Eleb, Monique; Bendimérad, Sabri
[EN] New spatial devices appear when society changes. Today families are restructuring, the domestic group is recomposing, practices are evolving and housing should follow. How can it be transformed to adapt to the life conditions and the lifestyle desired by singles of any age, families -either monoparental or blended-, by the elderly? Experiences in many countries are described here, showing the diversity of the devices proposed and their underlying ideals. They range from a simple practical solution to live in a contemporary way, particularly because of the porosity between habitat and work, to the ambition to change life starting with...
Duran Fernandez, Jose
[EN] The urban history of New York City, its birth and decline, is linked with one basic element: water. Water was the reason for its foundation and it could be the cause of its disappearance… Water is fundamental to the urban life of this city; it is the element that has fed its growth during its four hundred year existence. Only for this reason does it deserve the upmost attention and an exhaustive study. Water as a limit, wall or barrier, or as an extreme place of opportunity, it is without a doubt a place where the urban future of...
Pancorbo Crespo, Luis; Martin Robles, Ines
[EN] Julio Cano’s house-office in La Florida is studied in this text as a clear realization of a conception of the domestic phenomenon as a threshold that sequentially articulates the transit between public and private space. It also serves to illustrate the character of limit that architecture has as a discipline and as a mechanism of spatial production. Julio Cano Lasso’s design tactic used in this building is based on the establishment of rites of passage and the limits of dialectics that link to the history of domestic architecture ranging from the traditional Japanese house to Wright’s Usonian houses. The...
Navarro Catalán, David Miguel
[EN] The remarkable collection of buildings constructed by the Society of Jesus in the old Kingdom of Valencia was completed over the course of an extensive process that began in the 16th century. The purpose of this article is to examine the different historical phases of this process and reveal some previously unknown aspects with the aid of unpublished documentation. A great number of craftsmen took part in these works, including a group of architects who were members of the Society whose activity has been disregarded until now. The writings of Fathers Gaspar Alfonso and Diego Olcina on the construction...
[EN] A building is considered unique when it outstands within the common fabric of the city due to its form, its nature, and its production and serialization process. If this architectural singularity is accompanied by an urban distinction, the result is much more effective because the compound becomes an urban enclave capable of arranging and hierarchically organising the city. The most illustrative example for historic cities with a Catholic tradition may probably be the church with the public space that materializes around it. For centuries, the sacred building and the atrium that precedes it have represented the city’s reference point...
Latorre, Jorge; Sola, Jesús
[EN] Gijón, also known as Xixón, is an important city that rivals Oviedo, the historical capital of the Autonomous Region and Principality of Asturias (Spain), in historical demographic and economic terms. It has traditionally been a port and, more recently, an industrial city, which experienced very rapid population growth and with little planning. After the industrial crisis of the 80s, the city wanted to become a tourist location more than an industrial harbor. Both its privileged location and the historical urban heritage that still remain are corner stones to make this change possible. However, the late and strict legislation (improvised...
Cabecera Soriano, Rubén
[EN] La guerra civil española provocó una paralización en el incipiente desarrollo de la teoría
urbanística, especialmente en el ámbito rural, que había comenzado a gestarse en la etapa finisecular del
XIX, principalmente en Europa y Estados Unidos. La necesidad de desarrollar con urgencia un proceso de
colonización interior en las regiones españolas más desfavorecidas se resolvió en favor de las teorías de
concentración auspiciadas por José Tamés frente a la disgregación colonística defendida por Víctor D’Ors.
El sistema diseñado por Tamés -Jefe del Servicio de Arquitectura del Instituto Nacional de Colonización
(INC)- generó pequeños núcleos poblacionales distribuidos por los territorios colonizados por el INC,
Lizondo Sevilla, Laura; Santatecla Fayos, José; Salvador Luján, Nuria
[EN] The article delves into the complex world of exhibition architectures, those whose destiny is reduced to be mounted, exposed and dismantled in a short period of time. A process that allows a quick experience of architecture, bounded in time, and whose experimentation gives rise to the birth of new concepts. The text focuses on the German Pavilion designed by Mies van der Rohe for the Brussels World’s Fair of 1934, his only unbuilt ephemeral architecture due to the political uniqueness of the moment. Now, criticism and the archive allow us to reinterpret its contribution to the history of architecture.
