Santos, Teresa; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de; Marques, Adilson; Simões, Celeste; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Machado, Maria do Céu
Adolescents with chronic disease (CD) can be more vulnerable to adverse psychosocial outcomes. This study aims: 1) to identify differences in psychosocial variables (health-related quality of life, psychosomatic complaints, resilience, self-regulation and social support) among adolescents who feel that CD affects or does not affect school/peers connectedness (measured by self-reported participation in school and social activities); and 2) to assess the extent to which psychosocial variables are associated with connectedness in school and peer domains.
Silva, Wanderson Roberto da; Maroco, João; Ochner, Christopher N.; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
Aims To evaluate the psychometric properties of the male
body dissatisfaction scale (MBDS) in Brazilian and Portuguese
university students; to present a reduced model of
the scale; to compare two methods of computing global
scores for participants’ body dissatisfaction; and to estimate
the prevalence of participants’ body dissatisfaction.
Methods A total of 932 male students participated in this
study. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to
assess the scale’s psychometric properties. Multi-group
analysis was used to test transnational invariance and
invariance in independent samples. The body dissatisfaction
score was calculated using two methods (mean and
matrix of weights in the CFA), which were compared.
Finally, individuals were classified according to level of
Marques, Adilson; Peralta, Miguel; Martins, João Filipe da Silva Figueira; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de; Brownson, Ross C.
Objectives This study examined the relationship between
physical activity (PA) and chronic diseases in European
older adults, using a prospective analysis with data from
2011 and 2013.
Methods Participants were 37,524 older adults (16,204
men) who responded to the fourth (in 2011) and fifth (in
2013) wave of SHARE project, from 13 European countries.
Participants’ answers to interview questions about the
presence of chronic conditions and PA. The cross-sectional
and prospective association between PA and the number of
chronic diseases was assessed using general linear models.
Results Among men and women, moderate or vigorous
physical activity (MVPA) in 2011 was associated with
fewer reported chronic diseases in 2011 and 2013. In
prospective analysis, MVPA...
Carvalheira, Ana Alexandra; Price, Cynthia; Neves, Cide Filipe Branco de Campos
The goal of this study was to explore potential body awareness and bodily dissociation differences between men and women with and without sexual difficulties, using the Scale of Body Connection in a sample of 909 participants. In women, bodily dissociation scores were significantly higher across all reported sexual difficulties, except in sexual pain. Women with lack of sexual interest and sexual arousal had significantly lower body awareness when compared to women without these difficulties. These findings suggest the importance of targeting body awareness and bodily dissociation in the treatment of women's sexual difficulties.
Figueiras, Maria João; Maroco, João; Monteiro, Rita; Caeiro, Raúl; Neto, David Dias
Research into how people perceive risk has highlighted the interaction between the available information and personal variables and their impact on judgement. This study sought to identify demographic and health variables that influenced risk and the influence of individual risk assessment, dispositional optimism and negative affect on judgement. A total of 476 participants were asked to make risks judgements of 24 vignettes depicting hypothetical risk scenarios. The findings showed that while people are able to correctly recognise, in others, relevant risk factors for coronary heart disease, risk perception is likely to imply a personal consideration of the same risk factors...
von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira
This study aims to compare the correlates of adjustment to aging (AtA)
reported by young-old and oldest-old adults and to build two structural
models to explore the correlates of AtA for these two age groups. A crossnational
study encompassing a community-dwelling sample of 823 older
adults aged 65 years and older was undertaken. Several measures were
employed to assess AtA, subjective well-being, and sense of coherence. A
questionnaire to determine socio-demographic (sex, age, professional and
marital status, education, household, adult children, family’s annual income,
living setting, and self-reported spirituality), lifestyle and health-related characteristics
(perceived health, recent disease, medication, and leisure) was also
used. Structural equation modeling was employed to investigate...
von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira
Background: Older adults experience varying challenges in old age. This study aims to explore the indicators
of adjustment to aging (AtA) and to examine the potential explanatory mechanisms of a
correlational model for AtA for the old and oldest-old adults.
Methods: This qualitative study comprised demographics and semistructured interviews. Complete information
on 152 older adults aged between 75 years and 102 years (mean ¼ 83.76 years; standard
deviation ¼ 6.458). Data was subjected to content analysis. The correlational model of indicators of AtA
was analyzed using a multiple correspondence analysis.
