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RiuNet. Repositorio institucional de la Universitat de Valencia (99.709 recursos)

RiuNet es el Repositorio Institucional de la Universitat Politècnica de València, gestionado por la Biblioteca, cuyo objetivo es ofrecer acceso en Internet a la producción científica, académica y corporativa de la comunidad universitaria con la finalidad de aumentar su visibilidad y hacerla accesible y preservable.

Revista de Lingüística y Lenguas Aplicadas

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 132

  1. The types and categories of old english recursive compounding

    Novo Urraca, Carmen
    [EN] This article deals with the recursive compounding of Old English nouns, adjectives, verbs and adverbs. It addresses the question of the textual occurrences of the compounds of Old English by means of a corpus analysis based on the Dictionary of Old English Corpus. The data of qualitative analysis have been retrieved from the lexical database of Old English Nerthus. The analysis shows that the nominal, adjectival and adverbial compounds of Old English can be recursive. Nominal compounding allows double recursivity, whereas adjectival and adverbial compounding do not. The conclusion is reached that both the type and token frequencies of...

  2. MOOC y el aprendizaje de una lengua extranjera: ¿Back to the future?

    Varela Salinas, María José; Burbat, Ruth
    [EN] The MOOC offer is growing exponentially, little by little also in the field of foreign language acquisition. Due to the characteristics of MOOC as a way of teaching and learning that addresses a potentially unlimited audience, its methodology is subject to these particularities, which necessarily influences the achievement of competencies in communication skills such as speaking and writing as well as listening and reading comprehension. Our contribution deals with these limits of MOOC and raises the question, to what extent the related methodology is a step backwards towards essentially formal approaches already surpassed in foreign language teaching.

  3. Metodología de corpus y formación en la traducción especializada (inglés-español): una propuesta para la mejora de la adquisición de vocabulario especializado

    Sánchez Ramos, María del Mar
    [EN] The main goal of this article is to illustrate the use of a corpus methodology in the specialized vocabulary acquisition initial stage. The first section delves into the lexical translation concept. It follows to describe the important role corpus methodology occupies in translator training and its use in the initial translation stage of a scientific text. The article concludes with the proposal of a didactic approach aimed at using a virtual corpus as a first-step documental resource for specialized vocabulary acquisition and the final results of an initial survey conducted among the students to evaluate the approach

  4. Strong verb lemmas from a corpus of old english. Advances and issues

    Metola Rodríguez, Darío
    [EN] The aim of this article is to devise the method of lemmatisation of strong verbs from a corpus of Old English with a view to maximising the automatic search for the inflectional forms, with the corresponding minimisation of manual revision of the verbs under analysis. The search algorithm, which consists of query strings and filters, is launched on the lemmatiser Norna, a component of the lexical database of Old English Nerthus. The conclusions of the article insist on the limits of automatic lemmatisation as well as the paths of refinement of the lemmatisation method in order to accomodate less...

  5. The interaction of parsing rules and argument-predicate constructions: implications for the structure of the grammaticon in FunGramKB

    Fumero Pérez, María del Carmen; Díaz Galán, Ana
    [EN] The Functional Grammar Knowledge Base (FunGramKB), (Periñán-Pascual and Arcas-Túnez 2010) is a multipurpose lexico-conceptual knowledge base designed to be used in different Natural Language Processing (NLP) tasks. It is complemented with the ARTEMIS (Automatically Representing Text Meaning via an Interlingua–based System) application, a parsing device linguistically grounded on Role and Reference Grammar (RRG) that transduces natural language fragments into their corresponding grammatical and semantic structures. This paper unveils the different phases involved in its parsing routine, paying special attention to the treatment of argumental constructions. As an illustrative case, we will follow all the steps necessary to effectively parse...

  6. Service-learning for students of Spanish: Promoting civic engagement and social justice through an exchange tutoring service

    Burgo, Clara
    [EN] Service-learning courses are designed to promote civic engagement and social justice, and to connect the classroom with the community in an environment of cooperation and mutual interest. In this article, a service-learning course of Spanish at the university level is supported as a reciprocal language exchange between the campus and the community. According to this course proposal, students attend a Latino community site once a week, where their members are tutored in English and American culture, while students are tutored in Spanish and Spanish-speaking culture. This way, service-learning is connected to the Spanish classroom through “Reflection” sessions led by...

