Recursos de colección

Caltech Authors (160.010 recursos)

Repository of works by Caltech published authors.

Group = Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 2.107

  1. OGLE-2016-BLG-0613LABb: A Microlensing Planet in a Binary System

    Han, C.; Beichman, C.; Henderson, C. B.; Calchi Novati, S.
    We present the analysis of OGLE-2016-BLG-0613, for which the lensing light curve appears to be that of a typical binary-lens event with two caustic spikes but with a discontinuous feature on the trough between the spikes. We find that the discontinuous feature was produced by a planetary companion to the binary lens. We find four degenerate triple-lens solution classes, each composed of a pair of solutions according to the well-known wide/close planetary degeneracy. One of these solution classes is excluded due to its relatively poor fit. For the remaining three pairs of solutions, the most-likely primary mass is about M_1...

  2. The Outer Halo of the Milky Way as Probed by RR Lyr Variables from the Palomar Transient Facility

    Cohen, Judith G.; Sesar, Branimir; Bahnolzer, Sophianna; He, Kevin; Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.; Prince, Thomas A.; Bellm, Eric; Laher, Russ R.
    RR Lyrae stars are ideal massless tracers that can be used to study the total mass and dark matter content of the outer halo of the Milky Way (MW). This is because they are easy to find in the light-curve databases of large stellar surveys and their distances can be determined with only knowledge of the light curve. We present here a sample of 112 RR Lyr stars beyond 50 kpc in the outer halo of the MW, excluding the Sgr streams, for which we have obtained moderate-resolution spectra with Deimos on the Keck II Telescope. Four of these have...

  3. An Isolated Microlens Observed from K2, Spitzer, and Earth

    Zhu, Wei; Calchi Novati, S.; Beichman, C.; Carey, S.
    We present the result of microlensing event MOA-2016-BLG-290, which received observations from the two-wheel Kepler (K2), Spitzer, as well as ground-based observatories. A joint analysis of data from K2 and the ground leads to two degenerate solutions of the lens mass and distance. This degeneracy is effectively broken once the (partial) Spitzer light curve is included. Altogether, the lens is found to be an extremely low-mass star or brown dwarf (77^(+34)_(-23) M_J) located in the Galactic bulge (6.8 ± 0.4 kpc). MOA-2016-BLG-290 is the first microlensing event for which we have signals from three well-separated (~1 au) locations. It demonstrates...

  4. Toward a Galactic Distribution of Planets. I. Methodology and Planet Sensitivities of the 2015 High-cadence Spitzer Microlens Sample

    Zhu, Wei; Calchi Novati, S.; Beichman, C.; Carey, S.
    We analyze an ensemble of microlensing events from the 2015 Spitzer microlensing campaign, all of which were densely monitored by ground-based high-cadence survey teams. The simultaneous observations from Spitzer and the ground yield measurements of the microlensing parallax vector π_E, from which compact constraints on the microlens properties are derived, including ≾25% uncertainties on the lens mass and distance. With the current sample, we demonstrate that the majority of microlenses are indeed in the mass range of M dwarfs. The planet sensitivities of all 41 events in the sample are calculated, from which we provide constraints on the planet distribution...

  5. Toward a Galactic Distribution of Planets. I. Methodology and Planet Sensitivities of the 2015 High-cadence Spitzer Microlens Sample

    Zhu, Wei; Calchi Novati, S.; Beichman, C.; Carey, S.
    We analyze an ensemble of microlensing events from the 2015 Spitzer microlensing campaign, all of which were densely monitored by ground-based high-cadence survey teams. The simultaneous observations from Spitzer and the ground yield measurements of the microlensing parallax vector π_E, from which compact constraints on the microlens properties are derived, including ≾25% uncertainties on the lens mass and distance. With the current sample, we demonstrate that the majority of microlenses are indeed in the mass range of M dwarfs. The planet sensitivities of all 41 events in the sample are calculated, from which we provide constraints on the planet distribution...

