Recursos de colección

Digital Access to Scholarship at Harvard (39.468 recursos)

DASH is a central, open-access repository of research by members of the Harvard community

HBS Theses and Dissertations

Mostrando recursos 1 - 14 de 14

  1. An Optimal Ownership Structure for Cooperatives

    Van Wassenaer, Alexander Philips Willem
    This thesis identifies an optimal ownership structure for cooperatives. The objective of this structure is to maximize the joint income of the members of that cooperative. To achieve this objective, this structure must resolve two problems which are inherent in the cooperative form of ownership: the Coordination Problem and the Horizon Problem. The Coordination Problem is how the members of a cooperative can coordinate their private decisions to maximize their joint income if they are not alike. The Horizon Problem is how a cooperative’s members can capture its future profits which are due to their past investments in the cooperative if...

  2. How Micro-Processes Change Social Hierarchies in Teams

    Satterstrom, Patricia
    Social hierarchies can prevent teams from hearing and using all of their members’ contributions. They are also ubiquitous and difficult to change, reinforced by conscious and unconscious factors as well as social-structural systems. Social hierarchies in teams, however, can and do change. This dissertation diverges from recent research focused on the stability of social hierarchies to argue that social hierarchies in teams can become more dynamic over time; it also explores why and how this shift comes about and how it impacts team member relationships and interaction patterns. In chapter 2, “Toward a more dynamic conceptualization of social hierarchy in...

  3. Donations and Differentiation: Three Essays on Non-Profit Strategy

    Wolfolds, Sarah
    Given increased competition with for-profit firms, the issue of the comparative advantage of non-profit organizations is renewed. While non-profits may want to differentiate themselves when faced with additional non-profit competition, it is unclear whether they would want to differentiate themselves or converge towards for-profit competitors. This paper addresses this issue by considering the different financing models, human resource systems, and objectives of non-profit organizations, as compared to for-profits, in the mixed industry of microfinance. In my first essay, I utilize an analytical model, where firms can choose profit status, sources of financing, and the borrowers they target with a given interest...

  4. Management Control and Employee-Driven Innovation

    Li, Xin
    Organizations increasingly empower their employees to conduct local experimentation and generate innovation ideas. The aim of this dissertation is to understand the role of management control mechanisms in motivating and managing employee-driven innovation. Specifically, I provide empirical evidence – both quantitative and qualitative – on the specific channels and mechanisms through which employee-driven innovation is facilitated within real-world settings. In the first chapter of my dissertation, I conduct a field study in a gaming company to examine how innovation ideas are generated and selected. I provide details on the various channels through which employee-driven innovation occurs, as well as the...

  5. Essays on Corporate Governance and Shareholder Activism

    Shin, Sa-Pyung
    In these essays, I explore the relation between shareholder activism and corporate governance, mainly the board of directors and takeover defense measures. In the first essay, “Takeover defenses in the era of shareholder activism,” I examine whether or not takeover defense measures that were originally developed to protect the management have differential effects on the probability of shareholder activism. I also examine what are the types of demands activists make when there are defense measures in place and look at the outcomes following activist campaigns. I find that firms with a staggered board or dual-class shares are less likely to...

  6. Competing Globally: Institutional Voids in Emerging Markets

    Ma, Juan
    This dissertation addresses institutional development in emerging economies, as well as its implications on firm strategy. Specifically, as emerging markets are characterized by “institutional voids”, that is, the absence of information or contracting intermediaries that effectively connect economic agents, I take imperfect information as a defining characteristic of emerging economies, and investigate how the ever-increasing societal demand for information disclosure and transparency affects firm behavior and competiveness. The three chapters of my dissertation examine “institutional voids” at product markets, labor markets and capital markets, respectively. In examining these questions, I utilized various empirical methods including natural, field and online survey...

  7. Lifting the Veil: Essays on Firm Transparency and Consumer Behavior

    Mohan, Bhavya
    This research examines the effects of firm transparency on consumer behavior. Three essays investigate how consumer behavior changes when firms are transparent about costs, wages, and promotional strategies. Essay one investigates when and why firms benefit from revealing confidential unit cost information to consumers. A natural field experiment conducted with an online retailer suggests that cost transparency can boost sales. Subsequent controlled lab experiments replicate this basic effect and provide evidence for why it occurs. Essay two examines whether consumer behavior is influenced by the disclosure of a firm’s pay ratio - the ratio of the total compensation of the...

