Recursos de colección

ETD at Indian Institute of Science (2.878 recursos)

Repository of Theses and Dissertations of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. The repository has been developed to capture, disseminate and preserve research theses of Indian Institute of Science.

Mechanical Engineering (mecheng)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 143

  1. Generation, Characterization and Control of Nanoscale Surface Roughness

    Pendyala, Prashant
    Surface roughness exists at many length scales-from atomic dimensions to meters. At sub-micron scale, the distribution of roughness is largely dependent on the process that generates the surface through the mechanisms of material removal/addition involved and the process parameters. The focus of the research is to quantitatively characterize the evolution of sub-micron scale surface roughness in the mechanical, chemical and electrochemical material removal techniques and study the influence of roughness on the mechanical behavior of surfaces. High purity aluminum surfaces are subjected to surface dissolution techniques such as electropolishing, chemical etching and anodization. Owing to the lack of sufficient lateral...

  2. Shock Wave-boundary Layer Interaction in Supersonic Flow over Compression Ramp and Forward-Facing Step

    Jayaprakash Narayan, M
    Shock wave-boundary layer interactions (SWBLIs) have been studied ex-tensively due to their practical importance in the design of high speed ve-hicles. These interactions, especially the ones leading to shock induced separation are typically unsteady in nature and can lead to large fluctuating pressure and thermal loads on the structure. The resulting shock oscil-lations are generally composed of high-frequency small-scale oscillations and low-frequency large-scale oscillations, the source of the later being a subject of intense recent debate. Motivated by these debates, we study in the present work, the SWBLI at a compression ramp and on a forward-facing step (FFS) at a...

  3. Continuum Modeling Of Adhesive Interaction Based On Interatomic Potentials

    Jayadeep, U B
    Adhesion between solid bodies plays a prominent role in a wide variety of situations ranging from tribological applications to dust coagulation initiating the formation of planets. It can be due to various reasons like capillary, electrostatic, van der Waals, and hydrophobic forces. Among these, adhesion due to van der Waals force| which has its origin in permanent or instantaneous electric dipoles present in all atoms and molecules|is of special significance as it is present in all cases. Computational studies on adhesion due to van der Waals force commonly assume it as a surface force due to its short effective range,...

  4. Micro-Mechanisms Associated with Friction Stir Welding of Aluminum with Titanium

    Kar, Amlan
    Out of the known aerospace metal and alloys, Aluminium (Al) and Titanium (Ti) are important due to their unique combination of properties, such as strength, ductility and corrosion resistance etc. For these reasons, welding of these two materials, especially in the butt and lap configuration, has a significant impact for structural applications. However, welding of Al to Ti is a challenge due to wide differences in their physical properties and properties of the brittle intermetallic that are formed. Such problems in Ti-Al weld can be minimized if the temperature of welding is reduced. Therefore, many solid-state welding processes have been...

  5. Micro-Mechanisms Associated with Friction Stir Welding of Aluminum with Titanium

    Kar, Amlan
    Out of the known aerospace metal and alloys, Aluminium (Al) and Titanium (Ti) are important due to their unique combination of properties, such as strength, ductility and corrosion resistance etc. For these reasons, welding of these two materials, especially in the butt and lap configuration, has a significant impact for structural applications. However, welding of Al to Ti is a challenge due to wide differences in their physical properties and properties of the brittle intermetallic that are formed. Such problems in Ti-Al weld can be minimized if the temperature of welding is reduced. Therefore, many solid-state welding processes have been...

  6. A Design Concept of a Volumetric Solar Receiver for Supercritical CO2 Brayton Cycle

    Khivsara, Sagar D
    Recently, the supercritical carbon dioxide (s-CO2) Brayton cycle has been identified as a promising candidate for solar-thermal energy conversion due to its potentially high thermal efficiency (50%, for turbine inlet temperatures of ~ 1000 K). Realization of such a system requires development of solar receivers which can raise the temperature of s-CO2 by over 200 K, to a receiver outlet temperature of 1000 K. Volumetric receivers are an attractive alternative to tubular receivers due to their geometry, functionality and reduced thermal losses. A concept of a ceramic pressurized volumetric receiver for s-CO2 has been developed in this work. Computational Fluid Dynamics...

