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Digital Access to Scholarship at Harvard (35.954 recursos)

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Berkman Center for Internet & Society Scholarly Articles

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 31

  1. Challenges & Opportunities Concerning Corporate Formation, Nonprofit Status, & Governance for Open Source Projects

    Ritvo, Dalia Topelson; Hessekiel, Kira H.; Bavitz, Christopher T.

  2. Open Data Privacy

    Green, Ben Z; Cunningham, Gabe; Ekblaw, Ariel; Linzer, Andrew; Kominers, Paul M; Crawford, Susan Patricia
    Cities today collect and store a wide range of data that may contain sensitive information about residents. As cities embrace open data initiatives, more of this information is released to the public. While opening data has many important benefits, sharing data comes with inherent risks to individual privacy: released data can reveal information about individuals that would otherwise not be public knowledge. The goal of this document is to take a first step toward codifying responsible privacy-protective approaches and processes that could be adopted by cities and other groups that are publicly releasing data.

  3. Smart Grid Paybacks: The Chattanooga Example

    Talbot, David A.; Paz-Canales, Maria
    After building a fiber optic network throughout its service territory, the city-owned electric utility in Chattanooga, Tennessee, became the first U.S. company to offer Internet access speeds of 1 gigabit per second to customers. The fiber also serves as the backbone for a sophisticated smart grid. Data show that the savings produced by the smart grid, plus revenue from access fees paid by the utility’s Internet access business, more than cover the capital and operating costs of the smart grid. What’s more, we estimate this would still be true even if the utility hadn’t received a $111.6 million federal stimulus...

  4. Citizens Take Charge: Concord, Massachusetts, Builds a Fiber Network

    Talbot, David A.; Warner, Waide; Crawford, Susan Patricia; White, Jacob
    This report describes a multi-year effort by the town of Concord, Massachusetts, to establish a robust and versatile communications infrastructure to better serve its citizens. The town’s municipal utility, Concord Municipal Light Plant, or CMLP, built a 100-mile fiber optic network as a backbone for a smart grid, and then used the network to deliver high-speed Internet access to homes and businesses, competing with Comcast. With the fiber installed, the town realized significant savings on municipal communications costs and generated new fiber-leasing revenue. CMLP recently launched a strategic planning effort to use the smart grid network and the data it...

  5. Citizens Take Charge: Concord, Massachusetts, Builds a Fiber Network

    Talbot, David A.; Warner, Waide; Crawford, Susan Patricia; White, Jacob
    This report describes a multi-year effort by the town of Concord, Massachusetts, to establish a robust and versatile communications infrastructure to better serve its citizens. The town’s municipal utility, Concord Municipal Light Plant, or CMLP, built a 100-mile fiber optic network as a backbone for a smart grid, and then used the network to deliver high-speed Internet access to homes and businesses, competing with Comcast. With the fiber installed, the town realized significant savings on municipal communications costs and generated new fiber-leasing revenue. CMLP recently launched a strategic planning effort to use the smart grid network and the data it...

  6. The Transparency Reporting Toolkit: Reporting Guide and Template for Reporting U.S. Government Requests for User Information

    Woolery, Liz; Budish, Ryan Hal; Bankston, Kevin
    The Transparency Reporting Toolkit is a joint project by New America’s Open Technology Institute and Harvard University’s Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society. The purpose of the Toolkit is to make it easier for companies to create better transparency reports about government requests for user data. Similarly, by providing a template and best practices, the Toolkit aims to make it easier for new companies to begin transparency reporting. By following the recommendations in this guide, which are grounded in existing best practices, transparency reports can become more consistent, easier to understand, and more effective.

  7. Holyoke: A Massachusetts Municipal Light Plant Seizes Internet Access Business Opportunities

    Talbot, David A.; Warner, Waide; Anderson, Carolyn; Hessekiel, Kira H.; Jones, Daniel
    This case study documents the success of a municipally-owned electric utility in providing Internet access services. Massachusetts has 41 such “munis” –- serving more than 900,000 people and thousands of businesses -– but only 10 are in the Internet access business as allowed by state law. The Holyoke Gas & Electric Department’s telecom division competes with Comcast and Charter and serves 300 business customers and numerous public buildings. It has shown steady growth in revenues, and $500,000 in net earnings over the past decade. It also saves the city at least $300,000 a year on various Internet access and networking...

  8. Cloudy with a Conflict of Laws

    Krishnamurthy, Vivek H.
    As more and more of our lives are lived online, so too are those who live lives of crime. Like everyone else, criminals of all stripes are increasingly using online services of all kinds to plan and commit their wrongful acts. Evidence of crime that not so long ago was on-the-ground and physical is now increasingly in-the-cloud and digital. All this has thrown the law parcelling the authority to search and seize among different jurisdictions into confusion, as clouds of data — like those in the sky — are everywhere and nowhere at once. Unless some clarity is brought to...

  9. Maximizing K-12 Fiber Connectivity Through E-Rate: An Overview

    Thompson, James R; Talbot, David A.; Krueger, Keith
    The federal E-rate program provides up to $3.9 billion annually to subsidize the provision of high-speed Internet access to schools and libraries. Recent revisions to the program greatly expand the options for how such service can be provisioned. Notably, school districts can now seek reimbursement for the costs of building their own fiber optic networks. What’s more, municipalities and counties can inexpensively add more fiber to such networks to serve wider community needs. This new toolkit released by the Berkman Center in partnership with CoSN (the Consortium for School Networking), provides school system leaders the guidance to understand and leverage this...

