Duran Fernandez, Jose
[EN] The urban history of New York City, its birth and decline, is linked with one basic element: water. Water was the reason for its foundation and it could be the cause of its disappearance… Water is fundamental to the urban life of this city; it is the element that has fed its growth during its four hundred year existence. Only for this reason does it deserve the upmost attention and an exhaustive study. Water as a limit, wall or barrier, or as an extreme place of opportunity, it is without a doubt a place where the urban future of...
Pancorbo Crespo, Luis; Martin Robles, Ines
[EN] Julio Cano’s house-office in La Florida is studied in this text as a clear realization of a conception of the domestic phenomenon as a threshold that sequentially articulates the transit between public and private space. It also serves to illustrate the character of limit that architecture has as a discipline and as a mechanism of spatial production. Julio Cano Lasso’s design tactic used in this building is based on the establishment of rites of passage and the limits of dialectics that link to the history of domestic architecture ranging from the traditional Japanese house to Wright’s Usonian houses. The...
Navarro Catalán, David Miguel
[EN] The remarkable collection of buildings constructed by the Society of Jesus in the old Kingdom of Valencia was completed over the course of an extensive process that began in the 16th century. The purpose of this article is to examine the different historical phases of this process and reveal some previously unknown aspects with the aid of unpublished documentation. A great number of craftsmen took part in these works, including a group of architects who were members of the Society whose activity has been disregarded until now. The writings of Fathers Gaspar Alfonso and Diego Olcina on the construction...
[EN] A building is considered unique when it outstands within the common fabric of the city due to its form, its nature, and its production and serialization process. If this architectural singularity is accompanied by an urban distinction, the result is much more effective because the compound becomes an urban enclave capable of arranging and hierarchically organising the city. The most illustrative example for historic cities with a Catholic tradition may probably be the church with the public space that materializes around it. For centuries, the sacred building and the atrium that precedes it have represented the city’s reference point...
Latorre, Jorge; Sola, Jesús
[EN] Gijón, also known as Xixón, is an important city that rivals Oviedo, the historical capital of the Autonomous Region and Principality of Asturias (Spain), in historical demographic and economic terms. It has traditionally been a port and, more recently, an industrial city, which experienced very rapid population growth and with little planning. After the industrial crisis of the 80s, the city wanted to become a tourist location more than an industrial harbor. Both its privileged location and the historical urban heritage that still remain are corner stones to make this change possible. However, the late and strict legislation (improvised...
Martínez García-Posada, Ángel
[EN] The edition La ley del reloj. Arquitectura, máquinas y cultura moderna (Cátedra, Madrid, 2016) registers the useful paradox of the analogy between architecture and technique. Its author, the architect Eduardo Prieto, also a philosopher, professor and writer, acknowledges the obvious distance from machines to buildings, so great that it can only be solved using strange comparisons, since architecture does not move nor are the machines habitable, however throughout the book, from the origin of the metaphor of the machine, with clarity in his essay and enlightening erudition, he points out with certainty some concomitances of high interest, drawing throughout...
García González, Andrea
[EN] In the 50´s, Le Corbusier publishes two books, Le Modulor (1950) and Le Poème de l´Angle Droit (1955). They are extremely important given that they represent the synthesis of his architectural thought at the height of his career. In both, references can be observed to the duality of male-female, which do not seem to have been previously part of the architect´s consistent theoretical body. One decade later, duality imbues the architectural critics, who interpret it as the opposition between two residential projects from early 1920´s, the Maisons Monol and the Maisons Citrohan. Both projects are proclaimed as a germ...
Estévez Cimadevila, Javier; López César, Isaac
[EN] The Galerie des Machines of 1889 is present in most books on the history of architecture. There are, however, certain aspects of this building that merit a more in-depth study. Other elements have been incorrectly described in current and contemporary publications about the building. The aim of this article is to examine the place this building occupies in the historical development of metal arch structures, its precedents and the influence it has exerted on later buildings of a similar structure. On the other hand, there have also been contradictions concerning the materials used in the erection of the structure...
López González, Antonio Luis
[EN] Throughout History, many large burial chapels (religious or memorial) with centralized floor plan and independent character have arisen. Jerónimo Quijano, Renaissance Spanish architect, posited certain dual approach; on the one hand, the Renaissance ideal of central scheme and, on the other hand, the direct integration of the duo header-nave without added interstitial element. In this scope, two clear examples of the evolution of Quijano’s architectural proposal in the ancient Cartagena Diocese’s nucleus have been selected:The collegiate church of San Patricio in Lorca, Murcia: an original project (in pursuit of an autonomous central scheme) is a Renaissance monumental temple whose...
Navarro Catalán, David Miguel
Review of a basic and reference monograph to study the architecture of the Society of Jesus.
