Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 415

  1. 10 Anos da Medievalista: as revistas de ciências sociais e os seus desafios

    Sousa, Bernardo Vasconcelos e; Oliveira, Luís Filipe

  2. Assisting European Portuguese teaching: linguistic features extraction and automatic readability classifier

    Curto, Pedro; Mamede, Nuno; Baptista, Jorge
    This paper describes two automatic systems: a linguistic features extractor and a text readability classifier for European Portuguese texts. Its main goal is to assist the selection of adequate reading materials to support Portuguese teaching, especially as a second language. To the feature extraction from texts, the system uses several Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools. Currently, 52 features are extracted: parts-of-speech (POS), syllables, words, chunks and phrases, averages and frequencies, among others. A classifier was created using these features and a corpus, previously annotated readability level, adopting the five-levels language classification official standard for Portuguese as Second Language. In a...

  3. Ceramic technology and resource use during the early neolithic in Central-Southern Portugal

    Masucci, M.; Carvalho, António Faustino
    Petrographic analysis of 49 sediments and 63 Neolithic ceramics from eight sites of Estremadura and six sites of the Algarve of central and southern Portugal, respectively, discerned distinct production technologies for each area. Raw materials available near archaeological sites were utilized. Fabrics that do not correspond to regionally available materials, however, indicate imports or migration. This suggests the existence of bidirectional maritime routes rather than south-north only, as predicted in current models of the neolithization of coastal Portugal. Seven ceramics and seven sediments were selected for elemental analysis. The results supported the patterns in the petrographic analysis.

  4. VII Encontro Internacional sobre Ordens Militares: Entre Deus e o Rei: O mundo das Ordens Militares

    Oliveira, Luís Filipe
    Entre os dias 14 e 18 de Outubro de 2015, teve lugar em Palmela o VII Encontro Internacional sobre Ordens Militares, organizado pela Câmara Municipal de Palmela, através do Grupo de Estudos sobre a Ordem de Santiago (GESOS). Mais uma vez, e como vem sendo hábito nos últimos encontros, a edição deste ano contou com um elevado número de comunicações (63) e de participantes, a maior parte oriunda dos mais diversos institutos e universidades europeias, desde Espanha à Suécia e da Estónia a Malta, aos quais se juntou uma vintena de investigadores portugueses. Se a projecção internacional do Encontro estava...

  5. Time perception in mild cognitive impairment: interval length and subjective passage of time

    Coelho, Sara; Guerreiro, Manuela; Chester, Catarina; Silva, Dina; Maroco, João; Coelho, Miguel; Paglieri, Fabio; de Mendonça, Alexandre
    Objectives Patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) may have difficulties in time perception, which in turn might contribute to some of their symptoms, especially memory deficits. The aim of this study was to evaluate perception of interval length and subjective passage of time in MCI patients as compared to healthy controls. Methods Fifty-five MCI patients and 57 healthy controls underwent an experimental protocol for time perception on interval length, a questionnaire for the subjective passage of time and a neuropsychological evaluation. Results MCI patients presented no changes in the perception of interval length. However, for MCI patients, time seemed to...

  6. All different, all equal: Evidence of a heterogeneous Neolithic population at the Bom Santo Cave necropolis (Portugal)

    Goncalves, D.; Granja, Raquel; Alves-Cardoso, F.; Carvalho, A. F.
    The objective of this paper was to contribute to the discussion regarding the socio-political organization of south-western Iberian Middle Neolithic populations. To that end, the preservation and distribution of human remains and the dispersion of grave goods within two rooms of the Born Santo Cave (Rooms A and B) were investigated and combined with, genetic and isotopic data previously published. Grave goods distribution and skeletal analyses highlighted an important diversity in terms of funerary practices thus corroborating data from ancient DNA and Sr/O isotopic analyses that suggested a great genetic and geographic diversity. Grave goods presented an uneven spatial distribution...

  7. O tradutor como recetor

    Correia, Maribel Rodrigues
    Esta dissertação pretende, em primeiro lugar, abordar algumas posições que falam do tradutor e do seu papel em relação ao Outro, não na perspetiva de um «destinatário ideal», enquanto recetor da obra de arte, mas sim numa dimensão mais dilatada e culturalmente falando, mais abrangente quanto às suas significações. O conhecido ensaio de Walter Benjamin, A tarefa do Tradutor vai servir de ponto de partida desta viagem através do tempo e do espaço naquilo que, hoje em dia, pode ser visto como o ressurgir do papel do tradutor. O tradutor é o agente que promove e realiza o ato de...