  6. The Carnegie Supernova Project. I. Third Photometry Data Release of Low-redshift Type Ia Supernovae and Other White Dwarf Explosions

    Krisciunas, Kevin; Madore, Barry F.
    We present final natural-system optical (ugriBV) and near-infrared (YJH) photometry of 134 supernovae (SNe) with probable white dwarf progenitors that were observed in 2004–2009 as part of the first stage of the Carnegie Supernova Project (CSP-I). The sample consists of 123 Type Ia SNe, 5 Type Iax SNe, 2 super-Chandrasekhar SN candidates, 2 Type Ia SNe interacting with circumstellar matter, and 2 SN 2006bt-like events. The redshifts of the objects range from z = 0.0037 to 0.0835; the median redshift is 0.0241. For 120 (90%) of these SNe, near-infrared photometry was obtained. Average optical extinction coefficients and color terms are...

  7. Differential cross sections for excitation of H_2 by low-energy electron impact

    Hargreaves, L. R.; Bhari, S.; Adjari, B.; Liu, X.; Laher, R.; Zammit, M.; Savage, J. S.; Fursa, D. V.; Bray, I.; Khakoo, M. A.
    Experimental and theoretical differential cross sections (DCS) for the electron-impact excitation of molecular hydrogen to the B ^1Σ^+_u, c ^3∏_u, a ^3Σ^+_g, C ^1∏_u, and the E(F) ^1Σ^+_g states are presented at incident energies near to threshold. The experimental DCSs were taken at incident energies of 14, 15, 16 and 17.5 eV and for scattering angles from 10° to 130°. The theoretical DCSs are from the convergent close-coupling method which has recently successfully modeled differential electron scattering from H_2 when compared with available experiment at energies of 17.5 eV and above.

  8. An ALMA survey of submillimetre galaxies in the COSMOS field: Physical properties derived from energy balance spectral energy distribution modelling

    Miettinen, O.; Capak, P. L.
    Context. Submillimetre galaxies (SMGs) represent an important source population in the origin and cosmic evolution of the most massive galaxies. Hence, it is imperative to place firm constraints on the fundamental physical properties of large samples of SMGs. Aims. We determine the physical properties of a sample of SMGs in the COSMOS field that were pre-selected at the observed-frame wavelength of λ_(obs) = 1.1 mm, and followed up at λ_(obs) = 1.3 mm with the Atacama Large Millimetre/submillimetre Array (ALMA). Methods. We used the MAGPHYS model package to fit the panchromatic (ultraviolet to radio) spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of 124 of the...

  9. Gaia Data Release 1: Testing parallaxes with local Cepheids and RR Lyrae stars

    Clementini, G.; Joliet, E.
    Context. Parallaxes for 331 classical Cepheids, 31 Type II Cepheids, and 364 RR Lyrae stars in common between Gaia and the HIPPARCOS and Tycho-2 catalogues are published in Gaia Data Release 1 (DR1) as part of the Tycho-Gaia Astrometric Solution (TGAS). Aims. In order to test these first parallax measurements of the primary standard candles of the cosmological distance ladder, which involve astrometry collected by Gaia during the initial 14 months of science operation, we compared them with literature estimates and derived new period-luminosity (PL), period-Wesenheit (PW) relations for classical and Type II Cepheids and infrared PL, PL-metallicity (PLZ), and optical...

  10. The bumpy light curve of Type IIn supernova iPTF13z over 3 years

    Nyholm, A.; Sollerman, J.; Taddia, F.; Fremling, C.; Moriya, T. J.; Ofek, E. O.; Gal-Yam, A.; De Cia, A.; Roy, R.; Kasliwal, M. M.; Cao, Y.; Nugent, P. E.; Masci, F. J.
    A core-collapse (CC) supernova (SN) of Type IIn is dominated by the interaction of SN ejecta with the circumstellar medium (CSM). Some SNe IIn (e.g. SN 2006jd) have episodes of re-brightening (“bumps”) in their light curves. We present iPTF13z, a Type IIn SN discovered on 2013 February 1 by the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory (iPTF). This SN showed at least five bumps in its declining light curve between 130 and 750 days after discovery. We analyse this peculiar behaviour and try to infer the properties of the CSM, of the SN explosion, and the nature of the progenitor star. We...

