Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 463

  1. What do we know about different models of providing palliative care? Findings from a systematic review

    Brereton, Louise; Clark, Joseph; Ingleton, Christine; Gardiner, Clare; Preston, Louise; Ryan, Tony; Goyder, Elizabeth
    Background: A wide range of organisational models of palliative care exist. However, decision makers need more information about which models are likely to be most effective in different settings and for different patient groups. Aim: To identify the existing range of models of palliative care that have been evaluated, what is already known and what further information is essential if the most effective and cost-effective models are to be identified and replicated more widely. Design: A review of systematic and narrative reviews according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Study quality was assessed using the AMSTAR (A MeaSurement Tool to...

  2. Ambidextrous organization and agility in big data era: the role of business process management systems

    Rialti, Riccardo; Marzi, Giacomo; Silic, Mario; Ciappei, Cristiano
    The aim of this research is to explore the effect of Big Data Analytics capable Business Process Management Systems (BDA capable BPMS) on ambidextrous organizations' agility. The ways in which the functionalities of BDA capable BPMS may improve organizational dynamism and reactiveness will be explored. A theoretical analysis of the potential of BDA capable BPMS in increasing organizational agility, with particular attention to the ambidextrous organizations, has been performed. A conceptual framework was subsequently developed. The research proposes a framework highlighting the importance of BDA capable BPMS in increasing ambidextrous organizations' agility. Moreover, the authors apply the framework to the cases of...

  3. Gold nanoparticle-based colorimetric biosensors

    Aldewachi, H.; Chalati, T.; Woodroofe, M. N.; Bricklebank, N.; Sharrack, B.; Gardiner, P. H.
    Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) provide excellent platforms for the development of colorimetric biosensors as they can be easily functionalized, and display different colours depending on their size, shape and state of aggregation. In the last decade, a variety of biosensors have been developed that exploit the extent of colour changes as nanoparticles (NPs) either aggregate or disperse, in the presence of analytes. Of critical importance to the design of these methods is that the behaviour of the systems has to be reproducible and predictable. Much has been accomplished in understanding the interactions between a variety of substrates and AuNPs, and how...

  4. Managerial tacit knowledge, individual performance, and the moderating role of employee personality

    Abdul Manaf, Halimah; Armstrong, Steven J.; Lawton, Alan; Harvey, William S.
    This study investigates the relationship between knowledge-sharing mechanisms, managerial tacit knowledge, and individual performance in the Malaysian public sector. Moderation effects of 10 employee personality on these variables were also examined. Findings from 308 Malaysian public sector managers suggest that individual performance is influenced by levels of accumulated managerial tacit knowledge (LAMTK), which were moderated by employee personality traits. The findings also show that individual performance has an impact on the effectiveness of knowledge- sharing mechanisms.

  5. Towards a model of student partnerships in different aspects of university life

    Crawford, Karin; Hagyard, Andy; Horsley, Reece; Derricott, Dan
    Student partnership activity can be distinguished as being either engagement in teaching and learning activities or engagement in quality enhancement and assurance. This paper builds on the findings of research at the University of Lincoln, which adopted a multi-case study, mixed methods approach to explore the pedagogical practices that foster a culture of partnership. It emerged that students and staff did not differentiate readily between these dimensions, but described a more holistic form of engagement covering all aspects of university life and beyond. Influenced by systems theory, a model of student partnership is proposed which identifies the contexts of partnerships...

  6. Victims of crime: culture, politics and criminal process in the twenty-first century

    Hall, Matthew
    This paper sets out to marry three areas of concern to modern victimology. In the first instance the paper will explore the ‘cultural turn’ taken in our understandings of what it means to be a victim of crime in the twenty-first century. McGarry and Walklate (2015) characterise such ‘cultural victimology’ as comprising a wider sharing and reflection of individual and collective victimisation experiences, on the one hand, and, on the other, the mapping of those experiences through the criminal justice process. This paper will explore the interaction between such cultural understandings of victimhood and the political and policy forces which, since at least the late 1990s,...

  7. Supporting victims of crime in England and Wales: local commissioning meeting local needs?

    Hall, Matthew
    This paper will focus on how support services for victims of crime have developed in England and Wales since the advent of the 2010 coalition government of the United Kingdom. In particular, the discussion will centre around the development of a framework of locally commissioned victim service providers effectively replacing a previous model of central funding aimed largely at a single national organisation, the charity Victim Support. Both the conception and the implementation of this strategy by government and local actors – notably regional Police and Crime Commissioners – will be critically assessed in order to test government claims concerning...

