Recursos de colección

ETD at Indian Institute of Science (2.878 recursos)

Repository of Theses and Dissertations of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. The repository has been developed to capture, disseminate and preserve research theses of Indian Institute of Science.

Physics (physics)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 142

  1. Multi-Nuclear and Multiple-Quantum NMR in the Solid-State : Methods and Applications

    Jayasubba Reddy, Y
    NMR spectroscopy is a very powerful technique for the characterization of structure and dynamics of a variety of systems starting from small organic molecules to large biological macromolecules. In solids, the study of protons becomes more interesting because they are very sensitive to inter-molecular packing and are directly involved in hydrogen-bonding and aromatic π-π interactions, etc. The present thesis is devoted essentially to utilizing information from proton resonances obtained using multinuclear and multiple-quantum approaches. The thesis has two parts. The first part deals with methodological developments in the area of solid-state NMR, relevant to the study of rigid powder samples...

  2. Study of Thermoelectric Properties of Lead Telluride Based Alloys and Two-Phase Compounds

    Bali, Ashoka
    The growing need of energy worldwide has lead to an increasing demand for alternative sources of power generation. Thermoelectric materials are one of the ‘green energy sources’ which convert directly heat into electricity, and vice–versa. The efficiency of this conversion is dependent on ‘figure of merit’ (z T), which depends on the material’s Seebeck coefficient (S), electrical resistivity (ρ) and thermal conductivity (κ) through the relation z T=S2T/ρκ, where T is the temperature. High values of z T lead to high efficiency, and therefore, z T must be maximized. Lead telluride is well–established thermoelectric material in the temperature range 350...

  3. Electrical Transport in the Hybrid Structures of 2D Van Der Waals Materials and Perovskite Oxide

    Sahoo, Anindita
    Perovskite oxides have provided a wide variety of exotic functionalities based on their unique physical and chemical properties. By combining different perovskite oxides, interesting physical phenomena have been observed at the interfaces of perovskite heterostructures. The most interesting among these phenomena is the formation of two dimensional electron gas at the interface of two perovskite materials SrTiO3 and LaAlO3 which led to a number of fascinating physical properties such as metal-insulator transition, super-conductivity, large negative magnetoresistance and so on. This has raised the interest in exploiting the interface of various hybrids structures built on the perovskite oxide backbone. On the...

  4. Electrical Transport in the Hybrid Structures of 2D Van Der Waals Materials and Perovskite Oxide

    Sahoo, Anindita
    Perovskite oxides have provided a wide variety of exotic functionalities based on their unique physical and chemical properties. By combining different perovskite oxides, interesting physical phenomena have been observed at the interfaces of perovskite heterostructures. The most interesting among these phenomena is the formation of two dimensional electron gas at the interface of two perovskite materials SrTiO3 and LaAlO3 which led to a number of fascinating physical properties such as metal-insulator transition, super-conductivity, large negative magnetoresistance and so on. This has raised the interest in exploiting the interface of various hybrids structures built on the perovskite oxide backbone. On the...

  5. Phoretic Motion of Colloids : Single Particle and Collective Behaviour

    Saha, Suropriya
    In this thesis we have studied systems that driven by mechanisms broadly known as phoresis. More specifically, in the second chapter we calculate the excess noise in electrophoresis of a colloid due to microion fluctuations. In the next three chapters we study in detail a system of self-phoretic colloids, propelled by the energy released when an ambient fuel molecule makes contact with a catalytic region on the particle’s surface. We start with the behaviour of a single particle in a linear substrate gradient, then go on to study interactions between two particles due to their diffusion clouds, and finally obtain...

  6. Particles and Fields in Superfluid Turbulence : Numerical and Theoretical Studies

    Shukla, Vishwanath
    In this thesis we study a variety of problems in superfluid turbulence, princi-pally in two dimensions. A summary of the main results of our studies is given below; we indicate the Chapters in which we present these. In Chapter 1, we provide an overview of several problems in superfluid turbulence with special emphasis on background material for the problems we study in this thesis. In particular, we give: (a) a brief introduction of fluid turbulence; (b) an overview of superfluidity and the phenomenological two-fluid model; (c) a brief overview of experiments on superfluid turbulence; (d) an introductory accounts of the phenomenological...

  7. Thermoelectric Propeties of Cu Based Chalcogenide Compounds

    Chetty, Raju
    Thermoelectric (TE) materials directly convert heat energy into electrical energy. The conversion efficiency of the TE devices depends on the performance of the materials. The conversion efficiency of available thermoelectric materials and devices is low. Therefore, the development of new materials for improving thermoelectric device performance is a highly essential. As the performance of the TE materials depends on TE figure of merit [zT=S2P T ] which consist of three material properties such as Seebeck coefficient (S), electrical resistivity ( ) and thermal conductivity ( ). Thermoelectric figure of merit can be improved by either increase of power factor or...