Results: “Occupation and achievement” was the most mentioned indicator of AtA by the old participants
(17.7%), whereas “existential...
Carvalho, Cláudia Maria Constante Ferreira de; Joaquim António Machado Caetano; Cunha, Lidia; Rebouta, Paula; Kaptchuk, Ted J.; Kirsch, Irving
This randomized controlled trial was performed to investigate whether placebo effects in chronic low back pain could be harnessed ethically by adding open-label placebo (OLP) treatment to treatment as usual (TAU) for 3 weeks. Pain severity was assessed on three 0- to 10-point Numeric Rating Scales, scoring maximum pain, minimum pain, and usual pain, and a composite, primary outcome, total pain score. Our other primary outcome was back-related dysfunction, assessed on the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire. In an exploratory follow-up, participants on TAU received placebo pills for 3 additional weeks. We randomized 97 adults reporting persistent low back pain for more...
Carvalheira, Ana Alexandra; Gomes, Francisco Allen
The present article is about a particular form of sexual activity on the Internet: cybersex in chatrooms-in Portuguese by Portuguese people. This study aims to identify the reasons for engaging in cybersex on chats and the behavioral domains that characterize this activity. To carry out the study, we developed a self-report questionnaire that we made available on a website. The sample was collected online (n = 400) through the Portuguese Internet Relay Chat. Factor analyses revealed seven domain structures: (a) social skills, (b) preference for cybersex, (c) filter for a later date, (d) sex by phone, (e) fantasies, (f) using...
Stulhofer, Aleksandar; Traeen, Bente; Carvalheira, Ana Alexandra
Introduction. Epidemiological evidence for the association between job-related stress and sexual difficulties in men
is largely lacking. Little is known about the factors that may mediate or moderate this relationship.
Aim. This study analyzes the association between job-related difficulties and men’s sexual difficulties.
Main Outcome Measures. Job-related difficulties were measured by 10 yes/no questions that addressed a range of
adverse workplace situations. The experience of sexual difficulties in the past 12 months was assessed by using seven
dichotomous indicators developed in the National Study of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (NATSAL) 2000.
Method. Analyses were carried out using data from a 2011 online study of Portuguese, Croatian,...
Martins, José Manuel Costa; Ramos, Mariana Moura; Cascais, Maria João; Silva, Carlos Fernandes da; Martins, Henriqueta Maria Ramalhinho Ginja da Costa; Pereira, Marco Daniel de Almeida; Coelho, Rui Manuel Bento de Almeida; Tavares, Jorge Mergulhão
Suporte financeiro e não financeiro da Maternidade Alfredo da Costa, Lisboa, Portugal
Melo, Graça; Maroco, João; Lima-Basto, Marta; Mendonça, Alexandre de
Personality of family caregiver is an important factor influencing the caregiver's burden, depression and distress. We now hypothesized that the personality is associated with specific strategies used by family caregivers to deal with the behavioral and psychological symptoms of demented relatives (BPSD). Participants were 98 consecutive persons with dementia and their family caregivers. Assessments included: Personality (NEO-FFI), Burden (ZBI), Depression (CES-D), Cognitive Function (MMSE), BPSD (NPI), Distress (NPI-D), and an open question to identify the strategies used by caregivers when faced with BPSD. Caregivers used different strategies to cope with their relatives' behavior: avoiding conflict; confronting; reassuring; orienting; responding coercively;...
Costa, Rui Miguel; Oliveira, Rui Filipe
O presente artigo contém uma errata, disponível em: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15294145.2015.1108503
Spexoto, Maria Cláudia Bernardes; Serrano, Sergio Vicente; Halliday, Vanessa; Maroco, João; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
Appetite and symptoms, conditions generally reported by the patients with cancer, are
somewhat challenging for professionals to measure directly in clinical routine (latent conditions).
Therefore, specific instruments are required for this purpose. This study aimed to perform
a cultural adaptation of the Cancer Appetite and Symptom Questionnaire (CASQ), into
Portuguese and evaluate its psychometric properties on a sample of Brazilian cancer
This is a validation study with Brazilian cancer patients. The face, content, and construct
(factorial and convergent) validities of the Cancer Appetite and Symptom Questionnaire,
the study tool, were estimated. Further, a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted.
