Fernandes, Carla; Veríssimo, Manuela; Monteiro, Lígia Maria Santos; Antunes, Marta Justino Ferrúcio; Vaughn, Brian E.; Santos, António José
Recent empirical studies reporting sex differences in attachment relationships have prompted
investigators to consider why and under what conditions such results might be observed. This
study was designed to explore possibilities of identifying sex differences in the organization of
attachment-relevant behavior during early childhood. Observations of 119 children (59 boys)
with their mothers and (separately) with their fathers were completed and children were described
using the AQS. Results indicated that girls and boys did not differ with respect to global
attachment security but at more specific level analyses revealed differences between parents that
reflected differences in the behaviors of girls vs. boys with mothers and fathers. Our...
Veríssimo, Manuela; Torres, Nuno; Silva, Filipa; Fernandes, Carla; Vaughn, Brian E.; Santos, António José
This study was designed to explore whether children's representations of attachment contribute to the co-construction of positive teacher-child relationships. An assessment of verbal intelligence was included as a predictor on the assumption that teachers might perceive themselves as having better relationships with more verbally competent children. Participants were 52 children from two pre-schools, in the district of Lisbon. The Attachment Story Completion Task (ASCT) was used to assess children's attachment security. The PCV-P (a scale developed in portuguese language) was used to describe teacher-child relationships through teachers' ratings of child secure base behavior and emotion regulation and the Wechsler Preschool...
Pechorro, Pedro Fernandes dos Santos; Ayala-Nunes, Lara; Nunes, Cristina; Maroco, João; Gonçalves, Rui Abrunhosa
Over the last decades there has been an increased interest in assessing social anxiety in adolescents. This study aims to validate the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A) to Portuguese youth, and to examine its invariance across gender as well as its psychometric properties. The participants were 782 Portuguese youths (371 males, 411 females), with an average age of 15.87 years (SD = 1.72). The results support the original three-factor structure of the SAS-A, with measurement invariance being found across gender, with females scoring higher than males on two subscales. High levels of internal consistency were found. Positive associations with empathy demonstrated that...
Bárcia, Sónia Cristina da Silva Vicente Cascão; Veríssimo, Manuela; Diniz, Eva
The first year of motherhood is a period of growth and adaptation in women's lives with several challenges such as identifying the baby's needs and giving appropriate answers, so that mother and baby get to know each other and form a strong bond. Infant massage is one of the approaches that make an important contribution to the psychological and physiological wellbeing of both baby and mother, helping to form a harmonious relationship. This longitudinal study assessed the benefits of infant massage in the relationship between mother and baby, from birth to 12 months old. Comprising 194 dyads of mothers and...
A teoria de Piaget tem sido sujeita ao que pode ser
chamada a sua interpretação padrão. Embora tornada
possível pela ambiguidade de Piaget em relação a alguns
dos seus conceitos centrais (e.g., estádio e estrutura),
essa interpretação deve-se em grande parte ao
seu foco sobre a teoria de estádios estruturais de Piaget
em detrimento da sua teoria de equilibração, e i sua
ênfase em investigações factuais em detrimento das
conceptuais. Neste estudo eu mostro que é possível e
importante ir além da interpretação padrão de Piaget, e
reinterpretar ou estender a teoria de Piaget na base da
epistemologia construtivista que a informa. Argumento
que quando se vai além da interpretação padrão,
Reis, Marta; Ramiro, Lúcia; Camacho, Inês; Tomé, Gina; Brito, Cristiana; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de
Pets are part of many adolescent’s lives. Objectives: To identify in a large
national representative sample of Portuguese adolescents (HSBC study), the
percentage of adolescents that have pets, what kind of feelings pets provide,
differences by gender and age (through school grades) and to verify whether
adolescent health, well-being, life satisfaction and psychological symptoms
are associated with having a pet. Methods: The 2014 study provided national
data of 6026 Portuguese adolescents (52.3% of which were girls), whose
mean age was 13.8 years, randomly selected from those attending 6th, 8th
and 10th grades. Measures included asking the participant if he/she had pets,
which pet was, and the relationship they had...
Pinto, Alexandra Maria Pereira Inácio Sequeira; Gatinho, Ana Rita dos Santos; Tereno, Susana; Veríssimo, Manuela
Cette étude vise : a) à analyser
les différentes méthodes
utilisées pour l’étude du Soi
et chez les enfants, en ce que
concerne sa qualité et son
potentiel et b) à synthétiser
les résultats déjà obtenus
en termes de Soi/d’estime
de soi/d’autoconcept, pour
les enfants en âge préscolaire.
