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RiuNet. Repositorio institucional de la Universitat de Valencia (96.506 recursos)

RiuNet es el Repositorio Institucional de la Universitat Politècnica de València, gestionado por la Biblioteca, cuyo objetivo es ofrecer acceso en Internet a la producción científica, académica y corporativa de la comunidad universitaria con la finalidad de aumentar su visibilidad y hacerla accesible y preservable.

Revista de Lingüística y Lenguas Aplicadas

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 125

  1. The regularization of Old English weak verbs

    Tío Sáenz, Marta
    [EN] This article deals with the regularization of non-standard spellings of the verbal forms extracted from a corpus. It addresses the question of what the limits of regularization are when lemmatizing Old English weak verbs. The purpose of such regularization, also known as normalization, is to carry out lexicological analysis or lexicographical work. The analysis concentrates on weak verbs from the second class and draws on the lexical database of Old English Nerthus, which has incorporated the texts of the Dictionary of Old English Corpus. As regards the question of the limits of normalization, the solution adopted are, in the...

  2. Los límites de la política y planificación lingüísticas

    Fernández Smith, Gérard
    [EN] The following paper is intended to display an approach to theoretical concepts regarding the field of language policy and planning, by presenting a series of examples of policies in different ambits which cannot be easily related to those processes and theoretical devices fostered by the existing and generally accepted theoretical models. For that reason, it is our opinion that there is a need to redefine some of those concepts, to provide more flexibility and applications to such models. In order to achieve our goals, we present and discuss, among others, examples regarding discriminatory use of language and, particularly, sexist...

  3. Las tareas de comunicación oral en la evaluación del inglés: el uso de conectores

    Peñate Cabrera, Marcos
    [EN] Although assessment experts have been researching the relationship between the different types of tasks and their level of difficulty, this process of analysis should be pursued further in order to acquire a more accurate vision of the variables involved. In this article we study the three types of tasks most frequently used in the different models of oral exams (one-to-one interview based on a photo, one-to-one interview based on a comic strip and a dialogue in pairs). In order to carry out this study we assessed 244 pupils from the second year of Bachillerato belonging to nine different schools...

  4. Pronunciation proficiency and musical aptitude in Spanish as a foreign language: results of an experimental research project

    Vangehuchten, Lieve; Verhoeven, Veronique; Thys, Peter
    [EN] This paper examines the correlation between musical aptitude and pronunciation proficiency in an experiment with 29 university students of Spanish as a foreign language. The 29 participants took a test in Spanish pronunciation and prosody as well as in musicality. The pronunciation and prosody test consisted of two parts. The first part was a receptive phonemic discrimination test and the second part was a productive test in which they had to repeat words and sentences chosen for their prosodic characteristics. The musical aptitude test also consisted of a receptive part on musicality in general, as well as a productive...

  5. Evaluación del uso competente de los rasgos lingüísticos del IPA en relación con los niveles del MCER

    Durán Escribano, Mª Pilar; Rubio Moreda, Ana Luz
    [EN] The purpose of this study is to analyse the competent use of EAP linguistic features (passive voice, use of nominal groups, typical verb forms, and modality), by the Technical University of Madrid engineering students, in relation to their CEFR competence levels, from A2 to C1. The results obtained with the STATGRAPHICS programme serve to identify those specific grammar structures most difficult to Spanish engineering students so that their learning may be favoured. Results calibration to CERF reference levels also renders a more complete scale of linguistic competence applied to EAP contexts.

  6. Aproximación a las unidades con significado en el campo de la informática adquirido por extensión metafórica en los diccionarios generales de inglés y español

    Ortego Antón, María Teresa; Fernández Nistal, Purificación
    [EN] In recent decades there has been a revolution in expert knowledge, so general vocabulary has been gradually enlarged with a great number of terms traditionally limited to specialised discourse. In addition, expert knowledge is usually produced in the English language. However, the need to transfer it to other languages such as Spanish has emerged. To solve the difficulties which arise for users in the transference of specialised polysemic uses derived from metaphors they normally consult general bilingual dictionaries, despite the fact that this tool is not the most suitable when making decisions about equivalents of specialised vocabulary in other...