Prieto López, Juan Ignacio
[EN] Between the First and Second World War the definition of the new type of theater building was one of the main tasks of the European Avantgarde. In its design and theoretical formulation were poets, playwrights, theater directors, architects, painters, actors, engineers… from different countries and art movements. Despite the collaboration of the leading members of the Avant-garde like Marinetti, Moholy-Nagy, Kiesler, El Lissitzky, Gropius… none of these proposals were built because of their radical and utopian characteristics. It was a young French theater director, Jacques Polieri, who became the main compiler and prompter of those proposals in postwar Europe...
Domingo Calabuig, Debora
Editorial del Vol 2 (2015) de VLC arquitectura. Research Journal.
Marzá, F. (2016). Reseña: Josep Maria Sostres. Centenario. Daniel
García-Escudero y Berta Bardí i Milà
(compiladores). VLC arquitectura. Research Journal. 3(1):103-109. doi:10.4995/vlc.2016.4397.
Cabecera Soriano, Rubén
[EN] La guerra civil española provocó una paralización en el incipiente desarrollo de la teoría
urbanística, especialmente en el ámbito rural, que había comenzado a gestarse en la etapa finisecular del
XIX, principalmente en Europa y Estados Unidos. La necesidad de desarrollar con urgencia un proceso de
colonización interior en las regiones españolas más desfavorecidas se resolvió en favor de las teorías de
concentración auspiciadas por José Tamés frente a la disgregación colonística defendida por Víctor D’Ors.
El sistema diseñado por Tamés -Jefe del Servicio de Arquitectura del Instituto Nacional de Colonización
(INC)- generó pequeños núcleos poblacionales distribuidos por los territorios colonizados por el INC,
Lizondo Sevilla, Laura; Santatecla Fayos, José; Salvador Luján, Nuria
[EN] The article delves into the complex world of exhibition architectures, those whose destiny is reduced to be mounted, exposed and dismantled in a short period of time. A process that allows a quick experience of architecture, bounded in time, and whose experimentation gives rise to the birth of new concepts. The text focuses on the German Pavilion designed by Mies van der Rohe for the Brussels World’s Fair of 1934, his only unbuilt ephemeral architecture due to the political uniqueness of the moment. Now, criticism and the archive allow us to reinterpret its contribution to the history of architecture.
[EN] The Jorge Oteiza Foundation Museum in Alzuza (Navarra, Spain) was designed by the architect Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oíza, with the sculptor Jorge Oteiza intervening in the architectural decisions at particular moments. The building marked the conclusion of a series of collaborations between them, beginning in the early 1950s, marked by an intense convergence between art and architecture. The building contains and interacts with the artistic works in a powerful way, but at the same time with great care and awareness, demonstrating the extent to which Sáenz de Oíza understood the sculptural work of Oteiza. This article explores the...
Enrique, Lluis; Cepaitis, Povilas; Ordoñez, Diego; Piles, Carlos
[EN] This article introduces the CASTonCAST system for the design and production of architectural freeform shapes from precast stackable components. This system is composed of two complementary parts: a novel manufacturing technique of precast stackable building components and a new geometric method for the design of freeform shapes by means of stackable solid tiles. This paper describes both parts of the system by means of physical prototypes and geometric studies.
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[EN] At the end of the 19th century, the Belgian sculptor Constantin Meunier (1831-1905) had an international reputation. The main theme of his oeuvre is the working class. His sculptures were frequently exposed in different European cities. Two of his works were presented at the art biennale of Venice in 1907. The Ny Carlsberg Glytotek in Copenhagen possesses the largest collection of Meunier’s sculptures (48 pieces).
In 1929, the S.C.A.B. (Société Centrale d’Architecture de Belgique), the national architects organisation, launched a competition for the "Monument au Travail", a monument that puts four reliefs and five sculptures together in Laken (Brussels). The...
Linares de la Torre, Oscar
[EN] Adriano’s Pantheon is one of the most celebrated works in the history of architecture. Many questions have captivated its visitors, but it is the light that has captured most of the attention: after stripping the building of its symbolic load, the manifestation of its interior light seems to be the only purpose of this immense “space-light” that has fascinated architects, art historians, painters and photographers throughout time. It seems difficult to add anything new, but being fully aware of this, the author of this article hopes to point out some of the different aspects of light in the Pantheon...
Blanco Agüeira, Silvia
[EN] Under the same title as the research project it stems from, this book is intended as the catalogue for the exhibition held at the ICO Museum (Madrid) between June and September 2014. The project, under the direction of Iñaki Bergera, brought together several researchers and guest authors in order to analyse, document and disseminate the role of photography in the construction of modernity in Spain. Both the exhibition and the catalogue are vehicles for the initial presentation of the research carried out.