The book is plenty of extraordinary information and
experiences about agroforestry practices and systems around the world including Africa,
America and Europe. Silvopastoralism is the most relevant agroforestry practice shown in the
book, but also silvoarable or alley cropping practices become important. Sessions and topics
deal with the enhancement of productivity of both the woody perennial and the lower storey
component of the agroforestry practice trying to cope with an increasing primary sector products
demanded by the world, but also highlighting the importance of the ecosystem services delivery
and considering the fulfillment of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The
importance of agroforestry as one of the best...
Ferreira, Joana P.A.; Miranda, Isabel; Sousa, Vicelina B.; Pereira, Helena
The bark from Quercus faginea mature trees from two sites was chemically characterized for the first time. The barks showed the
following composition: ash 14.6%, total extractives 13.2%, suberin 2.9% and lignin 28.2%. The polysaccharides were composed
mainly of glucose and xylose (50.3% and 35.1% of all monosaccharides respectively) with 4.8% of uronic acids. The suberin
composition was: ω-hydroxyacids 46.3% of total compounds, ɑ,ω-alkanoic diacids 22.3%, alkanoic acids 5.9%, alkanols 6.7% and
aromatics 6.9% (ferulic acid 4.0%). Polar extracts (ethanol-water) had a high phenolic content of 630.3 mg of gallic acid equivalents
(GAE)/g of extract, condensed tannins 220.7 mg of catechin equivalents (CE)/g extract, and...
Yáñez-Serrano, A.M.; Fasbender, L.; Kreuzwieser, J.; Dubbert, D.; Haberstroh, S.; Lobo-do-Vale, R.; Caldeira, M.C.; Werner, C.
Mediterranean vegetation emits a wide range of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) among
which isoprenoids present quantitatively the most important compound class. Here, we investigated
the isoprenoid emission from two Mediterranean Cistaceae shrubs, Halimium halimifolium and Cistus
ladanifer, under controlled and natural conditions, respectively. For the first time, diurnal emission
patterns of the diterpene kaurene were detected in real-time by Proton-Transfer-Reaction-Timeof-
Flight-Mass-Spectrometer. Kaurene emissions were strongly variable among H. halimifolium
plants, ranging from 0.01 ± 0.003 to 0.06 ± 0.01 nmol m−2 s−1 in low and high emitting individuals,
respectively. They were in the same order of magnitude as monoterpene (0.01 ± 0.01 to 0.11 ± 0.04
Palma, J.H.N.; Tomás, A.
Palma, J.H.N.; Cardoso, R.M.; Soares, P.M.M.; Oliveira, T.S.; Tomé, M.
Knapic, Sofia; Grahn, Thomas; Lundqvist, Sven-Olof; Pereira, Helena
Romão, Filipe; Santos, José M.; Katopodis, Christos; Pinheiro, António N.; Branco, Paulo
Most fishway studies are conducted during the reproductive period, yet uncertainty
remains on whether results may be biased if the same studies were performed outside of the
migration season. The present study assessed fish passage performance of a potamodromous cyprinid,
the Iberian barbel (Luciobarbus bocagei), in an experimental full-scale vertical slot fishway during
spring (reproductive season) and early-autumn (non-reproductive season). Results revealed that
no significant differences were detected on passage performance metrics, except for entry efficiency.
However, differences between seasons were noted in the plasma lactate concentration (higher in
early-autumn), used as a proxy for muscular fatigue after the fishway navigation. This suggests that,
for potamodromous cyprinids, the...
Ochs, Konstantin; Rivaes, Rui P.; Ferreira, Teresa; Egger, Gregory
Hayes, Daniel S.; Brandle, Julia M.; Seliger, Carina; Zeiringer, Bernhard; Ferreira, Teresa; Schmutz, Stefan
Abstraction, diversion, and storage of flow alter rivers worldwide. In this context,minimumflow regulations are applied
to mitigate adverse impacts and to protect affected river reaches from environmental deterioration. Mostly,
however, only selected instreamcriteria are considered, neglecting the floodplain as an indispensable part of the fluvial
ecosystem. Based on essential functions and processes of unimpaired temperate floodplain rivers, we identify
fundamental principles towhich we must adhere to determine truly ecologically-relevant environmental flows. Literature
reveals that the natural flow regime and its seasonal components are primary drivers for functions and processes
of abiotic and biotic elements such as morphology, water quality, floodplain, groundwater, riparian
vegetation, fish, macroinvertebrates, and amphibians,...