  8. Growing the community: a case study of community gardens in Lincoln's Abbey Ward

    Jackson, Jennifer
    Community gardens as previous research has found are as much about growing the community and the individuals involved, as gardening itself. The study of Green Synergy’s community garden initiatives within Lincoln’s relatively deprived Abbey Ward provided an exceptional case study in which to review the inter-relationship of impact both at a community and individual level. The social element of community gardening in building connections between social and natural capital is explored, and how community gardens can provide a ‘counter-narrative’ to perceptions of place and individual well-being. The qualitative research approach which included observation, interviews, a focus group and workshop was designed...

  9. Using video stimuli to examine judgments of non-offending and offending pedophiles: a brief communication

    Boardman, Katie; Bartels, Ross
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  10. ‘Endurance work’: embodiment and the mind-body nexus in the physical culture of high-altitude mountaineering

    Allen-Collinson, Jacquelyn; Crust, Lee; Swann, Christian
    The 2015 Nepal earthquake and avalanche on Mount Everest generated one of the deadliest mountaineering disasters in modern times, bringing to media attention the physical-cultural world of high-altitude climbing. Contributing to the current sociological concern with embodiment, here we investigate the lived experience and social ‘production’ of endurance in this sociologically under-researched physical-cultural world. Via a phenomenologicalsociological framework, we analyse endurance as cognitively, corporeally and interactionally lived and communicated, in the form of ‘endurance work’. Data emanate from in-depth interviews with 18 high-altitude mountaineers, ten of whom experienced the 2015 avalanche. The article responds to Shilling’s (2016) call to address an important lacuna identified in sociological work: the need...

  11. ‘Endurance work’: embodiment and the mind-body nexus in the physical culture of high-altitude mountaineering

    Allen-Collinson, Jacquelyn; Crust, Lee; Swann, Christian
    The 2015 Nepal earthquake and avalanche on Mount Everest generated one of the deadliest mountaineering disasters in modern times, bringing to media attention the physical-cultural world of high-altitude climbing. Contributing to the current sociological concern with embodiment, here we investigate the lived experience and social ‘production’ of endurance in this sociologically under-researched physical-cultural world. Via a phenomenologicalsociological framework, we analyse endurance as cognitively, corporeally and interactionally lived and communicated, in the form of ‘endurance work’. Data emanate from in-depth interviews with 18 high-altitude mountaineers, ten of whom experienced the 2015 avalanche. The article responds to Shilling’s (2016) call to address an important lacuna identified in sociological work: the need...

  12. The role of geographical distance on the relationship between cultural intelligence and knowledge transfer

    Vlacic, Davor; Marzi, Giacomo; Caputo, Andrea; Dabic, Marina
    This paper's purpose is to investigate the ways in which the geographical distance between headquarters and subsidiaries moderates the relationship between cultural intelligence and the knowledge transfer process. A sample of 103 senior expatriate managers working in Croatia from several European and non-European countries was used to test the hypotheses. Data were collected using questionnaires, while the methodology employed to test the relationship between the variables was Partial least square. Furthermore, interaction-moderation effect was utilised to test the impact of geographical distance and, for testing control variables, Partial least square multigroup analysis was used. Cultural Intelligence plays a significant role in the...

  13. The role of geographical distance on the relationship between cultural intelligence and knowledge transfer

    Vlacic, Davor; Marzi, Giacomo; Caputo, Andrea; Dabic, Marina
    This paper's purpose is to investigate the ways in which the geographical distance between headquarters and subsidiaries moderates the relationship between cultural intelligence and the knowledge transfer process. A sample of 103 senior expatriate managers working in Croatia from several European and non-European countries was used to test the hypotheses. Data were collected using questionnaires, while the methodology employed to test the relationship between the variables was Partial least square. Furthermore, interaction-moderation effect was utilised to test the impact of geographical distance and, for testing control variables, Partial least square multigroup analysis was used. Cultural Intelligence plays a significant role in the...

