Recursos de colección

ETD at Indian Institute of Science (3.494 recursos)

Repository of Theses and Dissertations of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. The repository has been developed to capture, disseminate and preserve research theses of Indian Institute of Science.

Centre for Electronic Design and Technology (cedt)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 63

  1. Multilevel Dodecagonal and Octadecagonal Voltage Space Vector Structures with a Single DC Supply Using Basic Inverter Cells

    Boby, Mathews
    Multilevel converters have become the direct accepted solution for high power converter applications. They are used in wide variety of power electronic applications like power transmission and distribution, electric motor drives, battery management and renewable energy management to name a few. For medium and high voltage motor drives, especially induction motor drives, the use of multilevel voltage source inverters have become indispensible. A high voltage multilevel inverter could be realized using low voltage switching devices which are easily available and are of low cost. A multilevel inverter generates voltage waveforms of very low harmonic distortion by switching between voltage levels...

  2. Atomistic Study of Carrier Transmission in Hetero-phase MoS2 Structures

    Saha, Dipankar
    In recent years, the use of first-principles based atomistic modeling technique has become extremely popular to gain better insights on the various locally modulated electronic properties of nano materials and structures. Atomistic modeling offers the benefit of predicting crystal structures, visualizing orbital distribution and electron density, as well as understanding material properties which are hard to access experimentally. The single layer MoS2 has emerged as a suitable choice for the next generation nano devices, owing to its distinctive electrical, optical and mechanical properties like, better electrostatics, increased photo luminescence, higher mechanical flexibility, etc. The realization of decananometer scale digital switches...

  3. Investigations on Dynamics and Control of a Rimless Wheel Based 2D Dynamics Walker using Pulsed Torque Actuation

    Patnaik, Lalit
    Wheeled systems are energy efficient on prepared surfaces like roads and tracks. Legged systems are capable of traversing different terrains but can be lossy. At low speeds and on off-road surfaces, legged systems using dynamic walking can be energy efficient. Towards this objective, the dynamics of the walker needs to be modelled and controlled. In addition, the braking and ground impact losses need to be minimized. This thesis presents analysis and experiments on the dynamics and control of a rimless-spoked-wheel based mobile robot (Chatur ∗) that belongs to a category between wheeled and legged systems. This rolling rimless wheel is...

  4. Compact Modeling of Short Channel Common Double Gate MOSFET Adapted to Gate-Oxide Thickness Asymmetry

    Sharan, Neha
    Compact Models are the physically based accurate mathematical description of the cir-cuit elements, which are computationally efficient enough to be incorporated in circuit simulators so that the outcome becomes useful for the circuit designers. As the multi-gate MOSFETs have appeared as replacements for bulk-MOSFETs in sub-32nm technology nodes, efficient compact models for these new transistors are required for their successful utilization in integrated circuits. Existing compact models for common double-gate (CDG) MOSFETs are based on the fundamental assumption of having symmetric gate oxide thickness. In this work we explore the possibility of developing models without this approximation, while preserving the computational...

  5. Investigation of Electro-thermal and Thermoelectric Properties of Carbon Nanomaterials

    Verma, Rekha
    Due to the aggressive downscaling of the CMOS technology, power and current densities are increasing inside the chip. The limiting current conduction capacity(106 Acm−2)and thermal conductivity(201Wm−1K−1 for Al and 400 Wm−1K−1 for Cu) of the existing interconnects materials has given rise to different electro-thermal issues such a shot-spot formation, electromigration, etc. Exploration of new materials with high thermal conductivity and current conduction has thus attracted much attention for future integrated circuit technology. Among all the elemental materials, carbon nanomaterials (graphene and carbon nanotube) possess exceptionally high thermal (600-7000 Wm−1K−1) and current( ~108 -109 Acm−2)conduction properties at room temperature, which makes...

  6. Wireless Sensor Networks : Bit Transport Maximization and Delay Efficient Function Computation

    Shukla, Samta
    We consider a wireless sensor network, in which end users are interested in maximizing the useful information supplied by the network till network partition due to inevitable node deaths. Neither throughput maximization nor network lifetime maximization achieves the objective: A network with high throughput provides information at a high rate, but can exhaust the nodes of their energies quickly; similarly, a network can achieve a long lifetime by remaining idle for most of the time. We propose and seek to maximize a new metric: “Aggregate bit transported before network partition” (a product of throughput and lifetime), which precisely captures the...