  8. Saber mais para cuidar melhor: a perceção dos auxiliares de ação direta acerca das suas necessidades de formação contínua

    Patrício, Micaela Patrícia Lopes
    A problemática desta dissertação foca a importância de formar os Auxiliares de Ação Direta enquanto cuidadores formais de idosos. Estes cuidadores, que atendem às necessidades básicas da população da terceira idade institucionalizada, deverão ser dotados de competências-chave para saber fazê-lo de forma eficiente e em tempo útil, assegurando assim a manutenção da sua saúde e qualidade de vida. A formação destes profissionais deverá ter em conta as suas experiências pessoais e profissionais anteriores, das quais emergem dúvidas e exemplos pertinentes e úteis para definir o percurso formativo a seguir. Ainda, as suas preferências em termos de estratégias pedagógicas enquanto formandos adultos, de...

  9. Competências parentais e perceção das dificuldades e capacidades dos filhos. Um estudo com pais e mães algarvios

    Oliveira, Ângela Sofia Tavares
    As competências parentais percebidas são um constructo cognitivo e emocional que se refere aos julgamentos que os pais fazem sobre suas competências para desempenhar tarefas relacionadas com a parentalidade. São um determinante importante do comportamento parental e estão estreitamente relacionadas com o ajustamento e bem-estar infantil. O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar as diferenças entre pais e mães nas competências parentais e na perceção das capacidades e dificuldades dos filhos. Participaram 164 pais (85 mães e 79 pais) com uma idade média de 39,15 anos aos quais foram aplicados, através de uma entrevista individual, os seguintes instrumentos: A Escala de...

  10. The workaholism as an obstacle to safety and well-being in the workplace

    Goncalves, Gabriela; Néné, D.; Sousa, C.; Santos, Joana; Sousa, António Manuel Coelho Oliveira e
    The work aholism, defined as addiction at work, increase burnout and negatively affects the psychological well-being. It was developed a quantitative study using self-reported measures. This study aims to evaluate the variables: passion for work, work engagement, engagement for life and job satisfaction as predictors of workaholism and the effects of workaholism on the psychological well-being and burnout. With a sample of 199 workers, the results of multiple linear regression analysis allowed to identify that some of the variables and their dimensions have significant effects on the workaholism and on psychological well-being and burnout.

  11. The contribution of professional coach for emotional and psychological adjustment of soccer player

    Silva, José Eduardo; Vieira, Luís Sérgio; Gomes, Alexandra
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to explore the perception of professional soccer coaches about their contribution to the psychological and emotional player's adjustment. It is a qualitative study and dates were obtained by semi-structured interviews conducted with ten professional soccer coaches. A descendent hierarchical corpus identified four classes organized into two themes. Theme 1 (the coach and soccer player toward competition demands) corresponds to class 1 (soccer coach profile) and 2 (soccer player in competition), and theme 2 (the coach and player psychological dimension), class 3 (player psychological dimension) and 4 (relationship coach-player).Results allowed us to understand that...

  12. Relação entre a nomeação rápida e a leitura: uma investigação sobre o efeito mediador das competências fonológicas e das competências ortográficas

    Moreira , Mónica Nabais
    O presente estudo tem como objetivo compreender a razão pela qual a tarefa Rapid Automatic Naming (RAN) se associa a provas de leitura, avaliando o contributo diferencial das competências fonológicas e das competências ortográficas na relação RAN-leitura. Participaram neste estudo 57 crianças com idades compreendidas entre os 7 e os 10 anos que frequentam o 2º, 3º ou o 4º ano do 1º Ciclo. Os resultados confirmaram a existência de uma associação entre o desempenho em tarefas RAN e as competências de leitura. Indicaram que o RAN apresenta um contributo diferenciado na leitura, sendo reduzido o efeito mediador das competências...

  13. One for all and all for one: Linear regression from the mass of individual bones to assess human skeletal mass completeness

    Gonçalves, David; Coelho, João d'Oliveira; Acosta, Maria A.; Coelho, Catarina; Curate, Francisco; Ferreira, Maria Teresa; Gouveia, Márcia; Makhoul, Calil; Pinto, Débora; Oliveira-Santos, Inês; Vassalo, Ana R.; Navega, David; Cunha, Eugénia
    ObjectivesComplete and accurate human skeletal inventory is seldom possible in archaeological and forensic cases involving severe fragmentation. In such cases, skeletal mass comparisons with published references may be used as an alternative to assess skeletal completeness but they are too general for a case-by-case routine analysis. The objective is to solve this issue by creating linear regression equations to estimate the total mass of a skeleton based on the mass of individual bones.Materials and MethodsTotal adult skeletal mass and individual mass of the clavicle, humerus, femur, patella, carpal, metacarpal, tarsal, and metatarsal bones were recorded in a sample of 60...

