ETD at Indian Institute of Science
Repository of Theses and Dissertations of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. The repository has been developed to capture, disseminate and preserve research theses of Indian Institute of Science.
Inorganic and Physical Chemistry (ipc)
Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 85
Molecularly Imprinted Polymers Based On Fluorescent And Template Binding Cross-Linker - Chakraborty, Twarita
The synthesis of materials with molecular recognition properties has become a topic of great technological and scientific interest. Molecular imprinting is one of the most effective strategies in preparing highly selective synthetic receptors. The technique of molecular imprinting involves the copolymerization of functional and cross-linking monomers in the presence of a molecular template. Following polymerization and subsequent removal of the template, the molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) retains a “molecular memory” of the template. During rebinding, the resultant polymer shows higher affinity and selectivity towards the molecular template when compared to other structural analogs. Ease of preparation and high thermal and...
Intercalation Of Alkyl Surfactants In Layered Double Hydroxides : The Anchored Bilayer In Dispersions And The Condensed Phase - Naik, Vikrant Vijay
Bilayers formed by molecules that possess long alkyl hydrophobic tails are ubiquitous in the natural world manifesting both in biological systems as well as in chemistry. The lipid bilayer is an integral feature of cell membranes of living systems with functions that are of critical importance to the life of the cell. Long chain amphiphilic surfactant molecules can be introduced within the interlamellar region of layered inorganic host lattices to form anchored alkyl chainbilayerswithinthegalleries.Theintercalatedbilayerbearsastriking resemblance to lipid bilayers. However, unlike lipid bilayers where individual molecules can undergo lateral diffusion and also flip-flop between layers the anchored bilayer is characterized by...
Polynuclear Coordination Assemblies : Synthesis, Crystal Structures And Magnetic Behavior - Sengupta, Oindrila
Construction of polynuclear metal assemblies from discrete 0D clusters to extend 3D networks, comprised of metal ions and bridging organic/inorganic ligands has attracted immense attention, owing to their intriguing network topologies and interesting properties. Proper ligand design and the appropriate choice of the metal center are of vital importance to the design of such polynuclear assemblies. One of the various attributes of polynuclear metal assemblies is magnetism. Magnetic materials can be constructed by incorporating magnetic moment carriers such as paramagnetic metals(V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu) in presence of bridging ligands.
Though, one-atom oxo/hydroxo and two-atom cyanide bridges were...
Electrochemical Supercapacitor Investigations Of MnO2 And Mn(OH)2 - Nayak, Prasant Kumar
Electrical double-layer formed at the electrode/electrolyte interface in combination with electron-transfer reaction can lead to many important applications of electrochemistry, including energy storage devices, namely, batteries, fuel cells and electrochemical supercapacitors. Electrochemical supercapacitors are characterized by their higher power density as compared to batteries and higher energy density than the conventional electrostatic and electrolytic capacitors. Thus, supercapacitors are useful as auxiliary energy storage devices along with primary sources such as batteries or fuel cells for the purpose of power enhancement in short pulse applications. These are expected to be useful in hybrid devices together with batteries or fuel cells, in...
Theoretical Studies Of The Thermodynamics And Kinetics Of Selected Single-Molecule Systems - Chatterjee, Debarati
This thesis is a report of the work I have done over the last five years to study thermodynamic and kinetic aspects of single-molecule behavior in the condensed phase. It is concerned specifically with the development of analytically tractable models of various phenomena that have been observed in experiments on such single-molecule systems as colloids, double-stranded DNA, multi-unit proteins, and enzymes. In fluid environments, the energetics, spatial conformations, and chemical reactivity of these systems undergo fluctuations that can be characterized experimentally in terms of time correlation functions, survival probabilities, mean first passage times, and related statistical parameters. The thesis shows...
Studies On The Cobalt And Complexes Showing Anaerobic DNA Photocleavage Activity - Lahiri, Debojyoti
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a non-invasive treatment of cancer with an advantage of
having localized photo-activation of the drug at the targeted tumor cells leaving the healthy cells unaffected by the photo-toxicity of the PDT agent. Organic molecules and 4d/5d metal complexes have been extensively studied for their DNA cleavage activity and photo-cytotoxicity in UV and/or visible light. The photoactivity of the current PDT drugs is due to reactive singlet oxygen species. To address the hypoxic nature within neoplasia and to get a realistic scenario to build model and potent PDT agents, attempts have been made in this thesis work to...
Materials For Hydrogen Generation, Storage, And Catalysis - Kalidindi, Suresh Babu
Hydrogen, nature’s simple and the most abundant element has been in the limelight for the past few decades from the stand point of the so-called hydrogen economy. With a high calorific value (142 MJ/kg) that is three times as large as the liquid hydrocarbons, hydrogen has emerged as a promising and environmentally friendly source of energy for the future generations. However, on-board hydrogen storage is one of the bottlenecks for its widespread usage for mobile applications. Storing hydrogen in liquid or compressed form is extremely difficult because of its low density. One of the best alternatives is to store hydrogen...
Controlling The Conformation Of Polymers In Solution And Synthesis And Characterization Of 'Clickable' Polyesters - Ramkumar, S G
The thesis constitutes investigations from two distinct areas of research. One part deals with controlling and modulating the conformation of linear polymer in solution. Folding of a polymer chain has been achieved by utilising weak non-covalent interactions interaction like metal ion binding, charge-transfer complex formation and solvophobic effect in tandem. The second part of the thesis deals with synthesis and characterization of end-functionalized polymers prepared by melt-transesterification. The thesis is divided into five chapters.
Chapter 1 provides a general introduction on foldamers – a class of polymers that adopts an ordered conformation in solution and various approaches to obtain end-functionalized...