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Repositório do ISPA Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada (11.453 recursos)

No Repositório do ISPA pode encontrar diversos tipos de documentos, em formato digital, resultantes da produção científica do ISPA designadamente: teses de doutoramento, teses de mestrado, artigos em publicações periódicas nacionais e internacionais, relatórios técnicos, artigos em actas de conferências nacionais e internacionais e capítulos de livros.

UIPS - Artigos em revistas internacionais

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 36

  1. Analyzing adjustment to aging and subjective age from angolan and portuguese community-dwelling older adults' perspectives

    von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Pimenta, Filipa
    Background: The aging experience influences the ways an aging individual self-adjusts to challenges in late adulthood in various cultural settings. This study aims at examining the indicators of adjustment to aging (AtA) and subjective age (SA), and at investigating the latent constructs that can work as major determinants in AtA and SA in an older Portuguese and Angolan community-dwelling population. Methods: Questionnaires were completed, specifically assessing participants’ sociodemographic and health-related information. Semi-interviews with 102 older adults aged between 75 and 99 years (mean ¼ 80.5, standard deviation ¼ 5.76) were conducted, focusing on AtA and SA. Data were subjected to content analysis. The correlational structure and latent...

  2. In the eyes of older adults: Self-reported age and adjustment in african and european older adults

    von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Pimenta, Filipa; Niculescu, Georgeta
    To explore older adults’ perceptions of subjective age and adjustment to ageing and to analyse the correlational structure of the pre-categories in our study: subjective age, indicators of adjustment to ageing and of personal age perception. An exploratory, descriptive mixedmethods design was utilised. A purposive sampling method was used to select 154 older adults aged between 75 and 99 years from three different nationalities. Semi-structured interviews were performed, addressing two core areas: subjective age and adjustment to ageing. Data was subjected to content analysis. Representation of the correlational structure of the precategories in our study (subjective age and indicators of adjustment to ageing) were analysed by a Multiple...

  3. ¿Qué influye en el bienestar subjetivo de los adultos mayores?: Una revision sistematica de la literatura

    von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira
    Objetivos: Esta revisión sistemática de la literatura tiene como objetivo proporcionar una visión fiable de las variables que influyen en el bienestar subjetivo (SWB – por sus siglas en ingles de Social Well Being) de los adultos mayores y ofrece sugerencias para futuras investigaciones. Métodos: se llevó a cabo una búsqueda bibliográfica informatizada, y se realizaron búsquedas de bases de datos a partir de 2001 a 2012 en PubMed / Medline, Psicología y Ciencias del Comportamiento de cobros y Scielo. Los estudios debían mencionar variables que hubieran influido en el SWB, incluyendo sus facetas cognitivas y afectivas. Resultados: Catorce artículos de 616 registros cumplieron los criterios de...

  4. CURB-65 and other markers of illness severity in community-acquired pneumonia among HIV-positive patients

    Almeida, André; Almeida, Ana Rita; Branco, Sara Castelo; Vesza, Zsófia; Pereira, Rui
    Introduction: As the relative burden of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia among HIV-positive patients increases, adequate prediction of case severity on presentation is crucial. We sought to determine what characteristics measurable on presentation are predictive of worse outcomes. Methods: We studied all admissions for community-acquired bacterial pneumonia over 1 year at a tertiary centre. Patient demographics, comorbidities, HIV-specific markers and CURB-65 scores on Emergency Department presentation were reviewed. Outcomes of interest included mortality, bacteraemia, intensive care unit admission and orotracheal intubation. Results: A total of 396 patients were included, 49 HIV positive and 347 HIV negative. Mean CURB-65 score was 1.3 for HIV-positive and 2.2 for HIV-negative patients (p<0.0001), its...