  7. Linking ideas in women’s writing: evidence from the Coruña Corpus

    Moskowich, Isabel; Monaco, Leida María
    [EN] This paper provides an overview of some rhetorical devices found in scientific works by late Modern English women. We will focus on apparently marginal linguistic elements as devices fundamental for the expression of logical reasoning in different disciplines. We have based our study on four subcorpora in the Coruña Corpus of English Scientific Writing, so that the behaviour and distribution of rhetorical devices will be studied at a microscopic level and attending not only to how they appear in each discipline, but also taking into consideration elements such as time and genre. Our conclusions are limited but we observe...

  8. La formación lectora y literaria (2015) o cómo reflexionar sobre L’horrible perill de la lectura (2015): diálogos en torno a la obra y el pensamiento del profesor Josep Ballester (Review)

    Romero Oliva, Manuel Francisco; Wilczyńska, Agnieszka
    [ES] Reseña bibliográfica de dos libros de este autor: Ballester, J. (2015). La formación lectora y literaria. Barcelona. Graó.Ballester, J. (2015). L’horrible perill de la lectura. Valencia. Perifèric edicions.

  9. The regularization of Old English weak verbs

    Tío Sáenz, Marta
    [EN] This article deals with the regularization of non-standard spellings of the verbal forms extracted from a corpus. It addresses the question of what the limits of regularization are when lemmatizing Old English weak verbs. The purpose of such regularization, also known as normalization, is to carry out lexicological analysis or lexicographical work. The analysis concentrates on weak verbs from the second class and draws on the lexical database of Old English Nerthus, which has incorporated the texts of the Dictionary of Old English Corpus. As regards the question of the limits of normalization, the solution adopted are, in the...

  10. Los límites de la política y planificación lingüísticas

    Fernández Smith, Gérard
    [EN] The following paper is intended to display an approach to theoretical concepts regarding the field of language policy and planning, by presenting a series of examples of policies in different ambits which cannot be easily related to those processes and theoretical devices fostered by the existing and generally accepted theoretical models. For that reason, it is our opinion that there is a need to redefine some of those concepts, to provide more flexibility and applications to such models. In order to achieve our goals, we present and discuss, among others, examples regarding discriminatory use of language and, particularly, sexist...

  11. Las tareas de comunicación oral en la evaluación del inglés: el uso de conectores

    Peñate Cabrera, Marcos
    [EN] Although assessment experts have been researching the relationship between the different types of tasks and their level of difficulty, this process of analysis should be pursued further in order to acquire a more accurate vision of the variables involved. In this article we study the three types of tasks most frequently used in the different models of oral exams (one-to-one interview based on a photo, one-to-one interview based on a comic strip and a dialogue in pairs). In order to carry out this study we assessed 244 pupils from the second year of Bachillerato belonging to nine different schools...

  12. Pronunciation proficiency and musical aptitude in Spanish as a foreign language: results of an experimental research project

    Vangehuchten, Lieve; Verhoeven, Veronique; Thys, Peter
    [EN] This paper examines the correlation between musical aptitude and pronunciation proficiency in an experiment with 29 university students of Spanish as a foreign language. The 29 participants took a test in Spanish pronunciation and prosody as well as in musicality. The pronunciation and prosody test consisted of two parts. The first part was a receptive phonemic discrimination test and the second part was a productive test in which they had to repeat words and sentences chosen for their prosodic characteristics. The musical aptitude test also consisted of a receptive part on musicality in general, as well as a productive...

  13. Evaluación del uso competente de los rasgos lingüísticos del IPA en relación con los niveles del MCER

    Durán Escribano, Mª Pilar; Rubio Moreda, Ana Luz
    [EN] The purpose of this study is to analyse the competent use of EAP linguistic features (passive voice, use of nominal groups, typical verb forms, and modality), by the Technical University of Madrid engineering students, in relation to their CEFR competence levels, from A2 to C1. The results obtained with the STATGRAPHICS programme serve to identify those specific grammar structures most difficult to Spanish engineering students so that their learning may be favoured. Results calibration to CERF reference levels also renders a more complete scale of linguistic competence applied to EAP contexts.