  11. Calibration of Ultraviolet, Mid-infrared, and Radio Star Formation Rate Indicators

    Brown, Michael J. I.; Moustakas, John; Kennicutt, Robert C.; Bonne, Nicolas J.; Intema, Huib T.; de Gasperin, Francesco; Boquien, Médéric; Jarrett, T. H.; Cluver, Michelle E.; Smith, J.-D. T.; da Cunha, Elisabete; Imanishi, Masatoshi; Armus, Lee; Brandl, Bernhard R.; Peek, J. E. G.
    We present calibrations for star formation rate (SFR) indicators in the ultraviolet, mid-infrared, and radio-continuum bands, including one of the first direct calibrations of 150 MHz as an SFR indicator. Our calibrations utilize 66 nearby star-forming galaxies with Balmer-decrement-corrected luminosities, which span five orders of magnitude in SFR and have absolute magnitudes of -24 < M_r < -12. Most of our photometry and spectrophotometry are measured from the same region of each galaxy, and our spectrophotometry has been validated with SDSS photometry, so our random and systematic errors are small relative to the intrinsic scatter seen in SFR indicator calibrations....

  12. KELT-20b: A Giant Planet with a Period of P ~ 3.5 days Transiting the V ~ 7.6 Early A Star HD 185603

    Lund, Michael B.; Ciardi, David R.; Gagnon, Patrick; Dressing, Courtney; Patel, Rahul; Calchi Novati, Sebastiano; Fulton, Benjamin J.
    We report the discovery of KELT-20b, a hot Jupiter transiting a V ~ 7.6 early A star, HD 185603, with an orbital period of P ≃ 3.47 days. Archival and follow-up photometry, Gaia parallax, radial velocities, Doppler tomography, and AO imaging were used to confirm the planetary nature of KELT-20b and characterize the system. From global modeling we infer that KELT-20 is a rapidly rotating (ν sin I* ≃ 120 km s^(-1)) A2V star with an effective temperature of T_(eff) = 8730^(+250)_(-260) K, mass of, M* = ^(+0.14)_(-0.20) M⊙ radius of, R* = 1.561^(+0.058)_(-0.064) R⊙ surface gravity of, log g*...

  13. A Tale of Two Impostors: SN2002kg and SN1954J in NGC 2403

    Humphreys, Roberta M.; Davidson, Kris; Van Dyk, Schuyler D.; Gordon, Michael S.
    We describe new results on two supernova impostors in NGC 2403, SN 1954J(V12) and SN 2002kg(V37). For the famous object SN 1954J, we combine four critical observations: its current SED, its Hα emission line profile, the Ca II triplet in absorption in its red spectrum, and the brightness compared to its pre-event state. Together, these strongly suggest that the survivor is now a hot supergiant with T ~ 20,000 K, a dense wind, substantial circumstellar extinction, and a G-type supergiant companion. The hot star progenitor of V12's giant eruption was likely in the post-red supergiant stage and had already shed...

  14. Optical emission from a kilonova following a gravitational-wave-detected neutron-star merger

    Arcavi, Iair; Hosseinzadeh, Griffin; Howell, D. Andrew; McCully, Curtis; Poznanski, Dovi; Kasen, Daniel; Barnes, Jennifer; Zaltzman, Michael; Vasylyev, Sergiy; Maoz, Dan; Valenti, Stefano
    The merger of two neutron stars has been predicted to produce an optical–infrared transient (lasting a few days) known as a ‘kilonova’, powered by the radioactive decay of neutron-rich species synthesized in the merger. Evidence that short γ-ray bursts also arise from neutron-star mergers has been accumulating. In models of such mergers, a small amount of mass (10^(−4)–10^(−2) solar masses) with a low electron fraction is ejected at high velocities (0.1–0.3 times light speed) or carried out by winds from an accretion disk formed around the newly merged object. This mass is expected to undergo rapid neutron capture (r-process) nucleosynthesis,...

