Hall, Deborah Ann; Fackrell, Kathryn; Li, Anne Beatrice; Thavayogan, Rachel; Smith, Sandra; Kennedy, Veronica; Tinoco, Catarina; Rodrigues, Evelina D.; Campelo, Paula; Martins, Tânia D.; Lourenço, Vera Martins; Ribeiro, Diogo; Haider, Haúla F.
Background: There are a large number of assessment tools for tinnitus, with little consensus on what it is
important to measure and no preference for a minimum reporting standard. The item content of tinnitus
assessment tools should seek to capture relevant impacts of tinnitus on everyday life, but no-one has yet
synthesised information about the range of tinnitus complaints. This review is thus the first comprehensive and
authoritative collection and synthesis of what adults with tinnitus and their significant others report as problems in
their everyday lives caused by tinnitus.
Methods: Electronic searches were conducted in PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, as well as grey literature sources to
Spexoto, Maria Cláudia Bernardes; Serrano, Sergio Vicente; Halliday, Vanessa; Maroco, João; Wilcock, Andrew; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
Objective: To evaluate the psychometric properties, along with
cross-cultural invariance analysis, of the Cancer Appetite and
Symptom Questionnaire (CASQ).
Method: Data from 555 United Kingdom (UK) cancer patients
were used to evaluate the psychometric properties of the CASQ.
Construct validity was assessed through factorial and convergent
validity. We conducted a confirmatory factor analysis using as
indices the chi-square ratio by degrees of freedom (χ2/df), the
comparative fit index (CFI), the goodness of fit index (GFI),
and the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA).
Convergent validity was estimated by the items’ average
variance extracted (AVE). Reliability was estimated by composite
reliability and internal consistency. Factorial invariance analysis
of the CASQ was evaluated by...
von Humboldt, Sofia; Carneiro, Francis Anne Teplitzky; Leal, Isabel Pereira
This study aims to build a structural model to explore the predictors of
adjustment to aging (AtA) reported by older women in breast cancer remission. A
community-dwelling sample of 771 older women in breast cancer remission aged
between 75 and 98 years answered a questionnaire to determine socio-demographic
(age, income, marital status, education, household, and living setting), and healthrelated
characteristics (self-reported functional limitations and disabilities, time since
remission, other type of cancer, breast reconstruction, perceived health, recent disease
and medication). Several measures were employed to assess AtA, sense of coherence
and subjective well-being. Structural equation modeling was used to explore a structural
model of the self-reported AtA, encompassing all...
von Humboldt, Sofia; Carneiro, Francis Anne Teplitzky; Leal, Isabel Pereira
Objetivos: Analizar las diferencias significativas entre dos grupos de mujeres mayores con y sin
cáncer de mama en relación con el bienestar subjetivo (BS); evaluar a la asociación de BS con cáncer
de mama y examinar la asociación de la dimensión afectiva con la cognitiva del BS de ambos grupos.
Métodos: Reclutamos 387 mujeres mayores (M = 85.27; SD = 6.59, intervalo 75-100). Los instrumentos
incluyeron datos demográficos, la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida y la Escala de Afecto
Positivo y Negativo. Resultados: Las mujeres con cáncer de mama en remisión presentaron puntajes
de BS significativamente más altos. Las dimensiones cognitiva y afectiva del BS...
Gaspar, Rui; Domingos, Samuel; Demétrio, Patrícia
To enable consumers to make informed decisions based on communications about food risks and particularly
intake recommendations, it is essential that individuals understand the information presented to them. Thus,
research into the way people make sense and understand newly received information is important from a public
policy perspective. This is the case when dealing with scientific information destined for the general public, such
as recommended food intake serving sizes provided in numerical format. Hence, this study analysed responses
from exposure to information concerning red meat intake risks and a numerical serving size recommendation.
The study analysed: 1) participants’ reported difficulties in understanding a recommended serving size...
Calado, Ana; Neves, Pedro Miguel; Santos, Teresa Cristina; Ravasco, Paula
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers and the second most responsible for cancer mortality worldwide. In 2014, in Portugal approximately 27,200 people died of cancer, of which 1,791 were women with breast cancer. Flaxseed has been one of the most studied foods, regarding possible relations to breast cancer, though mainly in experimental studies in animals, yet in few clinical trials. It is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, α-linolenic acid, lignan, and fibers. One of the main components of flaxseed is the lignans, of which 95% are made of the predominant secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG). SDG is converted into...
