Research has shown that teacher quality--as measured by the annual test score gains of their students--is an important predictor of students' educational and life outcomes. As a result, teacher evaluation systems increasingly employ student test score gains, otherwise known as teacher "value added" scores. Unfortunately, there has not been much research into whether a school and district's use of these evaluation systems actually leads to an improvement in student achievement. This study examines a unique pilot program in Ohio that brought value-added measurement methods to a sample of districts in 2011, which enables a comparison of outcomes between districts that...
Estimates of the prevalence of campus sexual violence suggest that 1 in 5 females and 1 in 16 males will be sexually assaulted during college. However, only about 20 percent of campus sexual assaults are reported to authorities and only 27 percent of women who said they experienced sexual assault believed the assault met the legal definition of rape. In 2015, in response to high rates of sexual violence on Ohio’s campuses and marked inconsistencies in response procedures, the Ohio Department of Higher Education (ODHE) released the "Changing Campus Culture" Report (the Report), which included recommendations for preventing and responding...
Foreign language courses have long been a staple in the American high school experience. Although a requirement for admissions to most 4-year colleges in Ohio, foreign language is not a requirement by the state for high school graduation. Do foreign language courses impact postsecondary achievement? Research suggests that studying foreign language has a positive impact on other coursework and has been linked to improvements in standardized test scores; however, little research shows a direct link between high school coursework and postsecondary success. This study is the first to compare educational outcomes of different levels of foreign language attainment for Ohio...
Capital Improvement Connection to Student Cost at The Ohio State University Columbus Campus.
Capital improvement expenditures at The Ohio State University have increased greatly over the last four years due to a $2.4 billion capital plan. This paper asks the question; what is the relationship between capital improvements on the Columbus Campus of The Ohio State University and student cost? Using Ohio State University budgets from 1983-2013 it was found that the correlation between capital improvement expenditures and student cost was not statistically significant. There were strong correlation between university expenditures, enrollment and student cost. The results...
There are several high school options in the United States, including traditional public schools, public charter schools, and secular and non-secular private schools. Studies analyzing K-12 educational outcomes indicate that these options vary in their college preparatory curriculums. But very few studies examine which high school option best prepares students for success in college, and those that do focus on high school completion, college enrollment, or first-year college performance. Using data from all in-state students who enrolled in one of the U.S.’s largest public universities from 2000 through 2008, this study is the first to compare the post-secondary educational performance...
This paper examines the impact of small arms and light weapons (SALW) transfers on the economic development of Central America in the years following the armed conflicts of the 1980s and 90s. While a great deal of attention has been paid to armed violence in general, the economic effects SALW transfers to developing countries have not been sufficiently deciphered. Specific details of the effects of SALW transfers on economic development need to be clearly understood if poverty alleviation goals, such as the Millennium Development Goals, are to be met by 2015. This paper conducts regression analyses on the imports of...