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Repositório do ISPA Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada (10.261 recursos)

No Repositório do ISPA pode encontrar diversos tipos de documentos, em formato digital, resultantes da produção científica do ISPA designadamente: teses de doutoramento, teses de mestrado, artigos em publicações periódicas nacionais e internacionais, relatórios técnicos, artigos em actas de conferências nacionais e internacionais e capítulos de livros.

Biologia do Comportamento

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 23

  1. Homeodomain protein Otp affects developmental neuropeptide switching in oxytocin neurons associated with a long-term effect on social behavior

    Wircer, Einav; Blechman, Janna; Borodovsky, Nataliya; Tsoory, Michael; Nunes, Ana Rita; Oliveira, Rui Filipe; Levkowitz, Gil
    Proper response to stress and social stimuli depends on orchestrated development of hypothalamic neuronal circuits. Here we address the effects of the developmental transcription factor orthopedia (Otp) on hypothalamic development and function. We show that developmental mutations in the zebrafish paralogous gene otpa but not otpb affect both stress response and social preference. These behavioral phenotypes were associated with developmental alterations in oxytocinergic (OXT) neurons. Thus, otpa and otpb differentially regulate neuropeptide switching in a newly identified subset of OXT neurons that co-express the corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH). Single-cell analysis revealed that these neurons project mostly to the hindbrain and spinal...

  2. Social network predicts loss of fertilizations in nesting males of a fish with alternative reproductive tactics

    Cardoso, Sara D.; Faustino, Ana I.; Costa, Silvia S.; Valério, Fábio; Gonçalves, David; Oliveira, Rui Filipe
    Material suplementar está disponível online em doi: 10.1007/s10211-016-0249-9, disponibilizado a todos os utilizadores autorizados.

  3. Comportamento e evolução

    Santos, Ricardo Serrão
    Inexistente

  4. Anaesthesia and analgesia in laboratory adult zebrafish: A question of refinement

    Martins, Tânia; Valentim, Ana M.; Pereira, Nuno Marques; Antunes, Luis M.
    Anaesthesia is used daily in fish experimental procedures; however, the use of an inadequate anaesthetic protocol can compromise not only the animal’s welfare but also the reliability of results. The use of zebrafish (Danio rerio) in biomedical research has increased in the last decades, highlighting the importance of appropriate anaesthetic regimens for this species. This article reviews the main anaesthetic agents and protocols used in laboratory adult zebrafish, and some of the analgesic methods to be used in this species that still need more research. In addition, a systematized observation of signs is proposed to evaluate adult zebrafish welfare to reduce pain and distress.

  5. Quantifying aggressive behavior in zebrafish

    Teles, Magda; Oliveira, Rui Filipe
    Aggression is a complex behavior that influences social relationships and can be seen as adaptive or maladaptive depending on the context and intensity of expression. A model organism suitable for genetic dissection of the underlying neural mechanisms of aggressive behavior is still needed. Zebrafish has already proven to be a powerful vertebrate model organism for the study of normal and pathological brain function. Despite the fact that zebrafish is a gregarious species that forms shoals, when allowed to interact in pairs, both males and females express aggressive behavior and establish dominance hierarchies. Here, we describe two protocols that can be...

  6. Social buffering of fear in zebrafish

    Faustino, Ana Isabel Soares
    Tese de Doutoramento em Biologia Comportamental apresentada ao ISPA - Instituto Universitário

  7. Social dominance modulates eavesdropping in zebrafish

    Abril-de-Abreu, Rodrigo; Cruz, Ana S.; Oliveira, Rui Filipe
    Group living animals may eavesdrop on signalling interactions between conspecifics and integrate it with their own past social experience in order to optimize the use of relevant information from others. However, little is known about this interplay between public (eavesdropped) and private social information. To investigate it, we first manipulated the dominance status of bystander zebrafish. Next, we either allowed or prevented bystanders from observing a fight. Finally, we assessed their behaviour towards the winners and losers of the interaction, using a custom-made video-tracking system and directional analysis. We found that only dominant bystanders who had seen the fight revealed...

  8. Agonistic interactions elicit rapid changes in brain nonapeptide levels in zebrafish

    Teles, Magda; Gozdowska, Magdalena; Kalamarz-Kubiak, Hanna; Kulczykowska, Ewa; Oliveira, Rui Filipe
    The teleost fish nonapeptides, arginine vasotocin (AVT) and isotocin (IT), have been implicated in the regulation of social behavior. These peptides are expected to be involved in acute and transient changes in social context, in order to be efficient in modulating the expression of social behavior according to changes in the social environment. Here we tested the hypothesis that short-term social interactions are related to changes in the level of both nonapeptides across different brain regions. For this purpose we exposed male zebrafish to two types of social interactions: (1) real opponent interactions, from which a Winner and a Loser...

