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Repositório do ISPA Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada (11.353 recursos)

No Repositório do ISPA pode encontrar diversos tipos de documentos, em formato digital, resultantes da produção científica do ISPA designadamente: teses de doutoramento, teses de mestrado, artigos em publicações periódicas nacionais e internacionais, relatórios técnicos, artigos em actas de conferências nacionais e internacionais e capítulos de livros.

WJCR - William James Center for Research

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 168

  1. Adolescent’s subjective perceptions of chronic disease and related psychosocial factors: highlights from an outpatient context study

    Santos, Teresa; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de; Marques, Adilson; Simões, Celeste; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Machado, Maria do Céu
    Adolescents with chronic disease (CD) can be more vulnerable to adverse psychosocial outcomes. This study aims: 1) to identify differences in psychosocial variables (health-related quality of life, psychosomatic complaints, resilience, self-regulation and social support) among adolescents who feel that CD affects or does not affect school/peers connectedness (measured by self-reported participation in school and social activities); and 2) to assess the extent to which psychosocial variables are associated with connectedness in school and peer domains.

  2. Sufficiency before efficiency: Consumers' profiling and barriers/facilitators of energy efficient behaviours

    Gaspar, Rui; Antunes, Dalila; Faria, Ana; Meiszner, Andreas
    Even if consumers have positive attitudes towards the environment and household energy conservation measures, and are seemingly motivated to implement them, there are factors that function as barriers to such behaviours. The literature is still insufficient in exploring variables with such negative influence and in identifying ways of shielding consumers against it. A first step towards the latter can be achieved through energy consumers' psychosocial profiles identification, i.e. configurations of consumer characteristics based on a set of psychosocial factors. To contribute in this regard, a nationwide survey of Portuguese householders aimed to identify: 1) psychosocial factors that may function as barriers or facilitators to energy conservation measures...

  3. Sufficiency before efficiency: Consumers' profiling and barriers/facilitators of energy efficient behaviours

    Gaspar, Rui; Antunes, Dalila; Faria, Ana; Meiszner, Andreas
    Even if consumers have positive attitudes towards the environment and household energy conservation measures, and are seemingly motivated to implement them, there are factors that function as barriers to such behaviours. The literature is still insufficient in exploring variables with such negative influence and in identifying ways of shielding consumers against it. A first step towards the latter can be achieved through energy consumers' psychosocial profiles identification, i.e. configurations of consumer characteristics based on a set of psychosocial factors. To contribute in this regard, a nationwide survey of Portuguese householders aimed to identify: 1) psychosocial factors that may function as barriers or facilitators to energy conservation measures...

  4. Sufficiency before efficiency: Consumers' profiling and barriers/facilitators of energy efficient behaviours

    Gaspar, Rui; Antunes, Dalila; Faria, Ana; Meiszner, Andreas
    Even if consumers have positive attitudes towards the environment and household energy conservation measures, and are seemingly motivated to implement them, there are factors that function as barriers to such behaviours. The literature is still insufficient in exploring variables with such negative influence and in identifying ways of shielding consumers against it. A first step towards the latter can be achieved through energy consumers' psychosocial profiles identification, i.e. configurations of consumer characteristics based on a set of psychosocial factors. To contribute in this regard, a nationwide survey of Portuguese householders aimed to identify: 1) psychosocial factors that may function as barriers or facilitators to energy conservation measures...

  5. Interspecies transmission of emotional information via chemosignals: From humans to dogs (canis lupus familiaris)

    D’Aniello, Biagio; Semin, Gün R.; Alterisio, Alessandra; Aria, Massimo; Scandurra, Anna
    We report a study examining interspecies emotion transfer via body odors (chemosignals). Do human body odors (chemosignals) produced under emotional conditions of happiness and fear provide information that is detectable by pet dogs (Labrador and Golden retrievers)? The odor samples were collected from the axilla of male donors not involved in the main experiment. The experimental setup involved the co-presence of the dog's owner, a stranger and the odor dispenser in a space where the dogs could move freely. There were three odor conditions [fear, happiness, and control (no sweat)] to which the dogs were assigned randomly. The dependent variables...

  6. The vomeronasal organ: A neglected organ

    D’Aniello, Biagio; Semin, Gün R.; Scandurra, Anna; Pinelli, Claudia
    This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. It is reproduced with permission.

  7. Análise fatorial confirmatória da versão portuguesa da escala preschool play behaviour scale para educadoras

    Monteiro, Lígia Maria Santos; Fernandes, Marília; Sousa, Tânia Lobo; Torres, Nuno; Rosado, António Fernando; Santos, António José
    A Preschool Play Behavior Scale é um instrumento constituído por 18 itens que expressam diferentes tipos de comportamentos das crianças, em contexto de brincadeira livre com os pares, procurando diferenciar, em particular, tipos de comportamentos não-sociais. O presente estudo teve como objetivo traduzir e analisar a estrutura fatorial do instrumento e as suas características psicométricas. Sessenta educadoras descreveram os comportamentos de 369 crianças (166 raparigas), com idades compreendidas entre os 36 e os 60 meses, e a frequentar escolas de Ensino Particular com fins lucrativos e Instituições Particulares de Solidariedade Social, do Distrito de Lisboa/Portugal. O modelo final de 4 fatores - Comportamento Reticente, Solitário-Passivo, Solitário-Ativo e...

