Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 393

  1. Open your eyes: Working on Sit with me for a moment and remember

    Pinchbeck, Michael
    For the forthcoming Performance Research issue ‘On Children’, I reflect on a performance installation I recently created with two of my children – Dylan (8) and Lydia (5). A bench with a plaque reading Sit with me for a moment and remember is placed in a gallery and a live encounter takes place. It is both a dedication to a loved one and an invitation to a stranger. You are invited to sit on the bench to listen to a recording by Dylan and Lydia that reflects on what it means to sit for a moment and remember. A meditation...

  2. ‘A journal of my feelings, mind & Body’: narratives of ageing in the life writing of Mary Berry (1763-1852)

    Culley, Amy
    This article contributes to studies of gender and old age in the Romantic period through an exploration of the life writing of the biographer and historian, Mary Berry (1763-1852). In her manuscript journal, Berry provides a self-conscious and intimate commentary on the experience of ageing, mixing chronological, personal, cultural, and physical definitions. Yet this account of her feelings, mind, and body is radically reshaped for a Victorian readership in the posthumously published work of 1865. Beyond the journal, Berry’s correspondence provides insight into intragenerational sociability through the exchanges of a network of older letter-writers. The theme of ageing also manifests...

  3. Optimized Ziegler-Nichols based PID control design for tilt suspensions

    Hassan, Fazilah; Zolotas, Argyrios C.; Smith, Tim
    PID control design using optimized modified Ziegler-Nichols tuning is for active suspensions of tilting nature is presented. The study of this refers to non-precedent tilt active suspensions for railway vehicles which comprises a cumbersome design trade-off. No study exists on detailed Ziegler-Nichols PID tuning for Single-Input-Single-Output type non-precedent tilt control. We therefore investigate such an approach, referred to here as simple3 tilt, emphasizing control performance that can be achieved in such type of tilting suspension problem. The aim is to provide a baseline design tool for control practicioners, in active suspensions of that nature, who may be more familiar with...

  4. Making politics visible: Discourses on gender and race in the problematisation of sex-selective abortion

    Anitha, Sundari; Gill, Aisha
    This paper examines the problematisation of sex-selective abortion (SSA) in UK parliamentary debates on Fiona Bruce’s Abortion (Sex-Selection) Bill 2014-15 and on the subsequent proposed amendment to the Serious Crime Bill 2014. On the basis of close textual analysis, we argue that a discursive framing of SSA as a form of cultural oppression of minority women in need of protection underpinned Bruce’s Bill; in contrast, by highlighting issues more commonly articulated in defence of women’s abortion rights, the second set of debates displaced this framing in favour of a broader understanding, drawing on post-colonial feminist critiques, of how socio-economic factors...

  5. Keeping it in the family: exploring tribal entrepreneurial behaviour in Nigeria

    Igwe, P.; Newbery, R.; White, G. T.; Nihar, A.
    An emergent theme in the field of entrepreneurship research focuses on understanding how institutions, ethnicity and culture affect entrepreneurial behaviour. Despite the many scholarly work in this field, very little is known about the links between family, institutions and entrepreneurial behaviour in the African context. By interviewing 50 entrepreneurs and community leaders of the Igbo tribe in Nigeria, this paper applies an induction method via the lens of effectuation theory (Sarasvathy, 2001) as a process by which entrepreneurs manage resource and stakeholders to create opportunities. This paper examines the attributes of the Igbos in relation to their entrepreneurial behaviour. In...

  6. Gender based violence in university communities: policy, prevention and educational interventions in Britain

    Anitha, Sundari; Lewis, Ruth
    This chapter draws upon the ‘Stand Together’ action research project at the University of Lincoln in the United Kingdom and of the research conducted as part of this project. The ‘Stand Together’ project implemented and researched one of the first whole-university approaches to challenge gender-based violence (GBV) and violence-tolerant social norms in student communities. The research, in turn, was designed to explore the potential of prevention education/bystander intervention programmes, as well as to investigate students’ attitudes to issues related to GBV. This chapter draws on qualitative interviews with 28 students as well as participant observation of the various dimensions of...

  7. Religious motivation, nepotism and conflict management in Jordan

    Caputo, Andrea
    Purpose - The purpose of this research paper is to investigate the role of individual and cultural differences, specifically religious motivation and attitudes toward nepotism, in the selection of conflict management styles (obliging, avoiding, forcing, integrating, and compromising), in the Middle-Eastern context. Design/methodology/approach - The research surveyed a sample of 588 individuals (both Muslims and Christians), representative of the Jordanian population. Data were analyzed through multiple ANOVAs and Multiple Regressions. Findings - Results suggest that both religious motivation and attitude toward nepotism affect the choice of conflict management styles, while demographic variables, such as age and gender, do not seem to have...