  8. Essays on Online and Multi-Channel Marketing

    Zhang, Lingling
    Firms increasingly adopt online and multi-channel marketing strategies to reach and persuade consumers. Therefore, designing an effective marketing mix is critical to their success. The aim of my dissertation is to understand the strategy behind firms’ channel choices and assess marketing effectiveness. It consists of three large-scale empirical studies examining several important aspects of online and multi-channel marketing. My first essay focuses on the business-to-business (B2B) interactions involving online platforms, which serve as new channels for traditional merchants to reach consumers and grow business. Using data from the daily deal market, we specify a structural model that examines consumer choices...

  9. Gold Star vs. North Star Leaders: Role Orientations and Arbitrage in Crossing Sector Boundaries

    Park, Pamela
    Through a qualitative study of professionals whose careers span the public and private sectors, I develop theory on boundary crossing in a career. I find that two role orientations – gold-star and north-star orientation – activate the boundary-crossing process. Gold-star oriented professionals seek to cross sectors to help society and focus on gaining authority by climbing well-institutionalized paths of career advancement. North-star oriented professionals seek to cross sectors to solve a complex societal problem and focus on gaining expertise by learning and building community around the problem. I introduce the concept of arbitrage, a narrative-based boundary-crossing strategy where professionals claim...

  10. The Continuum of Choice: Essays on How Consumer Decisions Are Made, Changed, and Perceived

    Barasz, Katherine N.
    This research investigates the continuum of choice—unseen, unanticipated causes and consequences of consumer decisions. Three essays investigate hidden factors that influence the choices we make, subtle ways to affect choice at the moment of execution, and the overlooked signals that our choices convey (correctly or incorrectly) about us to others. Essay one investigates the perverse tendency to hope for the worst: when faced with a difficult decision (e.g., whether or not to have surgery), people can paradoxically feel subjectively better with—and even actively prefer—objectively worse but certain news (e.g., “95% chance of a disease”) over objectively better but more uncertain...

  11. Essays on External Context and Operating Models

    Gupta, Budhaditya
    Effective operating models based on carefully selected resources, processes and logic allow organizations to develop the right products and services and deliver them to customers. However, there has been little investigation of how organizations design and manage their operating models when they enter new contexts due to changes in regulation, competition, markets, technology, location and/or a combination of these factors. This dissertation examines the relationship between an organization’s external context and its operating model by carefully examining the choice of operating resources, processes and logic as organizations enter new contexts. The dissertation specifically focuses on one developing country, India, and...

  12. Essays on the Design and Industrial Organization of Online Markets

    Kireyev, Pavel
    The internet has revolutionized marketing. Firms use the internet to procure advertising content, reach consumers, and offer a convenient channel of purchase. Given the growing importance of the internet, marketers must learn to take advantage of new marketplaces and channels. This research examines how the economic design of electronic marketplaces and online channels affects consumer and firm behavior. The first chapter examines the effects of prize structure and entry limits on participant behavior and idea quality in a freelance marketplace where popular advertisers such as P&G and Unilever organize contests to procure ideas for advertising content. It presents a structural...

  13. Why Do Firm Practices Differ? Examining the Selection and Implementation of Organizational Practices

    Lawrence, Megan Lynn
    This dissertation is comprised of three studies investigating sources of variation in firm practices. Firm practices may differ both due to differences in the practices firms choose to implement – different types of firms may make different selections – and due to differences in implementation success of similar practices – variation in internal firm conditions may result in differences in otherwise similar practices. The first essay examines a difference in firm practice selection whereas the second and third essays examine differences in firm practice implementation. Essay one considers how ownership impacts the management practices implemented by firms, specifically considering the...

  14. The Digital Commons: Tragedy or Opportunity? The Effect of Crowdsourced Digital Goods on Innovation and Economic Growth

    Nagle, Francis
    The classic economic concept of the tragedy of the commons occurs when individuals overuse a public good, resulting in the complete depletion of the good. Comparatively, in the digital world public goods are non-rival and essentially infinitely abundant. However, the nearly infinite supply of a public digital good can still be tragic, albeit in a different manner. For example, the rise of the free crowdsourced digital good Wikipedia essentially destroyed billions of dollars of economic value in the encyclopedia industry. Despite this apparent destruction of value, the reduction in prices for many digital goods also represents a great opportunity. Firms...

Aviso de cookies: Usamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios, para análisis estadístico y para mostrarle publicidad. Si continua navegando consideramos que acepta su uso en los términos establecidos en la Política de cookies.