  5. Psychometric properties of the oral health impact profile and new methodological approach

    Zucoloto, Miriane Lucindo; Maroco, João; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
    Objective: Evaluate the validity, reliability, and factorial invariance of the complete Portuguese version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) and its short version (OHIP-14). Methods: A total of 1,162 adults enrolled in the Faculty of Dentistry of Araraquara/UNESP participated in the study; 73.1% were women; and the mean age was 40.7 ± 16.3 yr. We conducted a confirmatory factor analysis, where χ2/df, comparative fit index, goodness of fit index, and root mean square error of approximation were used as indices of goodness of fit. The convergent validity was judged from the average variance extracted and the composite reliability, and the internal consistency was estimated by Cronbach standardized alpha. The stability of the...

  6. Differential effects of behavioral interventions with a graded physical activity component in patients suffering from chronic fatigue (syndrome) : An updated systematic review and meta-analysis

    Marques, Marta Moreira; De Gucht, Véronique; Gouveia, Maria João Pinheiro Morais; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Maes, Stan
    An updated systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to (1) evaluate the effects of behavioral and psychological interventions containing a graded physical activity component upon fatigue severity, physical functioning, physical activity and psychological distress, and to (2) examine potential moderator effects of trial characteristics (type of control, setting, provider, length of treatment, psychological component, flexibility in physical activity, and minimal face to face patient–provider contact). Pertinent content of selected studies was extracted and rated on a scale of methodological quality. Sixteen randomized controlled trials (N = 2004) were included in the meta-analyses. Significant small to medium effect sizes (Hedge's g = 0.25 to g = 0.66) were...

  7. Validation of the psychometric properties of the self‐compassion scale. Testing the factorial validity and factorial invariance of the measure among borderline personality disorder, anxiety disorder, eating disorder and general populations

    Costa, Joana; Maroco, João; Gouveia, José Augusto Pinto; Ferreira, Cláudia; Castilho, Paula
    Background: During the last years, there has been a growing interest in self-compassion. Empirical evidences show that self-compassion is associated with psychological benefits among young adults and it might be considered a buffer factor in several mental disorders. Aims: The aim of this study was to validate the psychometric properties of the Self-compassion Scale (SCS: Neff, 2003a) after the initial lack of replicating the original six-factor structure. Method: Data were collected from the overall database of a research centre (56 men and 305 women; mean age = 25.19) and comprised four groups: borderline personality disorder, anxiety disorder, eating disorder and general population. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis supported a...

  8. Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test is superior to the Wechsler Memory Scale in discriminating mild cognitive impairment from alzheimer's disease

    Lemos, Raquel; Cunha, Catarina; Maroco, João; Afonso, Ana; Simões, Mário R.; Santana, Isabel
    Aim: The Logical Memory (LM) and the Verbal Paired Associative Learning (VPAL) are subtests from the Wechsler Memory Scale commonly used to characterize the memory deficit of amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). The Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT) was suggested to assess the memory impairment of AD spectrum patients by the International Working Group on AD. In the present study, we compared the properties of the tests and their accuracy in classifying aMCI and AD. Methods: A group of aMCI patients (n=85) and AD patients (n=43) were included. The reliability and the validity of...

  9. Validation of the Weight Concerns Scale applied to brazilian university students

    Dias, Juliana Chioda Ribeiro; Silva, Wanderson Roberto da; Maroco, João; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Portuguese version of the Weight Concerns Scale (WCS) when applied to Brazilian university students. The scale was completed by 1084 university students from Brazilian public education institutions. A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted. The stability of the model in independent samples was assessed through multigroup analysis, and the invariance was estimated. Convergent, concurrent, divergent, and criterion validities as well as internal consistency were estimated. Results indicated that the one-factor model presented an adequate fit to the sample and values of convergent validity. The concurrent validity with...

  10. Validation of the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index in complete denture wearers

    Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini; Zucoloto, Miriane Lucindo; Geremias, R. F.; Nogueira, S. S.; Maroco, João
    To perform a validation of the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) for complete denture wearers and present a proposal for estimation of perceived oral health. This is a cross-sectional study with non-probabilistic sampling. A total of 211 subjects with a mean age of 62 5 (s.d. = 11 4) years participated, being 169 female. The GOHAI was applied in a personal interview. The construct/convergent/discriminant validity was tested using structural equation modelling. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to verify the fit of three proposals of the GOHAI: three-factor, one-factor and second-order hierarchical models. The stability of the models was evaluated in independent samples. The threefactor model presented an inadequate fit, and items 3, 4 and 9...

