Recursos de colección

Archivo Digital UPM (109.492 recursos)

This is an institutional repository providing access to the research output of the institution. Primarily contains thesis.

Materia = Geografía

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 270

  1. Crisis and the city: neoliberalism, austerity planning and the production of space

    Sevilla Buitrago, Álvaro
    The current crisis, with its particularly severe configuration in Southern European countries, provides an opportunity to probe the interrelation of economic crunches and the praduction of space, and also to imagine potential paths of sociospatial emancipation from the dictates of global markets. This introductory chapter offers a preliminary interpretive framework exploring the fundamental role of urban and territorial restructuring in the formation, management and resolution of capitalist crises and, conversely, periods of crisis as key stages in the history of urbanization. I will begin by contextualizing the 2007-8 economic slump, the subsequent global recession and its uneven impact on states...

  2. Gramsci and Foucault in Central Park: Environmental hegemonies, pedagogical spaces and integral state formations

    Sevilla Buitrago, Álvaro
    Gramsci’s and Foucault’s readings of power provide critical illuminations for understanding the linkage of state formations to urbanization and the spatial production of subjectivity. This article uses Central Park to illustrate how a combination of their insights helps to elucidate the emergence of pedagogical spaces and environmental hegemonies. I first propose a conceptual framework drawing on diverse parallels and tensions in Gramsci’s Quaderni del carcere and Foucault’s investigations in the 1970s, reassessed here from the vantage point of the implicit debate with Marxism in La société punitive. Urbanization and the built environment are theorized as material apparatuses of a form...

  3. Capitalist Formations of Enclosure: Space and the Extinction of the Commons

    Sevilla Buitrago, Álvaro
    Despite their theoretical and political potential, recent debates on enclosure usually lack an effective consideration of how space is mobilized in the process of dispossession. This article connects the analysis of enclosure's general spatial rationality to a range of illustrations of its particular formations and procedures. Enclosure is understood as one of capitalism's “universal territorial equivalents”, a polymorphous technique with variegated expressions in time but also with a consistent logic that uses the spatial erosion of the commons to subsume non-commodified, self-managed social spaces. In response to the ever-changing nature of commoning, successive regimes of enclosure reshape the morphologies of...

  4. Landscape struggles, environmental hegemonies and the politics of urban design

    Sevilla Buitrago, Álvaro
    What would a Central Park designed by proletarians look like? How would such a subaltern landscape differ from the creatures of nineteenth-century bourgeois pastoral taste that we have come to identify with urban nature? Would Manhattan’s structure and social space have been radically changed by such a historical detour? Landscape and New York City scholars are familiar with the demands and proposals of various working-class groups and organs during and following the creation of the park. A system of green and open spaces in Lower Manhattan and other sites near workplaces and poor neighborhoods would have replaced the idea of a...

  5. Crisis and the city: neoliberalism, austerity planning and the production of space

    Sevilla Buitrago, Álvaro
    The current crisis, with its particularly severe configuration in Southern European countries, provides an opportunity to probe the interrelation of economic crunches and the praduction of space, and also to imagine potential paths of sociospatial emancipation from the dictates of global markets. This introductory chapter offers a preliminary interpretive framework exploring the fundamental role of urban and territorial restructuring in the formation, management and resolution of capitalist crises and, conversely, periods of crisis as key stages in the history of urbanization. I will begin by contextualizing the 2007-8 economic slump, the subsequent global recession and its uneven impact on states...

  6. Capitalist Formations of Enclosure: Space and the Extinction of the Commons

    Sevilla Buitrago, Alvaro
    Despite their theoretical and political potential, recent debates on enclosure usually lack an effective consideration of how space is mobilized in the process of dispossession. This article connects the analysis of enclosure's general spatial rationality to a range of illustrations of its particular formations and procedures. Enclosure is understood as one of capitalism's “universal territorial equivalents”, a polymorphous technique with variegated expressions in time but also with a consistent logic that uses the spatial erosion of the commons to subsume non-commodified, self-managed social spaces. In response to the ever-changing nature of commoning, successive regimes of enclosure reshape the morphologies of...

