Recursos de colección

ETD at Indian Institute of Science (2.878 recursos)

Repository of Theses and Dissertations of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. The repository has been developed to capture, disseminate and preserve research theses of Indian Institute of Science.

Organic Chemistry (orgchem)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 68

  1. Enantiospecific Total Synthesis of Indole Alkaloids Eburnamonine, Aspidospermidine, Quebrachamine, Henrycinols A and B and Synthesis of Azepino [4,5 -b] Indolones

    Nidhiry, John Eugene
    The thesis entitled “Enantiospecific total synthesis of indole alkaloids eburnamonine, aspidospermidine, quebrachamine, henrycinols A and B and synthesis of azepino[4,5-b]indolones” is divided into three chapters. In the first chapter, a unified strategy for the enantiospecific total synthesis of monoterpene indole alkaloids (+)-eburnamonine (1), (–)-aspidospermidine (2) and (–)-quebrachamine (3) is described. The chiral pool synthesis commenced with (S)-ethyl lactate 4, which was elaborated to the allylic alcohol 5. Johnson-Claisen orthoester rearrangement of the allylic alcohol 5 furnished the key chiral building block 6 possessing a quaternary stereogenic center. Pictet-Spengler cyclization of tryptamine with the corresponding aldehydes obtained by appropriate functionalization of...

  2. Enantiospecific Total Synthesis of Indole Alkaloids Eburnamonine, Aspidospermidine, Quebrachamine, Henrycinols A and B and Synthesis of Azepino [4,5 -b] Indolones

    Nidhiry, John Eugene
    The thesis entitled “Enantiospecific total synthesis of indole alkaloids eburnamonine, aspidospermidine, quebrachamine, henrycinols A and B and synthesis of azepino[4,5-b]indolones” is divided into three chapters. In the first chapter, a unified strategy for the enantiospecific total synthesis of monoterpene indole alkaloids (+)-eburnamonine (1), (–)-aspidospermidine (2) and (–)-quebrachamine (3) is described. The chiral pool synthesis commenced with (S)-ethyl lactate 4, which was elaborated to the allylic alcohol 5. Johnson-Claisen orthoester rearrangement of the allylic alcohol 5 furnished the key chiral building block 6 possessing a quaternary stereogenic center. Pictet-Spengler cyclization of tryptamine with the corresponding aldehydes obtained by appropriate functionalization of...

  3. Crystal Structures as Mechanistic Probes : Anomeric Effects, Antiaromaticity, Molecular Inclusion and Other Studies

    Mukherjee, Somnath

  4. Design, Synthesis and Applications of Novel Two-Component Gels and Soft-Nanocomposites

    Bhattacharjee, Subham

  5. Design, Synthesis and Applications of Novel Two-Component Gels and Soft-Nanocomposites

    Bhattacharjee, Subham

  6. Novel Redox Responsive Cationic Lipids, Lipopolymers, Glycolipids And Phospholipid-Cationic Lipid Mixtures : Syntheses, Aggregation And Gene Transfection Properties

    Guru Raja, V
    The thesis entitled “Novel Redox Responsive Cationic Lipids, Lipopolymers, Glycolipids and Phospholipid-Cationic Lipid Mixtures: Syntheses, Aggregation and Gene Transfection Properties” elucidates the design, synthesis, aggregation and gene transfection properties of novel cholesterol based cationic lipids with ferrocene as the redox moiety, polyethylenimine based ferrocenylated lipopolymers and cholesterol based non-ionic glycolipids. The thesis also discusses the cationic phospholipid-cationic lipid mixtures as superior gene transfection agents. The work has been divided into six chapters. Chapter 1. Introduction Part A. Various Cholesterol based Systems for Applications as Biomaterials Liposomes composed of cationic lipids have become popular gene delivery vehicles. A great deal of research...

