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Repositório do ISPA Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada (11.029 recursos)

No Repositório do ISPA pode encontrar diversos tipos de documentos, em formato digital, resultantes da produção científica do ISPA designadamente: teses de doutoramento, teses de mestrado, artigos em publicações periódicas nacionais e internacionais, relatórios técnicos, artigos em actas de conferências nacionais e internacionais e capítulos de livros.

WJCR - William James Center for Research

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 162

  1. Infant massage improves attitudes toward childbearing, maternal satisfaction and pleasure in parenting

    Bárcia, Sónia Cristina da Silva Vicente Cascão; Veríssimo, Manuela; Diniz, Eva
    The first year of motherhood is a period of growth and adaptation in women's lives with several challenges such as identifying the baby's needs and giving appropriate answers, so that mother and baby get to know each other and form a strong bond. Infant massage is one of the approaches that make an important contribution to the psychological and physiological wellbeing of both baby and mother, helping to form a harmonious relationship. This longitudinal study assessed the benefits of infant massage in the relationship between mother and baby, from birth to 12 months old. Comprising 194 dyads of mothers and...

  2. Infant massage improves attitudes toward childbearing, maternal satisfaction and pleasure in parenting

    Bárcia, Sónia Cristina da Silva Vicente Cascão; Veríssimo, Manuela; Diniz, Eva
    The first year of motherhood is a period of growth and adaptation in women's lives with several challenges such as identifying the baby's needs and giving appropriate answers, so that mother and baby get to know each other and form a strong bond. Infant massage is one of the approaches that make an important contribution to the psychological and physiological wellbeing of both baby and mother, helping to form a harmonious relationship. This longitudinal study assessed the benefits of infant massage in the relationship between mother and baby, from birth to 12 months old. Comprising 194 dyads of mothers and...

  3. Male body dissatisfaction scale (MBDS): Proposal for a reduced model

    Silva, Wanderson Roberto da; Maroco, João; Ochner, Christopher N.; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
    Aims To evaluate the psychometric properties of the male body dissatisfaction scale (MBDS) in Brazilian and Portuguese university students; to present a reduced model of the scale; to compare two methods of computing global scores for participants’ body dissatisfaction; and to estimate the prevalence of participants’ body dissatisfaction. Methods A total of 932 male students participated in this study. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to assess the scale’s psychometric properties. Multi-group analysis was used to test transnational invariance and invariance in independent samples. The body dissatisfaction score was calculated using two methods (mean and matrix of weights in the CFA), which were compared. Finally, individuals were classified according to level of body...

  4. Male body dissatisfaction scale (MBDS): Proposal for a reduced model

    Silva, Wanderson Roberto da; Maroco, João; Ochner, Christopher N.; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
    Aims To evaluate the psychometric properties of the male body dissatisfaction scale (MBDS) in Brazilian and Portuguese university students; to present a reduced model of the scale; to compare two methods of computing global scores for participants’ body dissatisfaction; and to estimate the prevalence of participants’ body dissatisfaction. Methods A total of 932 male students participated in this study. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to assess the scale’s psychometric properties. Multi-group analysis was used to test transnational invariance and invariance in independent samples. The body dissatisfaction score was calculated using two methods (mean and matrix of weights in the CFA), which were compared. Finally, individuals were classified according to level of body...

  5. Impact of economic hardship and financial threat on suicide ideation and confusion

    Fiksenbaum, Lisa; Marjanovic, Zdravko; Greenglass, Esther R.; Santos, Francisco Garcia
    The present study tested the extent to which perceived economic hardship is associated with psychological distress (suicide ideation and confusion) after controlling for personal characteristics. It also explored whether perceived financial threat (i.e., fearful anxious-uncertainty about the stability and security of one's personal financial situation) mediates the relationship between economic hardship and psychological distress outcomes. The theoretical model was tested in a sample of Canadian students (n = 211) and was validated in a community sample of employed Portuguese adults (n = 161). In both samples, the fit of the model was good. Parameter estimates indicated that greater experience of...

