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DCE Theses and Dissertations

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 248

  1. Posturing for Prevention: Extended Claim on the Use of Force Against the Threats of Nuclear Terrorism

    Lee, Christy L.
    The threat of terrorism, nuclear weapons program by hostile states, and the possibility that these threats could aggregate and converge into more devastating threat of nuclear terrorism has been challenging the international norm on the use of force. The characteristics of these threats dictate that they are not the kinds of threat that can be waited upon to manifest because the stage of their imminence would render a state unable to defend itself by using force as the last resort. To prevent the distinct threats from becoming prevalent throughout the globe and growing into a greater threat, the permissible parameters...

  2. Does Race/Ethnicity Matter? Exploring the Relationship Between Mentor Functions and Self-Efficacy Among Female Faculty in Academic Medicine.

    Pasquantonio-Pierce, Megan Ann
    The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate the relationship between mentor functions and self-efficacy for women and underrepresented minority women in academic medicine. The data for this thesis was drawn from existing survey data collected from the research study, titled Women and Inclusion in Academic Medicine (WIAM), which was conducted at 13 medical schools in the United States, and Puerto Rico. There were 8,041 female faculty who participated in the online survey. The survey included many validated measures, specific items that were used for analysis in this thesis were from the Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1995)...

  3. Sustainability Analysis of the Commercial Winter Management Industry’s Use of Salt

    Sexton, Phillip Charles
    There is a quiet yet significant environmental epidemic occurring. Freshwater resources throughout North America are becoming increasingly contaminated with chlorides as a result of salt used for managing snow and ice conditions. This thesis evaluates the current snow & ice management practices of the commercial winter management industry and how the industry can leverage existing research, data and best practices to reduce its use of sodium chloride (“rock salt”) for managing slippery conditions in parking lots and roadways. My research focus is on the primary drivers and variables that influence the amounts of salt being applied to mitigate these slippery...

  4. The Impact of Residential Water Price Increases and Subsidy Reductions on Elasticity of Demand in Abu Dhabi City

    Srouji, Hala
    The purpose of this study is to determine price elasticity of demand (PED) for residential water. Price elasticity of demand measures the responsiveness of household water demand to increases in the price of water, which is desalinated at great expense, but subsidized to consumers by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) government. The price of water is the main tool in water demand management, and consequently, manages the sustainable supply of the water resource. This is a short-term study that compares the change in consumption in 2015 against 2014 (full-year comparisons), among Abu Dhabi national and non-national residents, who are charged...

  5. Taming a Wicked Problem: Energy Access Planning From an Energy-Poor Perspective

    Gibson, Harold D.
    In practice, addressing universal energy access has largely been treated as a simple planning and delivery problem – identifying the target, selecting the least-cost technology, and implementing the recommended solution. In reality, a look at the underlying dynamics suggests that we’re dealing with a more complex “wicked problem” that requires a different approach. Geographic Information System (GIS) based energy access decision tools have emerged which offer a quick assessment of potential electrification options from a least cost of electrification (LCOE) perspective. Broadly speaking, these tools tend to take a top-down, grid-centric approach biased toward investment level decisions by national energy...

  6. Pardon Power: The Executive Cornerstone of the Separation of Powers

    Maykis, Jordan S.
    This study investigates the under recognized procedural and administrative properties accompanying grants of presidential pardon. Of all the Article II powers vested in the executive branch, pardoning authority confers the president with the most administrative and procedural liberties. Procedural and administrative properties like single-branch control, rearward application, discretionary design, statute interposition, and binding directive parallel those similarly exhibited by Congress and the Supreme Court. These properties are inherent to the pardon power and are tacitly acknowledged by federal court opinions upholding this constitutional authority as a whole. Executive clemency’s notable scholars and critics alike see it solely for its mercy...

  7. Role of Microbiota in Strengthening Ocular Mucosal Barrier Function Through Secretory IgA

    Wright, Quentin George
    Unlike other mucosal sites, the ocular mucosal surfaces are paucibacterial, which suggests that effective cellular and molecular mechanisms ensure limited commensal presence. Given that secretory IgA (SIgA) is a major component of the ocular tear film, it was of interest to identify factors and mechanisms that govern ocular SIgA generation and abundance. Quantitative proteomic analysis of ocular surface washes from mice of different genetic backgrounds (C57BL/6N, Swiss Webster (SW) and BALB/c) revealed that tear film SIgA concentrations were dependent on genetic background but considerably influenced by microbiota. Ocular surface SIgA concentrations were significantly more prevalent in SW mice when compared...

