Recursos de colección

Repositório do ISPA Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada (10.521 recursos)

No Repositório do ISPA pode encontrar diversos tipos de documentos, em formato digital, resultantes da produção científica do ISPA designadamente: teses de doutoramento, teses de mestrado, artigos em publicações periódicas nacionais e internacionais, relatórios técnicos, artigos em actas de conferências nacionais e internacionais e capítulos de livros.

PSOC - Artigos em revistas internacionais

Mostrando recursos 1 - 8 de 8

  1. Moderation of the familiarity-stereotyping effect: The role of stereotype fit

    Garcia-Marques, Teresa; Mackie, Diane M.; Maitner, Angela T.; Claypool, Heather M.
    Research has shown that familiarity induced by prior exposure can decrease analytic processing and increase reliance on heuristic processing, including the use of stereotypes (the familiarity-stereotyping effect). We hypothesize that the familiarity-stereotyping effect will occur only when a stereotype provides information that fits with the judgmental context. When a stereotype and other encountered information are inconsistent with one another, heuristic processing will be disrupted and the familiarity-stereotyping effect will be eliminated. To test this hypothesis, we replicated two experiments from Garcia-Marques and Mackie (2007), manipulating the level of familiarity of information and the stereotypic fit of a suspect’s occupation to a crime context. Prior exposure to both categorical information (Study 1)...

  2. The efficacy of the old way/new way methodology on the correction of an automated technical error and its impact on the athlete’s psychological skills : Case study in tennis

    Lameiras, João; Almeida, Pedro Henrique Garcia Lopes de; Garcia-Mas, Alexandre
    The aim of this study was to evaluated the efficacy of the Old Way/New Way methodology (Lyndon, 1989/2000) with regard to the permanent correction of a consolidated and automated technical error experienced by a tennis athlete (who is 18 years old and has been engaged in practice mode for about 6 years) in the execution of serves. Additionally, the study assessed the impact of intervention on the athlete’s psychological skills. An individualized intervention was designed using strategies that aimed to produce a) a detailed analysis of the error using video images; b) an increased kinaesthetic awareness; c) a reactivation of memory error; d) the discrimination and generalization of the...

  3. Strategic numeracy : self-serving reasoning about health statistics

    Mata, André; Sherman, Steven J.; Ferreira, Mário Augusto Boto; Mendonça, Cristina
    This research shows that the same people who appear to have low numerical competence when analyzing personally irrelevant health-related numerical information are able to overcome their reasoning shortcomings and make better judgments when they are shown equivalent information that is personally relevant, and when only a sophisticated kind of reasoning enables them to interpret this information in a favorable way. The fact that people can engage in poorer or more sophisticated numerical reasoning depending on whether that reasoning produces favorable or unfavorable conclusions has implications both for the concept of numeracy as an individual-difference variable and for health communication.

  4. Hearing a statement now and believing the opposite later

    Garcia-Marques, Teresa; Silva, Rita Rocha da; Reber, Rolf; Unkelbach, Christian
    Existing findings on the truth effect could be explained by recollection of the statements presented in the exposure phase. In order to examine a pure fluency account of this effect,we tested a unique prediction that could not be derived from recollection of a statement. In one experiment, participants judged the truth of a statement that had the same surface appearance as a statement presented earlier but contradicted it, for example “crocodiles sleep with their eyes open” one week after having heard “crocodiles sleep with their eyes closed”.We predicted and found that participants judged contradictory statements as being more false than new statements after a delay of...

  5. Psychology in the realm of sport injury : What it is all about

    Almeida, Pedro Henrique Garcia Lopes de; Olmedilla, Aurelio; Rubio, Víctor J.; Palou, Pere
    Sport injuries are a constant in physical activity and sport and represent, to a greater or lesser degree, an obstacle that most athletes have to face and which could have an impact on economical, occupational and educational aspects, as well as on physical and psychological health. Traditionally, sport injury was deemed the result of biomechanical forces exerted on the body and sustained during participation in sport activity, under which perspective the athlete is considered merely as the container of a set of parts that break down and must be repaired. In contrast, Sport Psychology has brought the individual into a central active role, both...

  6. Beneficios percibidos de las lesiones deportivas: Estudio cualitativo en futbolistas profesionales y semiprofesionales

    Almeida, Pedro Henrique Garcia Lopes de; Luciano, Rui; Lameiras, João
    The aim o f the study was to identify and analyze the perceived benefits associated with sports injury in 16 professional and semi-professional players who were injured during sports practice. For data collection semi-structured interviews were conducted, content analyses being performed through the QSR Nvivo 2.0 software. 31 participants reported perceived benefits throughout the injury process, with social support and sports education referrals. The findings point to the importance of including positive aspects for a clearer and more complete understanding of the overall impact of sports injuries.

  7. Incorporación de una rutina para la optimización del rendimiento deportivo

    Lameiras, João; Almeida, Pedro Henrique Garcia Lopes de; Pons, Juan; Garcia-Mas, Alexandre
    The aim of the study was to assess the impact of the inclusion of a routine in the performance of a young player, in terms of direct free execution. Based on the Five-step Approach (Singer, 2000) an individualized intervention directed towards the learning and systematization of a routine was conducted, using strategies for physical, technical and mental preparation of the athlete. The results indicate that after the intervention the athlete’s performance improved significantly, demonstrating the positive impact of incorporating routines, similar to results of previous studies (e.g. Ajamil, Pascual, Idiakez and Echevarria, 2011; Czech, Ploszay and Burke, 2004; Lidor and Mayan, 2005; Singer, 2002)....

  8. False memories and impressions of personality

    Garcia-Marques, Leonel; Ferreira, Mário Augusto Boto; Nunes, Ludmila Duarte; Garrido, Margarida Vaz; Garcia-Marques, Teresa
    We extended the false memories paradigm to the study of impressions formation. Traits most commonly used in describing person-targets were employed to identify the four clusters underlying the implicit theory of personality semantic structure (intellectual positive and negative; social positive and negative). Finally, we developed lists including semantic neighbors of the traits closest to the clusters’ centroid and athematic (non-trait) words. Participants were presented with these lists and instructed to either form an impression of a person described by those words or simply to memorize them. Impression formation relative to memory participants produced higher levels of false memories of lures corresponding to the same cluster of the list traits and...

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