Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 2.917

  1. Alguns aspetos da floração e vingamento do abacateiro

    Duarte, Amílcar; Lopes, Rosário; Furtado, José; Duarte, João
    Artigo de divulgação científica

  2. Methanol extracts from Cystoseira tamariscifolia and Cystoseira nodicaulis are able to inhibit cholinesterases and protect a human dopaminergic cell line from hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity

    Custódio, Luísa; Silvestre, Laura; Rocha, Maria Isabel; Rodrigues, Maria João; Vizetto-Duarte, Catarina; Pereira, Hugo; Barreira, Luisa; Varela, J.
    Context Marine macroalgae contain several bioactive molecules that may be developed as functional foods, but information about their neuroprotective potential is scarce.Objective The objective of this study is to determine the in vitro antioxidant and neuroprotective features of marine algae from the southern coast of Portugal and to assess the total content of different types of bioactives.Materials and methods Methanol extracts from 21 macroalgal species from the southern Portugal were evaluated for in vitro antioxidant and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition. Active extracts were further evaluated for inhibitory activity against butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) and tyrosinase (TYRO), and for their ability to attenuate hydrogen...

  3. Triggering the TCR developmental checkpoint activates a therapeutically targetable tumor suppressive pathway in T-cell leukemia

    Trinquand, Amelie; dos Santos, Nuno R.; Quang, Christine Tran; Rocchetti, Francesca; Zaniboni, Benedetta; Belhocine, Mohamed; de Jesus, Cindy Da Costa; Lhermitte, Ludovic; Tesio, Melania; Dussiot, Michael; Cosset, Francois-Loic; Verhoeyen, Els; Pflumio, Francoise; Ifrah, Norbert; Dombret, Herve; Spicuglia, Salvatore; Chatenoud, Lucienne; Gross, David-Alexandre; Hermine, Olivier; Macintyre, Elizabeth; Ghysdael, Jacques; Asnafi, Vahid
    Cancer onset and progression involves the accumulation of multiple oncogenic hits, which are thought to dominate or bypass the physiologic regulatory mechanisms in tissue development and homeostasis. We demonstrate in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) that, irrespective of the complex oncogenic abnormalities underlying tumor progression, experimentally induced, persistent T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling has antileukemic properties and enforces a molecular program resembling thymic negative selection, a major developmental event in normal T-cell development. Using mouse models of T-ALL, we show that induction of TCR signaling by high-affinity self-peptide/MHC or treatment with monoclonal antibodies to the CD3 epsilon chain (anti-CD3) causes massive...

  4. A cancer specific hypermethylation signature of the TERT promoter predicts biochemical relapse in prostate cancer: A retrospective cohort study

    Castelo-Branco, Pedro; Leao, Ricardo; Lipman, Tatiana; Campbell, Brittany; Lee, Donghyun; Price, Aryeh; Zhang, Cindy; Heidari, Abolfazl; Stephens, Derek; Boerno, Stefan; Coelho, Hugo; Gomes, Ana; Domingos, Celia; Apolonio, Joana D.; Schaefer, Georg; Bristow, Robert G.; Schweiger, Michal R.; Hamilton, Robert; Zlotta, Alexandre; Figueiredo, Arnaldo; Klocker, Helmut; Sueltmann, Holger; Tabori, Uri
    The identification of new biomarkers to differentiate between indolent and aggressive prostate tumors is an important unmet need. We examined the role of THOR (TERT Hypermethylated Oncological Region) as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in prostate cancer (PCa).We analyzed THOR in common cancers using genome-wide methylation arrays. Methylation status of the whole TERT gene in benign and malignant prostate samples was determined by MeDIP-Seq. The prognostic role of THOR in PCa was assessed by pyrosequencing on discovery and validation cohorts from patients who underwent radical prostatectomy with long-term follow-up data.Most cancers (n = 3056) including PCa (n = 300) exhibited...

  5. Detection of anti-infliximab antibodies is impacted by antibody titer, infliximab level and IgG4 antibodies: a systematic comparison of three different assays

    Afonso, Joana; Lopes, Susana; Gonçalves, Raquel; Caldeira, Paulo; Lago, Paula; Sousa, Helena Tavares de; Ramos, Jaime; Goncalves, Ana Rita; Ministro, Paula; Rosa, Isadora; Vieira, Ana Isabel; Coelho, Rosa; Tavares, Patricia; Soares, João; Sousa, Ana Lúcia; Carvalho, Diana; Sousa, Paula; Silva, João Pereira da; Meira, Tânia; Ferreira, Filipa Silva; Dias, Cláudia Camila; Chowers, Yehuda; Ben-Horin, Shomron; Magro, Fernando
    Background: There is scant information on the accuracy of different assays used to measure anti-infliximab antibodies (ADAs), especially in the presence of detectable infliximab (IFX). We thus aimed to evaluate and compare three different assays for the detection of IFX and ADAs and to clarify the impact of the presence of circulating IFX on the accuracy of the ADA assays.Methods: Blood samples from 79 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients treated with infliximab were assessed for IFX levels and ADAs using three different assays: an in-house assay and two commercial kits, Immundiagnostik and Theradiag. Sera samples with ADAs and undetectable levels of...