  15. Light curves of the neutron star merger GW170817/SSS17a: Implications for r-process nucleosynthesis

    Drout, M. R.; Piro, A. L.; Shappee, B. J.; Kilpatrick, C. D.; Simon, J. D.; Contreras, C.; Coulter, D. A.; Foley, R. J.; Siebert, M. R.; Morrell, N.; Boutsia, K.; Di Mille, F.; Holoien, T. W.-S.; Kasen, D.; Kollmeier, J. A.; Madore, B. F.; Monson, A. J.; Murguia-Berthier, A.; Pan, Y.-C.; Prochaska, J. X.; Ramirez-Ruiz, E.; Rest, A.; Adams, C.; Alatalo, K.; Bañados, E.; Baughman, J.; Beers, T. C.; Bernstein, R. A.; Bitsakis, T.; Campillay, A.; Hansen, T. T.; Higgs, C. R.; Ji, A. P.; Maravelias, G.; Marshall, J. L.; Bidin, C. Moni; Prieto, J. L.; Rasmussen, K. C.; Rojas-Bravo, C.; Strom, A. L.; Ulloa, N.; Vargas-González, J.; Wan, Z.; Whitten, D. D.
    On 17 August 2017, gravitational waves were detected from a binary neutron star merger, GW170817, along with a coincident short gamma-ray burst, GRB170817A. An optical transient source, Swope Supernova Survey 17a (SSS17a), was subsequently identified as the counterpart of this event. We present ultraviolet, optical, and infrared light curves of SSS17a extending from 10.9 hours to 18 days post-merger. We constrain the radioactively powered transient resulting from the ejection of neutron-rich material. The fast rise of the light curves, subsequent decay, and rapid color evolution are consistent with multiple ejecta components of differing lanthanide abundance. The late-time light curve indicates...

  16. Light curves of the neutron star merger GW170817/SSS17a: Implications for r-process nucleosynthesis

    Drout, M. R.; Piro, A. L.; Shappee, B. J.; Kilpatrick, C. D.; Simon, J. D.; Contreras, C.; Coulter, D. A.; Foley, R. J.; Siebert, M. R.; Morrell, N.; Boutsia, K.; Di Mille, F.; Holoien, T. W.-S.; Kasen, D.; Kollmeier, J. A.; Madore, B. F.; Monson, A. J.; Murguia-Berthier, A.; Pan, Y.-C.; Prochaska, J. X.; Ramirez-Ruiz, E.; Rest, A.; Adams, C.; Alatalo, K.; Bañados, E.; Baughman, J.; Beers, T. C.; Bernstein, R. A.; Bitsakis, T.; Campillay, A.; Hansen, T. T.; Higgs, C. R.; Ji, A. P.; Maravelias, G.; Marshall, J. L.; Bidin, C. Moni; Prieto, J. L.; Rasmussen, K. C.; Rojas-Bravo, C.; Strom, A. L.; Ulloa, N.; Vargas-González, J.; Wan, Z.; Whitten, D. D.
    On 17 August 2017, gravitational waves were detected from a binary neutron star merger, GW170817, along with a coincident short gamma-ray burst, GRB170817A. An optical transient source, Swope Supernova Survey 17a (SSS17a), was subsequently identified as the counterpart of this event. We present ultraviolet, optical, and infrared light curves of SSS17a extending from 10.9 hours to 18 days post-merger. We constrain the radioactively powered transient resulting from the ejection of neutron-rich material. The fast rise of the light curves, subsequent decay, and rapid color evolution are consistent with multiple ejecta components of differing lanthanide abundance. The late-time light curve indicates...