  7. Gramsci and Foucault in Central Park: Environmental hegemonies, pedagogical spaces and integral state formations

    Sevilla Buitrago, Alvaro
    Gramsci’s and Foucault’s readings of power provide critical illuminations for understanding the linkage of state formations to urbanization and the spatial production of subjectivity. This article uses Central Park to illustrate how a combination of their insights helps to elucidate the emergence of pedagogical spaces and environmental hegemonies. I first propose a conceptual framework drawing on diverse parallels and tensions in Gramsci’s Quaderni del carcere and Foucault’s investigations in the 1970s, reassessed here from the vantage point of the implicit debate with Marxism in La société punitive. Urbanization and the built environment are theorized as material apparatuses of a form...

  8. El árbol religioso en España

    García Pérez, Guillermo
    El culto antiguo Árbol y las dedicaciones arbóreas a la Virgen en España.

  9. Update of the Urban Heat Island of Madrid and Its Influence on the Building's Energy Simulation

    Núñez Peiró, Miguel; Sánchez-Guevara Sánchez, Carmen; Neila Gonzalez, Francisco Javier
    Despite great advances on building energy evaluation, available climate data does not include the effects of the Urban Heat Island (UHI). This phenomenon, which increases the temperature in urban areas, is variable in both time and space, and implies an important lack of accuracy when simulating within an urban context. During this research the relevance of the UHI in relation to the dwellings energy performance has been confirmed, as well as the existing barriers to integrate the current UHI representations into the dynamic energy simulation process. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out an update of the existing models, in...

  10. Creating story maps for learning purposes: The Black Death Atlas

    Iturrioz Aguirre, Teresa; Gómez Barrón Sierra, Jose Pablo; Alcarria Garrido, Ramón Pablo; Rodríguez Fernández, Clara
    In the current technological context new forms of mapmaking emerge. An increasingly common one produces story maps, maps that are shown with synchronized explanatory text, to visualize events in a spatial context. Story maps could be defined as the explicit display of such spatial and temporal landmarks on the grounds that a story is constructed. In this paper we present a story map oriented to pedagogical purposes. We have compiled an atlas displaying the expansion of the Black Death in Europe between 1346 and 1347, when the largest epidemic outbreak in the History of Europe ravaged the continent. To depict...

  11. Affective Mapping of Social Networks.

    Wachowicz, Monica; Iturrioz Aguirre, Teresa; Cano, Jorge; Polonia, Amelia; Pinto, Sara
    Very little is know about how the patterns of collective experiences towards a Place can quantitatively as well as qualitatively be represented based on subjective data. Therefore, our research challenge is two-fold: (a) to define what Place is by pointing to ways in which emotion states can be observed and are bound together within a social network; and (b) to develop a visual representation that provides the framework for representing patterns of emotion states associated to this Place. Towards this end, this paper will demonstrate our first results on the analysis of the correspondence obtained in the archive of Simón...

  12. Developing a synthesis process for producing schematic maps from cognitive maps.

    Manrique Sancho, Mª Teresa; Manso Callejo, Miguel Ángel; Wachovicz, M.; Velacoracho, H. R.N.
    Everything humans know of reality is conditioned by the perception of geographical features in such a way that their responses to a situation are not made based on the actual physical environment, but on the cognitive map they have of it. Cognitive maps are internal abstractions of a set of geographical features that have been learned for solving different tasks such as navigation, planning and management. In contrast, schematic maps have been designed by map makers for intentionally emphasizing certain aspects of geographical features in detriment of others by using topographically and geometrically inaccurate generalizations. However, schematic maps play a...

  13. Volunteered Geographic Information System Design: Project and Participation Guidelines

    Gómez Barrón Sierra, Jose Pablo; Manso Callejo, Miguel Ángel; Alcarria Garrido, Ramón Pablo; Iturrioz Aguirre, Teresa
    This article sets forth the early phases of a methodological proposal for designing and developing Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) initiatives based on a system perspective analysis in which the components depend and interact dynamically among each other. First, it focuses on those characteristics of VGI projects that present different goals and modes of organization, while using a crowdsourcing strategy to manage participants and contributions. Next, a tool is developed in order to design the central crowdsourced processing unit that is best suited for a specific project definition, associating it with a trend towards crowd-based or community-driven approaches. The design is...