  8. Treating mental illness in Victorian Britain

    Shepherd, Jade
    Today, unlike in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, there are few specialised institutions to care for the mentally ill; they have been replaced with day centres, overstretched hospital wards or prison cells, and – in some areas - Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) delivered over the telephone. The treatment of mental illness simply isn’t good enough. In this chapter I argue that whilst the demise of the the asylum isn’t necessarily a bad thing, such institutions did have their benefits. They were a sanctuary for some individuals living with mental illness, and the social activities provided as part of treatment led...

  9. Why healthcare workers are sick of TB

    von Delft, Arne; Dramowski, Angela; Khosa, Celso; Kotze, Koot; Lederer, Philip; Mosidi, Thato; Peters, Jurgens A.; Smith, Jonathan; van der Westhuizen, Helene-Mari; von Delft, Dalene; Willems, Bart; Bates, Matthew; Craig, Gill; Maeurer, Markus; Marais, Ben J.; Mwaba, Peter; Nunes, Elizabete A.; Nyirenda, Thomas; Oliver, Matt; Zumla, Alimuddin
    Dr Thato Mosidi never expected to be diagnosed with tuberculosis (TB), despite widely prevalent exposure and very limited infection control measures. The life-threatening diagnosis of primary extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) came as an even greater shock. The inconvenient truth is that, rather than being protected, Dr Mosidi and thousands of her healthcare colleagues are at an increased risk of TB and especially drug-resistant TB. In this viewpoint paper we debunk the widely held false belief that healthcare workers are somehow immune to TB disease (TB-proof) and explore some of the key factors contributing to the pervasive stigmatization and subsequent non-disclosure...

  10. The adaptational character of the earliest Beowulf for English children: E. L. Hervey’s “The fight with the ogre”

    Ward, Renee
    This chapter introduces to modern audiences the short story “Roderic’s Tale: The Fight with the Ogre,” by Eleanora Louisa (Montagu) Hervey (1811-1903), a forgotten but prolific and well-known children’s writer in the nineteenth century. This previously unrecognized and unexamined tale, which appears in Hervey’s volume The Children of the Pear-Garden (1878), may, in fact, be the earliest known adaptation in English for children of the Anglo-Saxon poem Beowulf, as it predates more widely recognized early adaptations, such as those found in W. S. W. Anson’s Epics and Romances of the Middle Ages (1883), Mara L. Pratt’s Stories from Old Germany...

  11. Entropy-based abnormal activity detection fusing RGB-D and domotic sensors

    Fernandez-Carmona, Manuel; Cosar, Serhan; Coppola, Claudio; Bellotto, Nicola
    The automatic detection of anomalies in Active and Assisted Living (AAL) environments is important for monitoring the wellbeing and safety of the elderly at home. The integration of smart domotic sensors (e.g. presence detectors) with those ones equipping modern mobile robots (e.g. RGBD camera) provides new opportunities for addressing this challenge. In this paper, we propose a novel solution to combine local activity levels detected by a single RGBD camera with the global activity perceived by a network of domotic sensors. Our approach relies on a new method for computing such a global activity using various presence detectors, based on...

  12. Portfolio entrepreneurship in farming: empirical evidence from the 1881 census for England and Wales

    Radicic, Dragana; Bennett, Robert; Newton, Gill
    Existing research on portfolio entrepreneurship seldom focuses on empirical evidence of the determinants of portfolio activities in farming (i.e. pluriactivity). Most studies report the incidence of this type of entrepreneurship rather than seeking to explain it. Insights from an early period of portfolio development are used here to demonstrate the prevalence of portfolio farming activity in the past at levels similar to modern development. Using the 1881 census for England and Wales, the paper explores factors that influence the decision to pursue a single or multiple occupations, such as farm areal size, number of employees, market potential measured by population...

  13. Mimicking fly motion tracking and fixation behaviors with a hybrid visual neural network

    Fu, Qinbing; Yue, Shigang
    How do animals, e.g. insects, detect meaningful visual motion cues involving directional and locational information of moving objects in visual clutter accurately and efficiently? This open question has been very attractive for decades. In this paper, with respect to latest biological research progress made on motion detection circuitry, we conduct a novel hybrid visual neural network, combining the functionality of two bio-plausible, namely motion and position pathways explored in fly visual system, for mimicking the tracking and fixation behaviors. This modeling study extends a former direction selective neurons model to the higher level of behavior. The motivated algorithms can be...

