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Repositório do ISPA Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada (12.289 recursos)

No Repositório do ISPA pode encontrar diversos tipos de documentos, em formato digital, resultantes da produção científica do ISPA designadamente: teses de doutoramento, teses de mestrado, artigos em publicações periódicas nacionais e internacionais, relatórios técnicos, artigos em actas de conferências nacionais e internacionais e capítulos de livros.

PSAU - Artigos em revistas internacionais

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 36

  1. A narrative synthesis of research evidence for tinnitus-related complaints as reported by patients and their significant others

    Hall, Deborah Ann; Fackrell, Kathryn; Li, Anne Beatrice; Thavayogan, Rachel; Smith, Sandra; Kennedy, Veronica; Tinoco, Catarina; Rodrigues, Evelina D.; Campelo, Paula; Martins, Tânia D.; Lourenço, Vera Martins; Ribeiro, Diogo; Haider, Haúla F.
    Background: There are a large number of assessment tools for tinnitus, with little consensus on what it is important to measure and no preference for a minimum reporting standard. The item content of tinnitus assessment tools should seek to capture relevant impacts of tinnitus on everyday life, but no-one has yet synthesised information about the range of tinnitus complaints. This review is thus the first comprehensive and authoritative collection and synthesis of what adults with tinnitus and their significant others report as problems in their everyday lives caused by tinnitus. Methods: Electronic searches were conducted in PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, as well as grey literature sources to identify...

  2. Cross-cultural psychometric assessment of an appetite questionnaire for patients with cancer

    Spexoto, Maria Cláudia Bernardes; Serrano, Sergio Vicente; Halliday, Vanessa; Maroco, João; Wilcock, Andrew; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
    Objective: To evaluate the psychometric properties, along with cross-cultural invariance analysis, of the Cancer Appetite and Symptom Questionnaire (CASQ). Method: Data from 555 United Kingdom (UK) cancer patients were used to evaluate the psychometric properties of the CASQ. Construct validity was assessed through factorial and convergent validity. We conducted a confirmatory factor analysis using as indices the chi-square ratio by degrees of freedom (χ2/df), the comparative fit index (CFI), the goodness of fit index (GFI), and the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA). Convergent validity was estimated by the items’ average variance extracted (AVE). Reliability was estimated by composite reliability and internal consistency. Factorial invariance analysis of the CASQ was evaluated by...

  3. A Structural model for adjustment to aging among older women in breast cancer remission

    von Humboldt, Sofia; Carneiro, Francis Anne Teplitzky; Leal, Isabel Pereira
    This study aims to build a structural model to explore the predictors of adjustment to aging (AtA) reported by older women in breast cancer remission. A community-dwelling sample of 771 older women in breast cancer remission aged between 75 and 98 years answered a questionnaire to determine socio-demographic (age, income, marital status, education, household, and living setting), and healthrelated characteristics (self-reported functional limitations and disabilities, time since remission, other type of cancer, breast reconstruction, perceived health, recent disease and medication). Several measures were employed to assess AtA, sense of coherence and subjective well-being. Structural equation modeling was used to explore a structural model of the self-reported AtA, encompassing all...

  4. Más allá de cáncer de mama en la edad avanzada: Bienestar subjetivo en mujeres mayores con cáncer de mama en remisión

    von Humboldt, Sofia; Carneiro, Francis Anne Teplitzky; Leal, Isabel Pereira
    Objetivos: Analizar las diferencias significativas entre dos grupos de mujeres mayores con y sin cáncer de mama en relación con el bienestar subjetivo (BS); evaluar a la asociación de BS con cáncer de mama y examinar la asociación de la dimensión afectiva con la cognitiva del BS de ambos grupos. Métodos: Reclutamos 387 mujeres mayores (M = 85.27; SD = 6.59, intervalo 75-100). Los instrumentos incluyeron datos demográficos, la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida y la Escala de Afecto Positivo y Negativo. Resultados: Las mujeres con cáncer de mama en remisión presentaron puntajes de BS significativamente más altos. Las dimensiones cognitiva y afectiva del BS...

