Recursos de colección

ETD at Indian Institute of Science (2.943 recursos)

Repository of Theses and Dissertations of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. The repository has been developed to capture, disseminate and preserve research theses of Indian Institute of Science.

Chemical Engineering (chemeng)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 40

  1. Theoretical Studies of the Mechanisms of the Entry of Virus into Cells

    Mulampaka, Shiva Naresh
    Viruses cause human diseases by entering in to human cells. Many drugs have been developed that act at various stages of viral infection, but they fail due to their toxic side effects and high mutation rates of viruses. Recently, a new class of drugs called entry inhibitors has been developed which acts on the early stages of viral infection. These drugs have been developed by studying the entry process of viruses in to host cells. The success of these drugs, however, is still limited and research is being done to quantify the optimum dosage of these drugs and find new...

  2. Engineering the N-Glycosylation Pathway in Pichia Pastoris for the Expression of Glycoprotein Hormones

    Manoharan, Simna
    Proteins, participating in a myriad of biological function, are at the core of all cellular activities occurring within living organisms. Therapeutic proteins, hence constitute a major part of the pharmaceutical industry. The glycoprotein hormones follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and human chorionic gonadotropin (CG) regulate various reproductive and metabolic functions in humans and hence have high therapeutic potentials. The increasing demand of recombinant proteins for therapeutic uses drives the development of better expression systems. The methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris, has been termed as an industrial workhorse for heterologous protein expression. However, the N-glycosylation in...

  3. Turbulence in Soft Walled Micro Channels

    Srinivas, S S
    In comparison to the flow in a rigid channel, there is a multi-fold reduction in the transition Reynolds number for the flow in a micro channel when one of the walls is made sufficiently soft, due to a dynamical instability induced by the fluid-wall coupling. The flow after transition is characterized using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) in the x − y plane where x is the stream-wise direction and y is the cross-stream co-ordinate along the small dimension of the channel of height 0.2 − 0.3mm. For the two different soft walls of shear modulus 18 kPa and 2.19 kPaused...

  4. Turbulence in Soft Walled Micro Channels

    Srinivas, S S
    In comparison to the flow in a rigid channel, there is a multi-fold reduction in the transition Reynolds number for the flow in a micro channel when one of the walls is made sufficiently soft, due to a dynamical instability induced by the fluid-wall coupling. The flow after transition is characterized using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) in the x − y plane where x is the stream-wise direction and y is the cross-stream co-ordinate along the small dimension of the channel of height 0.2 − 0.3mm. For the two different soft walls of shear modulus 18 kPa and 2.19 kPaused...

  5. Modelling And Experimental Investigation into Soluble Lead Redox Flow Battery : New Mechanisms

    Nandanwa, Mahendra N
    Continued emission of green house gases has energized research activity worldwide to develop efficient ways to harness renewal energy. The availability of large scale energy storage technologies is essential to make renewal energy a reliable source of energy. Redox flow batteries show potential in this direction. These batteries typically need expensive membranes which need replacement be-cause of fouling. The recently proposed soluble lead redox flow battery (SLRFB), in which lead ions deposit on electrodes in charge cycle and dissolve back in discharge cycle, can potentially cut down the cost of energy storage by eliminating membrane. A number of challenges need...

  6. Modelling And Experimental Investigation into Soluble Lead Redox Flow Battery : New Mechanisms

    Nandanwa, Mahendra N
    Continued emission of green house gases has energized research activity worldwide to develop efficient ways to harness renewal energy. The availability of large scale energy storage technologies is essential to make renewal energy a reliable source of energy. Redox flow batteries show potential in this direction. These batteries typically need expensive membranes which need replacement be-cause of fouling. The recently proposed soluble lead redox flow battery (SLRFB), in which lead ions deposit on electrodes in charge cycle and dissolve back in discharge cycle, can potentially cut down the cost of energy storage by eliminating membrane. A number of challenges need...

