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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (74.520 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Ask: Research and Methods. Volume 21, Issue 1 (2012)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 6 de 6

  1. From School to Work: Individual and Institutional Determinants of Educational and Occupational Career Trajectories of Young Poles

    Domański, Henryk; Federowicz, Michał; Pokropek, Artur; Przybysz, Dariusz; Sitek, Michał; Smulczyk, Marek; Żółtak, Tomasz

  2. What do respondents and non-respondents think of incentives and how do they react to them? The ESS Experience in Poland

    Sztabiński, Paweł B.; Sztabiński, Franciszek; Przybysz, Dariusz
    One method to increase the response rate in surveys is to use respondent incentives. The effectiveness of incentives depends on a number of factors which, however, may have a varied impact on respondents’ decisions about survey participation across countries. This paper shows how respondent incentives have worked in Poland, i.e. how monetary and material incentives are viewed, whether or not it is reasonable to send prepaid incentives by mail and how incentives affect the structure of the effective sample. Results of in-depth interviews and comments on to incentives used in the European Social Survey have shown that the respondents who...

  3. On the Limits and Possibilities of Causal Explanation with Game Theoretical Models: The Case of Two Party Competition

    Mueller, Georg P.
    Regression-based path- and structural equation-models have two major drawbacks, if they are used for the causal explanation of social phenomena: they are too deterministic and neglect the intentions of the concerned actors as a central driving force of the analysed processes. In order to explain the distribution-effects of two party competition, this article proposes an alternative modelling approach, which is based on the mathematical theory of repeated games. The article explores the limits and possibilities of this approach with regard to the causal explanation of social phenomena and compares the results with the capabilities of the regression approach. It turns...

  4. When Candidates and Vote Distribution Matter: A New Indicator of Electoral Competitiveness

    Gherghina, Sergiu; Tseng, Huan-Kai
    The electoral competitiveness among candidates vying for single elected positions (e.g. president, members of parliament single member districts, or candidates for the party leadership) lacks an appropriate measurement. This study reevaluates previous measurements and proposes a new indicator that accounts for the interaction between the number of candidates and the distribution of votes. The resulting indicator overcomes the oversensitivity problem associated with earlier specification and provides better competitiveness estimate for various electoral settings. Its applicability is universal and allows for cross-cases and longitudinal comparisons for a wide variety of single-winner elections.

  5. Measuring Attitudes toward Immigration in Europe: The Cross-Cultural Validity of the ESS Immigration Scales

    Meuleman, Bart; Billiet, Jaak
    Equivalence of measurement scales is a crucial prerequisite for making valid cross-cultural comparisons, as cultural differences in the interpretation of indicators could result in misleading conclusions. In this paper, we empirically assess the cross-national measurement equivalence of four scales that are included in the European Social Survey, round 1 (2002–03). These four scales, referring to various aspects of attitudes toward immigration, are: (1) opposition against new immigration into the country (REJECT), (2) support for imposing conditions to immigration (CONDITION), (3) perceived economic threat (ECOTHREAT) and (4) perceived cultural threat (CULTHREAT). To test for measurement equivalence, we make use of multi-group...

  6. When You Can’t Add it Up: Measuring Democracy with QCA

    Tope, Daniel; adams, jimi
    Typical democracy measures rely upon categorical classification or continuous indices to indicate the level of democracy in a study’s nations. Using Qualitative Comparative Analysis techniques, we demonstrate an alternative method for measuring democracy that retains – in the measure itself – the full-range of included components, which previous measures use in their construction, but conceal in their resultant scores. We directly compare the new measure to existing measures to (a) highlight existing measures’ forced comparisons between incommensurate components, and (b) reveal components used to calculate existing measures that do not substantially contribute to nations’ democratic classification within them. We then...

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