  5. Serving science to the public: Deliberations by a sample of older adults upon exposure to a serving size recommendation for meat

    Gaspar, Rui; Domingos, Samuel; Demétrio, Patrícia
    To enable consumers to make informed decisions based on communications about food risks and particularly intake recommendations, it is essential that individuals understand the information presented to them. Thus, research into the way people make sense and understand newly received information is important from a public policy perspective. This is the case when dealing with scientific information destined for the general public, such as recommended food intake serving sizes provided in numerical format. Hence, this study analysed responses from exposure to information concerning red meat intake risks and a numerical serving size recommendation. The study analysed: 1) participants’ reported difficulties in understanding a recommended serving size...

  6. The effect of flaxseed in breast cancer: A Literature Review

    Calado, Ana; Neves, Pedro Miguel; Santos, Teresa Cristina; Ravasco, Paula
    Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers and the second most responsible for cancer mortality worldwide. In 2014, in Portugal approximately 27,200 people died of cancer, of which 1,791 were women with breast cancer. Flaxseed has been one of the most studied foods, regarding possible relations to breast cancer, though mainly in experimental studies in animals, yet in few clinical trials. It is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, α-linolenic acid, lignan, and fibers. One of the main components of flaxseed is the lignans, of which 95% are made of the predominant secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG). SDG is converted into...

  7. Demographic and well-being predictors of regular and long-term practice of argentine tango in a multicultural sample of practitioners

    Santana, Rita; Gouveia, Maria João Pinheiro Morais; Carvalheira, Ana Alexandra
    The practice of Argentine tango has experienced exponential growth all over the world, and several studies have revealed its positive outcomes on physical health. The present study aims to analyze demographic, well-being, and other psychological variables associated with the regular and long-term practice of Argentine tango. Participants included 524 men and women from 52 countries (Mean = 42.4; SD = 11.52; Range = 18–77). A multiple regression analysis was carried out designating the frequency of attendance at milongas as the dependent variable. Among women (n = 334), age, relationship situation, flourishing, and flow, emerged as significant predictors. Older and non-committed women, with a low level of flourishing, and a...

  8. Anxiety and depression in the portuguese older adults: Prevalence and associated factors

    Sousa, Rute Dinis de; Rodrigues, Ana Maria; Gregório, Maria João; Branco, Jaime Da Cunha; Gouveia, Maria João Pinheiro Morais; Canhão, Helena; Dias, Sara Simões
    Anxiety and depression in the elderly individuals have been studied around the world, and some authors consider them among the most serious problems faced by modern societies. With recent economic crisis-very important in Southern European countries-isolation, loneliness, and exclusion of the active society, mental problems are probably raising and associated with distinct factors. In this cross-sectional analysis, nested in a longitudinal population-based cohort study, we analyze anxiety and depression prevalence, and their related factors, in a representative cohort of Portuguese seniors. We used data retrieved from second wave of follow-up of EpiDoC Cohort-EpiDoC 2 study, which is composed by 10,661...

  9. Adolescent’s subjective perceptions of chronic disease and related psychosocial factors: highlights from an outpatient context study

    Santos, Teresa; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de; Marques, Adilson; Simões, Celeste; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Machado, Maria do Céu
    Adolescents with chronic disease (CD) can be more vulnerable to adverse psychosocial outcomes. This study aims: 1) to identify differences in psychosocial variables (health-related quality of life, psychosomatic complaints, resilience, self-regulation and social support) among adolescents who feel that CD affects or does not affect school/peers connectedness (measured by self-reported participation in school and social activities); and 2) to assess the extent to which psychosocial variables are associated with connectedness in school and peer domains.