  14. The role of geographical distance on the relationship between cultural intelligence and knowledge transfer

    Vlajcic, Davor; Marzi, Giacomo; Caputo, Andrea; Dabic, Marina
    This paper's purpose is to investigate the ways in which the geographical distance between headquarters and subsidiaries moderates the relationship between cultural intelligence and the knowledge transfer process. A sample of 103 senior expatriate managers working in Croatia from several European and non-European countries was used to test the hypotheses. Data were collected using questionnaires, while the methodology employed to test the relationship between the variables was Partial least square. Furthermore, interaction-moderation effect was utilised to test the impact of geographical distance and, for testing control variables, Partial least square multigroup analysis was used. Cultural Intelligence plays a significant role in the...

  15. The role of geographical distance on the relationship between cultural intelligence and knowledge transfer

    Vlajcic, Davor; Marzi, Giacomo; Caputo, Andrea; Dabic, Marina
    This paper's purpose is to investigate the ways in which the geographical distance between headquarters and subsidiaries moderates the relationship between cultural intelligence and the knowledge transfer process. A sample of 103 senior expatriate managers working in Croatia from several European and non-European countries was used to test the hypotheses. Data were collected using questionnaires, while the methodology employed to test the relationship between the variables was Partial least square. Furthermore, interaction-moderation effect was utilised to test the impact of geographical distance and, for testing control variables, Partial least square multigroup analysis was used. Cultural Intelligence plays a significant role in the...

  16. A short review on sleep scheduling mechanism in wireless sensor networks

    Zhang, Zeyu; Shu, Lei; Zhu, Chunsheng; Mukherjee, Mithun
    Sleep scheduling, also known as duty cycling, which turn- s sensor nodes on and off in the necessary time, is a common train of thought to save energy. Sleep scheduling has become a significant mech- anism to prolong the lifetime of WSNs and many related methods have been proposed in recent years, which have diverse emphases and appli- cation areas. This paper classifies those methods in different taxonomies and provides a deep insight into them.

  17. A short review of constructing noise map using crowdsensing technology

    Zhang, Xuhui; Shu, Lei; Huo, Zhiqiang; Mukherjee, Mithun; Zhang, Yu
    The advent of crowdsensing technology has provided a promising possibility for monitoring noise pollution in large-scale areas. Constructing noise map by using mobile smart phones in a cost-effective manner is being widely used in the city and industrial plants. In this short paper, the state-of-the-art crowdsensing-based noise map applications are first summarized. Furthermore, open research challenges associated with building up noise map are highlighted.

  18. Adaptation and contextualization of deep neural network models

    Kollias, Dimitrios; Yu, Miao; Tagaris, Athanasios; Leontidis, Georgios; Kollias, Stefanos; Stafylopatis, Andreas-Georgios
    The ability of Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) to provide very high accuracy in classification and recognition problems makes them the major tool for developments in such problems. It is, however, known that DNNs are currently used in a ‘black box’ manner, lacking transparency and interpretability of their decision-making process. Moreover, DNNs should use prior information on data classes, or object categories, so as to provide efficient classification of new data, or objects, without forgetting their previous knowledge. In this paper, we propose a novel class of systems that are able to adapt and contextualize the structure of trained DNNs, providing...

  19. Multiple model ballistic missile tracking with state-dependent transitions and Gaussian particle filtering

    Yu, Miao; Gong, Liyun; Oh, Hyondong; Chen, Wen-Hua; Chambers, Jonathon
    This paper proposes a new method for tracking the entire trajectory of a ballistic missile from launch to impact on the ground. Multiple state models are used to represent the different ballistic missile dynamics in three flight phases: boost, coast and reentry. In particular, the transition probabilities between state models are represented in a state-dependent way by utilising domain knowledge. Based on this modelling system and radar measurements, a state-dependent interacting multiple model approach based on Gaussian particle filtering is developed to accurately estimate information describing the ballistic missile such as the phase of flight, position, velocity and relevant missile parameters. Comprehensive numerical simulation studies show that...

  20. A short survey on fault diagnosis in wireless sensor networks

    Zhang, Zeyu; Shu, Lei; Mehmood, Amjad; Yan, Li; Zhang, Yu
    Fault diagnosis is one of the most important and demand- able issues of the network. It makes the networks reliable and robust to operate in the normal way to handle almost all types of faults or failures. Additionally, it helps sensor nodes to work smoothly and efficiently till the end of their lifetime. This short survey paper not only presents a clear picture of the recent proposed techniques, but also draws comparisons and contrasts among them to diagnose the potential faults. In addition, it proposes some potential future-work directions which would lead to open new research directions in the field of fault diagnosis.

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