North, M.K.; Nkhabutlane, P.; Hoffman, L.C.
[EN] This study investigated the carcass component yields and meat proximate composition of 2 rabbit genetic types (Californian and hybrid New Zealand Red×Californian), with 5 rabbits per genetic type being slaughtered every 2 wk throughout the study period (9-17 wk) to evaluate the effect of age on these traits. Slaughter weight, reference yield, portion yield (hind leg, foreleg and fore part, as percentage of slaughter weight), meat yield, skin weight and the fat content of the meat (percentage of wet weight) increased significantly with age, while the full gastrointestinal tract, liver, head and feet decreased significantly. This is likely a...
Abecia, L.; Rodríguez-Romero, N.; Martínez-Fernández, G.; Martínez Vallespín, Beatriz; Fondevila, M.
[EN] Epizootic Rabbit Enteropathy (ERE) is a disease of unknown aetiology that mainly affects post-weaning animals. Caecotrophs from animals in a farm affected by ERE were analysed to identify changes in the microbiological profile of growing rabbits. Does and kits at weaning (28 d) and the same rabbits ten days later (38 d) were used for a comparison using Roche 454 pyrosequencing of hypervariable V3-V5 regions of the 16S rRNA genes. The caecal bacterial community was dominated by the Firmicutes phylum (about 80%), followed by Bacteroidetes (15%), although relative abundances changed according to animal age (among does and kits at...
Garreau, H.; Larzul, C.; Tudela, F.; Ruesche, J.; Ducrocq, V.; Fortun-Lamothe, L.
[EN] The aim of this study was to compare the energy balance and dynamic of body reserves in rabbit females divergently selected for longevity. One hundred and twenty-nine females from a high longevity line (HL) and 131 females of a low longevity line (LL) were studied from the 1st to the 3rd kindling. Litter size and weight and female body weight were measured at kindling (1st, 2nd and 3rd), insemination (2nd and 3rd) and at weaning (1st and 2nd). The total body electric conductivity (TOBEC) method was used to estimate the body reserves in all females at artificial insemination and...
El-Gindy, Y.M.; Zeweil, H.S.
[EN] The high unsaturation levels of spermatozoal membrane make it very susceptible to oxidative damage and this problem increases with advancing age. In this study, the aim is to investigate whether parsley seed (PS) has a protective effect on semen quality, serum lipid profile and antioxidative status of old and young bucks. Male rabbits (n= 36) (18 young 9-12 mo old and 18 old 36-42 mo old) were each assigned to 3 dietary treatments (a control and 2 levels of PS: 0.3 and 0.6 kg/100 kg diet) to evaluate the ability of parsley to enhance bucks’ reproductive status. Most of...
Lu, J.; Shen, Y.; He, Z.; Dai, X.; Wang, D.; Zhang, J.; Li, H.
[EN] A total of 144 weaned hybrid HYLA rabbits (40-day-old) were randomly divided into 4 groups, to investigate the effects of the intensity of one week’s feed restriction on short- and medium-term growth performance, blood metabolites and hepatic IGF-1 in growing rabbits. Restricted groups were fed with 30% (Group L30), 50% (Group L50) 70% (Group L70) of ad libitum feeding for 1 wk and then fed ad libitum until the end of the experiment (75 d of age). The control group (Group AL) was fed ad libitum throughout the experiment. Total feed intake (–15.8%) and feed conversion ratio (–13.2%) were...
Kimsé, M.; Yapi, M.Y.; Karamoko, M.; Gidenne, T.; Zongo, M.; Gnanda, B.I.; Akoutey, A.; Bodji, N.C.; Fantodji, A.; Otchoumou, A.
[EN] The aim of this work was to study the effect of tropical green forage on rabbit growth performance and apparent digestibility. Thirty rabbits weaned at 35 d of age were individually caged and allotted to 2 dietary treatments. From 35 to 90 d of age, the control group C was fed ad libitum with commercial pelleted diet C only, while the test group was fed the C diet and forage Pueraria phaseoloides (Pp) ad libitum. Individual water and feed intake, body weight gain, nutrient apparent digestibility, red and white blood cells were studied. Mean housing temperature was 27.7°C. Water...
Shang, S.M.; Wu, Z.Y.; Liu, G.Y.; Sun, C.R.; Ma, M.W.; Li, F. C.
[EN] The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of soybean hulls (SH) to substitute guinea grass (GG), traditionally used as fibre source in the diets of fattening rabbits on performance, coefficients of total tract apparent digestibility (CTTAD) of nutrients, gastrointestinal tract development and caecum fermentation. A total of 160 mixed sex Hyla commercial meat rabbits were allocated to 4 experimental groups (40 per treatment) differing in the SH level inclusion in the diet offered to rabbits from 40 to 90 d of age: 0, 50, 100 and 200 g/kg as-fed basis: SH0, SH50, SH100 and SH200 groups,...
Zhao, J.; He, L.; Pan, L.; Liu, Y.; Yao, H.; Bao, G.
[EN] Pathogenic Escherichia coli (E. coli) is severely threatening the rabbit industry in China, and the concern over antibiotic-resistant bacteria has given rise to an urgent need for antibiotic alternatives. In this study, a member (ZRP1) of the Myoviridae family was isolated from rabbit faeces using a strain of rabbit atypical enteropathogenic E. coli (ZR1) as host. The one-step growth curve indicated that the latent period was around 25 to 30 min and the burst size was 144±31 plaque-forming unit/cell. The rate of phage-resistant mutation was 7×10–5±4×10–5. When the bacteriophage input at the multiplicity of infection (MOI) was 0.1, 1...