  6. Profiling of antioxidant potential and phytoconstituents of Plantago coronopus

    Pereira, C. G.; Custódio, L.; Rodrigues, M. J.; Neng, N. R.; Nogueira, J. M. F.; Carlier, J.; Costa, Maria Clara; Varela, J.; Barreira, Luísa
    The halophyte species Plantago coronopus has several described ethnomedicinal uses, but few reported biological activities. This work carried out for the first time a comparative analysis of P. coronopus organs in terms of phenolic composition and antioxidant activity of organic and water extracts from roots, leaves and flowers. The leaves contents in selected nutrients, namely amino acids and minerals, are also described. Roots (ethyl acetate and methanol extracts) had the highest radical scavenging activity (RSA) towards 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radicals, while leaves (hexane extract) had higher RSA on nitric oxide radical and iron chelating ability. High performance...

  7. Naa50/San-dependent N-terminal acetylation of Scc1 is potentially important for sister chromatid cohesion

    Ribeiro, Ana Luisa; Silva, Rui D.; Foyn, Havard; Tiago, Margarida N.; Rathore, Om Singh; Arnesen, Thomas; Martinho, Rui Gonçalo
    The gene separation anxiety (san) encodes Naa50/San, a N-terminal acetyltransferase required for chromosome segregation during mitosis. Although highly conserved among higher eukaryotes, the mitotic function of this enzyme is still poorly understood. Naa50/San was originally proposed to be required for centromeric sister chromatid cohesion in Drosophila and human cells, yet, more recently, it was also suggested to be a negative regulator of microtubule polymerization through internal acetylation of beta Tubulin. We used genetic and biochemical approaches to clarify the function of Naa50/San during development. Our work suggests that Naa50/San is required during tissue proliferation for the correct interaction between the...

  8. Understanding COPD: A vision on phenotypes, comorbidities and treatment approach

    Fragoso, E.; André, S.; Boleo-Tome, J. P.; Areias, V.; Munha, J.; Cardoso, J.
    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) phenotypes have become increasingly recognized as important for grouping patients with similar presentation and/or behavior, within the heterogeneity of the disease. The primary aim of identifying phenotypes is to provide patients with the best health care possible, tailoring the therapeutic approach to each patient.However, the identification of specific phenotypes has been hindered by several factors such as which specific attributes are relevant, which discriminant features should be used for assigning patients to specific phenotypes, and how relevant are they to the therapeutic approach, prognostic and clinical outcome. Moreover, the definition of phenotype is still not...

  9. Cervical lymph node metastasis in high-grade transformation of head and neck adenoid cystic carcinoma: a collective international review

    Hellquist, Henrik; Skalova, Alena; Barnes, Leon; Cardesa, Antonio; Thompson, Lester D. R.; Triantafyllou, Asterios; Williams, Michelle D.; Devaney, Kenneth O.; Gnepp, Douglas R.; Bishop, Justin A.; Wenig, Bruce M.; Suarez, Carlos; Rodrigo, Juan P.; Coca-Pelaz, Andres; Strojan, Primoz; Shah, Jatin P.; Hamoir, Marc; Bradley, Patrick J.; Silver, Carl E.; Slootweg, Pieter J.; Vander Poorten, Vincent; Teymoortash, Afshin; Medina, Jesus E.; Robbins, K. Thomas; Pitman, Karen T.; Kowalski, Luiz P.; de Bree, Remco; Mendenhall, William M.; Eloy, Jean Anderson; Takes, Robert P.; Rinaldo, Alessandra; Ferlito, Alfio
    Adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC) is among the most common malignant tumors of the salivary glands. It is characterized by a prolonged clinical course, with frequent local recurrences, late onset of metastases and fatal outcome. High-grade transformation (HGT) is an uncommon phenomenon among salivary carcinomas and is associated with increased tumor aggressiveness. In AdCC with high-grade transformation (AdCC-HGT), the clinical course deviates from the natural history of AdCC. It tends to be accelerated, with a high propensity for lymph node metastasis. In order to shed light on this rare event and, in particular, on treatment implications, we undertook this review: searching...