  10. Male body dissatisfaction scale (MBDS): Proposal for a reduced model

    Silva, Wanderson Roberto da; Maroco, João; Ochner, Christopher N.; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
    Aims To evaluate the psychometric properties of the male body dissatisfaction scale (MBDS) in Brazilian and Portuguese university students; to present a reduced model of the scale; to compare two methods of computing global scores for participants’ body dissatisfaction; and to estimate the prevalence of participants’ body dissatisfaction. Methods A total of 932 male students participated in this study. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to assess the scale’s psychometric properties. Multi-group analysis was used to test transnational invariance and invariance in independent samples. The body dissatisfaction score was calculated using two methods (mean and matrix of weights in the CFA), which were compared. Finally, individuals were classified according to level of body...

  11. Cross-sectional and prospective relationship between physical activity and chronic diseases in European older adults

    Marques, Adilson; Peralta, Miguel; Martins, João Filipe da Silva Figueira; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de; Brownson, Ross C.
    Objectives This study examined the relationship between physical activity (PA) and chronic diseases in European older adults, using a prospective analysis with data from 2011 and 2013. Methods Participants were 37,524 older adults (16,204 men) who responded to the fourth (in 2011) and fifth (in 2013) wave of SHARE project, from 13 European countries. Participants’ answers to interview questions about the presence of chronic conditions and PA. The cross-sectional and prospective association between PA and the number of chronic diseases was assessed using general linear models. Results Among men and women, moderate or vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in 2011 was associated with fewer reported chronic diseases in 2011 and 2013. In prospective analysis, MVPA...

  12. Body awareness and bodily dissociation among those with and without sexual difficulties: Differentiation using the scale of body connection

    Carvalheira, Ana Alexandra; Price, Cynthia; Neves, Cide Filipe Branco de Campos
    The goal of this study was to explore potential body awareness and bodily dissociation differences between men and women with and without sexual difficulties, using the Scale of Body Connection in a sample of 909 participants. In women, bodily dissociation scores were significantly higher across all reported sexual difficulties, except in sexual pain. Women with lack of sexual interest and sexual arousal had significantly lower body awareness when compared to women without these difficulties. These findings suggest the importance of targeting body awareness and bodily dissociation in the treatment of women's sexual difficulties.

  13. Discerning the impact of personal and situational variables in risk perception of coronary heart disease

    Figueiras, Maria João; Maroco, João; Monteiro, Rita; Caeiro, Raúl; Neto, David Dias
    Research into how people perceive risk has highlighted the interaction between the available information and personal variables and their impact on judgement. This study sought to identify demographic and health variables that influenced risk and the influence of individual risk assessment, dispositional optimism and negative affect on judgement. A total of 476 participants were asked to make risks judgements of 24 vignettes depicting hypothetical risk scenarios. The findings showed that while people are able to correctly recognise, in others, relevant risk factors for coronary heart disease, risk perception is likely to imply a personal consideration of the same risk factors...

  14. Correlates of adjustment to aging among the young-old and the oldest-old: A comparative analysis

    von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira
    This study aims to compare the correlates of adjustment to aging (AtA) reported by young-old and oldest-old adults and to build two structural models to explore the correlates of AtA for these two age groups. A crossnational study encompassing a community-dwelling sample of 823 older adults aged 65 years and older was undertaken. Several measures were employed to assess AtA, subjective well-being, and sense of coherence. A questionnaire to determine socio-demographic (sex, age, professional and marital status, education, household, adult children, family’s annual income, living setting, and self-reported spirituality), lifestyle and health-related characteristics (perceived health, recent disease, medication, and leisure) was also used. Structural equation modeling was employed to investigate...

  15. The old and the oldest-old: Do they have different perspectives on adjustment to aging?

    von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira
    Background: Older adults experience varying challenges in old age. This study aims to explore the indicators of adjustment to aging (AtA) and to examine the potential explanatory mechanisms of a correlational model for AtA for the old and oldest-old adults. Methods: This qualitative study comprised demographics and semistructured interviews. Complete information on 152 older adults aged between 75 years and 102 years (mean ¼ 83.76 years; standard deviation ¼ 6.458). Data was subjected to content analysis. The correlational model of indicators of AtA was analyzed using a multiple correspondence analysis. Results: “Occupation and achievement” was the most mentioned indicator of AtA by the old participants (17.7%), whereas “existential...