  7. Aproximación al subjuntivo en las subordinadas adjetivas explicativas

    Vásquez González, Jorge Alberto
    [EN] After discussing the notion of the subjunctive as the modus irrealis and elucidate its syntactic function and value, are presented literary examples of important American writers on the natural use of the adjectival subordinate explanatory, in order to cast doubt on the assertion some authors, such as the Real Academia Española (RAE) and the Instituto Cervantes, on its ungrammaticality in such clauses. While not as frequently used as the subjunctive in the adjectival subordinate especified, the paradox that is drawn not seem ungrammatical. The methodology, based on an unorthodox or dominant conception of modal division of Spanish verb conjugation,...

  8. Neología aplicada y lexicografía: para la (necesaria) actualización de las entradas de los elementos de formación de palabras en diccionarios generales

    Díaz Hormigo, María Tadea
    [EN] Research on neologisms can be of assistance in updating the entries of the elements of word formation in general dictionaries, although it is necessary first to clarify the concepts of “neology” and “neologism”, in order to apply them to morphological innovations, and to demarcate, both terminologically and conceptually, the morphological units which intervene in word formation. In this article, a research methodology is proposed; we present the linguistic resources available for use in obtaining different corpora of neologistic creations and we defend the validity of contrastive analysis to formulate proposals for the renovation of lexicographical compendia, which will be...

  9. The use of clickers to assess knowledge in foreign language classes and their failure to increase reading compliance

    Rodríguez Prieto, Juan Pablo
    [EN] This is the firstquantitative research on reading compliance in FL courses. It investigated theeffect of clickers on learning gains for regularly assigned readings, determinedby 16 quiz grades during a semester. 38 intermediate L2 Spanish studentsassigned to two group conditions also completed a questionnaire at the end ofthe semester about their preparedness for the quizzes and their opinions aboutthe use of clickers. Results indicated that participants in the Clickercondition obtained significantly lower grades in the quizzes than those in thePaper and Pencil one, despite clickers receiving positive feedback andcomments, and even though students in the Clicker condition reported preparingfor class...

  10. The Role of Derivational Paradigms with Adjectival Base in Old English Word-Formation

    Novo Urraca, Carmen
    [EN] The aim of this article is to identify the primary adjectives of Old English as well as to gather the derivational paradigms that revolve around them. All in all, 459 primary adjectives are identified, which function as base of 6,587 derivatives. Two conclusions are drawn from the analysis. In the first place, the concept of derivational paradigm contributes to the explanation of the overall organization of the lexicon, while allowing for the discussion of questions that are at the core of current morphological theory, such as recursivity and productivity. The conclusion is drawn that primary adjectives play a significant...

  11. Split and unified functions in the formation of old English nouns and adjectives

    Vea Escarza, Raquel
    This journal article draws a distinction between the split and unified functions obtaining in the formation of Old English nouns and adjectives. The starting point of the discussion is an enlarged inventory of lexical functions that draw on Meaning-Text Theory and structural-functional grammars and explain the change of meaning caused by prefixation and suffixation in Old English. The extended inventory of lexical functions consists of 33 functions and has been applied to ca. 7,500 affixed nouns and adjectives extracted from the lexical database Nerthus ( The distinction between split and unified functions, in such a way that the former can...

  12. Resolución de anáforas que requieren conocimiento cultural con la herramienta Fungramkb

    Carrión Varela, María de los Llanos
    [EN] While integrating linguistic knowledge of any kind is becoming an almost implicit practice in natural language understanding systems, the inclusion of cultural or world knowledge in these tools might have been neglected sometimes. However, a NLP system or knowledge base enriched with cultural information is a more robust, better cohesioned instrument for natural language understanding processes. The integration of this type of knowledge in NLP systems may be proven to contribute to solving some phenomena that occur in natural language, such as anaphor, metaphor and metonymy, ambiguity or co-reference, amongst others. The objective of this article is to describe...

  13. Receptive vocabulary knowledge and motivation in CLIL and EFL

    Fernández Fontecha, Almudena
    [EN] Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) is a widely researched approach to foreign language learning and teaching. One of the pillars of CLIL is the concept of motivation. Some studies have focused on exploring motivation within CLIL, however there has not been much discussion about the connection between motivation, or other affective factors, and each component of foreign language learning. Hence, given two groups of learners with the same hours of EFL instruction, the main objective of this research is to determine whether there exists any kind of interaction between the number of words learners know receptively and their...