Santana, Rita; Gouveia, Maria João Pinheiro Morais; Carvalheira, Ana Alexandra
The practice of Argentine tango has experienced exponential growth all
over the world, and several studies have revealed its positive outcomes on physical
health. The present study aims to analyze demographic, well-being, and other
psychological variables associated with the regular and long-term practice of
Argentine tango. Participants included 524 men and women from 52 countries
(Mean = 42.4; SD = 11.52; Range = 18–77). A multiple regression analysis was
carried out designating the frequency of attendance at milongas as the dependent
variable. Among women (n = 334), age, relationship situation, flourishing, and
flow, emerged as significant predictors. Older and non-committed women, with a
low level of flourishing, and a...
Sousa, Rute Dinis de; Rodrigues, Ana Maria; Gregório, Maria João; Branco, Jaime Da Cunha; Gouveia, Maria João Pinheiro Morais; Canhão, Helena; Dias, Sara Simões
Anxiety and depression in the elderly individuals have been studied around the world, and some authors consider them among the most serious problems faced by modern societies. With recent economic crisis-very important in Southern European countries-isolation, loneliness, and exclusion of the active society, mental problems are probably raising and associated with distinct factors. In this cross-sectional analysis, nested in a longitudinal population-based cohort study, we analyze anxiety and depression prevalence, and their related factors, in a representative cohort of Portuguese seniors. We used data retrieved from second wave of follow-up of EpiDoC Cohort-EpiDoC 2 study, which is composed by 10,661...
Santos, Teresa; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de; Marques, Adilson; Simões, Celeste; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Machado, Maria do Céu
Adolescents with chronic disease (CD) can be more vulnerable to adverse psychosocial outcomes. This study aims: 1) to identify differences in psychosocial variables (health-related quality of life, psychosomatic complaints, resilience, self-regulation and social support) among adolescents who feel that CD affects or does not affect school/peers connectedness (measured by self-reported participation in school and social activities); and 2) to assess the extent to which psychosocial variables are associated with connectedness in school and peer domains.
Silva, Wanderson Roberto da; Maroco, João; Ochner, Christopher N.; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
Aims To evaluate the psychometric properties of the male
body dissatisfaction scale (MBDS) in Brazilian and Portuguese
university students; to present a reduced model of
the scale; to compare two methods of computing global
scores for participants’ body dissatisfaction; and to estimate
the prevalence of participants’ body dissatisfaction.
Methods A total of 932 male students participated in this
study. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to
assess the scale’s psychometric properties. Multi-group
analysis was used to test transnational invariance and
invariance in independent samples. The body dissatisfaction
score was calculated using two methods (mean and
matrix of weights in the CFA), which were compared.
Finally, individuals were classified according to level of
Marques, Adilson; Peralta, Miguel; Martins, João Filipe da Silva Figueira; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de; Brownson, Ross C.
Objectives This study examined the relationship between
physical activity (PA) and chronic diseases in European
older adults, using a prospective analysis with data from
2011 and 2013.
Methods Participants were 37,524 older adults (16,204
men) who responded to the fourth (in 2011) and fifth (in
2013) wave of SHARE project, from 13 European countries.
Participants’ answers to interview questions about the
presence of chronic conditions and PA. The cross-sectional
and prospective association between PA and the number of
chronic diseases was assessed using general linear models.
Results Among men and women, moderate or vigorous
physical activity (MVPA) in 2011 was associated with
fewer reported chronic diseases in 2011 and 2013. In
prospective analysis, MVPA...
Carvalheira, Ana Alexandra; Price, Cynthia; Neves, Cide Filipe Branco de Campos
The goal of this study was to explore potential body awareness and bodily dissociation differences between men and women with and without sexual difficulties, using the Scale of Body Connection in a sample of 909 participants. In women, bodily dissociation scores were significantly higher across all reported sexual difficulties, except in sexual pain. Women with lack of sexual interest and sexual arousal had significantly lower body awareness when compared to women without these difficulties. These findings suggest the importance of targeting body awareness and bodily dissociation in the treatment of women's sexual difficulties.