  6. Body weight concerns: Cross-national study and identification of factors related to eating disorders

    Silva, Wanderson Roberto da; Santana, Moema de Souza; Maroco, João; Maloa, Benvindo Felismino Samuel; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
    Body weight concerns are common among individuals with eating disorders, and this construct can be assessed using psychometric instruments. The Weight Concerns Scale (WCS) is commonly used to assess body weight concerns.

  7. Judgment of covariation: A review

    Mata, André
    This paper reviews a selection of influential studies on judgment of covariation in order to examine how accurate people’s covariation judgments are in general, and how sophisticated are the reasoning strategies that they use to make those judgments. Very different answers have been given to these questions, depending on several factors, including the method that is used to assess people’s performance on these tasks, and the motivation that people have to reach certain conclusions. It is argued that, although people are often quite poor at judging covariation, they are flexible in the reasoning strategies that they use to do so, and they have the potential to...

  8. Vaginal orgasm is associated with indices of women's better psychological, intimate relationship, and psychophysiological function

    Brody, Stuart; Costa, Rui M.
    A recent study by Therrien and Brotto (2016) examined the associations of orgasm during intercourse, concordance of laboratory genital and subjective arousal, and demographic variables in a group of sexually dysfunctional women. The authors claimed that their results cast doubt on the large body of multi-method multi-national research demonstrating that women’s orgasm from penile-vaginal intercourse, and specifically vaginal orgasm are associated with a broad range of indices of women’s better psychological, intimate relationship, and psychophysiological health. The problems with Therrien and Brotto’s (2016) conclusions are discussed, and include that they did not even measure vaginal orgasm (they measured orgasm during intercourse, which can in some cases consist...

  9. Vaginal orgasm is associated with indices of women's better psychological, intimate relationship, and psychophysiological function

    Brody, Stuart; Costa, Rui Miguel
    A recent study by Therrien and Brotto (2016) examined the associations of orgasm during intercourse, concordance of laboratory genital and subjective arousal, and demographic variables in a group of sexually dysfunctional women. The authors claimed that their results cast doubt on the large body of multi-method multi-national research demonstrating that women’s orgasm from penile-vaginal intercourse, and specifically vaginal orgasm are associated with a broad range of indices of women’s better psychological, intimate relationship, and psychophysiological health. The problems with Therrien and Brotto’s (2016) conclusions are discussed, and include that they did not even measure vaginal orgasm (they measured orgasm during intercourse, which can in some cases consist...

  10. Cross-sectional and prospective relationship between physical activity and chronic diseases in European older adults

    Marques, Adilson; Peralta, Miguel; Martins, João Filipe da Silva Figueira; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de; Brownson, Ross C.
    Objectives This study examined the relationship between physical activity (PA) and chronic diseases in European older adults, using a prospective analysis with data from 2011 and 2013. Methods Participants were 37,524 older adults (16,204 men) who responded to the fourth (in 2011) and fifth (in 2013) wave of SHARE project, from 13 European countries. Participants’ answers to interview questions about the presence of chronic conditions and PA. The cross-sectional and prospective association between PA and the number of chronic diseases was assessed using general linear models. Results Among men and women, moderate or vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in 2011 was associated with fewer reported chronic diseases in 2011 and 2013. In prospective analysis, MVPA...

  11. Does having a pet make a difference? Highlights from the HBSC Portuguese study

    Reis, Marta; Ramiro, Lúcia; Camacho, Inês; Tomé, Gina; Brito, Cristiana; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de
    Pets are part of many adolescent’s lives. Objectives: To identify in a large national representative sample of Portuguese adolescents (HSBC study), the percentage of adolescents that have pets, what kind of feelings pets provide, differences by gender and age (through school grades) and to verify whether adolescent health, well-being, life satisfaction and psychological symptoms are associated with having a pet. Methods: The 2014 study provided national data of 6026 Portuguese adolescents (52.3% of which were girls), whose mean age was 13.8 years, randomly selected from those attending 6th, 8th and 10th grades. Measures included asking the participant if he/she had pets, which pet was, and the relationship they had...