Après avoir établi des
critères rigoureux d’inclusion
et d’exclusion, 33 articles
ont été sélectionnés, dans
plusieurs bases de données,
nationales et internationales.
indiquent que le Soi des
petits enfants est susceptible
d’être mesuré et analysé
par des méthodes
d’auto-évaluation, et ce,
tant d’une manière multidimensionnelle
En ce qui concerne la relation
entre le Soi et l’attachement,
on a trouvé des
résultats qui montrent
l’existence d’un lien positif
entre les deux concepts.
Enfin, bien qu’il soit possible
d’analyser le Soi...
Silva, Tânia Carina Boavida Domingues da; Akers, Kate; McWilliam, Robin A.; Jung, Lee Ann
The Routines-Based Interview (RBI) is useful for developing functional outcomes/goals, for establishing
strong relationships with families, and for assessing the family’s true needs. In this study,
the authors investigated the psychometric properties of the RBI Implementation Checklist, conducted
by 120 early intervention professionals, specifically looking at the probability of correct
responses on the items as a logistic function of the difference between the person and the item
parameters.We selected Rasch analysis (Rasch, 1980) for this study so we could answer questions
about both how themeasure performed and how the interviewers performed and we related these
performances to one another. Results indicate that scores on the RBI Implementation...
Silva, Tânia Carina Boavida Domingues da; Aguiar, Cecília; McWilliam, Robin A.; Correia, Nadine
The focus of this study is an in-service training program rooted in routines-based early intervention and designed to
improve the quality of goals and objectives on individualized plans. Participants were local intervention team members and
other professionals who worked closely with each team. This training program involved a small number of trainees per
group, providing multiple learning experiences across time and various opportunities for self-assessment and monitoring.
We investigated (a) the perceptions of the participants about the strengths and weaknesses of the training program, (b)
medium-term outcomes of the training with a comparison group, (c) and variables associated with the quality of goals and
Torres, Nuno; Veríssimo, Manuela; Monteiro, Lígia Maria Santos; Ribeiro, Olívia; Santos, António José
Many studies reported that father involvement is associated with a wide range of developmental outcomes; however, evidence is weaker when controlling for correlated mother involvement and when using different informants to assess father involvement and children development. Our study aimed to research the association between father involvement and preschoolers’ social competence, controlling for mother involvement, family demographics, parental stress, time spent in day-care, existence of siblings and child’s characteristics. Participants were 295 children between 36 and 71 months of age, 52% girls, all living in resident-father families. Hierarchical multiple regression models were performed entering the predictors in three blocks: Child...
Santos, António José; Monteiro, Lígia Maria Santos; Sousa, Tânia Lobo; Fernandes, Carla; Torres, Nuno; Vaughn, Brian E.
O reduzido envolvimento social, aspeto central na defi nição da solidão social, foi analisado numa
amostra de 337 crianças portuguesas (171 rapazes), com idades compreendidas entre os três e os
cinco anos. Com base em metodologias de observação, realizadas em contexto de Jardim de infância,
verifi cou-se que níveis reduzidos de envolvimento social estão negativamente associados a baixos
níveis de competência social, de resiliência e de um elevado ego-controle. A aceitação pelos pares, o
impacto e a preferência social, analisados com base nas medidas sociométricas, encontram-se, também,
negativamente associados com os níveis de baixo envolvimento social. Os resultados refl etem
as difi culdades de ajustamento psicossocial destas...
Maia, Joana Branco; Veríssimo, Manuela
Referência no estudo das representações de vinculação durante o período
pré-escolar, o Attachment Story Completion Task (ASCT, Bretherton & Ridgeway,
1990), consiste numa metodologia semi-projectiva de completamento
de histórias realizável a partir dos 3 anos. Um aspecto controverso da sua utilização,
contudo, prende-se com o facto de o instrumento não obrigar ao uso exclusivo
de um único método de análise, condição que tem limitado a realização
de investigações comparativas e de meta-análises. Este estudo procura explorar
pontos de convergência e de divergência entre dois sistemas de cotação distintos.
O ASCT e a WPPSI-R (Wechsler, 1989) foram aplicados a 73 crianças (M
= 64; DP = 8.75), tendo as narrativas...
Santos, António José; Vaughn, Brian E.; Peceguina, Maria Inês Duarte; Daniel, João Rodrigo
This study examines the temporal stability (over 3 years) of individual differences in 3 domains relevant
to preschool children’s social competence: social engagement/motivation, profiles of behavior and
personality attributes characteristic of socially competent young children, and peer acceptance. Each
domain was measured with multiple indicators. Sociometric status categories (Asher & Dodge, 1986) and
reciprocated friendships were derived from sociometric data. Composites for social competence domains
were significantly associated across all time points. Within age-periods, social competence domains were
associated with both sociometric and friendship status categories; however, neither sociometric status nor
reciprocated friendships were stable over time. Nevertheless, analyses examining the social competence
antecedents to reciprocated friendship at...