  8. Infant massage improves attitudes toward childbearing, maternal satisfaction and pleasure in parenting

    Bárcia, Sónia Cristina da Silva Vicente Cascão; Veríssimo, Manuela; Diniz, Eva
    The first year of motherhood is a period of growth and adaptation in women's lives with several challenges such as identifying the baby's needs and giving appropriate answers, so that mother and baby get to know each other and form a strong bond. Infant massage is one of the approaches that make an important contribution to the psychological and physiological wellbeing of both baby and mother, helping to form a harmonious relationship. This longitudinal study assessed the benefits of infant massage in the relationship between mother and baby, from birth to 12 months old. Comprising 194 dyads of mothers and...

  9. Male body dissatisfaction scale (MBDS): Proposal for a reduced model

    Silva, Wanderson Roberto da; Maroco, João; Ochner, Christopher N.; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
    Aims To evaluate the psychometric properties of the male body dissatisfaction scale (MBDS) in Brazilian and Portuguese university students; to present a reduced model of the scale; to compare two methods of computing global scores for participants’ body dissatisfaction; and to estimate the prevalence of participants’ body dissatisfaction. Methods A total of 932 male students participated in this study. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to assess the scale’s psychometric properties. Multi-group analysis was used to test transnational invariance and invariance in independent samples. The body dissatisfaction score was calculated using two methods (mean and matrix of weights in the CFA), which were compared. Finally, individuals were classified according to level of body...

  10. Impact of economic hardship and financial threat on suicide ideation and confusion

    Fiksenbaum, Lisa; Marjanovic, Zdravko; Greenglass, Esther R.; Santos, Francisco Garcia
    The present study tested the extent to which perceived economic hardship is associated with psychological distress (suicide ideation and confusion) after controlling for personal characteristics. It also explored whether perceived financial threat (i.e., fearful anxious-uncertainty about the stability and security of one's personal financial situation) mediates the relationship between economic hardship and psychological distress outcomes. The theoretical model was tested in a sample of Canadian students (n = 211) and was validated in a community sample of employed Portuguese adults (n = 161). In both samples, the fit of the model was good. Parameter estimates indicated that greater experience of...

  11. Body weight concerns: Cross-national study and identification of factors related to eating disorders

    Silva, Wanderson Roberto da; Santana, Moema de Souza; Maroco, João; Maloa, Benvindo Felismino Samuel; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
    Body weight concerns are common among individuals with eating disorders, and this construct can be assessed using psychometric instruments. The Weight Concerns Scale (WCS) is commonly used to assess body weight concerns.

  12. Judgment of covariation: A review

    Mata, André
    This paper reviews a selection of influential studies on judgment of covariation in order to examine how accurate people’s covariation judgments are in general, and how sophisticated are the reasoning strategies that they use to make those judgments. Very different answers have been given to these questions, depending on several factors, including the method that is used to assess people’s performance on these tasks, and the motivation that people have to reach certain conclusions. It is argued that, although people are often quite poor at judging covariation, they are flexible in the reasoning strategies that they use to do so, and they have the potential to...

  13. Vaginal orgasm is associated with indices of women's better psychological, intimate relationship, and psychophysiological function

    Brody, Stuart; Costa, Rui M.
    A recent study by Therrien and Brotto (2016) examined the associations of orgasm during intercourse, concordance of laboratory genital and subjective arousal, and demographic variables in a group of sexually dysfunctional women. The authors claimed that their results cast doubt on the large body of multi-method multi-national research demonstrating that women’s orgasm from penile-vaginal intercourse, and specifically vaginal orgasm are associated with a broad range of indices of women’s better psychological, intimate relationship, and psychophysiological health. The problems with Therrien and Brotto’s (2016) conclusions are discussed, and include that they did not even measure vaginal orgasm (they measured orgasm during intercourse, which can in some cases consist...

  14. Vaginal orgasm is associated with indices of women's better psychological, intimate relationship, and psychophysiological function

    Brody, Stuart; Costa, Rui Miguel
    A recent study by Therrien and Brotto (2016) examined the associations of orgasm during intercourse, concordance of laboratory genital and subjective arousal, and demographic variables in a group of sexually dysfunctional women. The authors claimed that their results cast doubt on the large body of multi-method multi-national research demonstrating that women’s orgasm from penile-vaginal intercourse, and specifically vaginal orgasm are associated with a broad range of indices of women’s better psychological, intimate relationship, and psychophysiological health. The problems with Therrien and Brotto’s (2016) conclusions are discussed, and include that they did not even measure vaginal orgasm (they measured orgasm during intercourse, which can in some cases consist...

