing on consistencies and inconsistencies in
the findings as well as theoretical and methodological questions that have been raised. We
then describe how we (the authors of this article) have taken steps to systematically address
some of these questions. Finally, we offer suggestions for research advancements in this area.
Wells, L. Edward; Weisheit, Ralph A.
Traditional urban theories of community crime development increasingly are being adapted and
evaluated for their relevance to the crime problems of smaller and less urban settings. Most
notable of these have been social disorganization theory and civic community theory. This paper
compares these two major theoretical frameworks for explaining community-level variations in
crime, using county-level data on crime rates merged with data on the economic, geographic,
population, and ecological features of counties in the U.S. The study finds that both traditional
social disorganization and civic community theories are good predictors of some, but not all,
types of crime, in the...
DeKeseredy, Walter S.; Dragiewicz, Molly; Rennison, Callie Marie
A large literature shows that violence against women in intimate relationships varies across
racial/ethnic groups. However, it is unclear whether such variations differ across urban,
suburban, and rural areas. The main objective of this article is to examine this issue using
1992 to 2009 National Crime Victimization Survey data. We also test the hypothesis that
racial/ethnic minority women living in rural areas are more likely to be assaulted by their
current and former intimate partners than are their urban and suburban counterparts. Contrary
to expectations, results indicated virtually no differences in the rates at which urban,
suburban, and rural racial/ethnic...
Land grabbing in various forms is happening in many different parts of this globe. This
involves ‘outsiders’ - nation-states as well as corporations - colluding with local domestic
elites to radically alter existing land ownership and land uses. Contemporary forms of land
theft take place under the guise of acquiring land for food and biofuels, and through
imposition of resource extraction activities such as logging and mining. They also occur
when land is sealed up for the purposes of carbon sequestration and for conservation. From
the point of view of environmental justice, such land reconfigurations represent ‘theft’ insofar
Filteau, Matthew R.
Poaching threatens species biodiversity and ecological integrity, but criminologists largely
overlook this form of crime. The purpose of this study is to expand criminological theory on
poaching by documenting the strategies poachers andgame wardens suggest as successful
deterrents. Defiance theory is used to understand how the interaction between game wardens and
poachers is an important consideration for garnering voluntary compliance. Qualitative
interviews with game wardens (N=16) and poachers (N=13) demonstrate that these parties
ideologically agree about fish and wildlife conservation, and both parties offer similar methods
for deterring poaching. However, because poachers are negatively disposed toward
indiscriminant game wardens, the...