  17. Early spectra of the gravitational wave source GW170817: Evolution of a neutron star merger

    Shappee, B. J.; Simon, J. D.; Drout, M. R.; Piro, A. L.; Morrell, N.; Prieto, J. L.; Kasen, D.; Holoien, T. W.-S.; Kollmeier, J. A.; Kelson, D. D.; Coulter, D. A.; Foley, R. J.; Kilpatrick, C. D.; Siebert, M. R.; Madore, B. F.; Murguia-Berthier, A.; Pan, Y.-C.; Prochaska, J. X.; Ramirez-Ruiz, E.; Rest, A.; Adams, C.; Alatalo, K.; Bañados, E.; Baughman, J.; Bernstein, R. A.; Bitsakis, T.; Boutsia, K.; Bravo, J. R.; Di Mille, F.; Higgs, C. R.; Ji, A. P.; Maravelias, G.; Marshall, J. L.; Placco, V. M.; Prieto, G.; Wan, Z.
    On 17 August 2017, Swope Supernova Survey 2017a (SSS17a) was discovered as the optical counterpart of the binary neutron star gravitational wave event GW170817. We report time-series spectroscopy of SSS17a from 11.75 hours until 8.5 days after merger. Over the first hour of observations the ejecta rapidly expanded and cooled. Applying blackbody fits to the spectra, we measure the photosphere cooling from 11,000^(+3400)_(-900) K to 9300^(+300)_(-300) K, and determine a photospheric velocity of roughly 30% of the speed of light. The spectra of SSS17a begin displaying broad features after 1.46 days, and evolve qualitatively over each subsequent day, with distinct...

  18. Exclusion of Stellar Companions to Exoplanet Host Stars

    Wittrock, Justin M.; Kane, Stephen R.; Horch, Elliott P.; Howell, Steve B.; Ciardi, David R.; Everett, Mark E.
    Given the frequency of stellar multiplicity in the solar neighborhood, it is important to study the impacts this can have on exoplanet properties and orbital dynamics. There have been numerous imaging survey projects established to detect possible low-mass stellar companions to exoplanet host stars. Here, we provide the results from a systematic speckle imaging survey of known exoplanet host stars. In total, 71 stars were observed at 692 and 880 nm bands using the Differential Speckle Survey Instrument at the Gemini-north Observatory. Our results show that all but two of the stars included in this sample have no evidence of...

  19. Illuminating Gravitational Waves: A Concordant Picture of Photons from a Neutron Star Merger

    Kasliwal, M. M.; Cook, D. O.; Lau, R. M.; Fremling, C.; Jencson, J. E.; Adams, S. M.; Blagorodnova, N.; Cannella, C.; De, K.; Hallinan, G.; Harrison, F.; Ho, A. Y. Q.; Kupfer, T.; Madsen, K.; Xu, Y.; Yan, L.; Helou, G.
    Merging neutron stars offer an exquisite laboratory for simultaneously studying strong-field gravity and matter in extreme environments. We establish the physical association of an electromagnetic counterpart (EM170817) to gravitational waves (GW170817) detected from merging neutron stars. By synthesizing a panchromatic dataset, we demonstrate that merging neutron stars are a long-sought production site forging heavy elements by r-process nucleosynthesis. The weak gamma-rays seen in EM170817 are dissimilar to classical short gamma-ray bursts with ultra-relativistic jets. Instead, we suggest that breakout of a wide-angle, mildly-relativistic cocoon engulfing the jet elegantly explains the low-luminosity gamma-rays, the high-luminosity ultraviolet-optical-infrared and the delayed radio/x-ray emission....

  20. A Direct Imaging Survey of Spitzer detected debris disks: Occurrence of giant planets in dusty systems

    Meshkat, Tiffany; Mawet, Dimitri; Bryan, Marta; Hinkley, Sasha; Bowler, Brendan P.; Stapelfeldt, Karl R.; Batygin, Konstantin; Padgett, Deborah; Morales, Farisa Y.; Serabyn, Eugene; Christiaens, Valentin; Brandt, Timothy D.; Wahhaj, Zahed
    We describe a joint high contrast imaging survey for planets at Keck and VLT of the last large sample of debris disks identified by the Spitzer Space Telescope. No new substellar companions were discovered in our survey of 30 Spitzer-selected targets. We combine our observations with data from four published surveys to place constraints on the frequency of planets around 130 debris disk single stars, the largest sample to date. For a control sample, we assembled contrast curves from several published surveys targeting 277 stars which do not show infrared excesses. We assumed a double power law distribution in mass...

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