  7. Experimental Study of Flow Past a Circular Cylinder with a Flexible Splitter Plate

    Shukla, Sanjay Kumar
    A circular cylinder is a geometrically simple bluff body that occurs in various practical applications. As with any bluff body, it exhibits large drag forces and a strong fluctuating lift force, both related to the strong shedding of vortices from the body, which is commonly referred to as the Karman Street. Rigid splitter plates in the wake of the cylinder are known to suppress shedding from the body, and thereby result in reduced drag and fluctuating lift forces, the latter being important to reduce flow-induced vibrations of the body. In the present work, the flow past a cylinder with a...

  8. Experimental Study of Flow Past a Circular Cylinder with a Flexible Splitter Plate

    Shukla, Sanjay Kumar
    A circular cylinder is a geometrically simple bluff body that occurs in various practical applications. As with any bluff body, it exhibits large drag forces and a strong fluctuating lift force, both related to the strong shedding of vortices from the body, which is commonly referred to as the Karman Street. Rigid splitter plates in the wake of the cylinder are known to suppress shedding from the body, and thereby result in reduced drag and fluctuating lift forces, the latter being important to reduce flow-induced vibrations of the body. In the present work, the flow past a cylinder with a...

  9. Frequency-Tuning and Dynamic Simulation of Electrostatically Actuated Beams

    Mittal, Saurabh
    The resonance frequency of electrostatically actuated micromachined beams can be tuned substantially by applying a DC voltage bias, first by decreasing the frequency until the onset of pull-in and then by increasing it by the virtue of contact. With the objective of modeling and designing the micromechanical structures after pull-in, a semi-analytical method was developed to determine the length of the contact between the beam and the substrate. The semi-analytical method which is validated on the straight beams is extended for the folded beam structures. This method provides a tool to the microsystem designer to quickly evaluate the deformed configuration...

  10. Frequency-Tuning and Dynamic Simulation of Electrostatically Actuated Beams

    Mittal, Saurabh
    The resonance frequency of electrostatically actuated micromachined beams can be tuned substantially by applying a DC voltage bias, first by decreasing the frequency until the onset of pull-in and then by increasing it by the virtue of contact. With the objective of modeling and designing the micromechanical structures after pull-in, a semi-analytical method was developed to determine the length of the contact between the beam and the substrate. The semi-analytical method which is validated on the straight beams is extended for the folded beam structures. This method provides a tool to the microsystem designer to quickly evaluate the deformed configuration...

  11. Generalized Circular and Elliptical Honeycomb Structures/Bundled Tubes : Effective Transverse Elastic Moduli

    Gotkhindi, Tejas Prakash
    Omnipresence of heterogeneity is conspicuous in all creations of nature. Heterogeneity manifests itself in many forms at different scales, both in time and space. Engineering domain being an exotic fusion of human creativity and ever-increasing demands exemplifies the ubiquity of heterogeneity. Surprisingly, the plethora of materials we see around seem to stem from myriad combination of few base materials identified as elements in chemistry. Further, a simple rearrangement of atoms in these materials leads to allotropes with startling contrasts in properties. Similarly, micro- and meso-scales in heterogeneous materials also dis-play this phenomenon. Human requirements propelled by necessities and wants have...

  12. Generalized Circular and Elliptical Honeycomb Structures/Bundled Tubes : Effective Transverse Elastic Moduli

    Gotkhindi, Tejas Prakash
    Omnipresence of heterogeneity is conspicuous in all creations of nature. Heterogeneity manifests itself in many forms at different scales, both in time and space. Engineering domain being an exotic fusion of human creativity and ever-increasing demands exemplifies the ubiquity of heterogeneity. Surprisingly, the plethora of materials we see around seem to stem from myriad combination of few base materials identified as elements in chemistry. Further, a simple rearrangement of atoms in these materials leads to allotropes with startling contrasts in properties. Similarly, micro- and meso-scales in heterogeneous materials also dis-play this phenomenon. Human requirements propelled by necessities and wants have...

  13. Robust Finite Element Strategies for Structures, Acoustics, Electromagnetics and Magneto-hydrodynamics

    Nandy, Arup Kumar
    The finite element method (FEM) is a widely-used numerical tool in the fields of structural dynamics, acoustics and electromagnetics. In this work, our goal is to develop robust FEM strategies for solving problems in the areas of acoustics, structures and electromagnetics, and then extend these strategies to solve multi-physics problems such as magnetohydrodynamics and structural acoustics. We now briefly describe the finite element strategies developed in each of the above domains. In the structural domain, we show that the trapezoidal rule, which is a special case of the Newmark family of algorithms, conserves linear and angular momenta and energy in the case of...