  7. An Application Of Cybernetic Principles To The Modeling And Optimization Of Bioreactors

    Mandli, Aravinda Reddy
    The word cybernetics has its roots in the Greek word \kybernetes" or \steers-man" and was coined by Norbert Wiener in 1948 to describe \the science of control and communication, in the animal and the machine". The discipline focuses on the way various complex systems (animals/machines) steer towards/maintain their goals utilizing information, models and control actions in the face of various disturbances. For a given animal/machine, cybernetics considers all the possible behaviors that the animal/machine can exhibit and then enquires about the constraints that result in a particular behavior. The thesis focuses on the application of principles of cybernetics to the...

  8. An Application Of Cybernetic Principles To The Modeling And Optimization Of Bioreactors

    Mandli, Aravinda Reddy
    The word cybernetics has its roots in the Greek word \kybernetes" or \steers-man" and was coined by Norbert Wiener in 1948 to describe \the science of control and communication, in the animal and the machine". The discipline focuses on the way various complex systems (animals/machines) steer towards/maintain their goals utilizing information, models and control actions in the face of various disturbances. For a given animal/machine, cybernetics considers all the possible behaviors that the animal/machine can exhibit and then enquires about the constraints that result in a particular behavior. The thesis focuses on the application of principles of cybernetics to the...

  9. Studies On Fabrication And Characterisation Of TiO2 Based Dye-Sensitised Solar Cells

    Sharmila, S
    Photovoltaic cells are a promising solution to the current energy crisis. Among the different photovoltaic cell technologies developed, dye-sensitised solar cells (DSSC) are emerging as viable low-cost alternatives to Si PV technology. This thesis presents studies on fabrication and characterisation of TiO2 based dye-sensitised solar cells. Chapter 1 gives an overview of different photovoltaic cell technologies and a review of the state-of-the art DSSC technology. Chapter 2 describes the techniques used for characterisation of DSSCs. Chapter 3 describes the fabrication of TiO2 based dye-sensitised solar cells. Chapter 4 presents the analysis of measurements obtained by the characterisation techniques. Finally chapter...

  10. Studies On Fabrication And Characterisation Of TiO2 Based Dye-Sensitised Solar Cells

    Sharmila, S
    Photovoltaic cells are a promising solution to the current energy crisis. Among the different photovoltaic cell technologies developed, dye-sensitised solar cells (DSSC) are emerging as viable low-cost alternatives to Si PV technology. This thesis presents studies on fabrication and characterisation of TiO2 based dye-sensitised solar cells. Chapter 1 gives an overview of different photovoltaic cell technologies and a review of the state-of-the art DSSC technology. Chapter 2 describes the techniques used for characterisation of DSSCs. Chapter 3 describes the fabrication of TiO2 based dye-sensitised solar cells. Chapter 4 presents the analysis of measurements obtained by the characterisation techniques. Finally chapter...

  11. Computational Study Of Long Chain N-alkane Binary Mixture Adsorption In Silicalite Under Conditions Of High Loading

    Ganesh, Hari S
    The study of adsorption of n-alkanes in zeolite pores represents both a fundamental problem in molecular thermodynamics and also a problem with substantial industrial importance. Until mid 19th century, adsorption was mainly used for purification processes such as removal of H2S and mercaptans from natural gas and organic matter from water. However, with the emergence of molecular sieves, especially zeolites, adsorption processes have become an attractive alter- native to distillation in large scale separation of mixtures that have low relative volatility into streams each enriched in one of the components. The pore di- ameters of molecular sieves are of the...

  12. Modeling The Population Dynamics Of Erythrocytes To Identify Optimal Drug Dosages For The Treatment Of Hepatitis C Virus Infection

    Krishnan, Sheeja M
    The current treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection – combination therapy with pegylated interferon and ribavirin – elicits sustained responses in only ~50% of the patients treated. Greater cumulative exposure to ribavirin increases response to interferon-ribavirin combination therapy. A key limitation, however, is the toxic sideeffect of ribavirin, hemolytic anemia, which often necessitates a reduction of ribavirin dosage and compromises treatment response. Maximizing treatment response thus requires striking a balance between the antiviral and hemolytic activities of ribavirin. Current models of viral kinetics describe the enhancement of treatment response due to ribavirin. Ribavirin-induced anemia, however, remains poorly understood and precludes rational optimization of combination therapy. Here, we...