Palma, J.H.N.; Graves, Anil; Crous-Duran, Josep; Paulo, Joana Amaral; Upson, Matthew; Dupraz, Christian; Gosme, Marie; Lecomte, Isabelle; Touhami, Haythem Ben; Mézière, Delphine; Burgess, Paul
This report is an output from work-package 6 which contributes to the third objective. Work-package 6 focuses on the field- and farm-scale evaluation of innovation research that have arisen from about 40 agroforestry stakeholder groups created across Europe. Some research, for example tree protection options, are best determined by technical evaluations in the field. However some research questions require a modelling approach to predict, for example, the financial and economic impact of a new practice over a number of years. This report seeks to identify those agroforestry systems and practices which could be usefully assessed using biophysical agroforestry models such...
Paulo, Joana Amaral; Palma, J.H.N.; Gomes, Alberto A.; Faias, Sónia Pacheco; Tomé, Margarida
Paulo, Joana Amaral; Palma, J.H.N.; Almeida, Raquel P.
The final objective of the present document is to report on the first Portuguese RAIN meeting, which took place in Observatório do Sobreiro e da Cortiça, Coruche Municipality, on the 12th of September 2017
Mota, Graciene S.; Sartori, Caroline J.; Miranda, Isabel; Quilhó, Teresa; Mori, Fábio Akira; Pereira, Helena
The bark of Anadenanthera peregrina (L.) Speg and Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.) Brenan
were characterized in relation to anatomical and chemical features. The barks were
similar and included a thin conducting phloem, a largely dilated and sclerified non-conducting
phloem, and a rhyridome with periderms with thin phellem interspersed by cortical tissues.
Only small differences between species were observed that cannot be used alone for
taxonomic purposes. The summative chemical composition of A. peregrina and A. colubrina
was respectively: 8.2% and 7.7% ash; 28.8% and 29.3% extractives; 2.4% and 2.6%
suberin; and 18.9% lignin. The monosaccharide composition showed the predominance of
glucose (on average 82% of total neutral sugars) and...
Vieira, Joana; Matos, Paula; Mexia, Teresa; Silva, Patrícia; Lopes, Nuno; Freitas, Catarina; Correia, Otília; Santos-Reis, Margarida; Branquinho, Cristina; Pinho, Pedro
The growing human population concentrated in urban areas lead to the increase of road traffic and artificial
areas, consequently enhancing air pollution and urban heat island effects, among others. These environmental
changes affect citizen's health, causing a high number of premature deaths, with considerable social and economic
costs. Nature-based solutions are essential to ameliorate those impacts in urban areas. While the mere
presence of urban green spaces is pointed as an overarching solution, the relative importance of specific vegetation
structure, composition and management to improve the ecosystem services of air purification and climate
regulation are overlooked. This avoids the establishment of optimized planning and management procedures...
Sousa, Vicelina B.; Louzada, José Luís; Pereira, Helena
Ring width and wood density variation were studied from pith-to-bark and along the stem
in two naturally regenerated stands of Quercus faginea Lam. in Portugal. Ring width was significantly
different between sites, in both heartwood and sapwood rings, ranging from 1.83 mm to 2.52 mm and
from 0.77 mm to 2.11 mm, respectively. Wood density was significantly different between sites only
in the heartwood, i.e., 914 kg m??3 and 1037 kg m??3. Site effects were the main source of variation for
ring width and wood density within the heartwood as well as for sapwood ring width, while the
between-tree effects explained more the density variation within...
Faias, Sónia Pacheco; Firmino, Paulo; Tomé, Margarida; Palma, J.H.N.; Paulo, Joana Amaral
The AGFORWARD research project (January 2014 - December 2017), funded by the European Commission, is promoting agroforestry practices in Europe that will advance sustainable rural development. The project has four objectives:
1. to understand the context and extent of agroforestry in Europe,
2. to identify, develop and field-test innovations (through participatory research) to improve the benefits and viability of agroforestry systems in Europe,
3. to evaluate innovative agroforestry designs and practices at a field-, farm- and landscape scale,
4. to promote the wider adoption of appropriate agroforestry systems in Europe through policy development and dissemination.
This report contributes to the second objective and Deliverable 2.5...