  8. Charge Transport and Photo-Physical Studies in Conjugated Polymers, Hybrid Nanocomposites and Devices

    Varade, Vaibhav
    The main motivation of this thesis is derived from the fact that physics of disordered systems like conjugated polymer has yet not achieved as concrete understanding as ordered and crystalline systems such as inorganic semiconductors. Through the work done in this thesis, several efforts have been made in order to understand basic charge transport (hopping, current injection) phenomena and photo-physical properties (photoluminescence quenching, absorption, photoconductivity) in conjugated polymer and their hybrid composites. The thesis consists of 7 chapters. Chapter 1 discusses the background knowledge and information of the general properties of conjugated polymers, quantum dots and their hybrid nanocomposites. Chapter...

  9. Charge Transport and Photo-Physical Studies in Conjugated Polymers, Hybrid Nanocomposites and Devices

    Varade, Vaibhav
    The main motivation of this thesis is derived from the fact that physics of disordered systems like conjugated polymer has yet not achieved as concrete understanding as ordered and crystalline systems such as inorganic semiconductors. Through the work done in this thesis, several efforts have been made in order to understand basic charge transport (hopping, current injection) phenomena and photo-physical properties (photoluminescence quenching, absorption, photoconductivity) in conjugated polymer and their hybrid composites. The thesis consists of 7 chapters. Chapter 1 discusses the background knowledge and information of the general properties of conjugated polymers, quantum dots and their hybrid nanocomposites. Chapter...

  10. Crawling, Waving, Spinning : Activity Matters

    Maitra, Ananyo
    This thesis has been concerned with a few problems in systems driven at the scale of particles. The problems dealt with here can be extended and elaborated upon in a variety of ways. In 2 we examine the dynamics of a fluid membrane in contact with a fluid containing active particles. In particular, we show that such a membrane generically enters a statistical steady state with wave-like dispersion. While the numerical results are satisfying, a one-step coarse-graining calculation, in line with [66,93], will, we expect, yield a pair of coupled stochastic differential equations (probably KPZ like at least in one...

  11. Some Studies of Statistical Properties of Turbulence in Plasmas and Fluids

    Banerjee, Debarghya
    Turbulence is ubiquitous in the flows of fluids and plasmas. This thesis is devoted to studies of the statistical properties of turbulence in the three-dimensional (3D) Hall magnetohydrodynamic (Hall-MHD) equations, the two-dimensional (2D) MHD equations, the one-dimensional (1D) hyperviscous Burgers equation, and the 3D Navier-Stokes equations. Chapter 1 contains a brief introduction to statistically homogeneous and isotropic turbulence. This is followed by an over-view of the equations we study in the subsequent chapters, the motivation for the studies and a summary of problems we investigate in chapters 2-6. In Chapter 2 we present our study of Hall-MHD turbulence [1]. We show...

  12. Some Studies of Statistical Properties of Turbulence in Plasmas and Fluids

    Banerjee, Debarghya
    Turbulence is ubiquitous in the flows of fluids and plasmas. This thesis is devoted to studies of the statistical properties of turbulence in the three-dimensional (3D) Hall magnetohydrodynamic (Hall-MHD) equations, the two-dimensional (2D) MHD equations, the one-dimensional (1D) hyperviscous Burgers equation, and the 3D Navier-Stokes equations. Chapter 1 contains a brief introduction to statistically homogeneous and isotropic turbulence. This is followed by an over-view of the equations we study in the subsequent chapters, the motivation for the studies and a summary of problems we investigate in chapters 2-6. In Chapter 2 we present our study of Hall-MHD turbulence [1]. We show...

  13. Mechanical Properties and Self-Assembly of Nanostructures

    Mandal, Taraknath
    This thesis is devoted to the investigation of mechanical properties and self-assembly process of materials at the nanoscale. Various nanostructured materials such as nanoparticles, nanotubes, nanowires and thin films are used as constituent elements of nanodevices. Hence, knowledge of the mechanical properties of materials at the nanoscale is extremely important for understanding their functionality in nanodevices. Mechanical properties of nanostructured materials may significantly differ from those of their bulk counterparts due to the high surface to volume ratio in nanostruc-tures. We particularly focus on the role of the surface region on the stiffness of nanomaterials. We have shown that the...

