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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (82.538 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Ask: Research and Methods. Volume 17, Issue 1 (2008)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 5 de 5

  1. The Attitude of Poles towards Primary Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

    Lignowska, Izabella; Borowiec, Agnieszka; Słońska, Zofia; Makowska, Marta
    Primary prevention and health promotion actions bring varied effects which do not always correspond to expectations of those who implement them. The source of that discrepancy might be seek in the diversification of people’s attitudes towards institutional actions aiming at the change of their behaviour. People’s attitudes towards primary prevention and health promotion institutional actions and their determinants have not been of much interest to researchers so far. This is why the current knowledge of them is exceptionally poor. The purpose of this article is to present the design of the research project “Lay meanings of health and life orientations...
    - 03-jun-2015

  2. Decomposition of Long-term Changes in Political Opinions According to Group-Specific Markov Processes

    Tomescu-Dubrow, Irina
    ;In this paper I use longitudinal data for Poland to test the assumption that political opinion change through time is not entirely due to some universal and time-constant processes; rather, it depends on the initial conditions in a person’s state. Information on Poles’ evaluations of the past socialist regime available for repeated intervals, and over a sufficiently long time period—ten years—allows me to decompose long-term changes in assessment of socialism into short-term change, and the reliability of responses according to group-specific Markov processes. I obtain three types of stochastic matrices: Mt, t+10, Mt, t+1, Mrel = R, where M refers...
    - 03-jun-2015

  3. How Can We Account for Intersectionality in Quantitative Analysis of Survey Data? Empirical Illustration for Central and Eastern Europe

    Dubrow, Joshua Kjerulf
    Qualitative research in political science and sociology commonly explores intersectionality, but practical methodological guides for the quantitative researcher are few. I examine methodological challenges in testing intersectionality theory by comparing and contrasting two most frequently used statistical approaches to the quantitative analysis of intersectional demographics: the unitary, or additive approach and the multiplicative approach. To illustrate these approaches I use the European Social Survey (2006) and focus on gender, ethnicity, and class, and their intersections, to explain soft political protest in Central and East European countries. Logistic regression with dichotomous explanatory variables, including multiplicative interaction terms and their main effects,...
    - 03-jun-2015

  4. Understanding Refusals

    Sztabiński, Paweł B.; Dyjas-Pokorska, Anna; Żmijewska-Jędrzejczyk, Teresa
    The paper presents findings from a qualitative study (depth interviews in the one-to-one and dyad format), held with European Social Survey round 3 refusers in Poland. Its objective was to gather insights into reasons behind negative attitudes towards participation in surveys. Our research has shown that there is a need to distinguish between ‘active’ refusals and cases where surveys are ignored. In cases of ‘active’, conscious refusals there are some underlying reasons for refusal that could be challenged. On the other hand, social isolators ‘by choice’ make automatic refusals, without much thinking and, therefore, conversions are hardly possible in such...
    - 03-jun-2015

  5. The Quality of the Measurement of Interest in the Political Issues in the Media in the ESS

    Oberski, Daniel; Coromina, Lluís; Saris, Willem E.
    It is simply impossible to know all about the world by one’s own experience. Therefore, the media have an important role to play in informing people about events that occur and the interpretation of these events. However, people do not have to pay attention to this information. There is a significant difference between people’s interest in a topic and following it in the media. Given the importance of the media for opinion building in Europe, the European Social Survey (ESS) included questions about the media in its questionnaire. In this study we concentrate on the measurement of “Interest in Political...
    - 03-jun-2015

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