  8. Food Allergy and Attentional Coping in Adults

    Gauchel, Jessica A.
    Food allergy affects approximately 9 million adults in the Unites States. The only medically approved treatment is avoidance of the allergenic food. Research has found food allergy to be associated with anxiety, depression, and lower quality of life, but has primarily focused on children. Little research has explored these associations in adults, and even less has examined the relationship between coping and food allergy in adults. Attentional coping is associated with ongoing symptom management for asthma, diabetes, and other illness. This study investigated the relationship between attentional coping and food allergy in adults (n=230) by examining the mean differences between...

  9. Immigrant Entrepreneurship in Detroit: The Chaldean Community and Their Rise to Majority Ownership in the Grocery Markets, 1943-1990

    Kado, Chris S.
    This thesis investigates the changing demographics of store ownership in the city of Detroit from 1943-1990 and explains how a small immigrant community from Iraq; the Chaldeans, rose to control 90% of the grocery markets. The Chaldeans began immigrating to the United States in the early 20th century primarily because of economic opportunity and political instability in the Middle East. United States Immigration law kept the community small until restrictions were relaxed in 1965. During these years, Detroit was undergoing a race-relations-crisis, culminating in years of unrest and two major riots that required the use of federal troops to intervene....

  10. From Erasure to Emergence: African-American Muslim Women and the Changing Face of the American Mosque

    Riaz, Freeha
    This thesis aims to consider one aspect of religiosity of African-American Muslim women—who now constitute the majority of the converts of the fastest growing religion of America—and the praxis of their faith vis-à-vis their engagement within the mosque and its affiliated communites. The primary intent of this ethnography is to understand the “essence” or conscious effort from the perspective of African-American Muslim women of their experiences of engaging within the mosque and its affiliated communities. Secondarily, this study attempts to tease out how and why the mosque, instead of another locus, become an important performative space for African-American women. The...

  11. Work Integration for Beneficiaries of International Protection: What Laws Work Best in the United States of America and in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg?

    Gouverneur, Christine
    The Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (Geneva, 28 July 1951), as amended by its Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees (New York, 31 January 1967), confers on refugees the right to gainful employment (Articles 17-19). This thesis examines to what extent the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, in Europe, has created a legal framework that is compliant with the provisions of Article 17 of the Convention. Results are then compared to the situation in the United States of America. The thesis finds that both countries comply with their commitment to the 1951 Convention: Under the law, refugees have...

  12. “I Must Be Circumstanced:” Bianca’s Effect on Othello

    Bastin, Jennifer
    This study examines the inclusion of Bianca in William Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Othello, Moor of Venice. What purpose did the character serve, if any? How does the play benefit from her creation? Previous scholarly criticism, along with a close textual analysis of both the play and its source material, provide a deeper understanding of the character. The investigation concludes that Bianca helps decipher the actions of the play by creating a triptych of marriages, provides a better picture of the main character by serving as his foil, and elevates the interpretation of the drama as tragedy by providing catharsis...

  13. Mass Rape and Genocide: International Law and the Increased Need for Deterrence Regarding War Crimes Committed During Civil Conflict

    Prins, Gladys
    This thesis explains why there is an increased need for deterrence in international law with regard to war crimes of sexual violence and mass rapes. Increased deterrence is necessary in nations where there is ongoing civil conflict. This thesis will also clarify the laws that were implemented to serve and protect women and children from these types of war crimes at the beginning of the 20th century. These current laws have not done enough to deter sexually violent crimes toward women and children in civil conflict. There has been an increase in reported human rights abuses of sexual violence over...