  14. A Numerical Implementation of an Artery Model Using Hybrid Fem

    Singh, Eeshitw Kaushal
    The goal of this thesis is to develop a hybrid _nite element formulation to carry out stress analysis of arteries. To the best of our knowledge, a hybrid _nite element impel mentation of the Holzapfel-Ogden artery model has not been carried out before. Since arteries are thin `shell-type' structures, they are subjected to membrane, shear and volumetric locking in case when standard _nite elements are used. Since hybrid _nite elements are known to overcome these problems, we develop hybrid hexahedral element formulations (both lower and higher-order) for artery analysis. We demonstrate The better coarse mesh accuracy of hybrid elements, which...

  15. A Numerical Implementation of an Artery Model Using Hybrid Fem

    Singh, Eeshitw Kaushal
    The goal of this thesis is to develop a hybrid _nite element formulation to carry out stress analysis of arteries. To the best of our knowledge, a hybrid _nite element impel mentation of the Holzapfel-Ogden artery model has not been carried out before. Since arteries are thin `shell-type' structures, they are subjected to membrane, shear and volumetric locking in case when standard _nite elements are used. Since hybrid _nite elements are known to overcome these problems, we develop hybrid hexahedral element formulations (both lower and higher-order) for artery analysis. We demonstrate The better coarse mesh accuracy of hybrid elements, which...

  16. Stall Flutter of a Cascade of Blades at Low Reynolds Number

    Jha, Sourabh Kumar
    Due to the requirements for high blade loading, modern turbo‐machine blades operate very close to the stall regime. This can lead to flow separation with periodic shedding of vortices, which could lead to self induced oscillations or stall flutter of the blades. Previous studies on stall flutter have focused on flows at high Reynolds number (Re ~ 106). The Reynolds numbers for fans/propellers of Micro Aerial Vehicles (MAVs), high altitude turbofans and small wind turbines are substantially lower (Re < 105). Aerodynamic characteristics of flows at such low Re is significantly different from those at high Re, due in part...

  17. Power Loss Minimization for Drag Reduction and Self-Propulsion using Surface Mass Transpiration

    Pritam Giri, *
    The remarkable efficacy with which normal surface mass transpiration (blowing and suction) alters a given base flow to achieve a desired predefined objective has motivated several investigations on drag reduction, self-propulsion and suppression of separation and wake unsteadiness in bluff body flows. However, the energetic efficiency, a critical parameter that determines the true efficacy and in particular practical feasibility of this control strategy, has received significantly less attention. In this work, we determine the optimal zero net mass transpiration blowing and suction profiles that minimize net power consumption while reducing drag or enabling self-propulsion in typical bluff body flows. We...

  18. Specification and Verification of Tolerances for Parts with Free-Form Surfaces

    Kale, Kishor B
    The need for increased product variety and improved aesthetics require the manufacturing enterprise to reduce time to market and to increase use of free-form surfaces in the form of the product. These changes lead to problems in the traditional approach for specification and verification of tolerances especially for a free form surfaces. In the case of freeform surfaces, the desired performance of a product depends on its geometry and is often controlled by intrinsic parameters such as curvature. Design intent therefore requires control on variations in these parameters. Ideally therefore, tolerances have to be applied on these parameters to prescribe...

  19. Specification and Verification of Tolerances for Parts with Free-Form Surfaces

    Kale, Kishor B
    The need for increased product variety and improved aesthetics require the manufacturing enterprise to reduce time to market and to increase use of free-form surfaces in the form of the product. These changes lead to problems in the traditional approach for specification and verification of tolerances especially for a free form surfaces. In the case of freeform surfaces, the desired performance of a product depends on its geometry and is often controlled by intrinsic parameters such as curvature. Design intent therefore requires control on variations in these parameters. Ideally therefore, tolerances have to be applied on these parameters to prescribe...

  20. Viscous Vortex Method Simulations of Stall Flutter of an Isolated Airfoil at Low Reynolds Numbers

    Kumar, Vijay
    The flow field and forces on an isolated oscillating NACA 0012 airfoil in a uniform flow is studied using viscous vortex particle method. The simulations are carried out at very low chord (c) based Reynolds number (Re=1000), motivated by the current interest in development of Micro Air Vehicles (MAV). The airfoil is forced to oscillate in both heave and pitch at different normalized oscillation frequencies (f), which is represented by the non-dimensional reduced frequency fc/U).( From the unsteady loading on the airfoil, the net energy transfer to the airfoil is calculated to determine the propensity for the airfoil to undergo...

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