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Repositório do ISPA Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada (12.289 recursos)

No Repositório do ISPA pode encontrar diversos tipos de documentos, em formato digital, resultantes da produção científica do ISPA designadamente: teses de doutoramento, teses de mestrado, artigos em publicações periódicas nacionais e internacionais, relatórios técnicos, artigos em actas de conferências nacionais e internacionais e capítulos de livros.

PCLI - Artigos em revistas internacionais

Mostrando recursos 1 - 13 de 13

  1. Portuguese war veterans: Moral injury and factors related to recovery from PTSD

    Ferrajão, Paulo; Oliveira, Rui Aragão Gomes
    This study explored the factors to which a sample of Portuguese war veterans attributed their recovery from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Participants were a sample of veterans (N = 60) with mental sequelae of the Portuguese Colonial War: 30 suffered from chronic PTSD (unrecovered) and 30 veterans with remission from PTSD (recovered). Two semistructured interviews were conducted. Analysis of the interviews was conducted using the Thematic and Categorical Analysis. Results showed that unrecovered participants reported higher postwar betrayal, appraisal of hostile societal homecoming, social stigmatization, lack of personal resources (mental fatigue and restriction of coping strategies), and reduced perceived social...

  2. Existential psychotherapy the genetic-phenomenological approach: Beyond a dichotomy between relating and skills

    Sousa, Daniel Cunha Monteiro de
    There is a lack of clarity about the technical interventions of existential psychotherapy. The approach has been described dichotomously as being more descriptive or more hermeneutic, as being anti-technique or relying on intervention exclusively experiential nature. This paper presents a genetic-phenomenological approach of existential psychotherapy and argues that it uses both postures and therapeutic techniques that are interconnected and influence each other in the therapeutic process. The existential therapist’s interventions are based in part on common factors but also on specific techniques. The paper presents a theoretical framework of existential psychotherapy and a definition of the postures and intervention techniques...

  3. The practices of existential psychotherapists: Development and application of an observational grid

    Correia, Edgar A.; Lima, Vítor André Diaz y Pais Sartóris de; Fernandes, Tiago Miguel Dos Santos; Cooper, Mick; Berdondini, Lucia; Sousa, Daniel Cunha Monteiro de; Pires, Branca Sá; Fonseca, João Eusébio da
    Within the major therapeutic paradigms, observational instruments have been developed to assess orientation-specific interventions or processes. However, to date, no such instrument exists to assess existential practices. Recent research indicates the key practices of existential therapists, and forms an empirical basis on which to develop an observatory grid. This paper describes the development of such a grid, and its exploratory testing with eight clients of four Portuguese existential psychotherapists. A total of 32 sessions were observed and both speaking turn and whole-session analysis showed that it was feasible to assess existential therapy using the instrument, although psychometric findings recommend further refinement of the tool. Session-rating data suggest that the chief practices...

  4. Assessment of change in psychoanalysis : Another way of using the change after psychotherapy scales

    Pires, António Augusto Pazo; Gonçalves, João; Sá, Vânia; Silva, Andrea Manuela Melo; Sandell, Rolf
    A systematic method is presented whereby material from a full course of psychoanalytic treatment is analyzed to assess changes and identify patterns of change. Through an analysis of session notes, changes were assessed using the CHange After Psychotherapy scales (CHAP; Sandell 1987a), which evaluate changes in five rating variables (symptoms, adaptive capacity, insight, basic conflicts, and extratherapeutic factors). Change incidents were identified in nearly every session. Early in the analysis, relatively more change incidents related to insight were found than were found for the other types of change. By contrast, in the third year and part of the fourth year,...

  5. Toxicodependência e maternidade : Uma revisão de literatura

    Silva, Sofia A.; Pires, António Augusto Pazo; Gouveia, Maria João Pinheiro Morais
    Pretende fazer-se uma revisão da literatura acerca da parentalidade de mães toxicodependentes, abordando as 1) consequências da toxicodependência na maternidade e 2) as condições ambientais e contextuais dos pais toxicodependentes, e suas famílias de origem. A literatura atual aponta para um comportamento parental perturbado das mães toxicodependentes, embora saliente a importância da gravidez e maternidade como fator predisponente ao início de um tratamento e recuperação. São referidos efeitos disruptivos na saúde, nascimento e desenvolvimento pós-natal das crianças, na qualidade do vínculo e da interação mãe-filho, bem como repercussões que se refletem na inadequação de cuidados maternais e risco aumentado de negligência e abuso. A investigação focaliza a atenção em algumas...

  6. Masturbation and pornography use among coupled heterosexual men with decreased sexual desire : How many roles of masturbation?

    Carvalheira, Ana Alexandra; Traeen, Bente; Stulhofer, Aleksandar
    The relation between masturbation and sexual desire has not been systematically studied. The present study assessed the association between masturbation and pornography use and the predictors and correlates of frequent masturbation (several times a week or more often) among coupled heterosexual men who reported decreased sexual desire. Analyses were carried out on a subset of 596 men with decreased sexual desire (mean age = 40.2 years) who were recruited as part of a large online study on male sexual health in 3 European countries. A majority of the participants (67%) reported masturbating at least once a week. Among men who masturbated frequently, 70% used pornography at least...