  14. Fifteen Years at His Majesty's Pleasure: The Relationship of King James I of England and His Prisoner, Sir Walter Ralegh

    Doremus, Ann
    Sir Walter Ralegh, renowned Elizabethan gentleman, explorer, and courtier, would experience a radical change of fortune when James VI of Scotland became King of England. In 1603 Ralegh found himself implicated in a treasonous plot that resulted in a commuted death sentence that left him at the mercy of King James for fifteen years. This study uses the dramatic example of the relationship between King James and Sir Walter Ralegh to investigate the politics of the early Stuart court and examine the impact of individuals on government actions. Specifically, this thesis seeks to answer the following questions: What was the...

  15. Financial Inclusion, Digital Payments and Their Impact on Income and Tax Revenue Around the World

    Maherali, Alim
    This study investigates and quantifies the impact of financial inclusion and digital payments on income and individual government tax revenues for countries around the world. Of the almost two billion people in the world that are financially excluded, the World Bank and other stakeholders have committed to helping one billion people gain access to financial services and become involved in the formal economy by 2020. This rapid pace of financial inclusion will bring vast amounts of income and tax revenues into the global economy that is important to understand as it creates different opportunities and challenges for developing and advanced...

  16. American Foreign Policy Toward the Syrian Civil War

    Pllana, Ajshe
    This thesis investigates the shift in the “schizophrenic” American foreign policy toward the Syrian Civil War from 2011 to 2015, following the Arab Spring protests. What objectives were outlined, and what events on the ground influenced American policy toward Syria? To what extent did key governmental institutions, American leaders and international alliances help to shape policy? The research examines policy objectives through contrasting analytical lenses using the Rational Policy Model, the Organizational Behavior Model and the Bureaucratic Politics Model developed by political scientist Graham T. Allison. The International Politics Model is added to underscore the influence of international politics at...

  17. Kosovo War and Changing Ethnic Boundaries: 1980-2015

    Pllana, Valone
    The Kosovo War and the resulting humanitarian crisis of 1990s, gained international attention from the nature of massacres and war crimes, as well as the Serbian government’s systematic ethnic cleansing campaign against Kosovar-majority ethnic group in Kosovo. Since the military humanitarian intervention in 1999, reconciliation process initiated by the European Union, U.S., and other members in the international community, began almost immediately after the war, in attempt to bring peace to the former Yugoslav republic and territory. However, little effort has been made in attempt to dissect and analyze the causes of the ethnic conflict, such as patterns of ethnic boundaries,...

  18. Religious Influences on Crisis Presidential Decision-Making: A New Belief in the Operational Code Analysis of George W. Bush

    Yamashiro, Daniel K.M.
    This investigation explores religious influences on foreign policy decision-making of American presidents in times of national crisis. It focuses on one heuristic case study, George W. Bush during the crisis of 9/11. Part One involves a plausibility probe. Since “cognitive frameworks and belief systems are the primary lenses through which presidents view the world” and religion is a variable that shapes beliefs related to political decision-making, three essential questions emerge: 1) whether religion ever changes these beliefs significantly, and if so, 2) when do these changes occur, and 3) what causes those changes? Grounded on Herbert Simon’s theory of bounded...

  19. The Environmental Benefits of Electric Vehicles as a Function of Renewable Energy

    Cornell, Ryan P.
    This project analyzes the relative benefits of electric vehicles (EV) as compared to their internal combustion engine (ICE) counterparts. Specifically, I contrast the air pollutant related social costs that can be quantified and assigned to each type of vehicle. These costs are based on the externalities (per metric ton) associated with carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrous oxide, particulate matter, and volatile organic compounds. The difference in social costs is defined as the appropriate EV Subsidy, where a positive EV Subsidy indicates that the social costs for an electric vehicle are less than the social costs for an internal combustion engine...

  20. Sustainability Analysis of the Commercial Winter Management Industry’s Use of Salt

    Sexton, Phillip C.
    This thesis research studies the current snow & ice management practices of the commercial winter management industry and how the industry can leverage existing research, data and best practices to reduce its use of sodium chloride (“rock salt”) for managing slippery conditions in parking lots and roadways. There is a quiet yet significant environmental epidemic occurring. Freshwater resources throughout North America are becoming increasingly contaminated with chlorides as a result of salt used for managing snow and ice conditions. My main focus for this thesis is to study the primary drivers and variables that influence the amounts of salt being...

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