  13. Experimental Determination And New Correlations For Multi-Component Solid Solubilities In Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

    Reddy, N Siva Mohan
    The fluids that are operated above their critical temperature and pressure are known as supercritical fluids (SCFs). SCFs replaces the conventional organic solvents in the chemical processes due to their attractive properties such as liquid like densities, gas like diffusivities, negligible surface tension, lower viscosity and high compressibility. Carbon dioxide, being non-toxic, non-flammable with ambient critical temperature and moderate critical pressure, is the most widely used SCF in many chemical processes. Supercritical carbon dioxide (SCCO2) finds applications in industrial processes such as extraction and separation processes. The feasibility of a supercritical process can be determined from the solubility of solute in SCF. For the efficient design of a...

  14. Modeling Lysis Dynamcis Of Pore Forming Toxins And Determination Of Mechanical Properties Of Soft Materials

    Vaidyanathan, M S
    Pore forming toxins are known for their ability to efficiently form transmembrane pores which eventually leads to cell lysis. PFTs have potential applications in devel-oping novel drug and gene delivery strategies. Although structural aspects of many pore forming toxins have been studied, very little is known about the dynamics and subsequent rupture mechanisms. In the first part of the thesis, a combined experimental and modeling study to understand the lytic action of Cytolysin A (ClyA) toxins on red blood cells (RBCs) has been presented. Lysis experiments are carried out on a 1% suspension of RBCs for different initial toxin concentrations...

  15. Understanding Structure And Growth Of Physisorbed Films : A Combined Atomic Force Microscopy And Modeling Study

    Patil Kalyan, G
    Surface modification has wide ranging implications in lubrication, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), colloidal systems and biological membranes. Surface modification plays an important role in stabilizing gold nanoparticles, which have applications in targeted drug delivery and catalysis. A variety of surface modification techniques are used for controlling corrosion and wettability, as well as used extensively to understand the nature of interactions between surfaces. This thesis is mainly focused on understanding the kinetics, film growth and surface modification by long chain molecules physisorbed on a surface. The time evolution of film growth and domain formation of octadecylamine on a mica surface is studied...

  16. Defluoridation Of Drinking Water Using Activated Alumina

    Kanwar, Lalita
    Excess fluoride (F-) in drinking water poses a health threat to millions of people around the world. In the present work, activated alumina (AA) has been used as an adsorbent. Data obtained from batch experiments were fitted to the (i) pseudo-first order, (ii) pseudo-second order, and (iii) Langmuir kinetic model. Model (ii) performed better than model (i), and fitted the data well. However, the rate constant for adsorption ka had to be varied as a function of the initial concentration of F- in the liquid phase c0. A more satisfactory approach is provided by Langmuir model, which fitted the data...

  17. Development Of Ionic Catalysts For The Water-gas Shift Reaction And Exhaust Gas Purification

    Deshpande, Parag Arvind
    Treatment of fuel cell feed H2 for the removal of CO is important owing to the poisoning of the catalysts, thereby affecting the performance of the fuel cell. Strong and preferential adsorption of CO over the catalyst takes place resulting in a reduction of the power output of the cell. Therefore, it is important to treat the fuel cell feed H2 to reduce its CO content below the tolerable limit. Development of efficient catalysts for the treatment of synthesis gas for the removal of CO and and H2 enrichment of the gas to make it suitable for fuel cells is...

  18. Studies On The Production Of Cellulase Enzyme By Thermophilic Fungus Thermoascus Aurantiacus

    Mugeraya, Gopal

  19. Network Formation In Amine Curing Of Higher Functional Epoxy Resins

    Rajakumari, P Maria Nirmal

  20. Studies On Multiphase And Multienzymatic Oxidation Of Glucose

    Prasad, M Rajendra

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