Enrique, Lluis; Cepaitis, Povilas; Ordoñez, Diego; Piles, Carlos
[EN] This article introduces the CASTonCAST system for the design and production of architectural freeform shapes from precast stackable components. This system is composed of two complementary parts: a novel manufacturing technique of precast stackable building components and a new geometric method for the design of freeform shapes by means of stackable solid tiles. This paper describes both parts of the system by means of physical prototypes and geometric studies.
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Linares de la Torre, Oscar
[EN] Adriano’s Pantheon is one of the most celebrated works in the history of architecture. Many questions have captivated its visitors, but it is the light that has captured most of the attention: after stripping the building of its symbolic load, the manifestation of its interior light seems to be the only purpose of this immense “space-light” that has fascinated architects, art historians, painters and photographers throughout time. It seems difficult to add anything new, but being fully aware of this, the author of this article hopes to point out some of the different aspects of light in the Pantheon...
[EN] The goal of this paper is to examine critical practices of residential architecture in Southern Europe that appeared during a period of economic instability –the post- war in the mid-twentieth century-, and that may provide useful elements for re-thinking housing models during the current context of crisis. To do so, I have studied the Quartiere Tiburtino in Rome, one of the most influential housing developments of Italian-neorealism, from an expanded cultural perspective, understanding it as an design exercise that recovers the realm of everyday life for architecture, through the pre-modern concept of mimesis and, simultaneously, incorporating the notion of...
García Quesada, Rafael
[EN] To open chases in a wall, made of ceramics bricks, blocks or thermal blocks is, actually, a traditional locating system for installations. It is an expensive, slow, dangerous and destructive system prone to diseases. Traditionally the parameters of thermal conductivity and acoustic insulation of a brick, ceramic block or thermal blocks provided by a manufacturer, have been the result of executing a wall (partition or structural wall) made of that material, but without the opening chases. Companies have been giving some values which really could not comply with regulations. The way to solve this failure to comply is twofold....
García-Escudero, Daniel; Bardí Milà, Berta
[EN] This article addresses Alvar Aalto’s architecture by considering the itinerary as a fundamental strategy. The attention towards the users’ circulation movement, and the spaces and elements that propitiate it, allows for the analysis of his work from paradigms which are far from what is dislocated, broken and discontinuous; being the usual features that the critics have used to describe his projects. For all this his first years of professional practise are analyzed, specifically the period from 1926 to 1928. During those years, Aalto developed a series of commissions in Jyväskylä, Turku and Viipuri, in which he consolidates a way...
López Bahut, Emma
[EN] This paper analyses the mural projects of Basque sculptor Jorge Oteiza on façades and internal walls between the years 1951-58. At first, he dealt with walls as ground planes on which to execute his sculptures, finally viewing them as an empty plane with spatial possibilities, defined by the minimum forms and the action of natural light. Based on original, previously unpublished material, we explore the evolution of this work with the aim of establishing to what extent this process was marked by the architecture on which his work was executed, by the architects with whom he collaborated, or the...
Mas Llorens, Vicente
Mas Llorens, V. (2014). Editorial. VLC arquitectura. Research Journal. 1(1):i-iii. doi:10.4995/vlc.2014.2215
[EN] This paper explores the issue of ‘plug’ in designing program within particular experimental studies in architecture. There was what could be called a critical ‘elaboration’ of program in Archigram’s 1964 ‘Plug-In’ City project, while intriguingly the critical approach taken in the 2001 ‘Un-Plug’ project of Francois Roche and Stephanie Lavaux hinted at a ‘re-evaluation’ of ‘plug’ related to program in architecture. The embedded criticism and creative programmatic suggestions in both projects will be discussed from the point of view of using the accumulated urbanscape as a potential for contemplation, a theme that has also been elaborated, both theoretically and...
Gutiérrez Mozo, María Elia; Arnau Amo, Joaquín
[EN] The title, Pensar y hacer la arquitectura (Thinking and Making Architecture), is promising because architecture, whether theoretical or practical, is something that offers a great deal to think about and even more to do. As an introduction, it is a work that lives up to everything it promises. With its convenient size, a length of less than one hundred pages, and in-depth content, the book published by Editorial Club Universitario de Alicante in 2013 makes no attempt to conceal its didactic aim. Filled with key words in intalic, it attracts a wide audience made up of both students seeking...