  14. Reseña de Mancera, A. y Pano, A. (2013). El discurso político en Twitter: Análisis de mensajes que “trinan”. Barcelona: Anthropos.

    Moya Muñoz, Patricio
    [ES] El presente documento reseña la obra de las profesoras Ana Mancera (de la Universidad de Sevilla) y Ana Pano (de la Universidad de Bolonia) llamada "El discurso político en Twitter: Análisis de los mensajes que trinan".

  15. Inventario fraseológico de las groserías en estudiantes de San Luis Potosí

    Pérez Durán, Marco Antonio; Arriaga Olguín, Oscar
    [EN] This study belongs to the field lexicography and its goal is to make the formal description of phraseological units in a corpus of curses collected among schoolchildren in the city of San Luis Potosí, México. It is based on an inventory of phrases classified as nominal, adjectival, verbal or adverbial. The method used in the study consisted of interviews with 300 respondents, 50 male and 50 female in each of the three age subdivisions, of the Mexican school system (primaria, secundaria, preparatoria).

  16. How an idea germinates into a projext or the intransitive resultative construction with Entity-Specific change-of-state verbs

    Rosca, Andreea
    [EN] This study discusses how seven of Levin’s (1993) entity-specific change-of-state verbs (i.e. bloom, blossom, flower, germinate, sprout, swell, and blister) are subsumed into the intransitive resultative construction by highlighting and making use of the external and internal constraints proposed by the Lexical Constructional Model (LCM; Ruiz de Mendoza and Mairal 2007). External constraints refer to cognitive mechanisms such as high-level metaphor and/or metonymy whereas internal constraints are concerned with the encyclopedic and event structure makeup of verbs. The Internal Variable Conditioning constraint is at work when the information encapsulated by a predicate determines the choice of the Z element...

  17. Detection and correction of linguistic errors: results according to linguistic preferences and uses

    Cicres Bosch, Jordi; Llach, Silvia; de-Ribot, María Dolors
    [EN] This paper examines the ability of 256 university students to detect and correct errors related to different linguistic aspects of Catalan, by means of a test including correct and incorrect sentences. The sentences included aspects of Catalan prescriptive grammar, errors caused by interference from Spanish, and discursive aspects (adequacy, coherence and cohesion). In addition to that, the ability of the students has also been linked to data from their language use and linguistic experience in the following areas: language spoken in the family, language spoken with friends, and formal and informal languages of preference. The results show that students...

  18. Can lexical errors inform about word class acquisition in FL?: evidence from greek learners of Spanish as a foreign language

    Palapanidi, Kiriaki; Agustín Llach, María Pilar
    [EN] This research examines the order of acquisition of words of four different classes: verbs, nouns, adjectives, and adverbs in three different levels of proficiency in the FL. We apply the procedure of Error Analysis to a corpus of written compositions and analyze the interlingual and intralingual lexical errors (formal and semantic) of the Greek students of Spanish as a Foreign Language (SFL). Our results have shown us that there is relationship between the type of word and the production of lexical errors and that the lexical errors present different trend in the different word classes. Additionally, our results lead...

  19. Approaching lexical loss in Canarian Spanish undergraduates: A preliminary assessment

    González Cruz, María Isabel
    [EN] Canarian Spanish is one of the most widely studied varieties of Spanish. Apart from significant distinguishing phonetic and grammatical features, this variety is notable for a number of characteristics at the lexical level. In their 2009 two-volume Diccionario ejemplificado de canarismos (henceforth DEC), Corrales and Corbella collected a total of 19,000 entries and 25,000 meanings and expressions, with examples taken from about 1,300 written records. All these Canarianisms represent the history, natural resources and popular knowledge in the Canarian dialect, thus showing the richness and variety of its vocabulary. Our aim here is to check whether part of this...

  20. Alternation vs. variation in Old English

    Ojanguren López, Ana Elvira
    [EN] This paper addresses the phenomena of variation and alternation as reflected by the Old English version of De Temporibus Anni (Blake 2009).The analysis, which focuses on the stem vowels of verbs and is based on the diatopic and diachronic contrasts found by de la Cruz (1986) as well as the alternations identified by Kastovsky (1968), aims at deciding if a given equivalence is a product of variation or alternation. The results obtained reveal that alternation is a more predictable and systematic phenomenon than variation. The conclusions stress the importance of the diphthong /ie/ for discerning between Early and Late...

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