Fangueiro, JF; Andreani, T; Egea, MA; Garcia, ML; Souto, SB; Silva, AM; Souto, EB
In the present study we have developed lipid nanoparticle (LN) dispersions based on a multiple emulsion technique for encapsulation of hydrophilic drugs or/and proteins by a full factorial design. In order to increase ocular retention time and mucoadhesion by electrostatic attraction, a cationic lipid, namely cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), was added in the lipid matrix of the optimal LN dispersion obtained from the factorial design. There are a limited number of studies reporting the ideal concentration of cationic agents in LN for drug delivery. This paper suggests that the choice of the concentration of a cationic agent is critical when formulating...
Carvalho, A; Cunha, C; Almeida, AJ; Osório, NS; Saraiva, M; Teixeira-Coelho, M; Pedreiro, S; Torrado, E; Domingues, N; Gomes-Alves, AG; Marques, A; Silva MG; Lacerda, JF; Gomes, M; Pinto, AC; Torres, F; Rendeiro, P; Tavares, P; Di Ianni, M; Heutink, P; Bracci, PM; Conde, L; Ludovico, P; Pedrosa, J; Maciel, P; Pitzurra, L; Aversa, F; Marques, H; Paiva, A; Skibola, CF; Romani, L; Castro, AG; Rodrigues, F
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) has been associated with immunological defects, chronic inflammatory and autoimmune conditions. Given the link between immune dysfunction and NHL, genetic variants in toll-like receptors (TLRs) have been regarded as potential predictive factors of susceptibility to NHL. Adequate anti-tumoral responses are known to depend on TLR9 function, such that the use of its synthetic ligand is being targeted as a therapeutic strategy. We investigated the association between the functional rs5743836 polymorphism in the TLR9 promoter and risk for B-cell NHL and its major subtypes in three independent case-control association studies from Portugal (1160 controls, 797 patients), Italy (468...
Krug, T; Manso, H; Gouveia, L; Sobral, J; Xavier, JM; Albergaria, I; Gaspar, G; Correia, M; Viana-Baptista, M; Simões, RN; Pinto, AN; Taipa, R; Ferreira, C; Fontes, JR; Silva, MR; Gabriel, JP; Matos, I; Lopes, G; Ferro, JM; Vicente, AM; Oliveira, SA
Cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. They are complex disorders resulting from the interplay of genetic and environmental factors, and may share several susceptibility genes. Several recent studies have implicated variants of the Kalirin (KALRN) gene with susceptibility to cardiovascular and metabolic phenotypes, but no studies have yet been performed in stroke patients. KALRN is involved, among others, in the inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase, in the regulation of ischemic signal transduction, and in neuronal morphogenesis, plasticity, and stability. The goal of the present study was to determine whether SNPs in the...
Lima, E; Branco, F; Parente, J; Autorino, R; Correia-Pinto, J
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4. What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Until now, the transvaginal approach has been the only method of removing larger specimens from the abdominal cavity using natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery. There has been no means of extracting larger specimens in men and the means are restricted even in women, particularly in young women. The present study shows that the difficulty of large specimen retrieval can be overcome, irrespective of the diameter of the chosen port, through natural orifices using morcellation.
To show, in a porcine model,...
Precioso, J; Calheiros, J; Samorinha, C; Antunes, H; Machado, JE; Macedo, M; Bonito, J; Vitória, P; Ravara, S
Childhood exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) is associated with serious health problems. Despite the recognised severity of childhood exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), several studies show high prevalence of exposed children in the world and also in Portugal. In order to protect children of this serious health hazard an ETS type preventive programme, “Smoke free-homes”, was developed and tested in Portugal. Its main purpose is to increase the number of parents who do not smoke and / or to reinforce the norm of not allowing smoking at home and in the car, enabling “participant students” to proactively promote...
Nogueira-Silva, C; Piairo, P; Carvalho-Dias, E; Veiga, C; Moura, RS; Correia-Pinto, J
The glycoprotein 130 (gp130) dependent family of cytokines comprises interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-11, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), cardiotrophin-like cytokine (CLC), ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) and oncostatin M (OSM). These cytokines share the membrane gp130 as a common signal transducer. Recently, it was demonstrated that IL-6 promotes, whereas LIF inhibits fetal lung branching. Thus, in this study, the effects on fetal lung morphogenesis of the other classical members of the gp130-type cytokines (IL-11, CLC, CNTF, CT-1 and OSM) were investigated. We also provide the first description of these cytokines and their common gp130 receptor protein expression patterns during rat lung...
Rodrigues, PL; Vilaça, JL; Oliveira, C; Cicione, A; Rassweiler, J; Fonseca, J; Rodrigues, NF; Correia-Pinto, J; Lima, E
Precise needle puncture of the renal collecting system is a challenging and essential step for successful percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). This works aims to evaluate the efficiency of a new real-time electromagnetic tracking (EMT) system for in vivo kidney puncture.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Six anesthetized female pigs underwent ureterorenoscopies in order to place a catheter with an EMT sensor into the desired puncture site and to ascertain the success of puncture. Subsequently, a tracked needle with a similar EMT sensor was navigated into the sensor inside the catheter. Four punctures were performed by two surgeons in each pig: one in the kidney and...