  16. Open-label placebo treatment in chronic low back pain: A randomized controlled trial

    Carvalho, Cláudia Maria Constante Ferreira de; Joaquim António Machado Caetano; Cunha, Lidia; Rebouta, Paula; Kaptchuk, Ted J.; Kirsch, Irving
    This randomized controlled trial was performed to investigate whether placebo effects in chronic low back pain could be harnessed ethically by adding open-label placebo (OLP) treatment to treatment as usual (TAU) for 3 weeks. Pain severity was assessed on three 0- to 10-point Numeric Rating Scales, scoring maximum pain, minimum pain, and usual pain, and a composite, primary outcome, total pain score. Our other primary outcome was back-related dysfunction, assessed on the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire. In an exploratory follow-up, participants on TAU received placebo pills for 3 additional weeks. We randomized 97 adults reporting persistent low back pain for more...

  17. Cybersex in portuguese chatrooms: A study of sexual behaviors related to online sex

    Carvalheira, Ana Alexandra; Gomes, Francisco Allen
    The present article is about a particular form of sexual activity on the Internet: cybersex in chatrooms-in Portuguese by Portuguese people. This study aims to identify the reasons for engaging in cybersex on chats and the behavioral domains that characterize this activity. To carry out the study, we developed a self-report questionnaire that we made available on a website. The sample was collected online (n = 400) through the Portuguese Internet Relay Chat. Factor analyses revealed seven domain structures: (a) social skills, (b) preference for cybersex, (c) filter for a later date, (d) sex by phone, (e) fantasies, (f) using...

  18. Job-related strain and sexual health difficulties among heterosexual men from three european countries: The role of culture and emotional support

    Stulhofer, Aleksandar; Traeen, Bente; Carvalheira, Ana Alexandra
    Introduction. Epidemiological evidence for the association between job-related stress and sexual difficulties in men is largely lacking. Little is known about the factors that may mediate or moderate this relationship. Aim. This study analyzes the association between job-related difficulties and men’s sexual difficulties. Main Outcome Measures. Job-related difficulties were measured by 10 yes/no questions that addressed a range of adverse workplace situations. The experience of sexual difficulties in the past 12 months was assessed by using seven dichotomous indicators developed in the National Study of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (NATSAL) 2000. Method. Analyses were carried out using data from a 2011 online study of Portuguese, Croatian,...

  19. Adult attachment style and cortisol responses in women in late pregnancy

    Martins, José Manuel Costa; Ramos, Mariana Moura; Cascais, Maria João; Silva, Carlos Fernandes da; Martins, Henriqueta Maria Ramalhinho Ginja da Costa; Pereira, Marco Daniel de Almeida; Coelho, Rui Manuel Bento de Almeida; Tavares, Jorge Mergulhão
    Suporte financeiro e não financeiro da Maternidade Alfredo da Costa, Lisboa, Portugal

  20. Personality of the caregiver influences the use of strategies to deal with the behavior of persons with dementia

    Melo, Graça; Maroco, João; Lima-Basto, Marta; Mendonça, Alexandre de
    Personality of family caregiver is an important factor influencing the caregiver's burden, depression and distress. We now hypothesized that the personality is associated with specific strategies used by family caregivers to deal with the behavioral and psychological symptoms of demented relatives (BPSD). Participants were 98 consecutive persons with dementia and their family caregivers. Assessments included: Personality (NEO-FFI), Burden (ZBI), Depression (CES-D), Cognitive Function (MMSE), BPSD (NPI), Distress (NPI-D), and an open question to identify the strategies used by caregivers when faced with BPSD. Caregivers used different strategies to cope with their relatives' behavior: avoiding conflict; confronting; reassuring; orienting; responding coercively;...

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