  14. Aproximación a las unidades con significado en el campo de la informática adquirido por extensión metafórica en los diccionarios generales de inglés y español

    Ortego Antón, María Teresa; Fernández Nistal, Purificación
    [EN] In recent decades there has been a revolution in expert knowledge, so general vocabulary has been gradually enlarged with a great number of terms traditionally limited to specialised discourse. In addition, expert knowledge is usually produced in the English language. However, the need to transfer it to other languages such as Spanish has emerged. To solve the difficulties which arise for users in the transference of specialised polysemic uses derived from metaphors they normally consult general bilingual dictionaries, despite the fact that this tool is not the most suitable when making decisions about equivalents of specialised vocabulary in other...

  15. Aproximación al subjuntivo en las subordinadas adjetivas explicativas

    Vásquez González, Jorge Alberto
    [EN] After discussing the notion of the subjunctive as the modus irrealis and elucidate its syntactic function and value, are presented literary examples of important American writers on the natural use of the adjectival subordinate explanatory, in order to cast doubt on the assertion some authors, such as the Real Academia Española (RAE) and the Instituto Cervantes, on its ungrammaticality in such clauses. While not as frequently used as the subjunctive in the adjectival subordinate especified, the paradox that is drawn not seem ungrammatical. The methodology, based on an unorthodox or dominant conception of modal division of Spanish verb conjugation,...

  16. Neología aplicada y lexicografía: para la (necesaria) actualización de las entradas de los elementos de formación de palabras en diccionarios generales

    Díaz Hormigo, María Tadea
    [EN] Research on neologisms can be of assistance in updating the entries of the elements of word formation in general dictionaries, although it is necessary first to clarify the concepts of “neology” and “neologism”, in order to apply them to morphological innovations, and to demarcate, both terminologically and conceptually, the morphological units which intervene in word formation. In this article, a research methodology is proposed; we present the linguistic resources available for use in obtaining different corpora of neologistic creations and we defend the validity of contrastive analysis to formulate proposals for the renovation of lexicographical compendia, which will be...

  17. The use of clickers to assess knowledge in foreign language classes and their failure to increase reading compliance

    Rodríguez Prieto, Juan Pablo
    [EN] This is the firstquantitative research on reading compliance in FL courses. It investigated theeffect of clickers on learning gains for regularly assigned readings, determinedby 16 quiz grades during a semester. 38 intermediate L2 Spanish studentsassigned to two group conditions also completed a questionnaire at the end ofthe semester about their preparedness for the quizzes and their opinions aboutthe use of clickers. Results indicated that participants in the Clickercondition obtained significantly lower grades in the quizzes than those in thePaper and Pencil one, despite clickers receiving positive feedback andcomments, and even though students in the Clicker condition reported preparingfor class...

  18. The Role of Derivational Paradigms with Adjectival Base in Old English Word-Formation

    Novo Urraca, Carmen
    [EN] The aim of this article is to identify the primary adjectives of Old English as well as to gather the derivational paradigms that revolve around them. All in all, 459 primary adjectives are identified, which function as base of 6,587 derivatives. Two conclusions are drawn from the analysis. In the first place, the concept of derivational paradigm contributes to the explanation of the overall organization of the lexicon, while allowing for the discussion of questions that are at the core of current morphological theory, such as recursivity and productivity. The conclusion is drawn that primary adjectives play a significant...

  19. Split and unified functions in the formation of old English nouns and adjectives

    Vea Escarza, Raquel
    This journal article draws a distinction between the split and unified functions obtaining in the formation of Old English nouns and adjectives. The starting point of the discussion is an enlarged inventory of lexical functions that draw on Meaning-Text Theory and structural-functional grammars and explain the change of meaning caused by prefixation and suffixation in Old English. The extended inventory of lexical functions consists of 33 functions and has been applied to ca. 7,500 affixed nouns and adjectives extracted from the lexical database Nerthus ( The distinction between split and unified functions, in such a way that the former can...

  20. Resolución de anáforas que requieren conocimiento cultural con la herramienta Fungramkb

    Carrión Varela, María de los Llanos
    [EN] While integrating linguistic knowledge of any kind is becoming an almost implicit practice in natural language understanding systems, the inclusion of cultural or world knowledge in these tools might have been neglected sometimes. However, a NLP system or knowledge base enriched with cultural information is a more robust, better cohesioned instrument for natural language understanding processes. The integration of this type of knowledge in NLP systems may be proven to contribute to solving some phenomena that occur in natural language, such as anaphor, metaphor and metonymy, ambiguity or co-reference, amongst others. The objective of this article is to describe...

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