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Repositório do ISPA Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada (12.301 recursos)

No Repositório do ISPA pode encontrar diversos tipos de documentos, em formato digital, resultantes da produção científica do ISPA designadamente: teses de doutoramento, teses de mestrado, artigos em publicações periódicas nacionais e internacionais, relatórios técnicos, artigos em actas de conferências nacionais e internacionais e capítulos de livros.

BCOMP - Artigos em revistas internacionais

Mostrando recursos 21 - 25 de 25

  1. Linking appraisal to behavioral flexibility in animals : Implications for stress research

    Faustino, Ana Isabel Soares; Oliveira, Gonçalo A.; Oliveira, Rui Filipe
    In fluctuating environments, organisms require mechanisms enabling the rapid expression of context-dependent behaviors. Here, we approach behavioral flexibility from a perspective rooted in appraisal theory, aiming to provide a better understanding on how animals adjust their internal state to environmental context. Appraisal has been defined as a multi-component and interactive process between the individual and the environment, in which the individual must evaluate the significance of a stimulus to generate an adaptive response. Within this framework, we review and reframe the existing evidence for the appraisal components in animal literature, in an attempt to reveal the common ground of appraisal mechanisms between species. Furthermore, cognitive biases may occur in...

  2. Forebrain neuropeptide regulation of pair association and behavior in cooperating cleaner fish

    Cardoso, Sónia C.; Grutter, Alexandra S.; Paula, José R.; André, Gonçalo I.; Messias, João P.; Gozdowska, Magdalena; Kulczykowska, Ewa; Soares, Marta C.
    Animals establish privileged relationships with specific partners, which are treated differently from other conspecifics, and contribute to behavioral variation. However, there is limited information on the underlying physiological mechanisms involved in the establishment of these privileged ties and their relationship to individual cooperation levels. The Indo-Pacific bluestreak cleaner wrasse Labroides dimidiatus often forages in mixed-sex pairs when cleaning fish clients. Intra-couple conflicts often arise during a joint client inspection, which may alter the overall quality of cleaning service provided. Here we tested two hypotheses: a) whether intra-pair association (i.e. association index), measured with joint interspecific cleaning and intraspecific behavior, is...

  3. Arginine vasotocin modulates associative learning in a mutualistic cleaner fish

    Cardoso, Sónia C.; Bshary, Redouan; Mazzei, Renata; Paitio, José R.; Oliveira, Rui Filipe; Soares, Marta C.
    Social environmental complexity induces structural and biochemical changes in animals’ brains, which are linked to the improvement of animals’ learning abilities. The nonapeptides from the arginine vasopressin (AVP) family (arginine vasotocin, AVT, in non-mammals) play a significant role in the regulation of social behavior, particularly in the formation of social memories and individual recognition. Moreover, the role of AVT in the regulation of interspecific interactions has only recently started to be addressed in the context of cleaner fish mutualisms and learning. Variance in the distribution of AVP receptor expression, which is linked to distinct neural systems (related to the dorsolateral and the dorsomedial telencephalon), is known to be implicated in differences in individual...

  4. Agonistic behaviour and shoal composition of juvenile Diplodus sargus : First field observations

    Gonçalves, Ana R.; Silva, Matheus Augusto Farias da; Vendrell, Catarina L.; Almada, Vítor Carvalho
    Behavioural observations of juvenile Diplodus sargus in natural habitats were conducted to test whether agonistic interactions occur in natural circumstances and, if they do, in which context they happen. The level of aggression and the shoals composition were also compared between distinct natural habitats. Behavioural observations were also conducted in captivity, and the level of aggression was comparedwith the level recorded in natural conditions to investigate which factors may promote aggressive behaviours. The observations were performed at two sites in the Atlantic Portuguese shore: São Pedro do Estoril (38°41′N, 9°22′W) and Cabo Raso (38°42′N, 9°29′W) from early July to late August 2010 and from late July to early October 2011, respectively. In nature agonistic...

  5. Social odors conveying dominance and reproductive information induce rapid physiological and neuromolecular changes in a cichlid fish

    Simões, José Miguel; Barata, Eduardo Nuno; Harris, Rayna M.; O'Connell, Lauren A.; Hofmann, Hans A.
    Background: Social plasticity is a pervasive feature of animal behavior. Animals adjust the expression of their social behavior to the daily changes in social life and to transitions between life-history stages, and this ability has an impact in their Darwinian fitness. This behavioral plasticity may be achieved either by rewiring or by biochemically switching nodes of the neural network underlying social behavior in response to perceived social information. Independent of the proximate mechanisms, at the neuromolecular level social plasticity relies on the regulation of gene expression, such that different neurogenomic states emerge in response to different social stimuli and the switches between states are orchestrated by...

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