  7. Induction Motor Drives Based on Multilevel Dodecagonal and Octadecagonal Volatage Space Vectors

    Mathew, K
    For medium and high-voltage drive applications, multilevel inverters are very popular. It is due to their superior performance compared to 2-level inverters such as reduced harmonic content in the output voltage and current, lower common mode voltage and dv=dt, and lesser voltage stress on power switches. The popular circuit topologies for multilevel inverters are neutral point clamped, cascaded H-bridge and flying capacitor based circuits. There exist different combinations of these basic topologies to realize multilevel inverters with modularity, better fault tolerance, and reliability. Due to these advantages, multilevel converters are getting good acceptance from the industry, and researchers all over the...

  8. Exploration of Real and Complex Dispesion Realtionship of Nanomaterials for Next Generation Transistor Applications

    Ghosh, Ram Krishna
    Technology scaling beyond Moore’s law demands cutting-edge solutions of the gate length scaling in sub-10 nm regime for low power high speed operations. Recently SOI technology has received considerable attention, however manufacturable solutions in sub-10 nm technologies are not yet known for future nanoelectronics. Therefore, to continue scalinginsub-10 nm region, new one(1D) and two dimensional(2D) “nano-materials” and engineering are expected to keep its pace. However, significant challenges must be overcome for nano-material properties in carrier transport to be useful in future silicon nanotechnology. Thus, it is very important to understand and modulate their electronic band structure and transport properties for...

  9. Studies on Single DC Link Fed Multilevel Inverter Topologies by Cascading Flying Capacitor and Floating Capacitor Fed H-Bridges

    Pappu, Roshan Kumar
    Use of multilevel inverters are inevitable in medium and high voltage drives. This is due to the fact that the multilevel inverters can produce voltages in smaller steps which will reduce the harmonic content and result in more sinusoidal voltages and currents as compared to voltages and currents from two-level inverters. Due to the device limitations, use of two-level inverters is not possible in medium and high voltage drive applications. Though multiple devices can be connected both in series and parallel to achieve two-level operation, the output voltages still suffer from high harmonic content. Multilevel inverters have multiple DC voltage...

  10. Investigations on Online Boundary Variation Techniques for Nearly Constant Switching Frequency Hysteresis Current PWM Controller for Multi-Level Inverter Fed IM Drives

    Dey, Anubrata
    In DC to AC power conversion, voltage source inverters (VSI) based current controllers are usually preferred for today’s high performance AC drive which requires excellent dynamic and steady state performances at different transient and load conditions, with the additional advantages like inherent short circuit and over current protection. Out of different types of current controllers, hysteresis controllers are widely used due to their simplicity and ability to meet the requirements for a high performance AC drives. But the conventional hysteresis controllers suffers from wide variation of PWM switching frequency, overshoot in current errors, sub-harmonic components in the current waveform and...

  11. Resource Allocation in Wireless Networks for Secure Transmission and Utility Maximization

    Sarma, Siddhartha
    Resource allocation in wireless networks is one of the most studied class of problems. Generally, these problems are formulated as utility maximization problems under relevant constraints. The challenges posed by these problems vary widely depending on the nature of the utility function under consideration. Recently, the widespread prevalence of wireless devices prompted researchers and engineers to delve into the security issues of wireless communication. As compared to the wired medium, ensuring security for the wireless medium is more challenging mainly due to the broadcast nature of the transmission. But the ongoing research on physical layer security promises robust and reliable...

  12. Spatially Correlated Data Accuracy Estimation Models in Wireless Sensor Networks

    Karjee, Jyotirmoy
    One of the major applications of wireless sensor networks is to sense accurate and reliable data from the physical environment with or without a priori knowledge of data statistics. To extract accurate data from the physical environment, we investigate spatial data correlation among sensor nodes to develop data accuracy models. We propose three data accuracy models namely Estimated Data Accuracy (EDA) model, Cluster based Data Accuracy (CDA) model and Distributed Cluster based Data Accuracy (DCDA) model with a priori knowledge of data statistics. Due to the deployment of high density of sensor nodes, observed data are highly correlated among sensor...

  13. Wireless and Social Networks : Some Challenges and Insights

    Sunny, Albert
    Wireless networks have potential applications in wireless Internet connectivity, battlefields, disaster relief, and cyber-physical systems. While the nodes in these networks communicate with each other over the air, the challenges faced by and the subsequent design criteria of these networks are diverse. In this thesis, we study and discuss a few design requirements of these networks, such as efficient utilization of the network bandwidth in IEEE 802.11 infrastructure networks, evaluating utility of sensor node deployments, and security from eavesdroppers. The presence of infrastructure IEEE 802.11 based Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) allows mobile users to seamlessly transfer huge volumes of...

