Recursos de colección

Archivo Digital UPM (109.118 recursos)

This is an institutional repository providing access to the research output of the institution. Primarily contains thesis.

Materia = Ciencias Sociales

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 659

  1. Motivación en estudiantes de ingeniería: un caso de estudio con teorías e instrumentos para su medida y desarrollo

    Alarcón Cavero, Pedro Pablo; Casado Fuente, María Luisa; López Fernández, Daniel; Rodríguez Sánchez, Manuel
    La motivación es una de las claves fundamentales en el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes universitarios, especialmente en el caso de las carreras de ingeniería, donde la dificultad que estas suponen acarrea en el estudiante una baja sensación de autoeficacia y unas altas cotas de absentismo y abandono. Desde hace tiempo el campo de la psicología ha abordado ampliamente el constructo de la motivación, y en las últimas décadas se han diseñado instrumentos psicopedagógicos como el MSLQ o el MAPE-3 que sirven para favorecer la motivación de los universitarios. Este trabajo presenta una selección de teorías que sirven para comprender...

  2. Crisis and the city: neoliberalism, austerity planning and the production of space

    Sevilla Buitrago, Álvaro
    The current crisis, with its particularly severe configuration in Southern European countries, provides an opportunity to probe the interrelation of economic crunches and the praduction of space, and also to imagine potential paths of sociospatial emancipation from the dictates of global markets. This introductory chapter offers a preliminary interpretive framework exploring the fundamental role of urban and territorial restructuring in the formation, management and resolution of capitalist crises and, conversely, periods of crisis as key stages in the history of urbanization. I will begin by contextualizing the 2007-8 economic slump, the subsequent global recession and its uneven impact on states...

  3. Perception of climate change and farm level adaptation choices in central Kenya

    Asayehegn Gebreeyesus, Kinfe; Temple, Ludovic; Sánchez, Berta; Iglesias, Ana
    This article addresses: The need for adaptation which is highly justified at political level have to be considered at local level also ? Studies concerning adaptation choices at local levels particularly in the coffee agroforestry systems of east Africa are insufficient ? Local people are affected by the changes in climate and the economic pressure; their perception and adaptation depends on the effects from the climate and the economic pressure as well ? Coffee and food crops farmers perceive and respond to climate change differently ? Farmers who implemented multiple adaptation strategies have higher payoff/return compare to farmers who implement...

  4. Gramsci and Foucault in Central Park: Environmental hegemonies, pedagogical spaces and integral state formations

    Sevilla Buitrago, Álvaro
    Gramsci’s and Foucault’s readings of power provide critical illuminations for understanding the linkage of state formations to urbanization and the spatial production of subjectivity. This article uses Central Park to illustrate how a combination of their insights helps to elucidate the emergence of pedagogical spaces and environmental hegemonies. I first propose a conceptual framework drawing on diverse parallels and tensions in Gramsci’s Quaderni del carcere and Foucault’s investigations in the 1970s, reassessed here from the vantage point of the implicit debate with Marxism in La société punitive. Urbanization and the built environment are theorized as material apparatuses of a form...

  5. Capitalist Formations of Enclosure: Space and the Extinction of the Commons

    Sevilla Buitrago, Álvaro
    Despite their theoretical and political potential, recent debates on enclosure usually lack an effective consideration of how space is mobilized in the process of dispossession. This article connects the analysis of enclosure's general spatial rationality to a range of illustrations of its particular formations and procedures. Enclosure is understood as one of capitalism's “universal territorial equivalents”, a polymorphous technique with variegated expressions in time but also with a consistent logic that uses the spatial erosion of the commons to subsume non-commodified, self-managed social spaces. In response to the ever-changing nature of commoning, successive regimes of enclosure reshape the morphologies of...

  6. Landscape struggles, environmental hegemonies and the politics of urban design

    Sevilla Buitrago, Álvaro
    What would a Central Park designed by proletarians look like? How would such a subaltern landscape differ from the creatures of nineteenth-century bourgeois pastoral taste that we have come to identify with urban nature? Would Manhattan’s structure and social space have been radically changed by such a historical detour? Landscape and New York City scholars are familiar with the demands and proposals of various working-class groups and organs during and following the creation of the park. A system of green and open spaces in Lower Manhattan and other sites near workplaces and poor neighborhoods would have replaced the idea of a...