  14. Quantitative determinations and imaging in different structures of buried human bones from the XVIII-XIXth centuries by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence - Postmortem evaluation

    Guimarães, D.; Dias, A. A.; Carvalho, M.; Carvalho, M. L.; Santos, J. P.; Henriques, F. R.; Curate, Francisco; Pessanha, S.
    In this work, a non-commercial triaxial geometry energy dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) setup and a benchtop mu-XRF system were used to identify postmortem contamination in buried bones. For two of the individuals, unusually high concentrations of Cu and Pb, but also Zn (in one individual) were observed. The pigments of the burial shroud coverings have been identified as the source of contamination.Accurate and precise quantitative results were obtained by nondestructive process using fundamental parameters method taking into account the matrix absorption effects.A total of 30 bones from 13 individuals, buried between the mid-XVlllth to early XIXth centuries, were analyzed to...

  15. A method for sex estimation using the proximal femur

    Curate, Francisco; Coelho, João; Gonçalves, David; Coelho, Catarina; Ferreira, Maria Teresa; Navega, David; Cunha, Eugénia
    The assessment of sex is crucial to the establishment of a biological profile of an unidentified skeletal individual. The best methods currently available for the sexual diagnosis of human skeletal remains generally rely on the presence of well-preserved pelvic bones, which is not always the case. Postcranial elements, including the femur, have been used to accurately estimate sex in skeletal remains from forensic and bioarcheological settings. In this study, we present an approach to estimate sex using two measurements (femoral neck width [FNW] and femoral neck axis length [FNAL]) of the proximal femur. FNW and FNAL were obtained in a...

  16. Family and the psychiatric reform

    Porto, Flávia Figueira; Rezende, Manuel Morgado; Gomes, Miria Benincasa
    This work discusses the experience of caring for a family member with a mental illness, including the concepts surrounding the subject and its handling in Brazil's recent psychiatric reform. As a strategy for analyzing data, and based on the theory of object relations developed by Winnicott (1975), the work is structured by means of two categories: the carer's concepts and experiences of mental illness and the burden experienced. The results of the research pointed to ambiguous feelings in the relationship with the family member suffering from the mental illness; a reverting to internment as the main course of action in...

  17. The Bom Santo Cave (Lisbon, Portugal): catchment, diet, and patterns of mobility of a Middle Neolithic population

    Carvalho, António Faustino; Alves-Cardoso, Francisca; Gonçalves, David; Granja, Raquel; Cardoso, João Luís; Dean, Rebecca M.; Francisco Gibaja, Juan; Masucci, Maria A.; Arroyo-Pardo, Eduardo; Fernández-Domínguez, Eva; Petchey, Fiona; Price, T. Douglas; Mateus, José Eduardo; Queiroz, Paula Fernanda; Callapez, Pedro; Pimenta, Carlos; Regala, Frederico T.
    The study of the Bom Santo Cave (central Portugal), a Neolithic cemetery, indicates a complex social, palaeoeconomic, and population scenario. With isotope, aDNA, and provenance, analyses of raw materials coupled with stylistic variability of material culture items and palaeogeographical data, light is shed on the territory and social organization of a population dated to 3800-3400 cal BC, i.e. the Middle Neolithic. Results indicate an itinerant farming, segmentary society, where exogamic practices were the norm. Its lifeway may be that of the earliest megalithic builders of the region, but further research is needed to correctly evaluate the degree of this community's...

  18. A method for estimating gestational age of fetal remains based on long bone lengths

    Carneiro, Cristiana; Curate, Francisco; Cunha, Eugénia
    The estimation of gestational age (GA) in fetal human remains is important in forensic settings, particularly to assess fetal viability, in addition to often being the only biological profile parameter that can be assessed with some accuracy for non-adults. The length of long bone diaphysis is one of the most frequently used methods for fetal age estimation. The main objective of this study was to present a simple and objective method for estimating GA based on the measurements of the diaphysis of the femur, tibia, fibula, humerus, ulna, and radius. Conventional least squares regression equations (classical and inverse calibration approaches)...

  19. O Compromisso Marítimo de Olhão (1765-1873)

    Brandão, Veralissa Galveia Jacinto
    O objecto de estudo deste trabalho é a Real Casa e Confraria do Corpo Santo de Olhão, comummente conhecida por Compromisso marítimo de Olhão, entre os anos de 1765, data da sua fundação, e 1873.            

  20. Implicit sequence learning is preserved in dyslexic children

    Inácio, Filomena; Faísca, Luís; Forkstam, Christian; Araújo, Susana; Bramão, Inês; Reis, Alexandra; Petersson, Karl Magnus
    This study investigates the implicit sequence learning abilities of dyslexic children using an artificial grammar learning task with an extended exposure period. Twenty children with developmental dyslexia participated in the study and were matched with two control groups-one matched for age and other for reading skills. During 3 days, all participants performed an acquisition task, where they were exposed to colored geometrical forms sequences with an underlying grammatical structure. On the last day, after the acquisition task, participants were tested in a grammaticality classification task. Implicit sequence learning was present in dyslexic children, as well as in both control groups, and...

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