ETD at Indian Institute of Science
Repository of Theses and Dissertations of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. The repository has been developed to capture, disseminate and preserve research theses of Indian Institute of Science.
Centre for Electronic Design and Technology (cedt)
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Distributed Wireless Networks : Link Scheduling And Application Delay Modelling - Sunny, Albert
We address several problems that arise in a multihop wireless mesh network. First, we study the problem of joint congestion control, routing and MAC layer scheduling. We formulate the problem as an aggregate utility maximization problem and apply duality theory to decompose the problem into two sub-problems, namely, network layer congestion control and routing problem, and MAC layer scheduling problem. Given the link “prices", the source adjusts its rate based on the cost of the least-cost path to the destination, and sends traffic to the destination along the least-cost path, while link scheduling is carried out based on link prices....
Throughput Of Wireless Mesh Networks : An Experimental Study - Ramachandran, P
Mesh network is gaining importance as the next generation network for many high speed applications such as multimedia streaming. This is because it is easy and inexpensive to setup mesh networks with mobile and PDA devices and can be used as a private network. Hence research is active in the field of routing protocols and routing metrics to improve the mesh network performance. Though most of the protocols are evaluated based on simulation, we implemented protocols based on a few metrics like Expected Transmission Count (ETX) Per-hop Packet Pair Delay (Pkt Pair) and WCETT (Weighted Cumulative Expected Transmitted Time) to...
Multilevel Voltage Space Vector Generation For Induction Motor Drives Using Conventional Two-Level Inverters And H-Bridge Cells - Siva Kumar, K
Multilevel voltage source inverters have been receiving more and more attention from the industry and academia as a choice for high voltage and high power applications. The high voltage multilevel inverters can be constructed with existing low voltage semiconductor switches, which already have a mature technology for handling low voltages, thus improving the reliability of the overall inverter system. These multilevel inverters generate the output voltage in the form of multi-stepped waveform with smaller amplitude. This will result in less dv/dt at the motor inputs and electromagnetic interference (EMI) caused by switching is considerably less. Because of the multi-stepped waveform,...
Power Optimal Network-On-Chip Interconnect Design - Vikas, G
A large part of today's multi-core chips is interconnect. Increasing communication complexity has made new strategies for interconnects essential such as Network on Chip. Power dissipation in interconnects has become a substantial part of the total power dissipation. Hence, techniques to reduce interconnect power have become a necessity. In this thesis, we present a design methodology that gives values of bus width for interconnect links, frequency of operation for routers, in Network on Chip scenario that satisfy required throughput and dissipate minimal switching power. We develop closed form analytical expressions for the power dissipation, with bus width and frequency as...
Investigations On Boundary Selection For Switching Frequency Variation Control Of Current Error Space Phasor Based Hysteresis Controllers For Inverter Fed IM Drives - Ramchand, Rijil
Current-Controlled Pulse Width Modulated (CC-PWM) Voltage Source Inverters (VSIs) are extensively employed in high performance drives (HPD) because of the considerable advantages offered by them, such as, excellent dynamic response and inherent over-current protection, as compared to the voltage-controlled PWM (VC-PWM) VSIs. Amongst the different types of CC-PWM techniques, hysteresis current controllers offer significant simplicity in implementation. However, conventional type of hysteresis controllers (with independent comparators) suffers from some well-known drawbacks, such as, limit cycle oscillations (especially at lower speeds of operation of machine), overshoot in current error, generation of sub-harmonic components in the current, and random (non-optimum) switching of...
Formal Verification Of Analog And Mixed Signal Designs Using Simulation Traces - Lata, Kusum
The conventional approach to validate the analog and mixed signal designs utilizes extensive SPICE-level simulations. The main challenge in this approach is to know when all important corner cases have been simulated. An alternate approach is to use the formal verification techniques. Formal verification techniques have gained wide spread popularity in the digital design domain; but in case of analog and mixed signal designs, a large number of test scenarios need to be designed to generate sufficient simulation traces to test out all the specified system behaviours. Analog and mixed signal designs can be formally modeled as hybrid systems and...