  14. Content Distribution in Social Groups

    Aggarwal, Saurabh
    We study Social Groups consisting of self-interested inter-connected nodes looking for common content. We can observe Social Groups in various socio-technological networks, such as Cellular Network assisted Device-to-Device communications, Cloud assisted Peer-to-Peer Networks, hybrid Peer-to-Peer Content Distribution Networks and Direct Connect Networks. Each node wants to acquire a universe of segments at least cost. Nodes can either access an expensive link to the content distributor for downloading data segments, or use the well-connected low cost inter-node network for exchanging segments among themselves. Activation of an inter-node link requires cooperation among the participating nodes and reduces the cost of downloading for...

  15. Capacity and Life Estimation of Flooded Lead Acid Batteries using Eddy Current Sensors

    Reddy, T Mohan
    Lead acid batteries are widely used in domestic, industrial and automotive applications. Even after lot of advancements in battery technologies, lead acid cells are still in use because of their high capacity and low cost. To use any battery effectively, first we should be able to identify the available capacity or State of Charge (SoC). There are many techniques available to measure SoC of a lead acid battery. One such unique method is to measure the capacity using eddy current sensors. This method is unique because it is non-obtrusive and online. Eddy current sensors (ECS) are wire wound inductors which...

  16. Capacity and Life Estimation of Flooded Lead Acid Batteries using Eddy Current Sensors

    Reddy, T Mohan
    Lead acid batteries are widely used in domestic, industrial and automotive applications. Even after lot of advancements in battery technologies, lead acid cells are still in use because of their high capacity and low cost. To use any battery effectively, first we should be able to identify the available capacity or State of Charge (SoC). There are many techniques available to measure SoC of a lead acid battery. One such unique method is to measure the capacity using eddy current sensors. This method is unique because it is non-obtrusive and online. Eddy current sensors (ECS) are wire wound inductors which...

  17. Architecture and Design of Wide Band Spectrum Sensing Receiver for Cognitive Radio Systems

    Adhikari, Bijaya
    To explore spectral opportunities in wideband regime for cognitive radio we need a wideband spectrum sensing receiver. Current wideband receiver architectures need wideband analog to digital converter (ADC) to sample wideband signal. As current state-of-art ADC has limitation in terms of power and sampling rate, we need to explore some alternative solutions. Compressive sampling (CS) data acquisition method is one of the solutions. Cognitive Radio signal, which is sparse in frequency domain can be sampled at Sub-Nyquist rate using low rate ADC. To relax the receiver complexity in terms of performance requirement we can use Modulated Wideband Converter (MWC) architecture,...

  18. Investigations on Hybrid Multilevel Inverters with a Single DC Supply for Zero and Reduced Common Mode Voltage Operation and Extended Linear Modulation Range Operation for Induction Motor Drives

    Arun Rahul, S
    Multilevel inverters play a major role in the modern day medium and high power energy conversion processes. The classic two level voltage source inverter generates PWM pole voltage output having two levels with strong fundamental component and harmonics centered around the switching frequency and its multiples. With higher switching frequency, its components can be easily filtered and results in better Total harmonic distortion (THD) output voltage and current. But with higher switching frequency, switching loss of power devices increases and electromagnetic interferences also increases. Also in two level inverter, pole voltage switches between zero and DC bus volt-age Vdc. This...

  19. Ballast-Free Variable-Speed Generation for Standalone and Grid-Connected Micro-Hydel Power Plants

    Joseph, Rex
    Concerns about climate change brought about by the increasing usage of fossil fuels has made it imperative to develop sustainable energy usage based on renewable sources. Micro-hydel plants are an important source of renewable energy that can be exploited to supply requirements of local loads in remote locations while operating as an isolated source, or the larger network when operating in grid connected mode. The focus of this research is to develop an alternative topology to the one currently in use in micro-hydel power plants. While existing plants are based on a ballast-controlled, fixed-speed, operator-supervised model, the proposed work introduces...

  20. Studies on Current Hysteresis Controllers and Low Order Harmonic Suppression Techniques for IM Drives with Dodecagoal Voltage Space Vectors

    Azeez, Najath Abdul
    Multilevel inverters are very popular for medium and high-voltage induction motor (IM) drive applications. They have superior performance compared to 2-level inverters such as reduced harmonic content in output voltage and current, lower common mode voltage and dv/dt, and lesser voltage stress on power switches. To get nearly sinusoidal current waveforms, the switching frequency of the conventional inverters have to be in¬creased. This will lead to higher switching losses and electromagnetic interference. The problem in using lower switching frequency is the introduction of low order harmonics in phase currents and undesirable torque ripple in the motor. The 5th and 7th...

Aviso de cookies: Usamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios, para análisis estadístico y para mostrarle publicidad. Si continua navegando consideramos que acepta su uso en los términos establecidos en la Política de cookies.