  7. Novel Redox Responsive Cationic Lipids, Lipopolymers, Glycolipids And Phospholipid-Cationic Lipid Mixtures : Syntheses, Aggregation And Gene Transfection Properties

    Guru Raja, V
    The thesis entitled “Novel Redox Responsive Cationic Lipids, Lipopolymers, Glycolipids and Phospholipid-Cationic Lipid Mixtures: Syntheses, Aggregation and Gene Transfection Properties” elucidates the design, synthesis, aggregation and gene transfection properties of novel cholesterol based cationic lipids with ferrocene as the redox moiety, polyethylenimine based ferrocenylated lipopolymers and cholesterol based non-ionic glycolipids. The thesis also discusses the cationic phospholipid-cationic lipid mixtures as superior gene transfection agents. The work has been divided into six chapters. Chapter 1. Introduction Part A. Various Cholesterol based Systems for Applications as Biomaterials Liposomes composed of cationic lipids have become popular gene delivery vehicles. A great deal of research...

  8. Lanthanide Based Hydrogels in Sensing, Energy Transfer and Nanoparticle Synthesis

    Gorai, Tumpa
    Chapter 1: Luminescence property of lanthanide and its applications Lanthanides are well-known for their unique luminescence property and have found widespread applications in sensing, bioimaging, lasers, optoelectronic devices, etc. Due to Laporte forbidden f-f transitions, lanthanides have very low intrinsic emission. The problem can be overcome by use of an ‘antenna’, which is an organic chromophore with excited state energy higher than the lanthanides’ emitting levels. Thereby it is possible to get highly emitting lanthanide complexes through energy transfer from the ‘antenna’. Due to long lifetime of lanthanides’ excited states, it's possible to perform time delayed measurement which is useful in...

  9. Lanthanide Based Hydrogels in Sensing, Energy Transfer and Nanoparticle Synthesis

    Gorai, Tumpa
    Chapter 1: Luminescence property of lanthanide and its applications Lanthanides are well-known for their unique luminescence property and have found widespread applications in sensing, bioimaging, lasers, optoelectronic devices, etc. Due to Laporte forbidden f-f transitions, lanthanides have very low intrinsic emission. The problem can be overcome by use of an ‘antenna’, which is an organic chromophore with excited state energy higher than the lanthanides’ emitting levels. Thereby it is possible to get highly emitting lanthanide complexes through energy transfer from the ‘antenna’. Due to long lifetime of lanthanides’ excited states, it's possible to perform time delayed measurement which is useful in...

  10. Total Synthesis of Bio-active Natural Products Gabosines, Crassalactone C, Anamarine and Iriomoteolide 3a

    Kumar, S Mothish
    First chapter of the thesis describes the desymmetrization of the bis-dimethyl amide 1 derived from tartaric acid with vinyl Grignard reagents and subsequent reduction of the resultant -keto amides 2a-c to the -hydroxy amides 3a-c. Application of the -hydroxy amides 3a-c in the total synthesis of bio-active natural products such as gabosines, crassalactone C and anamarine is described in the subsequent sections. In section A of the first chapter, application of the -hydroxy amides 3a-b to the total synthesis of gabosine A 4, gabosine F 5 and gabosine H 6 was described. Key strategy in the synthesis was the use of...

  11. Total Synthesis of Bio-active Natural Products Gabosines, Crassalactone C, Anamarine and Iriomoteolide 3a

    Kumar, S Mothish
    First chapter of the thesis describes the desymmetrization of the bis-dimethyl amide 1 derived from tartaric acid with vinyl Grignard reagents and subsequent reduction of the resultant -keto amides 2a-c to the -hydroxy amides 3a-c. Application of the -hydroxy amides 3a-c in the total synthesis of bio-active natural products such as gabosines, crassalactone C and anamarine is described in the subsequent sections. In section A of the first chapter, application of the -hydroxy amides 3a-b to the total synthesis of gabosine A 4, gabosine F 5 and gabosine H 6 was described. Key strategy in the synthesis was the use of...