  11. Validation of the psychometric properties of acceptance and action questionnaire-II in clinical and nonclinical groups of portuguese population

    Costa, Joana; Maroco, João; Gouveia, José Augusto Pinto; Galhardo, Ana
    This study explores the factor structure of the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ-II) in both clinical and general normative groups. It also examines the factorial invariance of a one-factor proposed model in both groups. Data was collected from the overall database of a Portuguese Cognitive and Behavioral Research Center (N= 687, 425 females; mean age= 36 years; SD= 11.33). Confirmatory Factor Analysis supported a one-factor structure with good internal consistencies and construct related validity. The one-factor solution was also supported with a second independent data set, which showed a configural, strict measurement and structural invariance of the one-factor solution proposed. Multigroup Confirmatory Factorial Analysis showed the configural invariance,...

  12. Psychological and behavioral adjustment in female youths with high or low psychopathic traits

    Pechorro, Pedro Fernandes dos Santos; Poiares, Carlos Alberto; Vieira, Rui Xavier; Maroco, João; Nunes, Maria Cristina de Oliveira Salgado; Jesus, Saul Neves de
    The aim of the present study was to analyze the role of psychopathic traits in female juvenile delinquency. Using a sample of 236 young females from the Juvenile Detention Centers of the Portuguese Ministry of Justice and schools in the Lisbon area, a group of female youths with high psychopathic traits (n = 118; M = 15.84 years of age; range = 14–18 years of age) and a group of female youths with low psychopathic traits (n = 118; M = 15.77 years of age; range = 14–18 years of age) were formed based on the Portuguese version of the Antisocial Process Screening Device-Self-report (APSD-SR)....

  13. Self-awareness of mental states, self-integration of personal schemas, perceived social support, posttraumatic and depression levels, and moral injury : A mixed-method study among portuguese war veterans

    Ferrajão, Paulo; Oliveira, Rui Aragão Gomes
    This study analyzed the role of moral injury, self-awareness of mental states, self-integration of moral injury in personal schemas, and perceived social on the severity of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and depression symptoms. The sample was composed of Portuguese war veterans (n 60) divided into 2 groups: 30 experienced chronic PTSD (nonrecovered) and 30 had remission from PTSD (recovered). A cross-sectional study was conducted using both qualitative and quantitative methods. Qualitative data were obtained through 2 interviews per participant, and the quantitative data were collected using the Impact of Event Scale–Revised and Brief Symptom Inventory. Content analysis was performed to analyze qualitative data. Multiple linear regression analyses...

  14. Confirmatory factor analysis of different versions of the Body Shape Questionnaire applied to brazilian university students

    Silva, Wanderson Roberto da; Dias, Juliana Chioda Ribeiro; Maroco, João; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
    This study aimed at evaluating the validity, reliability, and factorial invariance of the complete (34-item) and shortened (8-item and 16-item) versions of the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) when applied to Brazilian university students. A total of 739 female students with a mean age of 20.44 (standard deviation = 2.45) years participated. Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to verify the degree to which the one-factor structure satisfies the proposal for the BSQ's expected structure. Two items of the 34-item version were excluded because they had factor weights (lambda)< 40. All models had adequate convergent validity (average variance extracted =.43-.58; composite reliability=.85-.97)...

  15. Adjustment to aging in late adulthood : A systematic review

    von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira
    Background: This systematic review aims at providing a trustworthy overview of the concept of adjustment to aging (AtA) in late adulthood. Methods: A computerized literature search was carried out, and PubMed/Medline, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, and Scielo databases were searched for studies published from 1981 to 2012. Studies must have investigated AtA in old age. Results: Thirteen articles from 1291 records met the inclusion criteria, with a total of 1156 participants aged 60 years. There are rather consistent findings that older adults develop active and adaptive strategies during AtA, and that psychological variables, engagement with significant others, and social and temporal processes of comparison have a relevant...

