Maume, Michael O.; Lanier, Christina L.; Hossfeld, Leslie H.; Wehmann, Kyle
This study relies on the concept of social isolation to analyze variation in weapon use in intimate partner violence (IPV) cases in rural North Carolina. Social isolation and IPV weapon use are operationalized through census and IPV incident data collected in three rural counties in southeastern North Carolina. The authors relied on reports of IPV from law enforcement agencies within these counties, which were geocoded by address and located within census tracts to assess IPV weapon use and its correlates across sub-county areas. The current study expands on studies of weapon use and social isolation by criminologists and public health...
Barrick, Kelle; Lattimore, Pamela K.; Pitts, Wayne J.; Zhang, Sheldon X.
Human trafficking is a hidden domestic and international problem of unknown numbers and unsubstantiated estimates. Most research on labor trafficking has focused on known cases through conducting stakeholder interviews and reviewing police and court case files. This limited prior research suggests that demographic characteristics and level of acculturation may impact one’s risk for labor trafficking victimization. However, these relationships have not been consistently demonstrated. The current research explores two primary research questions: (1) how prevalent is labor trafficking and other labor exploitation among farmworkers in North Carolina; and (2) do individual-level characteristics or circumstances place a person at greater risk...
Bunei, Emmanuel K.; Rono, Joseph K.; Chessa, Samuel R.
Crime rates in rural Kenya continue to increase, with a majority of farms experiencing more and more crime. These experiences have prompted rural farmers to opt for tactics that have the potential to minimize their own risk to victimisation, but which do not address the economic and social structural causes of crime in Kenya. This article reports on the findings of a study conducted on the adoption of farm crime prevention measures and their relationship to past victimisation experiences. Data for this study came from a survey of 200 farmers who were randomly selected in Uasin Gishu County of Kenya....
The heroin scene on the Shetland Islands (GB) has been investigated with the objective to obtain an encompassing and profound insight into the relationship of location- and time-specific factors impacting on the nature and characteristics of illicit drug use and its surrounding social structures. Twenty-four local heroin users with differing using styles have been interviewed in-depth. According to the Shetland heroin users, the island heroin scene had existed for approximately two decades since the late 1970s in a socially integrated and unobtrusive way. As a result of a combination of diverse micro- and macro-social influences, the subculture began to change...
Doucet, Jessica M.; Lee, Matthew R.
Civic community theory has emerged in the last 10 years as a middle range theory to explain community variation in rates of crime. It has proven to be particularly powerful for explaining variations in violent crime across rural communities in the U.S. This essay provides a review of the available published literature testing components of the theory. The three main conceptual dimensions of the civic community thesis are outlined, and the nature of the empirical evidence is evaluated. The essay concludes with several suggestions for future research.
Donnermeyer, Joseph F.