Sarkar, Samir Kumar
Luminescent boron containing materials find numerous applications in modern technologies such as display/lighting, bio-imaging and sensing. Thus, investigations of structure-property relationships in organic luminescent compounds to understand their molecular and bulk properties are of fundamental importance. The main thrust of this thesis is the development of facile synthetic routes for boron containing novel polyads and study their structure-property correlations and to utilize this information to design functional materials with desired properties such as multiple emission, bio imaging, anion sensing and organic photo voltaic characteristics. This thesis contains seven chapters and the contents of each chapter are described below.
Adeyemo, Aderonke Ajibola
The alluring order in which complex biological networks exist in nature stimulated the interest of chemists to replicate such systems synthetically. With such examples as the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) double helix and the phospholipid bilayers, the influence of forces within these networks are solely credited for their excellent stability. The synthetically ordered chemical networks are also held together by interactions within them with little or no external force as seen in the natural systems. This spontaneous and reversible association of molecules or ions to form larger, more complex entities according to the intrinsic information contained in the molecules themselves is...
The subject of this thesis is the design and development of a unified set up for femtosecond transient absorption and ultrafast Raman loss spectroscopy and demonstrate its potential in capturing the ultrafast photophysical and photochemical processes with excellent time and frequency resolution. Ultrafast spectroscopy has been serving as a powerful tool for understanding the structural dynamical properties of molecules in the condensed and gas phase. The advent of ultrashort pulses with their high peak power enables the laser spectroscopic community to study molecular reaction dynamics and photophysics that happen at extremely short timescales, ranging from picosecond to femtosecond. These processes...
The ever increasing demand for energy due to over consumption of non-renewable fossil fuels has emphasized the need for alternate, sustainable and efficient energy conversion and storage systems. In this direction, electrochemical energy conversion and storage systems involving various fundamental electrochemical redox processes such as hydrogen evolution (HER), oxygen reduction (ORR), oxygen evolution (OER), hydrogen oxidation (HOR) reactions and others become highly important. Electrocatalysts are often used to accelerate the kinetics of these reactions. Platinum (Pt), ruthenium oxide and iridium oxide (RuO2 and IrO2) are known to be the state of the art catalysts for several of these reactions due...
The increasing demands for biopharmaceuticals to treat different diseases have raised concerns about controlling the quality and efficacy of such pharmaceuticals. The design and formulation of a stable protein or peptide based biopharmaceutical runs into the limitation that at high concentrations (> 100 mg/ml) or during long storage process the drug undergoes aggregation. During synthesis, purification, storage or packaging of these drugs different kinds of stresses like chemical, oxidative, thermal, shear, etc. are encountered. These stresses promote the non-native aggregation of protein and peptide based drugs. Injection or administration of such drugs if contaminated with aggregates causes patient discomfort or...
The importance of weak interactions between molecules to life and all parts of science and engineering is unquestionable and there have been an enormous interest in such interactions. Among all the weak interactions, hydrogen bonding is the most popular and it has enjoyed the most attention of the scientific community. Halogen bonding is gaining more popularity in the recent time, as its importance to biological molecules and crystal engineering has been recognized. In this work, a Pulsed Nozzle Fourier Transform Microwave spectrometer has been used to study the rotational spectra of molecules and hydrogen bonded complexes. Structural information is obtained...
Photosynthesis involves the absorption of photons by light-harvesting pigments and the subsequent transfer of excitation from the absorption centre to the reaction centre. This highly eﬃcient phenomenon of excitation transfer has traditionally been explained by the Forster mechanism of incoherent hopping of excitation from one chromophore to another. Recently 2D electronic spectroscopic evidences were gathered by Fleming and coworkers on the photosynthetic Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) complex in green sulfur bacteria . Subsequent simulation studies by the same group  led to the proposition of a quantum-mechanical, coherent, wave-like transfer of excitation among the chromophores. However, Fleming's conclusions regarding retention of coherence...
Controlling conformation of macromolecules, both in solution and solid state, has remained an exciting challenge till date as it confronts the entropy driven random coil conformation. Folded forms of biomacromolecules, like proteins and nucleic acids, have served as role-models to the scientists in terms of designing synthetic foldamers. The folded functional forms of proteins and nucleic acids have been shown to rely heavily on various factors, like directional hydrogen bonding, intrinsic conformational preferences of the backbone, solvation (e.g. hydrophobic effects), coulombic interactions, charge-transfer interactions, metal-ion complexation, etc. Chapter-1 discusses various designs of synthetic polymers explored by research groups world-over to...
The work presented in this thesis has broadly established a few findings about the structure¬hyperpolarizability relation in molecular compounds: First, by measuring βHRS of an organic keto-enol tautomer, benzoylacetanilide in a binary solvent, I have shown that the first hyperpolarizability can be manipulated favourably by changing the composition of the solvent or by altering the pH of the solution. BA which exists in the pure keto form in water and as a keto-enol tautomer in ethanol, co-exists in equilibrium with the keto and enol forms at pH 11 in aqueous solution. The β value of the anion form is 709...
This thesis contains investigations in the area of polymers herein propellants binders are modified functionally to meet the requirements of future energetic propellants. Chapter 1 contains a broad introduction to the area of recent advances in solid propellants and the numerous applications of ‘Click Chemistry’. Chapters 2 details the materials, characterization tools and the experimental techniques employed for the studies. This is followed by Chapter 3, 4, and 5 which deals with functional modification of various propellants binders, their characterisation and evaluation in propellant formulations. Chapter 6 details with the thermal decomposition of diazides and its reaction with alkenes.