  7. Crisis and the city: neoliberalism, austerity planning and the production of space

    Sevilla Buitrago, Álvaro
    The current crisis, with its particularly severe configuration in Southern European countries, provides an opportunity to probe the interrelation of economic crunches and the praduction of space, and also to imagine potential paths of sociospatial emancipation from the dictates of global markets. This introductory chapter offers a preliminary interpretive framework exploring the fundamental role of urban and territorial restructuring in the formation, management and resolution of capitalist crises and, conversely, periods of crisis as key stages in the history of urbanization. I will begin by contextualizing the 2007-8 economic slump, the subsequent global recession and its uneven impact on states...

  8. Capitalist Formations of Enclosure: Space and the Extinction of the Commons

    Sevilla Buitrago, Alvaro
    Despite their theoretical and political potential, recent debates on enclosure usually lack an effective consideration of how space is mobilized in the process of dispossession. This article connects the analysis of enclosure's general spatial rationality to a range of illustrations of its particular formations and procedures. Enclosure is understood as one of capitalism's “universal territorial equivalents”, a polymorphous technique with variegated expressions in time but also with a consistent logic that uses the spatial erosion of the commons to subsume non-commodified, self-managed social spaces. In response to the ever-changing nature of commoning, successive regimes of enclosure reshape the morphologies of...

  9. Gramsci and Foucault in Central Park: Environmental hegemonies, pedagogical spaces and integral state formations

    Sevilla Buitrago, Alvaro
    Gramsci’s and Foucault’s readings of power provide critical illuminations for understanding the linkage of state formations to urbanization and the spatial production of subjectivity. This article uses Central Park to illustrate how a combination of their insights helps to elucidate the emergence of pedagogical spaces and environmental hegemonies. I first propose a conceptual framework drawing on diverse parallels and tensions in Gramsci’s Quaderni del carcere and Foucault’s investigations in the 1970s, reassessed here from the vantage point of the implicit debate with Marxism in La société punitive. Urbanization and the built environment are theorized as material apparatuses of a form...

  10. MEG spectral analysis in subtypes of mild cognitive impairment

    López García, María Eugenia; Cuesta Prieto, Pablo; Garcés López, Mª Pilar; Castellanos, Nazareth; Aurtenetxe, Sara; Bajo Breton, Ricardo; Marcos Dolado, Alberto; Delgado, M. L.; Montejo, P.; López Pantoja, J. L.; Maestú Unturbe, Fernando; Fernández Lucas, Alberto
    Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) has been described as an intermediate stage between normal aging and dementia. Previous studies characterized the alterations of brain oscillatory activity at this stage, but little is known about the differences between single and multidomain amnestic MCI patients. In order to study the patterns of oscillatory magnetic activity in amnestic MCI subtypes, a total of 105 subjects underwent an eyes-closed resting-state magnetoencephalographic recording: 36 healthy controls, 33 amnestic single domain MCIs (a-sd-MCI), and 36 amnestic multidomain MCIs (a-md-MCI). Relative power values were calculated and compared among groups. Subsequently, relative power values were correlated with neuropsychological tests...

  11. How Fashion Brands Talk to Their Customers on Social Media

    Hernández García, Ángel
    Fashion brands are among the earliest adopters of social media networks. Fashion companies manage social media applications and integrate them into their global marketing strategies in an attempt to shift from transactional to relationship-based approaches. Nevertheless, decisions on social media marketing efforts often rely on intuition and trial and error rather than strategic thinking, which can potentially lead to a disconnection between the brands and their audience. This talk explores the language used by fashion brands in social media and the perception of consumers about brands’ marketing messages, using examples from Europe and Indonesia to help understand and improve the...