  9. Implementation of a zebrafish health program in a research facility : A 4-year retrospective study

    Borges, Ana C.; Pereira, Nuno Marques; Franco, Maysa; Vale, Liliana; Pereira, Margarida; Cunha, Mónica V.; Amaro, Ana; Albuquerque, Teresa; Rebelo, Manuel
    In the past two decades, zebrafish (Danio rerio)-based research has contributed to significant scientific advances. Still, husbandry and health programs did not evolve at the same pace, as evidenced by the absence of general guidelines. Health monitoring is essential to animal welfare, to permit animal exchanges across facilities, to contribute to robust experimental results, and for data reproducibility. In this study, we report a health program implemented in a zebrafish research facility to prevent, monitor, and control pathogen, and disease dissemination. This program includes quarantine, routine health screening of sentinels, and nonroutine screenings of retired animals and sick/moribund individuals. An...

  10. Assessment of fight outcome is needed to activate socially driven transcriptional changes in the zebrafish brain

    Oliveira, Rui Filipe; Simões, José Miguel; Teles, Magda; Oliveira, Catarina R.; Becker, Jorg D.; Lopes, João Sollari
    Group living animals must be able to express different behavior profiles depending on their social status. Therefore, the same genotype may translate into different behavioral phenotypes through socially driven differential gene expression. However, how social information is translated into a neurogenomic response and what are the specific cues in a social interaction that signal a change in social status are questions that have remained unanswered. Here, we show for the first time, to our knowledge, that the switch between status-specific neurogenomic states relies on the assessment of fight outcome rather than just on self- or opponent-only assessment of fighting ability....

  11. Androgen response to social competition in a shoaling fish

    Teles, Magda; Oliveira, Rui Filipe
    Androgens respond to social challenges and this response has been interpreted as a way for males to adjust androgen-dependent behavior to social context. However, the androgen responsiveness to social challenges varies across species and a conceptual framework has been developed to explain this variation according to differences in the mating system and parental care type, which determines the regimen of challenges males are exposed to, and concomitantly the scope (defined as the difference between the physiological maximum and the baseline levels) of response to a social challenge. However, this framework has been focused on territorial species and no clear predictions...

  12. Birth date predicts alternative life-history pathways in a fish with sequential reproductive tactics

    Fagundes, Teresa; Simões, Mariana G.; Saraiva, João Luis Vargas de Almeida; Ros, Albert F. H.; Gonçalves, David; Oliveira, Rui Filipe
    1. In species with plastic expression of alternative reproductive tactics (ARTs), individuals of the same sex, usually males, can adopt different reproductive tactics depending on factors such as body size. 2. The ‘birth date hypothesis’ proposes that condition-dependent expression of ARTs may ultimately depend on birth date, because individuals born at different times of the year may achieve different sizes and express different reproductive tactics accordingly. However, this has rarely been tested. 3. Here, we tested this hypothesis in a fish with ARTs, the peacock blenny (Salaria pavo). A long-term (6 years) mark–recapture study demonstrated that ARTs in the peacock blenny were sequential and that males may follow at...

  13. Brain transcriptomic response to social eavesdropping in zebrafish (Danio rerio)

    Lopes, João Sollari; Abril-de-Abreu, Rodrigo; Oliveira, Rui Filipe
    Public information is widely available at low cost to animals living in social groups. For instance, bystanders may eavesdrop on signaling interactions between conspecifics and use it to adapt their subsequent behavior towards the observed individuals. This social eavesdropping ability is expected to require specialized mechanisms such as social attention, which selects social information available for learning. To begin exploring the genetic basis of social eavesdropping, we used a previously established attention paradigm in the lab to study the brain gene expression profile of male zebrafish (Danio rerio) in relation to the attention they paid towards conspecifics involved or not involved in agonistic interactions. Microarray gene chips were...

  14. Social interactions elicit rapid shifts in functional connectivity in the social decision-making network of zebrafish

    Teles, Magda; Almeida, Olinda; Lopes, João Sollari; Oliveira, Rui Filipe
    According to the social decision-making (SDM) network hypothesis, SDM is encoded in a network of forebrain and midbrain structures in a distributed and dynamic fashion, such that the expression of a given social behaviour is better reflected by the overall profile of activation across the different loci rather than by the activity of a single node. This proposal has the implicit assumption that SDM relies on integration across brain regions, rather than on regional specialization. Here we tested the occurrence of functional localization and of functional connectivity in the SDM network. For this purpose we used zebrafish to map different...