Swamy, Chinna Ayya P
The main thrust of this thesis is the development of new triarylborane containing luminescent molecules as well as utilizing triarylboron center as a receptor for the selective detection of biologically, environmentally and industrially important anions such as fluoride and cyanide in aqueous and non-aqueous solutions. The thesis contains nine chapters. The contents of each chapter are described below.
The first chapter is an introduction to the theme of the thesis and presents a general review on the techniques, theories and photochemistry relevant to the present work with emphasis on photochemistry of triarylboranes and their importance in the field...
Over the last century, despite enormous advancements in biomedical research and the development of sophisticated analytical instruments many diseases continue to be a burden on humankind particularly on the aged. This is because of a lack of complete understanding of the pathogenesis and specific therapies. Due to the complexity involved, we need to explore all facets of diagnosis and therapies. Therefore, there is a requirement for different strategies to combat these diseases. A quick diagnosis is the primary step towards improving treatment and increasing the chance of survival. To realize this goal we entail to monitor multiple biomarkers which will...
Prakash, Patil Yogesh
The thesis is divided into four chapters
Chapter 1 provides a brief introduction to the metal-nucleic acid interactions, the role of synthetic models to understand them with both solution (potentiometric) and solid state (Crystallographic) studies. Further the work done in the area of nucleobase [purines and pyrimidines] metal complexes and nucleotide metal complexes are briefly reviewed.
Chapter 2 contains an account of synthesis and characterizations of metal [Cu/Co] purine [adenine] complexes and is divided into two sections Viz., Section I and Section II.
Section I Five crystals structures of copper adenine dimeric complexes are synthesized and characterized with 1, 10-phenanthroline...
Devendra Mani, *
Weak intermolecular interactions have very strong impact on the structures and properties of life giving molecules like H2O, DNA, RNA etc. These interactions are responsible for many biological phenomena. The directional preference of some of these interactions is used for designing different synthetic approaches in the supramolecular chemistry. The work reported in this Thesis comprises of investigations of weak intermolecular interactions in gas phase using home-built Pulsed Nozzle Fourier Transform Microwave (PN-FTMW) spectrometer as an experimental tool and ab-initio and Atoms in Molecules (AIM) theory as theoretical tools. The spectrometer which is coupled with a pulsed nozzle is used to...
This thesis consists of two parts. The first part deals with the magnetic properties of Fe3O4 nanocrystals and their possible application in water remediation. The second part is on the delamination of layered materials and the preparation of new layered hybrids from the delaminated sheets.
In recent years, nanoscale magnetic particles have attracted considerable attention because of their potential applications in industry, medicine and environmental remediation. The most commonly studied magnetic nanoparticles are metals, bimetals and metal oxides. Of these, magnetite, Fe3O4, nanoparticles have been the most intensively investigated as they are, non-toxic, stable and easy to synthesize. Magnetic properties of...
Dendrimers are a class of perfectly branched symmetric monodisperse macromolecules, which are synthesized using a stepwise procedure. Due to their highly symmetric structure, they possess a definite core, discrete generations and a large number of terminal units. The large number of terminal units and its compact globular conformation endow this class of macromolecules with several unique properties. Over the past two decades, a number of researchers have synthesized a variety of dendrimers and explored their potential applications in various fields ranging from drug delivery, energy harvesting to catalysis. However, dendrimers require tedious stepwise synthesis and purification which limits their scalability....
Path integral approaches have been widely used for long in both quantum mechanics as well as statistical mechanics. In addition to being a tool for obtaining the probability distributions of interest(wave functions in the case of quantum mechanics),these methods are very instructive and offer great insights into the problem. In this thesis, path integrals are extensively employed to study some very interesting problems in both equilibrium and non-equilibrium statistical mechanics. In the non-equilibrium regime, we have studied, using a path integral approach, a very interesting class of anomalous diffusion, viz. the L´evy flights. In equilibrium statistical mechanics, we have evaluated...
Anticancer active metal complexes such as cisplatin are routinely used for treating various cancers since 1978. However, the side effects of cisplatin overwhelm its therapeutic potential, especially in the latter stages of treatment. The nonspecific cytotoxicity of drugs could be avoided if targeted delivery to cancer cells is achieved using two different methodologies namely, enhanced permeability and retention in solid tumors (EPR) and receptor mediated endocytosis using a homing agent (RME). Ru(II)-arene complexes which are delivered specifically into cancer cells by the transferrin enzyme are less toxic compared to other metal complexes. The thesis describes the synthesis and use of...
Naidu, Kola Sattaiah
The chemistry of transitional metal complexes bearing σ-bonded H−X (X = H, Si, C) species/fragments, the so called σ-complexes, are key intermediates in catalytic processes such as hydrogenation, hydrosilylation, alkane functionalization etc. Particularly, the σ-H2 complexes form the best-known group of σ-complexes in which H2 is bound to the metal center in η2-fashion. Several well characterized examples of η2-silane and η2-borane complexes have also been reported. Moreover, in recent years, the carbon analogues of these complexes in which alkanes are coordinated through η2-C-H bonds to the metal center have been attracting the attention of organometallic chemists. An approach towards direct...
The present thesis deals with different aspects of the chemistry of oxovanadium(IV) complexes, their interaction with double stranded DNA, photo-induced DNA cleavage, photo-enhanced cytotoxicity in visible light and red light and localisation and cellular uptake to understand the mechanism of cell death.
Chapter I presents a general introduction on potential of transition metal complexes as photochemotherapeutic agents. A brief introduction about Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) as a new alternative to chemotherapy for treating cancer has been made. Various modes of interaction of small molecules with duplex DNA are described. Recent reports on metal-based photocytotoxicity, photo-induced DNA cleavage activity and cellular localization...