Precioso, J; Araújo; Machado, J; Samorinha, C; Calheiros, J; Becoña, E; Ravara, S; Vitória, P; Rosas, M; Bonito, J; Antunes, H
Nogueira-Silva, C; Carvalho-Dias, C; Piairo, P; Nunes, S; Baptista, MJ; Moura, RS; Correia-Pinto, J
Antenatal stimulation of lung growth is a reasonable approach to treat congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), a disease characterized by pulmonary hypoplasia and hypertension. Several evidences from the literature demonstrated a possible involvement of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) during fetal lung development. Thus, the expression pattern of renin, angiotensin-converting enzyme, angiotensinogen, type 1 (AT₁) and type 2 (AT₂) receptors of angiotensin II (ANGII) was assessed by immunohisto-chemistry throughout gestation, whereas the function of RAS in the fetal lung was evaluated using fetal rat lung explants. These were morphometrically analyzed and intracellular pathway alterations assessed by Western blot. In nitrofen-induced CDH model, pregnant...
Rosa, A; Fonseca, BV; Krug, T; Manso, H; Gouveia, L; Albergaria, I; Gaspar, G; Correia, M; Viana-Baptista, M; Simões, RM; Pinto, AN; Taipa, R; Ferreira, C; Fontes, JR; Gabriel, JP; Matos, I; Lopes, G; Ferro, JM; Vicente, AM; Oliveira, SA
The genetic contribution to stroke is well established but it has proven difficult to identify the genes and the disease-associated alleles mediating this effect, possibly because only nuclear genes have been intensely investigated so far. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has been implicated in several disorders having stroke as one of its clinical manifestations. The aim of this case-control study was to assess the contribution of mtDNA polymorphisms and haplogroups to ischemic stroke risk.
We genotyped 19 mtDNA single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) defining the major European haplogroups in 534 ischemic stroke patients and 499 controls collected in Portugal, and tested their allelic and...
Gomes, C; Rebelo, V; Barbosa, M; Oliveira, C
Piairo, P; Moura, RS; Nogueira-Silva, C; Correia-Pinto, J
Apelin and its receptor APJ constitute a signaling pathway best recognized as an important regulator of cardiovascular homeostasis. This multifunctional peptidergic system is currently being described to be involved in embryonic events which extend into vascular, ocular and heart development. Additionally, it is highly expressed in pulmonary tissue. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the role of apelinergic system during fetal lung development. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis were used to characterize apelin and APJ expression levels and cellular localization in normal fetal rat lungs, at five different gestational ages as well as in the adult. Fetal...
Lemos, L; Fontes, R; Flores, S; Oliveira, P; Almeida, A
Treatment of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is achieved by using adjuvant analgesics like antiepileptics, with carbamazepine (CBZ) being the first-line approach for TN patients, although side effects may be present. Other approaches using gabapentin, namely when associated with peripheral analgesic block of TN trigger points with the local anesthetic ropivacaine (ROP), resulted in decreased pain and daily drug intake (reduced side effects). This study evaluates if the association between CBZ and the peripheral block with ROP reinforces the clinical value of CBZ. In this parallel, double-blinded study, idiopathic TN patients were randomized to receive during 4 weeks either CBZ (CBZ; n...
Nogueira-Silva, C; Carvalho-Dias, E; Piairo, P; Nunes, S; Baptista, MJ; Moura, RS; Correia-Pinto, J
Antenatal stimulation of lung growth is a reasonable approach to treat congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), a disease characterized by pulmonary hypoplasia and hypertension. Several evidences from the literature demonstrated a possible involvement of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) during fetal lung development. Thus, the expression pattern of renin, angiotensin-converting enzyme, angiotensinogen, type 1 (AT(1)) and type 2 (AT(2)) receptors of angiotensin II (ANGII) was assessed by immunohistochemistry throughout gestation, whereas the function of RAS in the fetal lung was evaluated using fetal rat lung explants. These were morphometrically analyzed and intracellular pathway alterations assessed by Western blot. In nitrofen-induced CDH model, pregnant...
Nogueira-Silva, C; Piairo, P; Carvalho-Dias, E; Peixoto, FO; Moura, RS; Correia-Pinto, J
BACKGROUND: Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6)
are members of the family of the glycoprotein 130 (gp130)-type
cytokines. These cytokines share gp130 as a common signal transducer,
which explains why they show some functional redundancy. Recently, it
was demonstrated that IL-6 promotes fetal lung branching.
Additionally, LIF has been implicated in developmental processes of
some branching organs. Thus, in this study LIF expression pattern and
its effects on fetal rat lung morphogenesis were assessed.
METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: LIF and its subunit receptor LIFRα
expression levels were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and western
blot in fetal rat lungs of different gestational ages, ranging from
13.5 to 21.5 days post-conception. Throughout all gestational ages
Lemos, L; Alegria, C; Oliveira, J; Machado, A; Oliveira, P; Almeida, A
In idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (TN) the neuroimaging evaluation is usually normal, but in some cases a vascular compression of trigeminal nerve root is present. Although the latter condition may be referred to surgery, drug therapy is usually the first approach to control pain. This study compared the clinical outcome and direct costs of (1) a traditional treatment (carbamazepine [CBZ] in monotherapy [CBZ protocol]), (2) the association of gabapentin (GBP) and analgesic block of trigger-points with ropivacaine (ROP) (GBP+ROP protocol), and (3) a common TN surgery, microvascular decompression of the trigeminal nerve (MVD protocol). Sixty-two TN patients were randomly treated during...