  15. Audience effects and aggressive priming in agonistic behaviour of male zebrafish, Danio rerio

    Cruz, Ana S.; Oliveira, Rui Filipe
    Animals communicate through the exchange of signals. However, third-party individuals can detect and intercept signals not directly sent to them, a phenomenon known as eavesdropping, and the presence of bystanders can influence the signalling behaviour of interacting conspecifics, a phenomenon named the audience effect. So far, research done on audience effects and eavesdropping has been mainly focused on their function, rather than on their proximate mechanisms. For this reason, we were interested in testing the occurrence of audience effects on male zebrafish, a genetically tractable model organism that is emerging as a major candidate for the study of the neural basis of social behaviour. Here, pairs...

  16. Social eavesdropping in zebrafish: Tuning of attention to social interactions

    Abril-de-Abreu, Rodrigo; Cruz, José; Oliveira, Rui Filipe
    Group living animals may eavesdrop on signalling interactions between conspecifics in order to collect adaptively relevant information obtained from others, without incurring in the costs of firsthand information acquisition. This ability (aka social eavesdropping) is expected to impact Darwinian fitness, and hence predicts the evolution of cognitive processes that enable social animals to use public information available in the environment. These adaptive specializations in cognition may have evolved both at the level of learning and memory mechanisms, and at the level of input mechanisms, such as attention, which select the information that is available for learning. Here we used zebrafish to test if attention in a social...

  17. Quantifying space use of breeders and floaters of a long-lived species using individual movement data

    Penteriani, Vincenzo; Delgado, Maria del Mar; Campioni, Letizia
    To date, animal movement studies have mostly analysed the movement behaviours of individuals at specific times of their lives, but we lack detailed information on how individual movements may be affected by the various and different changes that individuals experience throughout their life (e.g. life history phases, experience, age). Here, we attempt to identify differences in home range and movement behaviour between two different statuses, disperser vs. breeder, of a long-lived species (the eagle owl Bubo bubo). Information on home range and movement behaviour between different stages of an individual life are crucial for species conservation and management, as well as for basic knowledge on space use and rhythm of activity. Does...

  18. Linking appraisal to behavioral flexibility in animals : Implications for stress research

    Faustino, Ana I.; Oliveira, Gonçalo A.; Oliveira, Rui Filipe
    In fluctuating environments, organisms require mechanisms enabling the rapid expression of context-dependent behaviors. Here, we approach behavioral flexibility from a perspective rooted in appraisal theory, aiming to provide a better understanding on how animals adjust their internal state to environmental context. Appraisal has been defined as a multi-component and interactive process between the individual and the environment, in which the individual must evaluate the significance of a stimulus to generate an adaptive response. Within this framework, we review and reframe the existing evidence for the appraisal components in animal literature, in an attempt to reveal the common ground of appraisal mechanisms between species. Furthermore, cognitive biases may occur in...

  19. Forebrain neuropeptide regulation of pair association and behavior in cooperating cleaner fish

    Cardoso, Sónia C.; Grutter, Alexandra S.; Paula, José R.; André, Gonçalo I.; Messias, João P.; Gozdowska, Magdalena; Kulczykowska, Ewa; Soares, Marta C.
    Animals establish privileged relationships with specific partners, which are treated differently from other conspecifics, and contribute to behavioral variation. However, there is limited information on the underlying physiological mechanisms involved in the establishment of these privileged ties and their relationship to individual cooperation levels. The Indo-Pacific bluestreak cleaner wrasse Labroides dimidiatus often forages in mixed-sex pairs when cleaning fish clients. Intra-couple conflicts often arise during a joint client inspection, which may alter the overall quality of cleaning service provided. Here we tested two hypotheses: a) whether intra-pair association (i.e. association index), measured with joint interspecific cleaning and intraspecific behavior, is...

  20. Arginine vasotocin modulates associative learning in a mutualistic cleaner fish

    Cardoso, Sónia C.; Bshary, Redouan; Mazzei, Renata; Paitio, José R.; Oliveira, Rui Filipe; Soares, Marta C.
    Social environmental complexity induces structural and biochemical changes in animals’ brains, which are linked to the improvement of animals’ learning abilities. The nonapeptides from the arginine vasopressin (AVP) family (arginine vasotocin, AVT, in non-mammals) play a significant role in the regulation of social behavior, particularly in the formation of social memories and individual recognition. Moreover, the role of AVT in the regulation of interspecific interactions has only recently started to be addressed in the context of cleaner fish mutualisms and learning. Variance in the distribution of AVP receptor expression, which is linked to distinct neural systems (related to the dorsolateral and the dorsomedial telencephalon), is known to be implicated in differences in individual...

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