  10. Privacy and Open Data Research Briefing

    Wood, Alexandra B; O'Brien, David; Gasser, Urs

  11. Student Privacy and Ed Tech (K-12) Research Briefing

    Plunkett, Leah Ariana; Gasser, Urs
    Foundational changes at the intersection of technology, society, law, and behavior are disrupting and energizing large institutions, impacting the educational technologies and student privacy landscape at lightning speed. Greater levels of connectivity and participation are raising questions about how best to navigate new types of learning environments, how best to engage in data-driven decision-making, and how best to ensure channels for positive collaboration in decision-making. This research briefing builds upon student privacy research and activities, and aims to translate these into practical take-aways. The briefing provides a map of the current digital learning ecosystem in the U.S. primary and secondary...

  12. Privacy and Cybersecurity Research Briefing

    O'Brien, David; Budish, Ryan Hal; Faris, Robert M; Gasser, Urs; Lin, Tiffany C

  13. Networked Policymaking Avenues: Assessing the Role of Academics in Digital Policy

    Ashar, Amar J; Faris, Robert M; Gasser, Urs

  14. On the Road to "Pre-K for All": The Launch of UPK in New York City

    Crawford, Susan Patricia; Lader, Mary-Catherine; Smith, Maria Lee
    Over the spring and summer of 2014, New York City put in place a full-day universal pre-kindergarten (UPK) program. The blistering pace, enormous scale, and administrative complexity of this rollout were all striking: a program that did not exist when funding for it was finalized in March 2014 had put 53,250 four-year-olds in more than 1700 new full-day programs by the first day of school in September. This report provides a detailed account of the launch. It includes an extensive discussion of the city’s use of data science techniques; the city was able to combine and analyze databases in such...

  15. Interoperability in the Digital Ecosystem

    Gasser, Urs
    At its most fundamental level in the context of the digital ecosystem, interoperability (or “interop”) is the ability to transfer and render useful data and other information across systems, applications, or components. As a concept interop is central, and yet often invisible, to many parts of a highly interconnected modern society. The fact that someone can make a seamless international telephone call without thinking about things like “signaling standards” or transoceanic cables is a tribute to interop. So is the fact that someone can send and receive the same e-mail on a phone or in a browser, regardless of device...

  16. Student Privacy: The Next Frontier - Emerging & Future Privacy Issues in K-12 Learning Environments

    Haduong, Paulina Lanchi; Wood, Zoe Emma; Cortesi, Sandra C.; Plunkett, Leah Ariana; Ritvo, Dalia Topelson; Gasser, Urs
    Building off several prior working meetings which mapped and considered the implications of the new and rapidly evolving ecosystem of networked technology being used with education (“ed tech”), the Berkman Center for Internet & Society’s Student Privacy Initiative convened a conversation in May 2015 among multiple stakeholders, including, but not limited to, K-12 educators, district administrators, academics, policy makers, and industry representatives. This working meeting was envisioned as one in a series of conversations which deepens our understanding of emerging and future privacy issues in K-12 learning environments, both formal and informal. Future conversations may focus on specific topics within...

  17. Designing Successful Governance Groups: Lessons for Leaders from Real-World Examples

    Budish, Ryan Hal; West, Sarah Myers; Gasser, Urs
    In January 2015, the Global Network of Internet & Society Research Centers (NoC) published the results of a globally coordinated, independent academic research project exploring multistakeholder governance models. Facilitated by the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, the work evaluated a wide range of governance groups with the goal of contributing meaningfully to the current debate around the future of the Internet governance ecosystem. The report, entitled Multistakeholder as Governance Groups: Observations From Case Studies, included twelve case studies of real-world governance structures from around the world and from both inside and outside the sphere of Internet...

  18. Towards Digital Constitutionalism? Mapping Attempts to Craft an Internet Bill of Rights

    Gill, Lex; Redeker, Dennis; Gasser, Urs
    The idea of an “Internet Bill of Rights” is by no means a new one: in fact, serious efforts to draft such a document can be traced at least as far back as the mid-1990s. Though the form, function and scope of such initiatives has evolved, the concept has had remarkable staying power, and now — two full decades later — principles which were once radically aspirational have begun to crystallize into law. In this paper, we propose a unified term to describe these efforts using the umbrella of “digital constitutionalism” and conduct an analysis of thirty initiatives spanning from...

  19. Beyond the Wall: Mapping Twitter in China

    Song, Sonya; Faris, Robert M; Kelly, John
    In this paper, we map and analyze the structure and content found on Twitter centered around users in mainland China. This study offers a rare look at the activity of Chinese Internet users on a platform that is largely unregulated by the state and only reachable through the use of tools that circumvent state-mandated Internet filters. For Internet users that reside in mainland China, Twitter offers access to news from around the world and a wealth of ideas and perspectives that might otherwise be unavailable there, as well as a platform for building online communities that is not under direct...

  20. Openness and Restraint: Structure, Discourse, and Contention in Saudi Twitter

    Noman, Helmi; Faris, Robert M; Kelly, John
    report series, which focuses on key events and new developments in Internet freedom. The report maps and analyzes the structure and content of the Saudi Twittersphere and identifies the communities that coalesce around different political, religious, social, and cultural topics and viewpoints: This study of the Saudi Twittersphere offers a detailed view of public sentiment and provides insights into the overall structure, discourse, and communities of the network. We look into how users take advantage of the fact that Twitter is an unfiltered media platform to advance their political and social causes. We also examine three case studies centered on issues...

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