Lameiras, João; Almeida, Pedro Henrique Garcia Lopes de; Garcia-Mas, Alexandre
The aim of this study was to evaluated the efficacy of the Old
Way/New Way methodology (Lyndon, 1989/2000) with regard to the permanent
correction of a consolidated and automated technical error experienced
by a tennis athlete (who is 18 years old and has been engaged in
practice mode for about 6 years) in the execution of serves. Additionally,
the study assessed the impact of intervention on the athlete’s psychological
skills. An individualized intervention was designed using strategies that
aimed to produce a) a detailed analysis of the error using video images;
b) an increased kinaesthetic awareness; c) a reactivation of memory error;
d) the discrimination and generalization of the...
Mata, André; Sherman, Steven J.; Ferreira, Mário Augusto Boto; Mendonça, Cristina
This research shows that the same people who appear to have low numerical competence
when analyzing personally irrelevant health-related numerical information are
able to overcome their reasoning shortcomings and make better judgments when they
are shown equivalent information that is personally relevant, and when only a sophisticated
kind of reasoning enables them to interpret this information in a favorable way.
The fact that people can engage in poorer or more sophisticated numerical reasoning
depending on whether that reasoning produces favorable or unfavorable conclusions
has implications both for the concept of numeracy as an individual-difference variable
and for health communication.
Garcia-Marques, Teresa; Silva, Rita Rocha da; Reber, Rolf; Unkelbach, Christian
Existing findings on the truth effect could be explained by recollection of the statements presented in the exposure
phase. In order to examine a pure fluency account of this effect,we tested a unique prediction that could not
be derived from recollection of a statement. In one experiment, participants judged the truth of a statement that
had the same surface appearance as a statement presented earlier but contradicted it, for example “crocodiles
sleep with their eyes open” one week after having heard “crocodiles sleep with their eyes closed”.We predicted
and found that participants judged contradictory statements as being more false than new statements after a
Almeida, Pedro Henrique Garcia Lopes de; Olmedilla, Aurelio; Rubio, Víctor J.; Palou, Pere
Sport injuries are a constant in physical activity and sport and represent, to a greater or lesser degree, an obstacle that most athletes have
to face and which could have an impact on economical, occupational and educational aspects, as well as on physical and psychological health.
Traditionally, sport injury was deemed the result of biomechanical forces exerted on the body and sustained during participation in sport activity, under
which perspective the athlete is considered merely as the container of a set of parts that break down and must be repaired. In contrast, Sport Psychology
has brought the individual into a central active role, both...
Almeida, Pedro Henrique Garcia Lopes de; Luciano, Rui; Lameiras, João
The aim o f the study was to identify and analyze the perceived benefits associated with sports injury in 16 professional and semi-professional
players who were injured during sports practice. For data collection semi-structured interviews were conducted, content analyses being performed
through the QSR Nvivo 2.0 software. 31 participants reported perceived benefits throughout the injury process, with social support and sports education
referrals. The findings point to the importance of including positive aspects for a clearer and more complete understanding of the overall impact of sports
Lameiras, João; Almeida, Pedro Henrique Garcia Lopes de; Pons, Juan; Garcia-Mas, Alexandre
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of the inclusion of a routine in the performance of a young player, in terms of direct free
execution. Based on the Five-step Approach (Singer, 2000) an individualized intervention directed towards the learning and systematization of a routine
was conducted, using strategies for physical, technical and mental preparation of the athlete. The results indicate that after the intervention the athlete’s
performance improved significantly, demonstrating the positive impact of incorporating routines, similar to results of previous studies (e.g. Ajamil,
Pascual, Idiakez and Echevarria, 2011; Czech, Ploszay and Burke, 2004; Lidor and Mayan, 2005; Singer, 2002)....
Garcia-Marques, Leonel; Ferreira, Mário Augusto Boto; Nunes, Ludmila Duarte; Garrido, Margarida Vaz; Garcia-Marques, Teresa
We extended the false memories paradigm to the study of impressions
formation. Traits most commonly used in describing person-targets
were employed to identify the four clusters underlying the implicit
theory of personality semantic structure (intellectual positive and negative;
social positive and negative). Finally, we developed lists including
semantic neighbors of the traits closest to the clusters’ centroid and athematic
(non-trait) words. Participants were presented with these lists
and instructed to either form an impression of a person described by
those words or simply to memorize them. Impression formation relative
to memory participants produced higher levels of false memories of
lures corresponding to the same cluster of the list traits and...