  14. A Study of Electrical Transport and 1 / f Noise in Topological Insulators

    Bhattacharyya, Semonti
    The recent discoveries of topological insulators (TI) has opened a new realm for study¬ing topological systems and exploring the exotic properties they offer. The in-built topological protection against direct backscattering and absence of localization makes two-dimensional (2D) surface states of bismuth chalcogenide-based strong TI a promising platform for studying interesting phenomena in condensed matter physics like dissipation-less transport, quantum anomalous hall effect, topological magnetoelectric effect, majo¬rana fermions etc. and also makes this system very suitable for applications in the fields of electronics and spintronics. However, realization of these novel states can be difficult because of scattering of surface states from...

  15. Origin of Instability and Plausible Turbulence in Astrophysical Accretion Disks and Rayleigh-stable Flows

    Nath, Sujit Kumar
    Accretion disks are ubiquitous in astrophysics. They are found in active galactic nuclei, around newly formed stars, around compact stellar objects, like black holes, neutron stars etc. When the ambient matter with sufficient initial angular momentum falls towards a central massive object, forming a disk shaped astrophysical structure, it is called an accretion disk. There are both ionized and neutral disks depending on their temperatures. Generally, in accretion disks, Gravitational force is balanced by the centrifugal force (due to the presence of angular momentum of the matter) and the forces due to gas pressure, radiation pressure and advection. Now, the matter to...

  16. Origin of Instability and Plausible Turbulence in Astrophysical Accretion Disks and Rayleigh-stable Flows

    Nath, Sujit Kumar
    Accretion disks are ubiquitous in astrophysics. They are found in active galactic nuclei, around newly formed stars, around compact stellar objects, like black holes, neutron stars etc. When the ambient matter with sufficient initial angular momentum falls towards a central massive object, forming a disk shaped astrophysical structure, it is called an accretion disk. There are both ionized and neutral disks depending on their temperatures. Generally, in accretion disks, Gravitational force is balanced by the centrifugal force (due to the presence of angular momentum of the matter) and the forces due to gas pressure, radiation pressure and advection. Now, the matter to...

  17. Cahn-Hilliard-Navier-Stokes Investigations of Binary-Fluid Turbulence and Droplet Dynamics

    Pal, Nairita
    The study of finite-sized, deformable droplets adverted by turbulent flows is an active area of research. It spans many streams of sciences and engineering, which include chemical engineering, fluid mechanics, statistical physics, nonlinear dynamics, and also biology. Advances in experimental techniques and high-performance computing have made it possible to investigate the properties of turbulent fluids laden with droplets. The main focus of this thesis is to study the statistical properties of the dynamics of such finite-size droplets in turbulent flows by using direct numerical simulations (DNSs). The most important feature of the model we use is that the droplets have...

  18. Numerical Studies of Problems in Turbulence : 1) Fluid Films with Polymer Additives; 2) Fluid Films with Inertial and Elliptical Particles; 3) Scaled Vorticity Moments in Three- and Two-dimensional Turbulence

    Gupta, Anupam
    In this thesis we study a variety of problems in fluid turbulence, principally in two dimensions. A summary of the main results of our studies is given below; we indicate the Chapters in which we present these. In Chapter 1, we provide an overview of several problems in turbulence with special emphasis on background material for the problems we study in this thesis. In particular, we give (a) natural and laboratory examples of fluid turbulence, (b) and introductory accounts of the equations of hydrodynamics, without and with polymer additives, Eulerian and Lagrangian frameworks, and the equations of motion of inertial particles...

  19. Optical Tweezers and Its use in Studying Red Blood Cells - Healthy and Infected

    Paul, Apurba
    The experiment discussed in the next chapter was to confirm the aforementioned bystander effect. In the first experiment we separated hosting and non-hosting mRBCs by the percol purification method and then measured the corner frequencies of them. The mean fc of the distribution is almost the same, and this confirms the effect of the parasite on the non-hosting mRBC. In the next experiment, we have incubated nRBCs in the spent media and measured the corner frequency at six-hours intervals to see how the fc changed with the incubation time. The results showed that within 24 hours, the fc of the...

  20. Study of Optical Properties of Semiconductor Quantum Dot Based Hybrid Nano Assemblies

    Mullapudi, Praveena
    Over the last few decades, a vast research is going on, to study the optical properties of the nano particles i.e., metal and semiconductors thoroughly. Till date most of the optical studies are based on single particle measurement of a quantum dot (QD) or a chromophore under the influence of an external plasmonic field stimulus. In this the-sis, we tried to address the energy transfer at non local level on a layer of compact, monolayer QD assemblies over micro meter range. The energy transfer occurs in the presence of external field of metal particles or nanorods leads to the enhancement...

Aviso de cookies: Usamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios, para análisis estadístico y para mostrarle publicidad. Si continua navegando consideramos que acepta su uso en los términos establecidos en la Política de cookies.