  15. Cross-sectional and prospective relationship between physical activity and chronic diseases in European older adults

    Marques, Adilson; Peralta, Miguel; Martins, João Filipe da Silva Figueira; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de; Brownson, Ross C.
    Objectives This study examined the relationship between physical activity (PA) and chronic diseases in European older adults, using a prospective analysis with data from 2011 and 2013. Methods Participants were 37,524 older adults (16,204 men) who responded to the fourth (in 2011) and fifth (in 2013) wave of SHARE project, from 13 European countries. Participants’ answers to interview questions about the presence of chronic conditions and PA. The cross-sectional and prospective association between PA and the number of chronic diseases was assessed using general linear models. Results Among men and women, moderate or vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in 2011 was associated with fewer reported chronic diseases in 2011 and 2013. In prospective analysis, MVPA...

  16. Does having a pet make a difference? Highlights from the HBSC Portuguese study

    Reis, Marta; Ramiro, Lúcia; Camacho, Inês; Tomé, Gina; Brito, Cristiana; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de
    Pets are part of many adolescent’s lives. Objectives: To identify in a large national representative sample of Portuguese adolescents (HSBC study), the percentage of adolescents that have pets, what kind of feelings pets provide, differences by gender and age (through school grades) and to verify whether adolescent health, well-being, life satisfaction and psychological symptoms are associated with having a pet. Methods: The 2014 study provided national data of 6026 Portuguese adolescents (52.3% of which were girls), whose mean age was 13.8 years, randomly selected from those attending 6th, 8th and 10th grades. Measures included asking the participant if he/she had pets, which pet was, and the relationship they had...

  17. Lisbon Emoji and Emoticon Database (LEED): Norms for emoji and emoticons in seven evaluative dimensions

    Rodrigues, David; Prada, Marília; Gaspar, Rui; Garrido, Margarida Vaz; Lopes, Diniz
    The use of emoticons and emoji is increasingly popular across a variety of new platforms of online communication. They have also become popular as stimulus materials in scientific research. However, the assumption that emoji/emoticon users' interpretations always correspond to the developers'/researchers' intended meanings might be misleading. This article presents subjective norms of emoji and emoticons provided by everyday users. The Lisbon Emoji and Emoticon Database (LEED) comprises 238 stimuli: 85 emoticons and 153 emoji (collected from iOS, Android, Facebook, and Emojipedia). The sample included 505 Portuguese participants recruited online. Each participant evaluated a random subset of 20 stimuli for seven...

  18. Self-transcendence, sexual desire, and sexual frequency

    Costa, Rui Miguel; Pestana, José Antonio Melo; Costa, David
    Self-forgetfulness is a facet of self-transcendence characterized by tendency to experience altered states of consciousness. We examined associations of self-forgetfulness with sexual desire and frequency. Two hundred sixty-one Portuguese men and women completed the self-forgetfulness subscale of the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised, a measure of openness to experience, and a questionnaire on desired and actual frequency of vaginal intercourse, noncoital sex, and masturbation in the past month. In simple and partial correlations controlling for openness to experience and relationship status, women's self-forgetfulness correlated with desired frequency of intercourse and noncoital sex. For men, self-forgetfulness correlated with actual frequency of intercourse...

  19. Menopausal transition in southern europe: Comparative study of women in Serbia and Portugal

    Dotlic, Jelena; Pimenta, Filipa; Kovacevic, Nikolina; Leal, Isabel Pereira; Maroco, João; Utian, Wulf; Gazibara, Tatjana
    Objective: The aim of this study was to assess and compare general menopausal quality of life in Serbia and Portugal. Methods: In all, 1,503 women aged between 40 and 65 years from Belgrade, Serbia, and Lisbon, Portugal, were included in the study. A sociodemographic questionnaire and the Utian Quality of Life (UQOL) scale were used in data collection. Results: The average age of women was 50 (SD¼5.61) years. Serbian and Portuguese women differed in all sociodemographic characteristics except for body mass index (BMI) and relationship status. There were no significant differences in UQOL total score (P¼0.629) or UQOL sexual score (P¼0.396) between Serbian and Portuguese women. However, occupational...

  20. Unemployment, life satisfaction and deprivation: Gender and partnership differences in the context of economic recession

    Frasquilho, Diana; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de; Marques, Adilson; Gaspar, Tânia; Almeida, José Miguel Caldas de
    BACKGROUND: The economic recession produced a rapid rise of unemployment rates that was more visible in Southern European countries. There is evidence that unemployment correlates highly with individuals’ poor life satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relationship between life satisfaction, household composition and socioeconomic deprivation in people facing unemployment during the economic recession. METHODS: A sample of 748 unemployed people from Lisbon (Portugal) completed a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Cantril’s ladder of life scale, and the latent and manifest benefits of work scale (LAMB). Multiple regression analyses were used to test the associations between life satisfaction and all other variables. RESULTS: Partnered people report higher life satisfaction compared to...

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