Figueiras, Maria João; Maroco, João; Monteiro, Rita; Caeiro, Raúl; Neto, David Dias
Research into how people perceive risk has highlighted the interaction between the available information and personal variables and their impact on judgement. This study sought to identify demographic and health variables that influenced risk and the influence of individual risk assessment, dispositional optimism and negative affect on judgement. A total of 476 participants were asked to make risks judgements of 24 vignettes depicting hypothetical risk scenarios. The findings showed that while people are able to correctly recognise, in others, relevant risk factors for coronary heart disease, risk perception is likely to imply a personal consideration of the same risk factors...
von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira
This study aims to compare the correlates of adjustment to aging (AtA)
reported by young-old and oldest-old adults and to build two structural
models to explore the correlates of AtA for these two age groups. A crossnational
study encompassing a community-dwelling sample of 823 older
adults aged 65 years and older was undertaken. Several measures were
employed to assess AtA, subjective well-being, and sense of coherence. A
questionnaire to determine socio-demographic (sex, age, professional and
marital status, education, household, adult children, family’s annual income,
living setting, and self-reported spirituality), lifestyle and health-related characteristics
(perceived health, recent disease, medication, and leisure) was also
used. Structural equation modeling was employed to investigate...
von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira
Background: Older adults experience varying challenges in old age. This study aims to explore the indicators
of adjustment to aging (AtA) and to examine the potential explanatory mechanisms of a
correlational model for AtA for the old and oldest-old adults.
Methods: This qualitative study comprised demographics and semistructured interviews. Complete information
on 152 older adults aged between 75 years and 102 years (mean ¼ 83.76 years; standard
deviation ¼ 6.458). Data was subjected to content analysis. The correlational model of indicators of AtA
was analyzed using a multiple correspondence analysis.
Results: “Occupation and achievement” was the most mentioned indicator of AtA by the old participants
(17.7%), whereas “existential...
Carvalho, Cláudia Maria Constante Ferreira de; Joaquim António Machado Caetano; Cunha, Lidia; Rebouta, Paula; Kaptchuk, Ted J.; Kirsch, Irving
This randomized controlled trial was performed to investigate whether placebo effects in chronic low back pain could be harnessed ethically by adding open-label placebo (OLP) treatment to treatment as usual (TAU) for 3 weeks. Pain severity was assessed on three 0- to 10-point Numeric Rating Scales, scoring maximum pain, minimum pain, and usual pain, and a composite, primary outcome, total pain score. Our other primary outcome was back-related dysfunction, assessed on the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire. In an exploratory follow-up, participants on TAU received placebo pills for 3 additional weeks. We randomized 97 adults reporting persistent low back pain for more...
Carvalheira, Ana Alexandra; Gomes, Francisco Allen
The present article is about a particular form of sexual activity on the Internet: cybersex in chatrooms-in Portuguese by Portuguese people. This study aims to identify the reasons for engaging in cybersex on chats and the behavioral domains that characterize this activity. To carry out the study, we developed a self-report questionnaire that we made available on a website. The sample was collected online (n = 400) through the Portuguese Internet Relay Chat. Factor analyses revealed seven domain structures: (a) social skills, (b) preference for cybersex, (c) filter for a later date, (d) sex by phone, (e) fantasies, (f) using...
Stulhofer, Aleksandar; Traeen, Bente; Carvalheira, Ana Alexandra
Introduction. Epidemiological evidence for the association between job-related stress and sexual difficulties in men
is largely lacking. Little is known about the factors that may mediate or moderate this relationship.
Aim. This study analyzes the association between job-related difficulties and men’s sexual difficulties.
Main Outcome Measures. Job-related difficulties were measured by 10 yes/no questions that addressed a range of
adverse workplace situations. The experience of sexual difficulties in the past 12 months was assessed by using seven
dichotomous indicators developed in the National Study of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (NATSAL) 2000.
Method. Analyses were carried out using data from a 2011 online study of Portuguese, Croatian,...
Martins, José Manuel Costa; Ramos, Mariana Moura; Cascais, Maria João; Silva, Carlos Fernandes da; Martins, Henriqueta Maria Ramalhinho Ginja da Costa; Pereira, Marco Daniel de Almeida; Coelho, Rui Manuel Bento de Almeida; Tavares, Jorge Mergulhão
Suporte financeiro e não financeiro da Maternidade Alfredo da Costa, Lisboa, Portugal
Melo, Graça; Maroco, João; Lima-Basto, Marta; Mendonça, Alexandre de
Personality of family caregiver is an important factor influencing the caregiver's burden, depression and distress. We now hypothesized that the personality is associated with specific strategies used by family caregivers to deal with the behavioral and psychological symptoms of demented relatives (BPSD). Participants were 98 consecutive persons with dementia and their family caregivers. Assessments included: Personality (NEO-FFI), Burden (ZBI), Depression (CES-D), Cognitive Function (MMSE), BPSD (NPI), Distress (NPI-D), and an open question to identify the strategies used by caregivers when faced with BPSD. Caregivers used different strategies to cope with their relatives' behavior: avoiding conflict; confronting; reassuring; orienting; responding coercively;...