  12. Lisbon Emoji and Emoticon Database (LEED): Norms for emoji and emoticons in seven evaluative dimensions

    Rodrigues, David; Prada, Marília; Gaspar, Rui; Garrido, Margarida Vaz; Lopes, Diniz
    The use of emoticons and emoji is increasingly popular across a variety of new platforms of online communication. They have also become popular as stimulus materials in scientific research. However, the assumption that emoji/emoticon users' interpretations always correspond to the developers'/researchers' intended meanings might be misleading. This article presents subjective norms of emoji and emoticons provided by everyday users. The Lisbon Emoji and Emoticon Database (LEED) comprises 238 stimuli: 85 emoticons and 153 emoji (collected from iOS, Android, Facebook, and Emojipedia). The sample included 505 Portuguese participants recruited online. Each participant evaluated a random subset of 20 stimuli for seven...

  13. Self-transcendence, sexual desire, and sexual frequency

    Costa, Rui Miguel; Pestana, José Antonio Melo; Costa, David
    Self-forgetfulness is a facet of self-transcendence characterized by tendency to experience altered states of consciousness. We examined associations of self-forgetfulness with sexual desire and frequency. Two hundred sixty-one Portuguese men and women completed the self-forgetfulness subscale of the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised, a measure of openness to experience, and a questionnaire on desired and actual frequency of vaginal intercourse, noncoital sex, and masturbation in the past month. In simple and partial correlations controlling for openness to experience and relationship status, women's self-forgetfulness correlated with desired frequency of intercourse and noncoital sex. For men, self-forgetfulness correlated with actual frequency of intercourse...

  14. Menopausal transition in southern europe: Comparative study of women in Serbia and Portugal

    Dotlic, Jelena; Pimenta, Filipa; Kovacevic, Nikolina; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Maroco, João; Utian, Wulf; Gazibara, Tatjana
    Objective: The aim of this study was to assess and compare general menopausal quality of life in Serbia and Portugal. Methods: In all, 1,503 women aged between 40 and 65 years from Belgrade, Serbia, and Lisbon, Portugal, were included in the study. A sociodemographic questionnaire and the Utian Quality of Life (UQOL) scale were used in data collection. Results: The average age of women was 50 (SD¼5.61) years. Serbian and Portuguese women differed in all sociodemographic characteristics except for body mass index (BMI) and relationship status. There were no significant differences in UQOL total score (P¼0.629) or UQOL sexual score (P¼0.396) between Serbian and Portuguese women. However, occupational...

  15. Unemployment, life satisfaction and deprivation: Gender and partnership differences in the context of economic recession

    Frasquilho, Diana; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de; Marques, Adilson; Gaspar, Tânia; Almeida, José Miguel Caldas de
    BACKGROUND: The economic recession produced a rapid rise of unemployment rates that was more visible in Southern European countries. There is evidence that unemployment correlates highly with individuals’ poor life satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relationship between life satisfaction, household composition and socioeconomic deprivation in people facing unemployment during the economic recession. METHODS: A sample of 748 unemployed people from Lisbon (Portugal) completed a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Cantril’s ladder of life scale, and the latent and manifest benefits of work scale (LAMB). Multiple regression analyses were used to test the associations between life satisfaction and all other variables. RESULTS: Partnered people report higher life satisfaction compared to...

  16. Effectiveness of verbal and gestural signals and familiarity with signal-senders on the performance of working dogs

    Scandurra, Anna; Alterisio, Alessandra; Marinelli, Lieta; Mongillo, Paolo; Semin, Gün R.; D’Aniello, Biagio
    We assessed how highly trained dogs respond to gestural versus verbal signals when their handlers oran unfamiliar person asked them to perform an obedience task. Dogs were requested to perform fourdifferent actions (“Sit”, “Down”, “Stay” and “Come”) upon receiving congruent (only gestural or onlyverbal) or incongruent signals (gestural and verbal signals contradict each other).The dogs’ performance measures were the frequency of correct responses and their response latency.Generalized Estimation Equation models were used to determine whether the type of signal, the coher-ence of the signals and familiarity with the signaler influenced dogs’ responses.Our results show that the probability of dogs expressing...