  12. The long journey of social media marketing in the fashion industry. From companies' strategies to consumer responses

    Hernández García, Ángel
    This work-in-progress research project aims to cover different aspects of social media marketing in the fashion industry, starting with the creation of a framework for social media marketing strategies deployed by fashion companies. The research defines specific social media strategic actions, in terms of contents posted in different social media platforms, and analyzes their effect on consumers' perceptions and responses. The research features qualitative and quantitative data collected from Italian and Spanish companies, as well as from Indonesian consumers.

  13. Unlacing the entrepreneurial potential : exploring factors influencing entrepreneurial intention and entrepreneurship education in emerging economies

    Alexander, Ian Keith
    It is often assumed that there is a strong correlation between entrepreneurship and economic development and a global movement to promote entrepreneurial action is quickly gaining momentum. In emerging economies entrepreneurship may be of crucial importance. It is believed that “entrepreneurship is the engine that will push the emerging economies forward as the states of the developing world quickly grow to be major economic forces” (Bruton et al., 2008, p. 2), so it is quite surprising that entrepreneurship remains woefully under-examined in this context. This is problematic due to the situated nature of entrepreneurship. Hence, context-specific studies are necessary to...

  14. Social Engineering: I-E based Model of Human Weakness for Attack and Defense Investigations

    Fan, Wenjun; Kevin, Lwakatare; Rong, Rong
    Social engineering is the attack aimed to manipulate dupe to divulge sensitive information or take actions to help the adversary bypass the secure perimeter in front of the information-related resources so that the attacking goals can be completed. Though there are a number of security tools, such as firewalls and intrusion detection systems which are used to protect machines from being attacked, widely accepted mechanism to prevent dupe from fraud is lacking. However, the human element is often the weakest link of an information security chain, especially, in a human-centered environment. In this paper, we reveal that the human psychological...

  15. Innovación social: Análise dos beneficios da recuperación do fuso horario que corresponde a España

    Fernández-Crehuet, José María
    Innovación social: Análise dos beneficios da recuperación do fuso horario que corresponde a España

  16. Patrones toponímicos de urbanizaciones de segunda residencia en el entorno madrileño

    Vázquez Hoehne, Antonio
    Se analizan las tendencias en el significado de los nombres en el entorno madrileño referido a un radio de 100 kilómetros, analizando a qué se deben los nombres de las urbanizaciones de forma mayoritaria.

  17. Valoración del cotejo del Nomenclátor Geográfico Básico de España con los nomenclátores de las distintas comunidades autónomas

    Vázquez Hoehne, Antonio; Rodríguez de Castro, Ayar; Pavo López, Marcos; Montilla Lillo, Marta; Castaño Suárez, Angélica
    Se plantea una perspectiva comparativa de la diferente casuística que resulta en el cotejo del Nomenclátor Geográfico Básico de España (el nomenclátor obtenido a partir de la BTN25 del Instituto Geográfico Nacional) con los diferentes nomenclátores autonómicos.

  18. Nombres y paisajes inconclusos.

    Rodríguez de Castro, Ayar; Rodríguez Chumillas, Isabel
    Se presentan en esta comunicación una serie de proyectos y espacios inconclusos y conflictivos del municipio de Toledo a partir de sus nombre, con el objetivo de plantear el alcance de la información toponímica como información relevante en el análisis geográfico de estos espacios.

  19. El derecho humano al agua y al saneamiento: un tema clave en la intersección Ecología-Derechos Humanos

    Fernández Aller, Celia; De Luis Romero, Elena
    El articulo pretende contribuir a la reflexión acerca de estos dos derechos (agua y saneamiento), de reciente reconocimiento jurídico internacional.

  20. Does family matter? A study of parents’ influence on the entrepreneurial intention of technical degrees students in Spain

    Pablo Lerchundi, Iciar de; Morales Alonso, Gustavo; Vargas Pérez, Ana María
    The purpose of this study is to verify the parental influence on the entrepreneurial intention of technical degrees students in Spain. In an economic crisis context such as the one Spain is currently suffering, entrepreneurship is often regarded as an opportunity for productivity increase and wealth generation, especially if it is technology-based. Therefore, the research of factors that may determine young engineers’ attitude towards entrepreneurship is of great interest. Special attention is paid to parents’ role as knowledge transferors, as their experience may have a positive effect on the entrepreneurial intention of their children.

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