Lima, P.J.D.O.; Watanabe, P.H.; Cândido, R.C.; Ferreira, A.C.S.; Vieira, A.V.; Rodrigues, B.B.V.; Nascimento, G.A.J.; Freitas, E.R.
[EN] Two assays were carried out to determine i) the nutritional value of dried brewers’ grains and ii) the effects of inclusion of this ingredient in growing rabbit diets on animal performance and economic performance of the breeding unit. In the digestibility assay, a total of 28 male rabbits were distributed in 2 groups differing in the diet offered to animals: a reference diet (35.51% neutral detergent fibre and 16.50% crude protein [CP]) and a test diet (60% of reference diet and 40% of dried brewers grains). The dried brewers’ grain contained 37.9% of CP and 3371 kcal digestible energy/kg...
Conferences, Congresses, Symposiums..., Abstracts,
[EN] The 42nd Congress of the Spanish Association of Cuniculture (ASESCU) was held in Murcia from 11th to 12th May 2017, hosted by the University of Murcia’s Veterinary Faculty. The main papers focussed on analysing the situation of rabbit farming in the Murcia region, the demedicalisation of rabbit health management, a new law on farmers’ organisations and the main presentation forms of infections associated with Staphylococcus aureus. A specific session was devoted to explaining the objectives and progress of the research projects supported by the partnership between the Spanish Institute of Agricultural Research (INIA) and the Rabbit Meat Marketing Board...
Kasa, I.W.; Thwaites, C.J.
[EN] An experiment was conducted on the effect of
infra-red (i.r.) radiation on female NZ>/11 rabbits. A 4x3x6
factorial design was employed in which the factors were : 4
intensities of i.r. radiant heating of O.O, 1.9, 2.1, 2.4 MJ/m2/h ;
3 replicates and 6 rabbits. All animals were watered and fed
a standard ration ad libitum. Rectal temperaturas differed
(P<0.001) between treatments and were highest at the "high"
level of i.r. radiation (1 ºC higher than far controls). At the
"medium" and "low" levels of i.r. heating RT's were
respectively 0.3º and 0.2ºC higher than in controls. In
different i.r. treatments skin temperatura (ST) was
significantly different (P<0.001), being highest...
Parigi-Bini, R.; Xiccatto, G.
[EN] The rabbit doe, at the beginning of its reproductiva activity
(first pregnancy first lactation or first" concurrent pregnancy
and lactation), hás a negativa energy and material balance.
The net body composition at the first parturition changes
definitely during lactation, with an important loss of lipids
(about - 40 %) and energy (- 20 %). lf the rabbit doe is
concurrently pregnant, the energy deficit becomes greater
and the nitrogen and mineral balances become negativa as
well. Consequently the second kindling litter size is lower,
(- 10 % of total youngs born and - 20 % of rabbits born
alive). Moreover, the composition of new born pups shows a
LOPEZ, Marina; FORCADA, F.; RODRIGUEZ, J.A.; MARTIN, Maria; ZARAGAZA, L.
[EN] Ovulation rate and number of 72h post-mating
recovered embryos were studied in nulliparous Spanish Giant
does treated with an intravenous injection of 25 IU hCG
(n=22) or 20 μg GnRH (n=20) intramuscularly after coitus.
Embryos were recovered under anaesthesia by separata
perfusion of the oviducts and uteri. One of the GnRH-treated
does did not ovulate. No significant differences between
groups were found either in the ovulation rate or in the
number on recovered embryos per donor doe (8.5 ± 0.2 and
7.3 ± 0.2 vs 8.6 ± 0.4 and 6.8 ± 0.9 respectively for hCG and
GnRH treated animals). After transfer into the uteri of
synchronized Solaf commercial hybrid recipients,...
[EN] An experiment was carried out to determine the
genetic variation in litter traits and reproductiva intervals
between different parities in New Zealand White (NZW) and
Californian (CAL) rabbits. Data on 581 litters produced by
163 does mated to 43 bucks of NZW and CAL rabbits were
involved. A linear mixed model included the effects of service
buck and does within service buck (as random effects) and
year-season and parity (as fixed effects) was used for
analysing such data. NZW breed had higher litter size, weight
and gain along with a lower number of stillbirths and
preweaning litter mortality relativa to CAL breed.
Reproductiva intervals and number of services per
Abd El-Baki, S.M.; Nowar, M.S.; Bassuny, S.M.; Hassona, E.; Soliman, E.S.
[EN] Forty New Zealand White rabbits (20 males and 20 females)
aged 5 weeks, of 735g in average weight, were divided into
two groups on basis of weight and sex. A pelleted complete
rabbit feed containing 45 % cassava products (CCF diet) as
30 % root meal + 15 % leaf meal, was formulated to be fed in
comparison with a commercial feed (AF diet ; Atmida Cº)
during the 15 weeks of experiment, divided in 3 stages of 5
weeks. 1 % urea was added to the CCF diet in arder to
increase the N-content. The results indicated that CP
digestibility and N-balance of CCF were significantly
Ben Rayana, A.; Bergaoui, R.; Ben Hamouda, M.; Kayouli, C.
[EN] Two trials have been done to test the incorporation of olive oil
cake in diets of growing rabbits. The first trial has been
realized on 48 rabbits of both sexes. Measurements of diets
digestibility have been done at the age of 12 weeks. No
significant differences were observecf for organic matter
digestibility (70.6 to 73.8 %). The average daiíy gain (g/d), between 5 and 11 weeks was 34, 1 vs 35,5 and 33,6 for,
respectively, the diets T (O% olive cake) ; G1 (11,5 % olive
cake) and G2 (23,0 % ohve cake). The feed etficiency was
respectively 3.43, 3.38 and 3.47. On the second tria!, done