  17. Sexual prejudice in portugal: Results from the first wave european study on heterosexual’s attitudes toward same-gender marriage and parenting

    Costa, Pedro Alexandre; Carneiro, Francis Anne Teplitzky; Esposito, Francesca; D’Amore, Salvatore; Green, Robert Jay
    The objective of this study was to document the prevalence and evolution of sexual prejudice toward gay men and lesbian, same-gender marriage, and same-gender parenting among a large sample of Portuguese young adults. The sample consisted of 704 self-identified heterosexual individuals (24% men and 76% women), aged between 18 and 30 years (M = 22; SD = 3), who participated in an online survey. ANOVA results revealed that women were less sexually prejudiced, were less likely to endorse social etiological beliefs of homosexuality, and were more supportive of samegender marriage and same-gender parenting than were men. Further mediation analysis revealed that the effects of gender, religiosity, importance of religious beliefs, and political...

  18. Atribuições, estilos e práticas no cuidado de crianças em creches mexicanas

    Salinas-Quiroz, Fernando; Andrade, Abraham; Hernández, Esperanza; Velázquez, Rubén; Coelho, Leandra Marques
    Os estudos sobre os Centros de Educação Infantil (CEI) indicam que não existem associações consistentes entre a qualidade do CEI e o nível educativo do Cuidador Secundário Professional (CSP) pressupondo que o nível, por si só, pouco contribui para a efetividade do CSP nos CEI. No entanto, as interpretações do CSP sobre a intencionalidade do comportamento das crianças parecem determinar o tipo de práticas educativas utilizadas na resposta às necessidades das crianças. O presente estudo tem como objetivo analisar as associações entre as atribuições dos CSP sobre a intencionalidade do comportamento da criança e os estilos e práticas de educação. 34 CSP participaram no estudo. Os instrumentos...

  19. Verdadeiro ou Falso? A ambiguidade de uma lista de frases permite o estudo de processos de atribuição de verdade

    Garcia-Marques, Teresa; Silva, Rita Rocha da; Mello, Joana José de
    Neste artigo apresentamos os dados de dois pré-testes do grau de “verdade percebida” de afirmações sobre diferentes tópicos. O objectivo destes pré-testes salienta a necessidade de encontrar afirmações consideradas ambíguas no seu grau de veracidade e a sua relevância para a investigação de enviesamentos de percepção de verdade. As afirmações foram pré-testadas junto de amostras da população Portuguesa aplicando dois critérios diferentes. No primeiro pré-teste um conjunto de afirmações verdadeiras foi avaliada numa escala de probabilidade de veracidade. Estas avaliações foram contrastadas com as avaliações das versões falsas das mesmas afirmações (por alteração de um pequeno detalhe). Neste pré- -teste, ambiguidade foi definida por ambas as versões...

  20. Le soi et l’estime de soi chez l’enfant: Une revue systématique de la littérature

    Pinto, Alexandra Maria Pereira Inácio Sequeira; Gatinho, Ana Rita dos Santos; Tereno, Susana; Veríssimo, Manuela
    Cette étude vise : a) à analyser les différentes méthodes utilisées pour l’étude du Soi et chez les enfants, en ce que concerne sa qualité et son potentiel et b) à synthétiser les résultats déjà obtenus en termes de Soi/d’estime de soi/d’autoconcept, pour les enfants en âge préscolaire. Après avoir établi des critères rigoureux d’inclusion et d’exclusion, 33 articles ont été sélectionnés, dans plusieurs bases de données, nationales et internationales. Les résultats indiquent que le Soi des petits enfants est susceptible d’être mesuré et analysé par des méthodes d’auto-évaluation, et ce, tant d’une manière multidimensionnelle que globale. En ce qui concerne la relation entre le Soi et l’attachement, on a trouvé des résultats qui montrent l’existence d’un lien positif entre les deux concepts. Enfin, bien qu’il soit possible d’analyser le Soi...

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