  14. Anomalous blocking over Greenland preceded the 2013 extreme early melt of local sea ice

    Ballinger, Thomas J.; Hanna, Edward; Hall, Richard J.; Cropper, Thomas E.; Miller, Jeffrey; Ribergaard, Mads H.; Overland, James; Hoyer, Jacob L.
    The Arctic marine environment is undergoing a transition from thick multi-year to first-year sea ice cover with coincident lengthening of the melt season. Such changes are evident in the Baffin Bay-Davis Strait-Labrador Sea (BDL) region where melt onset has occurred ~8 days decade-1 earlier from 1979-2015. A series of anomalously early events has occurred since the mid-1990s, overlapping a period of increased upper-air ridging across Greenland and the northwestern North Atlantic. We investigate an extreme early melt event observed in spring 2013 below the 1981-2010 melt climatology), with respect to preceding sub-seasonal mid-tropospheric circulation conditions as described by a daily...

  15. Unpacking the relationship between outward direct investment and innovation performance: evidence from Chinese firms

    Xiaolan, Fu; Hou, Jun; Xiaohui, Liu
    This study investigates the impact of outward direct investment (ODI) by Chinese MNEs on innovation performance and the conditions under which such an impact is moderated, based on a sample of Chinese firms. The empirical evidence suggests that undertaking ODI leads to an increase in the innovation performance of these Chinese firms. The impact of ODI on innovation is contingent on firm characteristics such as in-house R&D, strategic orientation and international experiences as well as contextual factors associated with investment destinations and industry contexts. We also find that learning through ODI is a complex process. There is a substitution between...

  16. Research performance and the organizational effectiveness of UK universities

    Croucher, Richard; Gooderham, Paul; Rizov, Marian
    We test Shattock’s legacy reputation thesis that non-leading universities in the UK face insuperable resource barriers to entering the leading group. Employing regression analysis, we examine whether prioritizing research performance is a viable strategy for non-leading UK universities aiming to improve their organizational effectiveness. The dependent variable, organizational effectiveness, is measured by the annual Guardian rankings of universities. The main independent variable, research performance, is measured using “research power” (‘RP’). RP is derived from the UK Research Excellence Framework (REF). For 2008-14 we find that changes in research performance impacted university rankings. However, we also find that changes to the...

  17. Writing an icon: celebrity culture and the invention of Anais Nin [by Anita Jarczok]

    Charnock, Ruth
    Review for Contemporary Women's Writing journal

  18. Additive manufacturing in SMEs: empirical evidences from Italy

    Marzi, Giacomo; Zollo, Lamberto; Boccardi, Andrea; Ciappei, Cristiano
    Research on innovative technological methods in SMEs’ production processes is progressively receiving attention. However, little is known about the emerging phenomenon of Additive Manufacturing (AM), which may represent a significant strategic lever for fostering a company's competitiveness and performance, especially for SMEs. Our aim is to investigate the effects of AM on SMEs’ production process, in order to better understand the relative outcomes of such an innovative technique. We used latent content analysis for empirically analyzing SMEs present in one of the most important Italian gold jewelry districts. Our findings suggest that the AM introduction in a company’s production process...

  19. Generalised analysis of compensating balancing sleeves with experimental results from a scaled industrial turbine coupling shaft

    Knowles, Grahame; Kirk, Antony; Bingham, Chris; Bickerton, Ron
    The paper furthers the analysis of a recently proposed balancing methodology for high-speed, flexible shafts. This mechanism imparts corrective balancing moments, having the effect of simulating the fixing moments of equivalent double or single encastre mounted shafts. This is shown to theoretically eliminate/nullify the 1st lateral critical speed (LCS), and thereby facilitate safe operation with reduced LCS margins. The paper extends previously reported research to encompass a more generalised case of multiple, concentrated, residual imbalances, thereby facilitating analysis of any imbalance distribution along the shaft. Solutions provide greater insight of the behaviour of the balancing sleeve concept, and the beneficial implications for engineering design. Specifically: 1) a series...

  20. Estimating gas turbine compressor discharge temperature using Bayesian neuro-fuzzy modelling

    Zhang, Yu; Martinez-Garcia, Miguel; Latimer, Anthony
    The objective of this paper is to estimate the compressor discharge temperature measurements on an industrial gas turbine that is undergoing commissioning at site, using a data-driven model which is built using the test bed measurements of the engine. This paper proposes a Bayesian neuro-fuzzy modelling (BNFM) approach, which combines the adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) and variational Bayesian Gaussian mixture model (VBGMM) techniques. A data-driven compressor model is built using ANFIS, and VBGMM is applied in the set-up stage to automatically select the number of input membership functions in the fuzzy system. The efficacy of the proposed BFNM approach...

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