  16. Predictors of weight variation and weight gain in peri- and post-menopausal women

    Pimenta, Filipa; Maroco, João; Ramos, Catarina; Leal, Isabel Pereira
    This research encompasses a community sample of 497 women in peri- and post-menopause and uses structural equation modelling to investigate the structural models of weight variation and weight gain. Variables such as body shape concerns, depression, stress and life events are explored. Weight gain (from pre-menopause to current menopausal status) was observed in 69 per cent of participants. The predictors of weight gain were lower education level (β = −.146, p = .017), less or no physical exercise (β = −.111, p = .021), having a recent psychological problem (β = .191, p < .001), transition from peri- to post-menopause (β = .147, p = .013)...

  17. University students' attitudes toward same-sex parenting and gay and lesbian rights in Portugal

    Costa, Pedro Alexandre; Almeida, Rute; Anselmo, Cátia Marisa Duarte; Ferreira, André; Pereira, Henrique Marques; Leal, Isabel Pereira
    The purpose of this study was to explore university students’ attitudes toward same-sex parenting and toward gay and lesbian rights. A total of 292 participants, aged between 18 and 27 (M = 21) responded to a questionnaire measuring attitudes toward parenting by gay men and lesbians, gay and lesbian rights, and beliefs about the etiology of homosexuality. Results revealed that the majority of students were against gay and lesbian parenting, gay and lesbian equal rights, and believed that homosexuality has a social/environmental basis. It was found that sexual prejudice is highly prevalent in Portuguese university students, and implications of these findings are discussed.

  18. Assessing adjustment to aging : A validation study for the Adjustment to Aging Scale (AtAS)

    von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Pimenta, Filipa; Maroco, João
    Adjustment to aging (AtA) is a multifactor adjustment process with implications on aging well among older adults. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a scale to assess the factors that older adults recognized as indicators of their AtA, with a cross-national comparative perspective towards aging well. Convenience sampling was used to gather questionnaire data, including demographics and the proposed scale. Complete data was available for 1,291 older community-dwelling adults, aged between 75 and 102 years (M = 83.9; SD = 6.68), who represented four different nationalities. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed for dimension reduction and exploration of the factorial structure. Data gathered...

  19. Psychometric properties of the finnish version of the resilience scale and its short version

    Losoi, Heidi; Turunen, Senni; Wäljas, Minna; Helminen, Mika; Öhman, Juha; Julkunen, Juhani; Rosti-Otajärvi, Eija
    Aim: To investigate the psychometric properties of the Finnish version of the Resilience Scale (RS) and its short version (RS-14), as well as the relationship of resilience with demographic variables and self-perceived health. Method: A standard procedure was used for translation of the scale, and 243 participants (75% women, mean age = 41.0; SD = 17.8) were evaluated with the RS, the RS-14, and the EuroQol 5D. Results: The mean level of resilience was found to be moderate. Both the RS and the RS-14 showed good internal consistency reliability, .90 and .87, respectively. No clear factor structure was found. Both assessments correlated with age...

  20. Memórias autobiográficas em adultos idosos

    Balola, Michele Ferreira; Cláudio, Victor
    Objetivo: Os autores pretendem rever os principais aspetos no estudo das memórias autobiográficas em adultos idosos. Método: Neste trabalho foi efetuada, através da PsycINFO, uma pesquisa da literatura publicada de 1 de Janeiro de 2000 a 30 de Abril de 2013, utilizando como palavras-chave: "autobiographical memory", "aging" e "older adults". Um total de 59 artigos foram revistos, dos quais 18 foram incluídos na seleção final. Resultados: A revisão dos diferentes estudos permitiu observar que existe um declínio da memória episódica. Este efeito não se observou em relação à memória semântica. Os adultos idosos quando comparados com adultos mais jovens, evocam um maior número de memórias de...

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