  10. Characterization and refinement of growth related quantitative trait loci in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) using a comparative approach

    Louro, Bruno; Kuhl, Heiner; Tine, Mbaye; de Koning, Dirk-Jan; Batargias, Costas; Volckaert, Filip A. M.; Reinhardt, Richard; Canário, Adelino V. M.; Power, Deborah
    The identification of genetic markers for traits of interest for aquaculture, such as growth, is an important step for the establishment of breeding programmes. As more genomic information becomes available the possibility of applying comparative genomics to identify and refine quantitative trait locus (QTLs) and potentially identify candidate genes responsible for the QTL effect may accelerate genetic improvement in established and new aquaculture species. Here we report such an approach on growth related traits in the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax), an important species for European aquaculture. A genetic map was generated with markers targeted to previously identified QTL for...

  11. Cervical lymph node metastasis in adenoid cystic carcinoma of the larynx: a collective international review

    Coca-Pelaz, Andres; Barnes, Leon; Rinaldo, Alessandra; Cardesa, Antonio; Shah, Jatin P.; Rodrigo, Juan P.; Suarez, Carlos; Eloy, Jean Anderson; Bishop, Justin A.; Devaney, Kenneth O.; Thompson, Lester D. R.; Wenig, Bruce M.; Strojan, Primoz; Hamoir, Marc; Bradley, Patrick J.; Gnepp, Douglas R.; Silver, Carl E.; Slootweg, Pieter J.; Triantafyllou, Asterios; Vander Poorten, Vincent; Williams, Michelle D.; Skalova, Alena; Hellquist, Henrik; Teymoortash, Afshin; Medina, Jesus E.; Robbins, K. Thomas; Pitman, Karen T.; Kowalski, Luiz P.; de Bree, Remco; Mendenhall, William M.; Takes, Robert P.; Ferlito, Alfio
    Adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC) of the head and neck is a well-recognized pathologic entity that rarely occurs in the larynx. Although the 5-year locoregional control rates are high, distant metastasis has a tendency to appear more than 5 years post treatment. Because AdCC of the larynx is uncommon, it is difficult to standardize a treatment protocol. One of the controversial points is the decision whether or not to perform an elective neck dissection on these patients. Because there is contradictory information about this issue, we have critically reviewed the literature from 1912 to 2015 on all reported cases of AdCC...

  12. Olmesartan-induced enteropathy: an unusual cause of villous atrophy

    Eusébio, Marta; Caldeira, Paulo; Antunes, Artur Gião; Ramos, André; Velasco, Francisco; Cadill, Jesús; Guerreiro, Horácio
    We report a case of a 63-year-old-man presenting with chronic diarrhea and weight loss while on olmesartan treatment for hypertension. Investigation showed multiple nutritional deficiencies associated with diffuse intestinal villous atrophy. Serologies for celiac disease were negative and other causes of villous atrophy were excluded. Olmesartan as a precipitant agent was suspected and withdrawn. Clinical improvement occurred in days with no need for other therapeutic measures. Follow-up at three months showed clinical remission and almost complete recovery of intestinal atrophy. Olmesartan is an angiotensin receptor blocker commonly prescribed for the management of hypertension. Spruelike enteropathy associated with this drug is...

  13. Practice of martial arts and bone mineral density in adolescents of both sexes

    Ito, Igor Hideki; Mantovani, Alessandra Madia; Agostinete, Ricardo Ribeiro; Costa Junior, Paulo; Zanuto, Edner Fernando; Christofaro, Diego Giulliano Destro; Ribeiro, Luís; Fernandes, Rômulo Araújo
    The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between martial arts practice (judo, karate and kung-fu) and bone mineral density in adolescents.METHODS: The study was composed of 138 (48 martial arts practitioners and 90 non-practitioners) adolescents of both sexes, with an average age of 12.6 years. Bone mineral density was measured using Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry in arms, legs, spine, trunk, pelvis and total. Weekly training load and previous time of engagement in the sport modality were reported by the coach. Partial correlation tested the association between weekly training load and bone mineral density, controlled by sex, chronological age,...

  14. Early programming of the oocyte epigenome temporally controls late prophase I transcription and chromatin remodelling

    Navarro-Costa, Paulo; McCarthy, Alicia; Prudêncio, Pedro; Greer, Christina; Guilgur, Leonardo G.; Becker, Jorg D.; Secombe, Julie; Rangan, Prashanth; Martinho, Rui Gonçalo
    Oocytes are arrested for long periods of time in the prophase of the first meiotic division (prophase I). As chromosome condensation poses significant constraints to gene expression, the mechanisms regulating transcriptional activity in the prophase I-arrested oocyte are still not entirely understood. We hypothesized that gene expression during the prophase I arrest is primarily epigenetically regulated. Here we comprehensively define the Drosophila female germ line epigenome throughout oogenesis and show that the oocyte has a unique, dynamic and remarkably diversified epigenome characterized by the presence of both euchromatic and heterochromatic marks. We observed that the perturbation of the oocyte's epigenome...