Topics On Security In Sensor Networks And Energy Consumption In IEEE 802.11 WLANs - Agrawal, Pranav
Our work focuses on wireless networks in general, but deals specifically with security in wireless sensor networks and energy consumption in IEEE 802.11 infrastructure WLANs.
In the first part of our work, we focus on secure communication among sensor nodes in a wireless sensor network. These networks consists of large numbers of devices having limited energy and memory. Public key cryptography is too demanding for these resource-constrained devices because it requires high computation. So, we focus on symmetric key cryptography to achieve secure communication among nodes. For this cryptographic technique to work, two nodes have to agree upon a common...
Pricing Network Resources : A New Perspective - Roy, Sharmili
The aim of the work is to examine the issue of pricing network resources so as to ensure fair and efficient resource-sharing among users. The basic question we address is: Do there exist simple pricing schemes such that fair and efficient resource-sharing is ensured, even though (i) individ-ual users are concerned with maximizing their own net benefits, and (ii) a user alternates between data-limited and infinite-data phases?
The Internet provides congestion control through the Transport Control Protocol TCP). TCP congestion control is dependent on voluntary participation of cooperative end users. If everyone uses TCP, congestion could be managed. However, it...
Multilevel Inverter Topologies With Reduced Power Circuit Complexity For Medium Voltage High Power Induction Motor Drives By Cascading Conventional Two-Level And Three-Level Inveters - Figarado, Sheron
Multilevel inverters have advantages over two-level inverters such as reduced THD, ability to operate at low switching frequencies, reduced switching losses etc. Moreover, higher voltage levels can be handled with devices of lower voltage rating. The main disadvantage with the multilevel configurations compared to the two-level inverter configuration is the increase in the number of power devices required and the circuit complexity, which necessitates complex control schemes that add to the cost. Also, the reliability of the converters comes down as the number of devices increases. Reduction in complexity and modularity are desirable characteristics for the multilevel inverters.
Investigations On Dodecagonal Space Vector Generation For Induction Motor Drives - Das, Anandarup
Multilevel converters are finding increased attention in industry and academia as the preferred choice of electronic power conversion for high power applications. They have a wide application area in a variety of industries involving transportation and energy management, a significant portion of which comprises of multilevel inverter fed induction motor drives. Multilevel inverters are ideally suitable for high power drives, since the switching frequency of the devices is limited for high power applications. In low power drives, the switching frequency is often in the range of tens of kHz, so that switching frequency harmonics are pushed higher in the frequency...
On Asymmetric Distributed Source Coding For Wireless Sensor Networks - Samar, *
We are concerned with addressing the worst-case distributed source coding (DSC) problem in asymmetric and interactive communication scenarios and its application to data-gathering wireless sensor networks in enhancing their lifetime.
First, we propose a unified canonical framework, obtained by considering different communication constraints and objectives, to address the variants of DSC problem. Second, as for the worst-case information-theoretic analysis, the notion of information entropy cannot be used, we propose information ambiguity, derive its various properties, and prove that it is a valid information measure. Third, for a few variants of our interest of DSC problem, we provide the communication protocols...
Random Local Delay Variability : On-chip Measurement And Modeling - Das, Bishnu Prasad
This thesis focuses on random local delay variability measurement and its modeling. It explains a circuit technique to measure the individual logic gate delay in silicon to study within-die variation. It also suggests a Process, Voltage and Temperature (PVT)-aware gate delay model for voltage and temperature scalable linear Statistical Static Timing Analysis (SSTA).
Technology scaling allows packing billions of transistors inside a single chip. However, it is difficult to fabricate very small transistor with deterministic characteristic which leads to variations. Transistor level random local variations are growing rapidly in each technology generation. However, there is requirement of quantification of variation...