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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (75.279 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

International Journal of Rural Criminology: Volume 1, Issue 2 (November 2012)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 6 de 6

  1. Editor’s Introduction

    Donnermeyer, Joseph F.; Barclay, Elaine; Phillips, Daniel W.; Weisheit, Ralph; Wood, Darryl S.

  2. Systematically Addressing Inconsistencies in the Rural Social Disorganization and Crime Literature

    Kaylen, Maria T.; Pridemore, William Alex
    The rural criminological literature has recently experienced an increased interest in structural theories of crime, with social disorganization theory being the primary emphasis. This article summarizes and synthesizes the existing literature that specifically tests social disorganization theory in rural communities, focusing on consistencies and inconsistencies in the findings as well as theoretical and methodological questions that have been raised. We then describe how we (the authors of this article) have taken steps to systematically address some of these questions. Finally, we offer suggestions for research advancements in this area.

  3. Explaining Crime in Metropolitan and Non-Metropolitan Communities

    Wells, L. Edward; Weisheit, Ralph A.
    Traditional urban theories of community crime development increasingly are being adapted and evaluated for their relevance to the crime problems of smaller and less urban settings. Most notable of these have been social disorganization theory and civic community theory. This paper compares these two major theoretical frameworks for explaining community-level variations in crime, using county-level data on crime rates merged with data on the economic, geographic, population, and ecological features of counties in the U.S. The study finds that both traditional social disorganization and civic community theories are good predictors of some, but not all, types of crime, in the...

  4. Racial/Ethnic Variations in Violence Against Women: Urban, Suburban, and Rural Differences

    DeKeseredy, Walter S.; Dragiewicz, Molly; Rennison, Callie Marie
    A large literature shows that violence against women in intimate relationships varies across racial/ethnic groups. However, it is unclear whether such variations differ across urban, suburban, and rural areas. The main objective of this article is to examine this issue using 1992 to 2009 National Crime Victimization Survey data. We also test the hypothesis that racial/ethnic minority women living in rural areas are more likely to be assaulted by their current and former intimate partners than are their urban and suburban counterparts. Contrary to expectations, results indicated virtually no differences in the rates at which urban, suburban, and rural racial/ethnic...

  5. Land Theft as Rural Eco-Crime

    White, Rob
    Land grabbing in various forms is happening in many different parts of this globe. This involves ‘outsiders’ - nation-states as well as corporations - colluding with local domestic elites to radically alter existing land ownership and land uses. Contemporary forms of land theft take place under the guise of acquiring land for food and biofuels, and through imposition of resource extraction activities such as logging and mining. They also occur when land is sealed up for the purposes of carbon sequestration and for conservation. From the point of view of environmental justice, such land reconfigurations represent ‘theft’ insofar as they...

  6. Deterring Defiance: 'Don’t Give a Poacher a Reason to Poach'

    Filteau, Matthew R.
    Poaching threatens species biodiversity and ecological integrity, but criminologists largely overlook this form of crime. The purpose of this study is to expand criminological theory on poaching by documenting the strategies poachers andgame wardens suggest as successful deterrents. Defiance theory is used to understand how the interaction between game wardens and poachers is an important consideration for garnering voluntary compliance. Qualitative interviews with game wardens (N=16) and poachers (N=13) demonstrate that these parties ideologically agree about fish and wildlife conservation, and both parties offer similar methods for deterring poaching. However, because poachers are negatively disposed toward indiscriminant game wardens, the...

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