The ratio of chi-square and degrees of...
Castro, Elisa Kern de; Peuker, Ana Carolina; Lawrenz, Priscila; Figueiras, Maria João
Prevention plays a central role in early detection of cervical cancer. Common Sense Model proposes
that the nature and organization of illness representations can guide actions related to health and
how self-care is exercised. The aim of this study was to describe and compare illness perception,
knowledge and self-care in women with and without cancer precursor lesions. Participants were 92
women (aged 18-59) from primary care unity divided into two groups: women with and without
premalignant lesion. Measures for illness perception, knowledge and self-care were used. There
was no statistically signifi cant difference (t test e chi-square test) between groups in the variables
analyzed. Despite the risk...
Carvalheira, Ana Alexandra; Santana, Rita
The inability to reach orgasm is probably the least common and least understood of all male sexual dysfunctions. The present study aims to investigate the incidence of the inability to reach orgasm, and the psychological and interpersonal factors associated with this sexual difficulty. A total of 3,672 heterosexual men from three European countries (1,937 Portuguese, 1,215 Croats, 520 Norwegians) participated in this web survey (M age = 36.6 years, SD = 18-75 years). A total of 354 (9.6%) reported the inability to reach orgasm. Among those men, 89.8% reported moderate to extreme distress regarding this sexual difficulty. A multivariate assessment revealed that...
Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini; Carrascosa, Andréa Corrêa; Zucoloto, Miriane Lucindo; Maroco, João
The aim of this study was to estimate the reliability, validity
and factorial invariance of the Portuguese version of the Geriatric/
General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) as applied to
Brazilian women. A total 701 women over 18 years of age participated
in this study. Telephone interviews were conducted. We evaluated
the construct-related validity through factorial, convergent and
discriminant validity. We carried out a confirmatory factor analysis
using the χ2/df, CFI, GFI and RMSEA indexes. The invariance of the
model in a second independent sample was estimated by multi-group
analysis and internal consistency using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient.
Items 5 and 9 presented factor weights below the adequate value
and were removed....
Brody, Stuart; Weiss, Petr
Introduction. Previous multivariate research found that satisfaction was associated positively with frequency of
specifically penile–vaginal intercourse (PVI; as opposed to other sexual activities) as well as with vaginal orgasm. The
contribution to satisfaction of simultaneous orgasm produced by PVI merited direct examination in a large representative
Aims. To examine the associations of aspects of satisfaction (sexual, life, own mental health, partner relationship)
with consistency of simultaneous orgasm produced by PVI (as well as with PVI frequency and vaginal orgasm
Methods. A representative sample of Czechs (N = 1,570) aged 35–65 years completed a survey on aspects of
satisfaction, PVI frequency, vaginal orgasm consistency, and consistency of...
Weiss, Petr; Brody, Stuart
Introduction. Sexual medicine would benefit from large representative surveys examining the prevalence of genital
female sexual arousal disorder (FSAD) symptoms (with and without the increasingly controversial distress criterion),
as well as novel FSAD correlates and potential “protective” factors.
Aims. To examine the extent to which genital FSAD symptoms, with and without a distress criterion, are associated
with both historical and current aspects of sexual behavior.
Methods. In a representative sample of the Czech population (aged 15–88), 1,000 women were asked whether they
currently have impaired lubrication and vaginal swelling (and if so, if this produces marked distress or interpersonal
difficulty). They provided details of vaginal orgasm (induced...
Costa, Rui Miguel; Brody, Stuart
Introduction. Disturbances in intimate relationships are among the risk factors for female sexual dysfunction.
Insecure styles of anxious attachment (preoccupations about abandonment) and avoidant attachment (avoidance of
closeness in relationships) are robustly associated with sexual problems, relationship difficulties, and several indices
of poorer physical and mental health. Similar indices of poorer sexual, relationship, and health functioning are
associated with impairment of orgasm triggered by penile-vaginal stimulation (vaginal orgasm), but unrelated or
related to greater frequency of other sexual behaviors. However, research examining the differential association of
sexual activities with insecure attachment styles has been lacking.
Aims. The aim of this study was to test the hypotheses that...