  12. Bile Acid based Supramolecular Gels, Soft Hybrid Materials and their Applications

    Maity, Mitasree
    Chapter 1. Supramolecular Gels and their Applications Supramolecular gels are viscoelastic materials composed of a solid like three dimensional fibrillary network that is embedded in a liquid. Supramolecular gels are derived from low molecular weight compounds (typically MW < 3000). In the 1990s, the investigations on gels were mainly focused on designing new gelator molecules. However, during the last decade, research focus shifted towards designing functional gels and their applications. As a result of extensive work in this area, gels have been found to have varied applications in the templated synthesis of inorganic nanomaterials, hybrid materials, light harvesting systems, as responsive...

  13. Synthesis, Conformation and Glycosidic Bond Stabilities of Septanoside Sugars

    Dey, Supriya
    Seven-membered cyclic sugars, namely, septanoses and septanosides, are less commonly known sugar homologues. Synthesis of septanoses arise an interest due to their configurational and conformational features and the attendant possibilities to explore their chemical and biological properties. Septanosides derivatives, mostly, deoxy-septanosides were synthesized, by many synthetic methodologies, such as, Knoevengal condensation, ring-closing metathesis, Bayer-Villeger oxidation and ring-expansion of 1,2-cyclopropanted glycals as key steps. Apart from septanosyl monosaccharides, septanoside containing di- and tri-saccharides were also performed using glycosylation and ring expansions. Another area of sustained interest is the studies of the stabilities of glycosidic bonds. Acid- and enzyme-catalyzed hydrolysis of glycosidic...

  14. Nature of Local Interactions at cisPro-Aro Peptide Sequences in Proteins : Evidences for van der Waals type Interactions. Design and Synthesis of Novel Covalent Surrogates for the Peptide Hydrogen Bond

    Gupta, Sunil K
    This thesis titled, “Nature of Local Interactions at cisPro-Aro Peptide Sequences in Proteins: Evidences for van der Waals type Interactions. Design and Synthesis of Novel Covalent Surrogates for the Peptide Hydrogen Bond”, describes two important studies. The first is to gain a thorough understanding of the nature of interactions that govern cisPro stability at Pro-Aro sequences, which described in the first four chapters. The final chapter describes the synthesis of novel 4-carbon covalent surrogates for the peptide H-bonding interaction. Chapter 1: Local Interactions Governing cisPro Stability: Refining the Model Peptides Chapter 1 Section A: Understanding the role of inter-side chain...

  15. Nature of Local Interactions at cisPro-Aro Peptide Sequences in Proteins : Evidences for van der Waals type Interactions. Design and Synthesis of Novel Covalent Surrogates for the Peptide Hydrogen Bond

    Gupta, Sunil K
    This thesis titled, “Nature of Local Interactions at cisPro-Aro Peptide Sequences in Proteins: Evidences for van der Waals type Interactions. Design and Synthesis of Novel Covalent Surrogates for the Peptide Hydrogen Bond”, describes two important studies. The first is to gain a thorough understanding of the nature of interactions that govern cisPro stability at Pro-Aro sequences, which described in the first four chapters. The final chapter describes the synthesis of novel 4-carbon covalent surrogates for the peptide H-bonding interaction. Chapter 1: Local Interactions Governing cisPro Stability: Refining the Model Peptides Chapter 1 Section A: Understanding the role of inter-side chain...

  16. Synthesis And Characterization of Cationic Lipids And Carbon Nanomaterials Based Composites for the Delivery Of Bioactive Oligo/Polynucleotides and Drugs In Vitro and In Vivo

    Misra, Santosh Kumar
    The biggest hurdle in success of gene and drug therapy is designing and preparation of suitable bio-nanomaterials to carry the desired nucleic acid and drug to the targeted site. The work described in the present thesis encompasses two different approaches for the delivery of bioactive oligo/polynucleotides and drugs in vitro and in vivo using either cationic lipids or their nanocomposites with different carbon nanomaterials. The idea of using carriers for oligo/polynucleotides and drugs came into existence because of numerous physiological barriers in pathway of delivery of naked oligo/polynucleotides or drugs which reduces the overall activity of these bioactives in biological...