  7. Validation in qualitative research: General aspects and specificities of the descriptive phenomenological method

    Sousa, Daniel Cunha Monteiro de
    The criteria for the validation of qualitative research are still open to discussion. This article has two aims: first, to present a summary of concepts, emerging from the field of qualitative research that present answers regarding issues of validation, reliability, and generalization; and second, to propose six concepts that allow the monitoring of the validation of phenomenological research within the context of qualitative research in psychology—intentionality, psychological phenomenological reduction, eidetic psychological analysis, syntheses of identification, phenomenon versus individual, and invariant structures. It is argued that there are general criteria that qualitative methods must meet, and specific methodological criteria to monitor the quality control. A final definition is proposed, to...

  8. From self-integration in personal schemas of morally experiences to self-awareness of mental states : A qualitative study among a sample of Portuguese war veterans

    Ferrajão, Paulo; Oliveira, Rui Aragão Gomes
    This study explored the factors to which a sample of Portuguese war veterans attributed their recovery from posttraumatic symptoms related to their war experiences. Participants were a sample (n 60) of war veterans with mental sequelae of the Portuguese Colonial war: 30 suffered from chronic PTSD (unrecovered) and 30 veterans with remission from PTSD (recovered). Two individual semistructured interviews were conducted. Analysis of the interviews was conducted using the Thematic and Categorical Analysis. Six themes were identified to which participants attributed their recovery: war zone stressors, stressful life events, mental and coping strategies, self-integration in personal schemas of morally incongruent experiences, self-awareness of mental states, and perceived...

  9. Immature psychological defense mechanisms are associated with greater personal importance of junkfood, alcohol, and television

    Costa, Rui Miguel; Brody, Stuart
    Immature psychological defense mechanisms are psychological processes that play an important role in suppressing emotional awareness and contribute to psychopathology. In addition, unhealthy food, television viewing, and alcohol consumption can be among the means to escape self-awareness. In contrast, engaging in, and responding fully to specifically penile-vaginal intercourse (PVI) is associated with indices of better emotional regulation, including less use of immature defense mechanisms. There was a lack of research on the association of immature defense mechanisms with personal importance of junk food, alcohol, television, PVI, and noncoital sex. In an online survey, 334 primarily Scottish women completed the Defense...

  10. NEO-FFI: Psychometric properties of a short personality inventory in portuguese context

    Magalhães, Eunice; Salgueira, Ana; Gonzalez, António José C. A.; Costa, José Joaquim; Costa, Manuel João; Costa, Patrício; Lima, Margarida Pedroso
    The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties (validity and reliability) of the Portuguese adaptation of the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) and to compare the obtained structure to the original North American version. The methods of analysis used for cross-validation of the factorial structure were the Principal Axis Factoring (PAF) and the Confi rmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). PAF reproduced the original structure of NEO-FFI and CFA revealed a satisfactory fi t of single-factor models for the fi ve dimensions. The reliability analysis showed high values of internal consistency which are congruent with previous international adaptations of the NEO-FFI. Multidimensional analysis showed signifi cant main...

  11. Directed forgetting in major depression

    Cláudio, Victor; Noronha, Maria; Balola, Michele Ferreira
    Basing ourselves upon the cognitive processing and recall of information, we studied directed forgetting in a sample of individuals diagnosed with major depressive disorder. The sample consisted of 30 such subjects and also included 15 subjects diagnosed with panic disorder and 30 subjects without a psychopathological disorder. The depressed subjects were evaluated on two occasions three months apart. We used a series of clinical scales and a Directed Forgetting Task. The results indicated that the instruction to forget was effective for the three groups. Depressed subjects showed a bias towards negative information in the processing and recall of information in depressed subjects. In addition, a self-characterisation task...

  12. Phenomenological psychology Husserl’s static and genetic methods

    Sousa, Daniel Cunha Monteiro de
    A new framework for phenomenological psychology is proposed based on Husserl’s static and genetic methods. Static phenomenology holds a eidetic psychology centred on the processes of noetic-noematic constitution and elaborates typologies and general notions about human beings in connection with the world. Genetic analysis is research into facticity, it focus on the personal history of a subject, which is constantly in the process of becoming. When the temporal dimension of consciousness is considered, the phenomenological method becomes ‘static’, as it excludes the factitious dimension of self, its personal and individual history, sedimented in layers of meaning, which are in part pre-reflective, non-thematic and anonymous to the self, but which nevertheless...

  13. The Internet profiles of men who have sex with men within bareback websites

    Nodin, Nuno; Valera, Pamela; Ventuneac, Ana; Maynard, Emily; Carballo-Diéguez, Alex
    The Internet has become a venue for men who have sex with men to search for sexual partners. Some of these men intentionally seek unprotected anal intercourse with other men (‘bareback’ sex). This paper focuses on the creation, use, and content of Internet personal profiles of men who have sex with men in the greater New York City metropolitan area who use bareback sites for sexual networking. We used a mixedmethods approach to examine data from a cybercartography of Internet sites conducted during the first phase of the research (199 personal profiles) and from in-depth interviews conducted during its second phase (120 men who have sex with...

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