  15. Numerical simulation of the application of solar radiant systems, internal airflow and occupants' presence in the improvement of comfort in winter conditions

    Conceição, E. Z. E.; Lúcio, M. Manuela J. R.
    In this work, the use of numerical simulation in the application of solar radiant systems, internal airflow and occupants' presence in the improvement of comfort in winter conditions is made. The thermal comfort, the local thermal discomfort and the air quality in an occupied chamber space are evaluated. In the experimental measurements, a wood chamber, a desk, two seats, two seated hygro-thermal manikins, a warm radiant floor, a solar radiation simulator and a water solar collector are used. The air velocity and the air temperature fluctuation are experimentally evaluated around 15 human body sections. The chamber surface temperature is experimentally...

  16. The status of Ischnura senegalensis (Odonata: Coenagrionidae) in Cape Verde

    Loureiro, Nuno de Santos; Martins, S.
    The first record of a zygopteran breeding population in the Cape Verde archipelago is presented. A small population of Ischnura senegalensis (Rambur, 1842) was found living in the lagoon 'Lagoinha', Santiago island, where the species was observed in all seven surveys conducted between May 2014 and June 2015. Reproductive behaviour was repeatedly observed and exuviae were found and collected.

  17. Leukocytoclastic vasculitis with systemic involvement associated with ciprofloxacin therapy: case report and review of the literature.

    Morgado, Bruno; Madeira, Catarina; Pinto, Joana; Pestana, Joana
    A 71-year-old woman presented with constitutional signs and lower extremity palpable purpura after being prescribed a four-day course of 500 mg of ciprofloxacin two times daily for a gastrointestinal infection. She was admitted for inpatient treatment. During the third hospital day, she presented with an episode of abundant hematemesis while her skin lesions remained unchanged. Upper endoscopy revealed multiple lesions consistent with vasculitis and histological examination of the skin biopsy disclosed a leukocytoclastic vasculitis. The patient was successfully treated with prednisone following ciprofloxacin discontinuation. Complete resolution of the lesions on drug withdrawal strongly suggested drug toxicity, which was further supported...

  18. Quantitative assessment of the regenerative and mineralogenic performances of the zebrafish caudal fin

    Cardeira, João; Gavaia, Paulo J.; Fernandez, Ignacio; Cengiz, Ibrahim Fatih; Moreira-Silva, Joana; Oliveira, Joaquim Miguel; Reis, Rui L.; Cancela, Leonor; Laizé, Vincent
    The ability of zebrafish to fully regenerate its caudal fin has been explored to better understand the mechanisms underlying de novo bone formation and to develop screening methods towards the discovery of compounds with therapeutic potential. Quantifying caudal fin regeneration largely depends on successfully measuring new tissue formation through methods that require optimization and standardization. Here, we present an improved methodology to characterize and analyse overall caudal fin and bone regeneration in adult zebrafish. First, regenerated and mineralized areas are evaluated through broad, rapid and specific chronological and morphometric analysis in alizarin red stained fins. Then, following a more refined...

  19. Severe Legionella Pneumophila Infection in an Immunocompetent Patient: A Success Story 300 Kilometers Away.

    Jacob, Miguel; Ramos, Helena C.; Morgado, Bruno
    The most significantoutbreak of Legionella pneumophila, or Legionnaires' Disease, ever registered in Portugal occurred in 2014, and was considered one of the largest in European history. This relatively rare infection has a dire prognosis if not timely identified and correctly treated, presenting with a high lethality rate. We describe a case of infection by Legionella pneumophila in a previously healthy individual during an outbreak that originated 300 kilometers away from our hospital. The patient presented to the Emergency Department and after an initial assessment, was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). He underwent supportive treatment with invasive mechanical ventilation...

  20. Absence of N-terminal acetyltransferase diversification during evolution of eukaryotic organisms

    Rathore, Om Singh; Faustino, Alexandra; Prudêncio, Pedro; Van Damme, Petra; Cox, Cymon J.; Martinho, Rui Gonçalo
    Protein N-terminal acetylation is an ancient and ubiquitous co-translational modification catalyzed by a highly conserved family of N-terminal acetyltransferases (NATs). Prokaryotes have at least 3 NATs, whereas humans have six distinct but highly conserved NATs, suggesting an increase in regulatory complexity of this modification during eukaryotic evolution. Despite this, and against our initial expectations, we determined that NAT diversification did not occur in the eukaryotes, as all six major human NATs were most likely present in the Last Eukaryotic Common Ancestor (LECA). Furthermore, we also observed that some NATs were actually secondarily lost during evolution of major eukaryotic lineages; therefore,...

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