  17. Synthesis And Characterization of Cationic Lipids And Carbon Nanomaterials Based Composites for the Delivery Of Bioactive Oligo/Polynucleotides and Drugs In Vitro and In Vivo

    Misra, Santosh Kumar
    The biggest hurdle in success of gene and drug therapy is designing and preparation of suitable bio-nanomaterials to carry the desired nucleic acid and drug to the targeted site. The work described in the present thesis encompasses two different approaches for the delivery of bioactive oligo/polynucleotides and drugs in vitro and in vivo using either cationic lipids or their nanocomposites with different carbon nanomaterials. The idea of using carriers for oligo/polynucleotides and drugs came into existence because of numerous physiological barriers in pathway of delivery of naked oligo/polynucleotides or drugs which reduces the overall activity of these bioactives in biological...

  18. Synthesis of Glycosyl Amino Acids, Glyco Amino Acids & α-Amino γ-Lactams from Carbohydrate Derived Donor-Acceptor Cyclopropanes

    Gade, Kishore
    Synopsis The thesis entitled “Synthesis of Glyco-amino-acids, Glycosyl-amino-acids, and α-Amino γ-Lactams from Carbohydrate Derived Donor-Acceptor Cyclopropanes” is divided into five chapters. Chapter 1: Introduction and Background: Carbohydrate Derived Cyclopropanes and Glycoconjugates of Amino Acids and Peptides In this chapter, introduction and background on cyclopropanes, carbohydrate derived DA-cyclopropanes, glycopeptides and its mimetics is discussed Chapter 2: Efficient Synthesis of Glycosyl Esters of Amino Acids from Carbohydrate Derived Cyclopropanecarboxylates In this chapter, the N-iodosuccinimide (NIS) mediated ring opening of carbohydrate derived donor-acceptor (DA) cyclopropanes with carboxylic group of various N-protected amino acids is discussed. Under mild conditions, glucosyl esters of amino...

  19. Synthesis of Glycosyl Amino Acids, Glyco Amino Acids & α-Amino γ-Lactams from Carbohydrate Derived Donor-Acceptor Cyclopropanes

    Gade, Kishore
    Synopsis The thesis entitled “Synthesis of Glyco-amino-acids, Glycosyl-amino-acids, and α-Amino γ-Lactams from Carbohydrate Derived Donor-Acceptor Cyclopropanes” is divided into five chapters. Chapter 1: Introduction and Background: Carbohydrate Derived Cyclopropanes and Glycoconjugates of Amino Acids and Peptides In this chapter, introduction and background on cyclopropanes, carbohydrate derived DA-cyclopropanes, glycopeptides and its mimetics is discussed Chapter 2: Efficient Synthesis of Glycosyl Esters of Amino Acids from Carbohydrate Derived Cyclopropanecarboxylates In this chapter, the N-iodosuccinimide (NIS) mediated ring opening of carbohydrate derived donor-acceptor (DA) cyclopropanes with carboxylic group of various N-protected amino acids is discussed. Under mild conditions, glucosyl esters of amino...

  20. Stereochemical And Synthetic Investigations

    Venu, Lingampally
    PART I RESOLUTION AND DESYMMETRISATION Chapter I. ‘A Novel Racemate Resolution’. This describes a novel resolution strategy as applied to racemic α-amino acids in the solid state. The strategy is based on the possibility that second order asymmetric transformations (SOAT) would be more likely in the case of achiral molecules that form chiral crystals (i.e. a non- centrosymmetric space group).1 In such cases, a fundamental requirement of SOAT – that the molecules racemise in solution prior to crystallization – is obviated. Furthermore, the resulting enantiomerically-enriched crystals may be employed to effect a solid-state kinetic resolution of a different racemate (composed of chiral...

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