Bartels, Paul J.; Fontoura, Paulo; Nelson, Diane R.
Five marine arthrotardigrade species are recorded from Moorea, Society Islands, French Polynesia. Four were collected
from coral sand; two, Dipodarctus anaholiensis Pollock, 1995 and Florarctus kwoni Chang & Rho, 1997, are new records
for the region, and two, Halechiniscus perfectus Schulz, 1955 and Styraconyx kristenseni kristenseni Renaud-Mornant,
1981, have been previously reported. The fifth, a new species Styraconyx turbinarium sp. nov., is described and was collected
from the drifting brown alga Turbinaria ornata. The new species is characterized by the presence of peduncles on
all digits, an elongate primary clava, and the lateral cirrus A arising from a common pedestal and enveloped by a common
Neto, Carlos; Fonseca, João Paulo; Costa, José Carlos; Bioret, Frédéric
Omphalodes kuzinskyanae Willk. is an endangered annual plant of the family Boraginaceae, endemic to a
narrow coastal area in the Lisbon region (Portugal). Omphalodes littoralis Lehm. occurs in northwest Spain (subsp.
gallaecica) and northwest France (subsp. littoralis). Three approaches were used to assess the ecological requirements of
O. kuzinskyanae: (1) physical and chemical characterization of their habitat soil; (2) phytosociological analysis; (3)
comparison of several life history parameters under different light conditions. Germination experiments were conducted
to evaluate seed dormancy. The results show that O. kuzinskyanae occurs in thin sandy soil with a substantial amount of
organic matter and clay, mostly over limestone pavements. Phytosociological analysis...
Santos, Carla Sousa; Gil, Fátima; Almada, Vítor Carvalho
Pereira, Ricardo; Rismondo, Stefania; Caiano, Manuel; Pedroso, Silvia S; Fonseca, Paulo J.; Amorim, Maria Clara Pessoa
Animals often vocalize during territorial challenges as acoustic signals may
indicate motivation and fighting ability and contribute to reduce aggressive
escalation. Here, we tested the function of agonistic sounds in territorial
defence in the painted goby. Pomatoschistus pictus, a small vocal marine
fish that defends nests during the breeding season. We first measured the
number of times a male approached, avoided, explored, entered and
exited two unattended nests associated with either conspecific agonistic
sounds or a control: silence or white noise. Acoustic stimuli were played
back when the male approached a nest. In a second experimental set, we
added visual stimuli, consisting of a conspecific male in a small...
Almada, Vítor Carvalho; Almada, Frederico; Francisco, Sara Martins; Castilho, Rita; Robalo, Joana Isabel
The longspined bullhead (Taurulus bubalis, Euphrasen 1786) belongs to the family Cottidae and is a rocky shore species that
inhabits the intertidal zones of the Eastern Atlantic since Iceland, southward to Portugal and also the North Sea and Baltic,
northward to the Gulf of Finland, with some occurrences in the northern Mediterranean coasts eastward to the Gulf of
Genoa. We analysed the phylogeographic patterns of this species using mitochondrial and nuclear markers in populations
throughout most of its distributional range in west Europe. We found that T. bubalis has a relatively shallow genealogy with
some differentiation between Atlantic and North Sea. Genetic diversity was homogeneous...
Salgueiro, Emílio Eduardo Guerra; Nunes, Laura; Barros, Alexandra; Maroco, João; Salgueiro, Ana Isabel; Santos, Manuel Eduardo dos
Background: Interaction programs involving dolphins and patients with various pathologies or developmental
disorders (e.g., cerebral palsy, intellectual impairment, autism, atopic dermatitis, post-traumatic stress disorder,
depression) have stimulated interest in their beneficial effects and therapeutic potential. However, the true effects
observed in different clinical and psycho-educational setups are still controversial.
Results: An evaluation protocol consisting of the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), Psychoeducational
Profile-Revised (PEP-R), Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC), Theory of Mind Tasks (ToM Tasks) and a
custom-made Interaction Evaluation Grid (IEG) to evaluate behavioural complexity during in-pool interactions
was applied to 10 children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders. The ATEC, ToM Tasks and CARS results