  14. Logistic groups in the Republic of Panama

    Quijada-Alarcón, Jorge; González Cancelas, Nicoletta; Camarero Orive, Alberto; Soler Flores, Francisco José
    A map of the logistic groups in the Republic of Panama and complementary maps of the distribution of the population density, GDP density, the economic activity "transport, storage and communications", and the primary and secondary road network are presented. The clusters of territorial groups on each map were analyzed and created using the "decision tree" data mining method in order to determine territorial groups with similar characteristics, including logistics infrastructure and nodes, socioeconomics and the environmental situation. At the reference scale of 1:800,000 these maps represent a planning tool to decision makers in land use matters.

  15. Energy needs and vulnerability estimation at an urban scale for residential neighbourhoods heating in Madrid (Spain)

    Martín-Consuegra, F.; Hernández Aja, Agustín; Oteiza San José, Ignacio; Alonso, Carmen
    Urban areas renovation may lead to problematic situations associated with financing of the works in absence of a detailed analysis of the distribution of resources. An analysis of the needs and the obstacles in achieving buildings refurbishment to improve their energy efficiency must be observed. Buildings requiring energy refurbishment will be those with poor construction quality, not adapted to the new energy efficiency requirements. People with insufficient resources to deal with such actions will inhabit many of them. This paper proposes a model for energy needs assessment at an urban scale with the objective set on the refurbishment of residential...

  16. Vulnerabilidad residencial y dinámicas inmobiliarias del crecimiento urbano a la rehabilitación

    Rodríguez Alonso, Raquel; Rodríguez Suárez, Iván; Hernández Aja, Agustín
    Durante los años del boom inmobiliario el desarrollo residencial y urbano, tanto en número de viviendas como en suelo ocupado, alcanzó los mayores índices registrados desde los años 60. Cuando la burbuja estalla, la dimensión que los procesos habían alcanzado queda patente también en sus consecuencias, destacando el incremento de las ejecuciones hipotecarias y los desahucios, y la consecuente expulsión de la población de sus hogares. Las ciudades quedan plagadas de patrimonio edificado que no ha sido nunca utilizado, de infraestructuras sobredimensionadas y sin uso y de desarrollos urbanísticos paralizados con dudosa rentabilidad económica. Sin embargo, los efectos se extienden...

  17. Innovación en productos ganaderos en la República Checa

    Hernández Díaz-Ambrona, Carlos Gregorio
    La introducción de nuevos productos, su elaboración en la propia explotación y la diversificación de actividades son las pautas de la innovación para la sostenibilidad de las explotaciones ganaderas en la República Checa y pueden ser un ejemplo para buscar soluciones innovadoras en un entorno altamente competitivo.

  18. Proposal for climate change impact research in Western Central Andes of Peru

    Villacorta Chambi, Sandra Paula; Ubeda, José; Tatard, Lucile; Diez, Andrés
    In this paper an initiative of the Peruvian Geological Survey, INGEMMET, is shown to promote the research on geomorphology and climate change in Peru. The plan is to elaborate geomorphological maps of the Lima Metropolitan Area and it´s watershed headers (Chillon, Rimac and Lurin rivers), in order to generate analytical instruments to achieve the following objectives: (1) Decode the record of climatic changes in landforms. (2) Delimit water reserves stored as ice masses (cryosphere). (3) Recognize the relationship between the geomorphology and the geological hazards which may affect people and their economic activities. (4) Design a methodology that can be...

  19. Seguimiento del crecimiento urbano de Tuxtla Gutiérrez (Chiapas, México) utilizando técnicas de teledetección.

    Silva Cervantes, Moisés; Garcia Abril, Antonio Damian; Hernando Gallego, Ana
    Seguimiento del crecimiento urbano de Tuxtla Gutiérrez (Chiapas, México) utilizando técnicas de teledetección.

  20. Ámbitos territoriales e integridad de los datos. El caso de las salinas de Andalucía

    Román López, María Emilia; Fariña Tojo, José
    El planeamiento nos tiene acostumbrados a considerar los ámbitos territoriales atendiendo a los límites administrativos correspondientes a su capacidad legal de aprobación. En muchas ocasiones, un tratamiento parcial de los datos puede dar lugar a análisis erróneos y conducir a decisiones equivocadas. De forma que, en algunos casos, para poder adoptar medidas adecuadas y de mayor eficacia sobre un ámbito geográfico determinado resulta imprescindible ajustar el foco de análisis en función de las características específicas de determinadas variables, que dependerán del contexto estudiado. La investigación trata de demostrar lo anterior mediante el estudio de un ejemplo concreto, como es el...

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